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opyrighted by "Grip," J899.] 


Library of CaBgr«i% 
Offleo of th« 

APK 1 1800 

Reglittr of Cspyrigfetft 

''Grip's'' Historical 

Souvenir of Cortland. 



nRbT COJ-T. 




^ O lo 'fe T" liV JAMES 

PORTLAND, the county seat of Cortland 
county, although a village in name, is 
^^^_ a cit}- in size, in public spirit and ac- 
quired advantages. It is situated in 
the beautiful valley of the Tioughnioga (bank of 
flowers) at nearly equal distances from Syracuse 
and Binghamton. At an elevation of 1,129 f^^t 
above sea level, on a fertile plain formed by the 

M. milJ^. 


tem large enough to niegt^^j^emands of a con- 
stantly increasing [lopulaKDn, of gas and electric 
plants with auiiile capacity for power and for 
illuminating purposes. 

The fine broad streets of Cortland give ample 
evidence of the generosity and wisdom of their 
projectors and the wide stretch of fine asphalt pave- 
ment embracing nearly all the prominent streets 
gives equal evidence of the public spirit, pride and 

Photo by Hyatt. 


confluence of seven valleys, framed by ranges of 
hills and ridges, which are pierced here and there 
by rich valleys, Cortland sits crowned with rare 
salubrity of climate and surrounded by a wealth of 
scenery of varied and surpassing beauty. The 
physical contour of the surrounding country 
makes Cortland the natural trading center of a 
large district. Through five of its valleys are 
stretched railroads and two of the adjoining vil- 
lages are bound to it by an excellent electric 
trolley system. Cortland boasts of excellent 
waterworks and an abundant supply of pure 
spring water, of a finely constructed sewer sys- 


business sagacity of the Cortland citizen of to-day. 
We venture the assertion that no village of the 
size of Cortland can be found having such exten- 
sive asphalt paved streets, and with so uniformly 
fine houses and where so many residents own 
their own homes. In Cortland are found no 
tenement houses. In fact there are no poor dis- 
tricts, but everywhere are cheery, well kept and 
attractive homes. While Cortland stands con- 
fessed a great center of flourishing manufactories 
and an excellent mart of trade it is also a city of 
beautiful homes. If, as Victor Hugo says, homes 
are like the people that dwell in them, then the 


homes of Cortland stand as witnesses of a people 
of rare enterprise and thrift, of commanding civic 
pride and hi-rh public spirit. Although Cortland 
is a city of .iiuess and its upbuilding has been 
the creation of business ve itures and enterprises, 
at no time in its history 1 s the purely mercenary 
spirit possessed it. Nor ive its better impulses 
ever been touched by th blight of wealth in the 
hands of ignorant self-se cing men aiming either 
to rule or ruin. On the 
contrary the people of 
Cortland have maintain- 
ed to a marked degree 
their business, social and 
political independence. 
They have had a lofty 
and just pride in their 
well filled churches, in 
their magnificent schools 
and in the number and 
excellence of their civic, 
social and literary organ- 
izations. As a manufac- 
turing center Cortland 
possesses peculiar advan- 
tages and has many in- 
ducements yet to offer 
and not the least of these 
is the large available 
building space yet re- 
maining, bordering the 
lines of railroad. Haw- 
thorne says that if cities 
were built by the sound 
of music, then some edifices would appear to 
be constructed by grave, solemn tones, others to 
have danced forth to light fantastic airs. 

Were Cortland's edifices the creation of "the 
happ3' art " and their form and feature written 
out in time and tune, it would soon be discovered 
that the musical tones of the grace and har- 
mony were in verity but the visible tones of ring- 
ing saw and rushing plane and the rousing chorus 
of the anvil and the loom. 



N .\PRIL 8, iSo8, by an act of the leg- 
islature, four whole and two half town- 
ships were taken from the southern part 
of Onondaga county and formed into a 


From "Standaril Industrial Edition." 

new county, which was named Courtlandt, in 
honor of General Pierre Van Courtlandt, the 
first lieutenant governor of the state of New 
York. The town of Cortlandville constituted 
the southern part of the town of Homer 
until April ii, 1829. Obviously the earliest 
settlements of what is now known as Cort- 
land county are found written in the early settle- 
ments of Onondaga county, just as the early his- 
tory of what is now the town of Cortlandville is 


"Standard Industrial Edition." 


merged in the early history of the town of Homer. 
The earliest white settlers within the present lim- 
its of Cortland county were Joseph Beebe, his 
wife, and Amos Todd, her brother. In 1791 they 
reared a rude primitive structure in the primeval 
forest on the banks of Tioughnioga in the town of 
Homer, at a point on the main road immediately- 
north the present village of Homer. The first 
white settlers within the present limits of the 
town of Cortlaudville were John Miller and fam- 
ily, who in 1792, erected a rude hut where now 
the great willow tree stands in front of the old 
Mason Loring place near the county house. The 
settlement of the town of Homer, at first slow, 
was subsequently rapid in its development. Al- 
though in 1793 only six families had settled in the 
town, in 1797 the number of inhabitants had in- 
creased to 92 and the census report of 1810 shows 
the population of the town of Homer to be 2975. 
The internal improvements and developments of 

not built till 1819 and was a quaint one-storv brick 
structure on the site of the present county clerk's 
office. During the year 1816-17 there was a bitter 
strife involving the whole county in a controversy 
over locating the site of the county jail in the vil- 
lage of Homer. This was regarded by those op- 
posing the proposition as an initial step in the de- 
velopment of a scheme to change the location of 
the county seat to Homer. A site for the jail was 
finally chosen near the court house on Court 
House hill, and the jail building was erected the 
following year. 

In 1829 the town of Cortlandville was formed 
from the southern half of the town of Homer. 
The original boundaries of Cortlandville re- 
mained unchanged until 1845. In that year, and 
the following, additions were made to it from the 
town of Virgil. In 1836 a new court house was 
built and still stands, with subsequent additions, 
on the corner of Church and Court streets. On 


"Standard Ind. Ed.' 

the town seem to have kept pace with the increas- 
ing population. .\s early as 179S a schoolhouse 
had been built and a school opened with Joshua 
Ballard as teacher. In the same j'ear a gristmill 
was erected, thus establishing the first trade cen- 
ter in the county. In i.Soi two religious societies 
were organized, the Baptist and the Congrega- 
tional. In 180S a medical societ}' was formed. 
The 3'ear i8io was a red letter year. In that year 
Ephraim Fish represented Cortland county as the 
first member of assembly in the legislature of the 
state. In that year John Keep was appointed the 
first county judge, and in that year, after a bitter 
struggle on the part of Homer village. Port Wat- 
son and the village of Cortland, the site for the 
court house was chosen on a place now known as 
Court House hill in the village of Cortland, thus 
settling the question that the part of Homer 
township known as the village of Cortland should 
be the county seat 

Besides these important events the year iSro 
witnessed the establishment of the Cortland Cou- 
rier, the first newspaper published in the county. 
Although a county clerk had been appointed as 
early as i8o8, the first county clerk's office was 

the site of the old county clerk's office a new 
structure was erected in 1876, as county clerk and 
surrogate's office. Nov. 5, 1S53, the village of 
Cortland was incorporated and in 1864 was re- 
chartered by an act of legislature. 

The people of Cortland have always shown a 
warm interest in the cause of general and higher 
education. Ten years before the separation of 
Cortlandville from the town of Homer, the Cort- 
land academy — now Homer academj' and L'nion 
school — was chartered, and for many years was 
maintained at private expense and at great sacri- 
fice but with generous liberalit}'. One year be- 
fore the separation of the towns there was found- 
ed in the village of Cortland, the Cortland Village 
Female seminary, which maintained high rank 
and exerted a wide influence. The building in 
which the seminary was held was located on a 
beautiful lot facing Main street and back of the 
present line of the Wallace building and Taylor 
Hall block. 

The first schoolhouse in Cortlandville stood on 
part of the site now occupied by the Messenger 

In 1816 a school building was erected on a site 


now forming part of the Normal school ground al- 
most directly in the rear of where the soldiers' 
monument stands. In this building a few \'ears 
later was carried on a " Classical School for Young 
Men," corresponding in character and influence 
to the Cortland Female Seminary, both of which 
institutions were merged into the Cortlandville 
academy, which was incorporated in 1842. The 
Cortlandville academy was conducted in the build- 
ing of the "Classical School for Young Men," 
with material and extensive additions thereto. 
During its history it was a marked success and 
reached high name and fame among the excellent 
academies of the state. Its existence terminated 
on the establishment of the State Normal school 
in Cortland. On Dec. ii, 1S66, by an almost 
unanimous vote — only ten dissenting votes — the 
people of Cortland voted to the state |75,ooo for 
the erection and equipment of a Normal school 
in the village. Subsequent gifts to the state for 

tion stands as a lasting memorial of heroic en- 
deavor and of grateful remembrance. 

Cortland, as has been noted, is rich in manufac- 
turing industries. Conspicuous among the great 
industrial interests of Cortland are the immense 
works of the Cortland Wagon company, and the 
extensive wire factories of the Wickwire Brothers. 
The last quarter of a century has seen these great 
establishments developed from small beginnings 
until to day, in the quality and quantity of their 
outputs they are recognized among the leaders in 
the trade of the world. 

To the following pages of the Souvenir is rele- 
gated the general and special description of the 
institutions, professions and organizations of 
Cortland. Enough, certainly, has been noted in 
historical description of things past to form a torch 
for lighting up the possible growth and achieve- 
ments of Cortland and her citizens in the coming 


"Standard Ind. Ed." 

the benefit of the Normal school increased the 
amount to nearly 

The present village school system was estab- 
lished in 1880 by an act of the legislature, and 
ward school buildings were immediately erected 
and the excellent system was completed by the 
erection of the present High School building in 

■The history of the Cortland Fire department, 
second to none in efficiency, dates from June 5, 
1854, when the first village fire company was 
formed. Among the members of the fire com- 
panies have been the most prominent citizens of 
Cortland. In 1875 was built the present hand- 
some and convenient engine house and in 1876 
was purchased a steam fire engine. 

Cortland village holds a proud place in the mil- 
itary history of the county, which during the 
War of the Rebellion, sent out to the I'nion army 
the 76th regiment, four companies of the 157th 
regiment and three companies of the iS5th regi- 
ment of N. Y. S. v., and 233 of whose sons died 
on the field of honor. The beautiful soldiers' 
monument erected in 1876 by popular subscrip- 

The First Baptist Church was organized April 
24, iSoi, as the Homer Baptist church, at a meet- 
ing held at the home of Asahell Minor. On May 
15 of the same year, a meeting was held at the 
home of E. Bishop, and three new members were 
received, John Morse, Mary Bishop, and Rhoda 
Beebe. On Aug. 28 the following resolution was 
passed; "Voted that we consider ourselves a 
church of Christ, and act accordingly," and on 
Oct. 3 a council was called and the church was rec- 
ognized as a Baptist church. On Aug. 24, 1802, the 
church voted to join the Otsego association, and 
Thomas Keep and Peleg Babcock were appointed 
the first messengers to the association. When the 
Madison association was formed the church joined 
this association and remained here until the Cort- 
land association was formed in 1S23, when the 
church joined this association, the first meeting of 
which was held at Fabius, Sept II and 12, 1823. 
The first house of worship of this church was lo- 
cated where Fitz avenue and Homer avenue 
intersect. This house was sold to the Wes- 


lej-an Methodists, who moved it to Blodgett 
Mills, where it was used by that society until 
June 4, 1890, when the First Wesleyan Meth- 
odist church of Blodgett Mills became the First 
Baptist church and the old meeting house with 
its modern improvements was again in the 
Baptist denomination. The church was first per- 
mitted only to have preaching occasionalU'. On 
June 19, 1.S02, the church voted to "support the 
gospel by etjuality " and two brethren were ap- 
pointed to make out the first assessment upon the 
members which was as follows : Peleg Babcock, 

Photo by Butler. 


I2.08; John Keep, $2.2f> ; Joseph Beebe, 76 cts. ; 
Cornish Messenger, 77 cts.; Daniel Crandal, 59 
cts.; Roderick Beebe, 33 cts.; James H Wheeler, 
13 cts. On March 23, 1S02, the church voted to 
meet at TuUy one-quarter of the time. On Nov. 
19, 1803, the following resolution was passed : 
"Voted, to invite Elder Lesner to preach with us 
once in two mouths, beginning the first of Octo- 
ber last." 

However, it was not until 1807 that the church 
had a regular pastor, the Rev. Alfred liennett, 
who united with the church by letter, April 29, 
1804, and was licensed to preach by the church. 

March 15, 1806, being called to the pastorate Feb. 
14, 1807, and ordained June iS, 1S07. The church 
was incorporated at Albany, June 8, 1810, as the 
I'irst Baptist Society of the Town of Homer. On 
Dec. S, 1830, the name of the church was changed 
to the First Baptist Church and Societ)- of the 
Town of Cortlandville. The church has had quite 
an ancestral record. On Oct. 19, 1805, it voted let- 
ters to its Virgil brethren to form the Virgil Bap- 
tist church and on .-^pril 14, 1827, letters were 
granted to 34 members to form the Second 
Baptist Church of the Town of Homer, now 
the First Baptist Church of McGraw. On April 
18, 1827, letters were grant- 
ed to twenty-five members 
to form the Homer village 
church, which is now the 
First Baptist Church of 
Homer, and on Nov. 5, 1896, 
the church voted letters to 
thirty- five of its members to 
become constituent members 
of the Memorial Baptist 
Church of Cortland. In 1831, 
the church voted to build a 
new meeting house on Chapel 
(now Church street), which 
was constructed the follow- 
ing year, the contract price 
being #3,000.00. This was the 
old church that stood upon 
the present site, the northeast 
corner of Church and Rail- 
road streets. In 1871 the 
church again voted to build a 
new house of worship and 
the following building com- 
mittee was appointed: Chaun- 
cey Keator, H. C. Smith, E. 
A. Fish, Samuel Freeman, J. 
S. Squires, J. L. Gillett, T. 
M. Loring, G. N. Copeland, 
E. P. Slafter, Joseph Kinney 
and N. Chamberlain, and as a 
result of this movement the 
present building was erected. 
The following pastors have 
served the church : Rev. -Al- 
fred Bennett, 1807-1828; Rev. 
Peleg Card, 1828-1830; Rev. 
Alfred Gates, 1830-1831 ; Rev. 
Nathan Peck, 1831-1834; Rev. 
Zenas Freeman, 1834-1837 ; 
Rev. O. Montague, 1837-1839; 
Rev. J. P. Simmons, iS4i- 
185 1 ; Rev. Henrv Bowen, 
1851-1861 ; Rev. Tlios. Good- 
win, 1861-1863; K.ev. A. Wil- 
kins, 1863-1869; Rev. Wm. 
"Standardllnd. Ed." j^_ -j-Qwer, 1870-1873; Rev. 

Wm. M. Kincaid, 1874-1877 ; Rev. L. J. Mattison, 
D. D., 1878-187S; Rev. H. S. Westgate, 1S78-1880; 
Rev. J. W. Putnam, 1880-1885 ; Rev. H. A. Cordo, 
D. D., 1885-1S95 ; Rev. A. Chapman, 1895-1S99; 
Rev. W.Jasper Howell, 1899 . Atthe last Asso- 
ciation the church reported a membership of 612. 
The church i.s now in a prosperous condition and 
the outlook was never brighter. — By As.\ St.\rr. 

Rev. W. Jasper Howell, pastor of First Bap- 
tist church, was born in Washington County, Ne- 
braska, in December, 1S70. His father was a 
farmer and was a native of North Carolina. His 


mother was a Virginian. In iSSo his parents 
moved to Lenoir, N. C, where they still reside. 
In iSgo he entered as a student a Presb3'terian col- 
lege in East Tennessee, the Greenville andTuscu- 
lum college. This is the second oldest college in 
the state. During a college revival in February, 
1890, he was converted and later he was a travel- 
ing salesman for some time. This proved a valu- 
able experience, as did also his varied services 
as a teacher in the schools. On Jan. 4, 1S91, he 
was baptized into the fellowship of the Baptist 
Church of Greenville, Tenn., by the Rev. Oscar 
Haywood, now pastor at Jackson, Tenn., and was 
licensed to preach by the Greenville church in 

victions and sympathies have found their expres- 
sion from time to time. He has had some suc- 
cessful pastorates : Franklinton, N. C, Dalton, 
N. v., and Irondequoit, N, Y. His theological 
course was taken in Rochester Theological sem- 
inary, graduating in May, 1899 In June he en- 
tered with bright prospects upon the labors of his 
pastorate in this city. 

V. P. S. C. E — In 1SS5 the young people of the 
First Baptist church organized a society called the 
Young People's association which was changed to 
the Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor, 
Oct. 12, iSS5. For nearly three years, from June 

I^orruwed Photos. 

THE N0R:MAL SCHI.XJI the local Board -[8ee Key P. U. 

August, 1891. In the same month he entered 
Wake Forest college, North Carolina, and 1893 
was called to the pastorate of the Jonesboro, 
Tenn., church. This was one of the largest and 
most important churches in that section of the 
state. He was ordained to the work of the gos- 
pel ministry by the Greenville church Novem- 
ber, 1S93. In August, 1894, his resignation was 
accepted which enabled him to finish his course in 
Wake Forest college, from which institution he 
was graduated in 1S96, being the orator of his col- 
lege society. The theme of the oration was 
"Christian and Patriotic Citizenship." In tem- 
perance work, in Y. M. C. A. work and as a lec- 
turer on popular themes, Rev. Mr. Howell's con- 

30, 1S89, to April 13, 1892, the society reverted to 
nearly its original form, calling itself the Young 
People's society. On the latter date it again 
adopted the constitution and pledge of the Chris- 
tian Endeavor society, and since then has faith- 
fully adhered to them. The society has materialh' 
assisted the church. Among many things, it has 
contributed liberally toward an old church debt, 
furnished the Sunday-school room with a carpet 
and piano, and provided a water motor for the pipe 
organ. It has sent aid to a theological student in 
this country and to a boys' school in China, it has 
furnished a room in the theological seminary at 
Hamilton, N. Y., and since 1S95 has paid the 
traveling expenses of a native Burman evangelist. 




Was established under the provisions of an act 
of the State legislature passed in 1866. By that 
act a commission was appointed to receive pro- 
posals with reference to the establishment of 
State Normal schools from local authorities 
throughout the state, and to accept not more than 
four of the proposals so made. By energetic ef- 

department, to which residents of Cortland 
might be admitted without taking upon themselves 
the obligation to teach. The property was ac- 
cepted by the State and a local board appointed 
in December of 1868, and the first term of the 
school began in March of 1S69. The original 
building served the purposes of the school until 
1891, when the legislature appropriated ^55,800 
for a new building and #16,000 for the renovation 
of the old building. Other special appropriations 

Photos by Hyatt. 


forts and liberal pledges on the part of the people 
of the village, Cortland secured one of these four 
Normal schools. Land was acquired and a build- 
ing erected at a cost to the village of a little less 
than f 100,000. To this was added the land and 
other propert}' of the Cortlandville academy, 
which for a quarter of a century had done .good 
educational service in the communit\' and which 
was at that time given up under the agreement 
that the State should always maintain in 
connection with the Normal sclaool an academic 

for the buildings and grounds, both before and 
since that date, have raised the total investment of 
village and state in the plant of the school to 
nearly 1270,000. The grounds contain four acres. 
They are well laid out and planted mainly with 
elms. The main entrance to the grounds is from 
Church street, which from the early days of the 
village was designed to be, as in dimensions and 
appearance it is, a public park. The rows of elms 
on the greens bordering the street are of nearly a 
centurv's growth. Five of the churches of the 


Tillage stand in almost consecutive order on either 
side of the Normal grounds, facing the street, 
and by their appropriate architecture add to the 
attractiveness of the place. 

The Normal buildings are of brick. They have 
a total length of 350 feet and a greatest width of 
130 feet. They contain on all floors very nearly 
two acres of floor room devoted to the purposes 
of the school. The new building is occupied ex- 
clusively by the Normal department while the lab- 
oratories and science rooms of that department 
are on the third floor of the old building. The 
first floor of the old building is occupied by the 
kindergarten and primary- department of the train- 
ing school, and the second by the intermediate de- 
partment. The heating throughout is by a com- 
bined steam and hot air system. The heating ap- 
paratus is in a separate building, near the main 
building. / 

Dec. 16, 186S, the first term beginning March 3, 
1S69. The members of the board were, as they 
have ever since been, among the leading citizens 
of Cortland, some of them being men of promi- 
nence in the state. They were ex-Secretarv of 
State Henry S. Randall ; R. Holland Duell,' ex- 
Member of Congress, ex-Commissioner of Patents 
and Judge of Cortland County ; Frederick Hj'de, 
M. D., one of the leadingniembersof his profession 
in Central New York ; ex-Secretary of State Ho- 
ratio Ballard ; Henry Brewer, a prominent mer- 
chant of Cortland ; Charles C. Taylor, Norman 
Chamberlain, Arnold Stafford and William S. 
Newkirk, prominent business men. Mr. Randall 
was chosen the first chairman of the board. Judge 
Duell the secretary and Mr. Taylor the treasurer 
at the first meeting, which was held Dec. rg, 
186S. At the second meeting the following per- 
sons were appointed to constitute the first faculty 
of the school : 

Plioto by Harris. 


The furniture is all modern, different in the dif- 
ferent departments according to the needs of the 
department, and the preference of the instructor. 
Liberal provision has been made throughout the 
school for maps, models, and illustrative appara- 
tus. The chemical and physical laboratories are 
fitted for the purpose of offering individual in- 
struction to students. Each has desks and appa- 
ratus for sixty students. The reference library 
contains about 8,000 volumes. A large room, one 
of the best lighted and most easily heated in the 
building, is given up to it and is furnished with 
tables and chairs to serve as a place for reading 
and investigation. The science and methods li- 
braries are separate collections in their own rooms. 
The gymnasium is a large room, 95 x 50 feet, well 
equipped for work and training. The system of 
physical training used is the Swedish. 

First Local Board. 
The State Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
Hon. A. B. Weaver, appointed the first local board 

First Faculty. 

Principal ; Metaphysics 

and Didactics. 

NORMAN F. WRIGHT, Ancient Languages. 

FRANK S. CAPEN, Mathematics. 

THOMAS B. STOWELL, Natural Sciences. 

MARTHA ROE, Superintendent Training 
School ; Methods. 

Rhetoric, Geographv. 


MRS. LrMOVNE a. HOOSE, Drawing. 

HELEN K. HUBBARD, Principal and Critic 
in Intermediate Department. 

MARGARET HUNTER, Principal and Critic 
in Primary Department. 

CHARLES A. FOWLER, Assistant in Interme- 
diate Department. 

The attendance during the first twenty weeks of 
school was as follows : In the Normal schoel, 57 ; 
training school, viz.: Academic department, iS ; 
intermediate department, 241 ; primarj- depart- 


ment, 267 ; total, 526 ; grand total, 5S3. The 
course of study adopted at the opening of the 
school was the same as that then in force at the 
Brockport Normal school. Subsequently a uni- 
form course was prepared and adopted by the 
Normal schools at Cortland, Oswego, Brockport, 
Potsdam and Fredonia. 

The growth of the school is well shown b}' the 
followint; figures; Total number of pupils en- 
rolled for the school 3'ear liSglS-g, 1,154 ; average 1,000; number of graduates no — 16 
men and 94 women. The whole number of grad- 
uates from the beginning, l,4SiS — men, 276 ; women, 

Death has claimed all of the original members 
of the local board, Mr. Henry Brewer being the 
latest survivor. With this executive bodj' are as- 
sociated twenty of Cortland's prominent men. 
The success of the school, its equipments in every 

name of the author, the title of the book, the 
subject, and in many instances the essential feat- 
ures of a table of contents are given in a cata- 
logue after the manner of the Dewey card system. 
The library is open at all hours when the school 
is in session and for six hours on Saturday. Much 
effort is expended in promoting the intelligent 
use of the library by the students. Lists of books 
desirable in starting individual libraries are fre- 
quently given as well as the mention of special 
books that are desirable for a specialist. At al- 
most any time when the library is open, from 
forty to a hundred students may be seen in it 
hard at work at the books. 

The interest of the teachers in the social life 
and general culture of the students manifests it- 
self in their helpful attention to the work of the 
literary societies. 


Photo by Harris. 


department, particularly its fine library, is the best 
testimonial to the faithfulness and energy of those 
who have so generously given their time and in- 
fluence to its advancement. First chairman of 
the local board was Hon. Henry S. Randall, 
chosen, March 3, 1869 ; the second, Dr. Frederick 
Hyde, chosen Aug. 15, 1876 ; the third, Hon. R. 
H. Duell, Oct. 24, 1887 ; the fourth, Hon. Will- 
iam H. Clark, June 8, 1891. Mr. Clark still holds 
the office. Mr. R. Bruce Smith and Col. James C. 
Carmichael have been prominently associated with 
this executive body. 

Much thought and time have been devoted to 
the formation of a library that should be repre- 
sentative not only of the technical work of a 
Normal school, but also of a liroad culture. All 
barriers have been taken down and students have 
direct access to the shelves. The catalogue is 
with special reference to use by students. The 

There are five literary societies connected with 
the school ; Delphic Fraternity ; the Gamma 
Sigma — Delta Chapter ; The Corlonor — Alpha 
Chapter ; The Clionian — Delta Chapter ; and The 
Alpha Delta — Delta Chapter. The two former 
are for young men, the three latter for young 
women. These societies are each large and vig- 
orous. Each has a large and pleasant room ap- 
propriately fitted up by its members, where 
weekly meetings are held for the purpose of the 
individual improvement of its members in parlia- 
mentary practice, discussion and literary culture. 

Present Faculty. 

LN. B.— The numbl■r^ ari' key to portrait, page 8.] 
FRANCIS J. CHENEY, Principal ; Psychology 
and Philosophy of Education, (i) 
J. EDW.\RD BANTA, Latin and Greek. (2) 
WILLIAM A. CORNISH, Mathematics. (3 I 
WILLIAM M. BOOTH, Natural Sciences. {4) 


MARIA W. BISHOP, Methods and Superin- 
tendent of Schools of Practice. ( 1 1 ) 

MARY F. HENDRICK, Rhetoric, Reading, 
Elocution and English Literature. (5) 

CLARA E. BOOTH, Physical Geography, 
French and German. (7) 

HARRIET A. HAMILTON, History, English 
and Civics. (No picture.) 

HELEN M. GOODHUE, Industrial Drawing. 
(No picture. 1 

MIRIAM S. SKIDMORE, Principal and Critic 
in Primary Department. 1, 14) 

ELLA GALE, Methods and Critic in Pri- 
mary Department. (16) 

EMILY C. ORMSBV, Methods and Critic in 
Primary and Intermediate Departments. (13) 

LILLIE H. STONE, Kindergarten. (17) 

BERTHA HILL, Assistant Kindergartner. 
(No picture. ) 


C. MONELL CURRY, Latin and Science. (10) 

MINNIE M. ALGER. Vocal Music and Meth- 
ods in Music. I 12 1 

ELIZABETH M. WRIGHT, Gymnastics and 
Criticisms. (15) 

AMIE A. RATHBUN, Office Clerk and Book- 
keeping. (9) 

THOMAS J. McEVOY, Principal and Critic in 
Intermediate Department. (8) 

HELEN E. GRlFblN, Methods and Critic in 
Intermediate Department. (19) 


MARION GOODHUE, teaching in absence of 
her sister Helen. ( iS) 

Present Local Board. 

[N. B.— Xumbers are key to iiortraits, page 7.] 

WM. H CLARK, Chairman. (l) 

T. H. WICKWIRE, Secretary. (2) 

L. J. FITZGERALD, Treasurer. (3) 




The following are the names of the members of 


Photo by Harris. 


the faculty from the beginning of the school, with 
date of appointment : James H. Hoose, Principal, 
Mental Science and Philosophy of Education, 
March 3, iS6g ; Norm.^n F. Wright, Latin and 
Gieek, March 3, 1S69 ; Thom.\s B. Stowell, Nat- 
ural Science, March 3, 1869 ; Frank S. Capex, 
Mathematics, March 3, 1S69; Martha Roe, 
Methods and Superintendent of Training School, 
March 3, 1S69 ; Mrs. Marth.\ E. Couch, Jlodern 
Languages, March 3, 1.S69 ; Mrs. Helen E. M. 
Babcock, History, Rhetoric, Geography until 
1870, Modern Languages until July, 1872, March 
3, iS6g ; Marianne Bates, Vocal Music, March 

3, 1S69 ; Mrs. LeMoyne A. HoosE, Drawing, 
March 3, 1869 ; Helen K. Hubbard, Principal 
and Critic Intermediate Department, March 3, 
1869 ; Margaret Hunter, Principal and Critic 
Primary Department, March 3, 1S69 ; Ch.^rlES 
A. Fowler, Assistant Intermediate Department, 
March 3, 1.869 ; Mary Morton, Drawing, Sept. 
S, 1869 ; Mrs. O. S. Douglass, Vocal Music, 
.Sept. 8, 1,869 ; Mary F. Hall, Critic Intermedi- 
ate Department, Sept. 8, 1869 ; Mrs. Helen D. 
KendelL, Critic Primary Department, Sept. 8, 
1869; Mary F. Hendrick, Reading, Elocution, 
Rhetoric, English Literature, Sept. 8, 1869 ; 

Photo by Harri 




Mary Marsh, Vocal Music, Oct. i, 1S69; Mrs. 
Helen M. Smith, Principal and Critic Pri- 
mary Department, Feb. 16, 1870 ; Amanda J. 
Hopkins, Critic Intermediate Department until 
Sept. 24, 1S73, then Principal and Critic same de- 
partment. Aug. 1S70 ; Sarah M. Sutton, En- 
glish Grammar and History, Sept. 14, 1S70 ; Mrs. 
Theodore Perkins, Principal and Critic Pri- 
mary Department, Sept. 14, 1S70 ; Mary E. 
Lester, Principal and Critic Primary Depart- 
ment, January, 1S71 ; Julia H. Willis, Critic 
Primary Department, Feb. 15, 1S71 ; James H. 
Shults, Principal Academic Department until 
Sept. 1877; then Department of English, Physics 
and Greek, June, 1871 ; Emily E. Cole, Principal 
and Critic Primary Department, Feb. 14, 1S72 ; 
Clara E. Booth, Modern Languages, Sept. 
1872 ; M.ARY A. Hubbard, Principal and Critic 
Intermediate Department, Jan. 1S72 ; Helen P. 
Eels, Critic Primary Department, Feb. 12, 1873; 
Sara A. Saunders, Critic Primary Department, 
Sept. 3, 1873 ; Henrietta Van Ness, Critic Pri- 

Sept. 3, 1884 ; David Eugene Smith, Mathe- 
matics, Sept. 3, 1S84 ; Ida M. Crowell, Critic In- 
termediate Department, Sept. 29, 18S6 ; Archi- 
bald D., English and Physical Culture, 
May, 1S90 ; Edw.ard D. Blodgett, Latin and 
Greek, Sept. 4, 1S89 ; Carrie D. HalberT, Vo- 
cal Music, Sept. 4, 1889 ; Bertha E. Jones, In- 
dustrial Drawing, Sept. 4, 1889; Henry Mont- 
gomery, Natural Sciences, Sept. 4, 1889 ; Maria 
W. Bishop, Critic Intermediate Department, Sept. 
1SS9 ; Methods, Sept. 189S ; Darwin L. Bard- 
\VELL, Sciences, May, 1890; FrancisJ. Cheney, 
Principal, 1891 ; Welland Hendrick, Mathemat- 
ics, 1891 ; M.argaret Hooker, Drawing, 1891 ; 
Thom.\sJ. McEvoy, Principal Intermediate De- 
partment, first appointment, Sept. 1S91, reap- 
pointed 1897 ; Mary L. Webster, English, Sept. 
1S91 ; Clara J. Robinson, Methods, 1892 ; Helen 
M. Goodhue, Drawing, 1893 ; William T. Ray- 
mond, Classics, 1S92 ; M.\RY E. Trow, English, 
1893; C. MONELL Curry, Latin and Sciences, 
1893 ; Minnie M. Alger, Music, 1893 ; Grace K. 


mary Department, Sept. 24, 1S73 ; M. Auzolette 
Drake, Vocal Music and Drawing, Sept. 3, 1873: 
James M. Milne, Principal of Academic De- 
partment until June 27, 1876 — in chair of Latin 
and Greek until June 18, 1S99 — began Sept. 3, 
1S73 ; Mrs. E. P. Halbert, Vocal Music and 
Drawing, Jan. 19, 1874 ; Samuel J. Sornberger, 
English Grammar and Geography and Physics, 
first appointment Feb. 1S74, second Sept. 4, 
1878 ; ELIZ.A.BETH R.ase, Critic Intermediate De- 
partment until Sept. 2, 1874 — then princi- 
pal and critic, Sept. 6, 1876 ; Mrs. Lottie T. 
Corlew, Critic Intermediate Department, Sept. 
1876; James M. Cassety, Principal, i88o-'8i ; 
George F. Saw\-er, Science, i88o-'8i; I. T. Deyo, 
Science, i88o-'Si ; Mrs. Mary. L. Eastman, 
Principal Primary Department, Jan. 1S83 ; ELLEN 
J. Pe.arne, Critic Intermediate Department until 
Sept. 3, 1SS4 ; then Principal and Critic, .Sept. 6, 
1882 ; Mary L. Roberts, Principal and Critic 
Primary Department, Feb. 14, 1883 ; James W. 
BeardslEY', Critic Intermediate Department, 

DuFFEY, Principal Intermediate Department, 
1893 ; J. Edward BanTa, Classics, 1893 ; Will- 
iam A. Cornish, Mathematics, 1S93 ; Julia A. 
Norris, Physical Culture, 1895 ; Mabel C. Hurd, 
English, 1S95 ; Ella Gale, Critic Primary De- 
partment, 1895 ; Emily Ormsby", Critic in Inter- 
mediate and Primary Departments, 1895 ; Harriet- 
A. Hamilton, English, 1896 ; Katharine G. At- 
kinson, Physical Culture, Sept. 1897 ; LiLLiE H. 
Stone, Kindergarten, Sept. 1897; Ida M. Shaper, 
Principal and Critic Primary Department, Sept. 

1597 ; Amie a. RaThbun, Office Clerk and Book- 
keeping, Sept. 1898 ; Mrs. Anna M. Newkirk, 
Sept. 1898 ; William M. Booth, Sciences, March 

1598 ; Miriam S. Skidmore, Principal and Critic- 
Primary Department, Sept. 1898 ; Bertha Hill 
Assistant Kindergartner, Sept. 1899 ; HELEN Ev 
Griffin, Methods and Critic Intermediate De- 
partment, Sept. 1899. 



Photo by Harris. 


First Baptist Sunday-school was organized in 
1S33 under the pastorate of Rev. Mr. Freeman. 
Mr. Sanders, Mr. Stiles and Mr. Harvey Wood 
were among the early superintendents. In 1S61 
Deacon E. A. Fish was elected superintendent, 
which office he filled in a very satisfactory man- 
ner for twenty-five years. After Mr. Fish re- 
signed, Prof. E. C. Cleaves was elected and his 
resignation after eight years of service was ac- 
cepted with regret. Mr. Frank A. Phelps at the 

end of three years resigned, and Mr. Miles J. Peck, 
chosen for the position, is still holding that im- 
portant office with marked success. The school 
numbers at the present time 4S3, including 31 
teachers and 17 officers. There is a large and in- 
teresting Baraca class. Dr. F. D. Reese, teacher, 
and the pastor. Rev. W. J. Howell, has recently 
organized a class of men which numbers nearly 
50 members. Mrs. C. E. Harmon has been a 
faithful and eminently successful teacher in the 





PUiito by Hyatt 

school for the remarkable period of thirty con- 
secutive years. Others have long been active 
workers in the school, among whom are Miss 
Robertson, Mrs. Slafter, Mrs. Beardsley, Mrs. 
Cleaves. The Home department is large and flour- 
ishing under the direction of Miss Ellen Terry. 
The primary department numbers 106, including 7 
teachers and 2 officers, and is conducted by Mrs. 
A. D. Ellsworth. Mr. B. L. Bentley is pianist and 
Mr. J. B. Hunt chorister. The average attendance 
is good and the school in a prosperous condition. 

The Clionian Frater- 
nity — The first chapter 
of the Clionian Fraterni- 
ty, the Alpha, was formed 
in 1872 at Geneseo. Aft- 
er the opening of the 
Oneonta Normal, at the 
suggestion of their prin- 
cipal. Dr. Milne, the 
young ladies wishing to 
form a literary society, 
wrote to Alpha Chapter, 
asking the privilege of 
becoming Beta Chapter 
of the Clionian Fraterni- 
ty. The request was 
granted and the first step 
was thus taken toward 
forming a Normal School 
Fraternity. Chapters 
were added from time to 
time until at present 
they number seven — Al- 
pha at Geneseo, Beta at 
Oneonta, Gamma at Cort- 
land, Delta at Plattsburg, 
Epsilon at Jamaica, Zeta Photo by Harris, 

[See Key P. 21 

at Mansfield, Penn., Eta at New Paltz. Gamma 
Chapter had existed for some time under the 
name of Athense, but in 1890 it took upon itself 
the vows of the Fraternity, and has since paid 
loyal tribute to the shrine of Clio. At present it 
has an active membership of thirty-seven with 
one hundred and eighteen alumnEe. The work 
pursued is pureU" literary, and many devotees of 
Clio have come into closer touch with the best 
writers and thinkers of all ages through faithful 
study in this society. Meetings of the chapter 




Photo by Hyatt. 


are held every Friday evening from 7 to 9:30. 
The first hour is a business meeting, the last hour 
and a half being devoted to literary study. At 
the end of each fall term, an entertainment is 
given to the public showing the nature of the 
work done during the year, and it is at this time 
that the young ladies may be seen proudly flour- 
ishing the "yellow and white," the club colors. 
They may also be identified by such yells as 
" Clionians ! Clionians ! Clioniaus are we ! A- 
t-h-e-n-a-e! " The club pin is in the form of a let- 
ter C, set with pearls crossed by a band of gold. 

I'lioto by Harris. 


containing the word, "Gamma." Funds are 
raised by the efforts of the members, and these 
are used for furnishing the clubroom and meeting 
other expenses. 

Alpha Delta — Club motto, " Time shall our 
laurels make more green." Through the efforts 
of Miss Mary F. Hendrick, a member of the Nor- 
mal faculty, the Delta Chapter of the Alpha Delta 
Sorority was organized in this school May 12, 
1S93. For one year the meetings were held in 
class room 106. Then through the kindness of the 
Local Board an apart- 
ment on the third lloor 
became our permanent 
home. This room has 
been very pleasantly 
and artistically fitted 
up by the society, un- 
til with its piano, easy 
chairs and dainty tea 
table it presents the 
home-like air which is 
so highly appreciated 
by its members. The 
number of members at 
the first meeting was 
twenty-eight and the 
officers elected were as 
follows : President, 
Mary A. Winter ; vice- 
president, Rachael D. 
Gilfillan ; treasurer, 
Olive Landon ; secre- 
tary. May F. Duffey. 
The line of work has 
included the study of 
F;nglish and Aniericau 
authors with now and 
then a debate. Several 
plays have been given 
and six club publics 
which have received 



Photo by Hyatt, 


very flattering commendation. The club member- 
ship is limited' to forty, by the constitution. It 
has had one hundred and twenty members and 
fifty graduates. Many of these are now teaching 
with great success in our public schools. The last 
two years have shown a marked increase in inter- 
est along every line of work. The membership 
list is now up to the limit, and all are striving 
to make it the most successful year in the history 
of Alpha Delta vSorority. The club yell for 1899 : 
Whoop la ra ! Whoop la re ! 
Boom-a-lak, Booni-a-lak, 

Sol, Da, Se. 
Wake up ! Cheer up ! 

Ri, Ro, Re, 
Alpha Delta Sorority ! 

" Corlonor Fraterni- 
ty "—In the fall of 1S7.S, 
several enthusiastic 
young ladies, students of 
the Cortland Normal 
school, established "The 
Ladies' Normal Debating 
Club," which was to meet 
one evening of each week 
for the purpose of stud}'- 
ing parliamentary drill, 
and discussing literary, 
social and political ques- 
tions. For thirteen years 
the society prospered, 
sending forth to life's 
work strong women, ca- 
pable of forming and de- 
fending independent 
opinions. In the winter 
of '91 a common constitu- 
tion was agreed upon 

with a delegation of ladies from the Buffalo Nor- 
mal school and after much discussion it was decid- 
ed to call the new fraternity the Corlonor. The 
first syllable, Cor, was derived from the word Cort- 
land, the home of the Alpha Chapter ; the second, 
lo, from Buffalo, the Beta Chapter ; the third, nor, 
from the word Normal. During the early days of 
the Alpha Chapter, the meetings were necessarily 
held in the recitation rooms ; but when the new 
Normal building was erected, the Local Board, rec- 
ognizing the need of the rapidly growing society, 
generously offered the use of a large, pleasant 
room on the third floor, with the condition that it 

Photo by Harris. 




Photo by Hyatt. 


should be furnished by the young ladies them- 
selves. Each term has witnessed the addition to 
the already comfortable apartment of many arti- 
cles, both useful and ornamental, until it is now 
one of the most attractive rooms to be found in the 
building. Through all the years of its existence 
the Alpha Chapter has worked side by side with 
its brother society, formerly the Y. M. D. C, now 
Epsilon Chapter of the Delphic Fraternity, striv- 
ing earnestly to help one another to attain to the 
highest possible type of true manhood and wo- 
manhood. Each term has witnessed a steady ad- 
vancement, not only in its strength as a fratern- 
ity but in the individual improvement of its mem- 
bers. Each Corlonor, always loyal to the Nile 
green and pink, is striving onward v^•ith her 

Photo by Harris. 


noblest energies, ever mindful of her motto, " Ad 

Qamma Sigma — The Delta Chapter of Gamma 
Sigma was formed from the old Normal De- 
bating club Dec. 21, i8gi. In September, 1S70, 
Alton B. Parker, with eleven other Normal stu- 
dents formed the N. D. C. From this same N. D. 
C. started the Delta Chapter of Gamma Sigma 
Fraternity, with forty-two charter members. The 
first officers were : President, Sheerar ; vice-pres- 
ident. Kales ; secretary, Freeman ; treasurer, 
Gibson ; librarian. Call; critic. Van Etten. When 
the new Normal l)uilding was erected the Chapter 
moved from the old building to room 307 in the 
new building, which room it now occupies. The 
present active members are thirty-nine. The pres- 
ent officers are: president, 
S. B. Howe ; vice-presi- 
dent, B, Chappell ; re- 
cording secretary, G. 
Tupper ; corresponding 
secretary, Chas. Hunt- 
ley; treasurer, M. Brown; 
marshal, W. West; critic, 
Jas. Beha. 

The Delphic Frater- 
nity. — The Voung Men's 
Debating Club, which be- 
came the Epsilon Chap- 
ter of the Delphic Frater- 
nity in June, 1S99, boasts 
of being one of the oldest 
debating clubs in the 
I'nited States. Its his- 
tory goes back to 1S42 
when the Cortland acad- 
emy was one of the lead- 
ing educational institu- 
tions in this section of the 
State. The first consti- 
tution was drawn up by 
James S. Squires of this 
village, and for many 



J'lmto by Harris. 

NDRMAL FFlATERN'rrV-"THE UELPHIC.S."-LSee Key P. 31 -Sketch P. 18. 

years the membership was open to girls as well as 
boys. Under diflferent names this society has 
maintained a distinctive rank, adapting its work 
to the educational and business requirements of 
the times. At present it supplements the regular 
work of the school, strengthens the bonds of 
friendship among its members, and endeavors to 
give some practical views of the broader problems 
of life. 

Woman's Foreign Missionary Circle — At the 

Cortland Baptist association of 1S79, held at Gro- 
ton. Miss Susie Haswell, missionary in Burma, 
spoke about the work among the Burman women. 
Two ladies from Cortland, Mrs. J. L. Gillett and 
Mrs. E. P. Slafter, who 
were present, were much 
impressed by her words 
and they pledged each 
other to do all they could 
to organize a Foreign 
Missionary circle. As the 
result, March 30, 18S0, 
the following ladies met 
in the parlors of the 
church and organized the 
Woman's Foreign Mis- 
sionary circle of the First 
Baptist church of Cort- 
land : Mrs. Frank Capen, 
Mrs. J. L. Gillett, Mrs. 
E. P. Slafter, Mrs. E. P. 
Sumner, Mrs. Thomas 
Darby, Mrs. Oscar Pur- 
inton. Mrs. Randolph 
Beard, Mrs. G. W. Brad- 
ford, Mrs. Chauncey 
Keator, Mrs. Asa Gates. 
Mrs. Beman Conger, 
Mrs. Lewis Viele, Mrs. 
James W. Putnam, Mrs. 

Lottie Corlew, Mrs. Norman Chamberlain, Miss 
Emily Cole. The officers elected were : Presi- 
dent, Mrs. J. W. Putnam ; vice-president, Mrs. 
Thomas Darby ; secretary, Mrs. E. P. Slafter ; 
treasurer, Miss Emily Cole. At the present re- 
port (1899) there are seventy contributors and 
eighteen life members, besides a " Farther Lights " 
circle and Mission band. The present officers are 
president, Mrs. R. Beard ; first vice-president, 
Mrs. J. L. Gillett ; second vice-president, Mrs. 
Frank Haskins ; third vice-president, Mrs. E. C. 
Cleaves ; secretary, Mrs. Garry Chambers ; treas- 
urer, Mrs. F. D. Reese. 

Photo by Harris. 



Normal Football — Football was first played by 
the Normal students during tlie fall of 1S93. In 
September of that year the first regular team was 
organized with Rufus Corlew as captain. The 
suits of the then recently disbanded Forty-fifth 
Separate Company were purchased. Four games 
were played, the Normals winning two of the 
four. In the fall of 1S94 a number of new men 
appeared who did much to make the game prom- 
inent. Among thtm were : Harry Oday, captain 
of the team, Berton Landpher, Robert Welch, 
Herbert Knight, Clarence Miner and Harry Giv- 
ens. Five games were played, the Normals win- 
ning three. The following season the team was 
captained by Berton Landpher. Only three of the 
team of the previous year had left school and 
their places were well filled by A. D. Brown, A. 
P. Robinson and \V. W. Wilcox, all of whom had 
been substitutes the previous year. Of the six 

has been repeated. The line is composed of R. D. 
Hall, center ; Geo. Moore and Richard Gleason, 
left guard ; John Carty and Theodore Persons, 
right guard ; C. M. Morse and F. Down, left 
tackle ; W. C. Moon, right tackle ; Earl Wooster 
and G. J. Little, left end ; Wm. Mills and C. 
Murray, right end ; R. H. Davis, quarterback and 
captain ; L. S. Hawkins, left half back ; F. C. 
Byrn, right half back ; Frank Pierce and W. W. 
Wilcox, full back. Of the individual members it 
is not necessary to speak. No Normal team has 
been better captained. In the game at Athens, 
B}-rn made a run of ninety-five 3'ards, scoring a 
touchdown, and Hawkins put a touchdown to his 
credit after a run of eighty-five 5ards ; while 
against the Mansfield team, Mills scored a touch- 
down after a run of sixty-five yards. Of Pierce 
an opponent recently said, "He is the best foot- 
ball player in Central New York outside the col- 
lege teams." 

Photo by Hyatt. 








games played, the Normals won four. The season 
of 1896 brought into the game as new men, Frank 
Gleason, Guy Bailey, H. F. Brooks, C. B. Dugan, 
Clyde Griswold and Ralph Davis. The season's 
score was. Normals 120 points, opponents 12 ; but 
the 12 points represented one defeat for the Nor- 
mals out of six games played. The team was cap- 
tained by A. D. Brown. The season of 1S97 found 
Arthur P. Robinson as captain, and on the line W. 
B. Patrick, W. F. Seacord, Truman Wedge, Wil- 
ford Down, W. F. Costello, Wm. Mills and Clyde 
Griswold. Out of six games played, the team 
was defeated by the Cornell Freshmen and Syra- 
acuse university. Clyde Griswold captained a 
team in 189S that met with no defeat. Undoubt- 
edU' the strongest team put on the gridiron by the 
Cortland Normal school is that of the present 
year. The prestige of previous years has made it 
necessary to go out of our class in order to se- 
cure games. But the record of the previous year 

The Home Mission Society of the First Bap- 
tist church was organized May 15, l8qo, with the 
following officers : President, Mrs. D. E. Smith ; 
vice-president, Mrs. M. M. Maybury ; secretary, 
Mrs. C. W. Stoker ; treasurer, Mrs. G. W. Bradford. 
The object of this society is to aid the Woman's 
Baptist Home Mission society. Meetings are held 
the last Friday iu each month. Barrels of cloth- 
ing are sent to missionaries to distribute as they 
deem best. One is now being prepared for the 
Home of the Friendless, New York City. Mauy 
articles of clothing are sent to the King's Daugh- 
ters for distribution among the poor of our own 
village. The society is hoping to add one new 
name each year to the life membership roll. The 
present officers are ; President, Mrs. E. H. Wil- 
son ; first vice-president, Mrs. E. O. Perry; sec- 
ond vice-president, Mrs. W. W. Watkins ; secre- 
tary, Mrs. J. Miller ; treasurer, Mrs. Wm. Pearson. 



Clionian: — [Page 15. 

1 Jane Clark, 23 

2 Nellie Wright, 24 

3 Helena Clark, 25 

4 Blanche Babcock, 26 

5 Ruby Hagin, 27 

6 Lottie Smith, 28 

7 Mabel Fuller, 29 

8 ilae Fuller, 30 

9 Grace Fuller, 31 

10 Hay Morgan, 32 

11 Nettie Hopkins, 33 

12 Stella Sears, 34 

13 Grace Brister, 35 

14 Mary Grant, 36 

15 Emily LaMont, 37 

16 Alberta Waterbury, 38 

17 Ruth Phillips, 39 
iS Marj- White, 40 

19 Delia Bates, 41 

20 Etta Rock, 42 

21 Cecil Jenks, 43 

22 Alice Sargent, 44 

Alpha Delta :— [Page 16. 

1 Gale Hart, 17 

2 Mary Northrup, iS 

3 Ida Davern, 19 

4 Monett Pierson, 20 

5 Georgia Smith, 21 

6 Nora Livermore, 22 

7 Edna Powers, 23 

8 Winifred Sexton, 24 

9 Dora Mandeville, 25 

10 Miss Sherman, 26 

11 Alice Westover, 27 

12 Ella McFarland, 28 

13 Eva Hildebrant, 29 

14 Etta Exner, 30 

15 Pearl Stebbins, 31 

16 Ethel Lowe, 

Corlonor: — [Page 17. 

1 Jessica Paddock, 

2 Jenny Robinson, 

3 Leila Bartholomew, 

4 Flora Millard, 

5 RosamondRobinson 

6 Iva Ballon, 

7 Anna I.Birmingham, 

8 Clara Tracy, 

9 Alice Beyer, 
10 Florence Churton, 
ir Gertrude Snyder, 

12 Beulah Stubbs, 

13 Harriet Churcher, 

14 Dell Bartholomew, 

15 Lena Houghtaling, 

16 Dorathea Bull, 

17 Alice Hoster, 

18 Mary Kirby, 

19 Jessie Jackson, 

20 Lucy Moses, 

21 Marv Per Lee, 

Charlotte Cushman, 
Grace Briggs, 
Edna Baldwin, 
Bessie Morgan, 
Bertha Powers, 
Ethel Watros, 
Carolynn Kellogg, 
Maude Carter, 
Mable Fitzgerald, 
Florence Tupper, 
Jessie Hill, 
Lida Wright, 
Jane Humes, 
Alice Green, 
Lillian Lee, 
Louise Wallace, 
Grace Dunbar, 
Florence Henry, 
Cora Bull, 

Harriett Strowbridge, 
Florence Nixon, 
Lizzie Southworth. 

Anna Harvey, 
Minnie Allen, 
Georgia Weaver, 
Clara Enos, 
Jlagretta Exner, 
Alice Benhani, 
Maud Chaddock, 
Mamie Barry, 
Grace Witter, 
Olive Norris, 
Nina Seeber, 
Olive Landon, 
Fern Cooper, 
Mable Leonard, 
Ella Peterson. 

43 Ethel :\IcFarlane, 47 Mattie Briggs, 

44 Maude Fisher, 48 Lula Hinman, 

45 Jessie Bartholomew, 49 Grace Hare. 

46 Margaret MacLennan, 

22 Elizabeth Conway, 

23 Jennie Watros, 

24 Mabel Hare, 

25 Minerva Stubbs, 

26 Ellen Norton, 

27 Eva Porter, 

28 Evelyn n Clapp, 

29 Elinor Crook, 

30 Mabel Abbey, 

31 Leona Baldwin, 

32 Sadie Lewis, 

33 Frances Graham, 

34 Evelyn Miller, 

35 Miss Bishop, 

36 Florence Chaffee, 

37 Alice Fuller, 

38 Grace Burghardt, 

39 Anna Pearsall, 

40 Susanna Davis, 

41 Julia Sheehan, 

42 Floy Elliott, 

Gamma Sigma: — [Page 18, 

1 Merton Brown, 19 

2 Edw. Egan, 20 

3 Glenn Beardsley, 21 

4 George Tupper, 22 

5 Chas. Kelley, 23 

6 Chas. Dowd, 24 

7 Herman Carver. 25 

8 Carroll Slade, 26 

9 Frank Place, 27 

10 Leon Tarbell, 28 

11 Fred Bierce, 29 

12 Truman Wedge, 30 

13 Wm. Thayer, 31 

14 Frank Trapp, 32 

15 Grove Stoyell, 33 

16 Floyd Atkins, 34 

17 William Halleran, 35 
iS Ed Vincent, 

Delphic : — [Page 19. 

1 Henry Ensign, 

2 Stewart Dye, 

3 Frank Hinman, 

4 Benj. A. Nichols, 

5 Fred Crook, 

6 Albert Gross, 

7 Chas. McEvoy, 

8 Clarence Bond, 

9 Chas. Brownell, 

10 Clayton Sherman, 

11 B. Woodward, 

12 Earl Wooster, 

13 Ward Moon, 

14 Chas. Morse, 

15 Richard Gleason, 
i6 Edgar Down, 

17 Raymond Hall, 

18 J. Gould Little, 

19 Geo. Moore, 

20 Ralph Davis, 

21 Layton Hawkins, 

22 Howard Milks, 

Lewis Bean, 
Daniel Grant, 
William Wright, 
James Beha, 
Ralph Freeman, 
Earl Wood, 
Glenn Woodin, 
Ethelbert Davison, 
Benj. Chappel, 
Thomas Fitzgerald, 
S. B. Howe, Jr., 
Orris Winslow, 
H. Stanley Ward, 
Chas. Otis, 
Chas. Huntley, 
William West, 
Jesse Jennison. 

23 Herbert Reed, 

24 Chas. Dean, 

25 Edw. Bingham, 

26 Wm. Manchester, 

27 Wesley Armitage, 

28 Edwin Preston, 

29 Geo. Hoyt, 

30 Thomas McEvoy, 

31 Archie Lindsey, 

32 Harvey Heath, 

33 Myron Beardsley, 

34 Denera Cotton, 

35 Gren Bowker, 

36 Fred Ward, 

37 John Gleason, 

38 E. B. Robinson, 

39 Clayton Sanders, 

40 Frank Rayfield, 

41 Lewis Linse}-, 

42 Arthur Allen, 

43 Clarence Robb, 

44 Chas. Smith. 

Young Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union. — On Oct. 9, 1897, a number of young la- 
dies met with Mrs. Ella A. Boole, state secretary 
of the Y. W. C. T. U., at the W. C. T. U. rooms 
to consider the organization of a " Y" in Cort- 
land. Mrs. Boole fully explained what would be 
expected of a " Y," and a Y. W. C. T. U. was or- 
ganized with a membership of fifteen. The first 
president was Miss Anna L. Clarkson ; second 
president, Mrs. Fannie H. Bierce, and third pres- 
ident, Mrs. Alva Caswell. 

This society has met with true success in every- 
thing that has been attempted. With Christ on 
their side thev' must succeed. At present there 
are nineteen active and three honorarv members. 


The Homer Avenue fl. E. Churcli is the lov- 
ing ami the l)elove(l child of the Fir^t M, E. 
church of Cortland, N..Y. Jan. 28, 1SS9, the offi- 
cial board of that society met and selected Re\ . 
Geo. P. Avery, C. B. Hitchcock, A. L. Cole, H. 
M. Kellogg, A. Sager, Dr. E. B. Nash and Prosper 
Palmer to secure a site for a mission chapel ; and 
they fixed upon a vacant lot on the corner of 
Homer and Maple avenues, the property of 
Thomas Ellsworth, which at a special meeting 
Feb. II, 1SS9, was purchased for ^((1,500. subject 
to a mortgage of jfi.ioo held by E. A. Fish. .\t a 

Flic. to hy liutlL-r. 


meeting held April 20, 1S90. a committee sub- 
mitted a report with plans for a building 26 x 60 
ft., the cost of which was decided to be too 
large to be raised at that time. On April 28, 
iSgo, H. M. Kellogg reported having secured 
an option on the purchase of the old Presby- 
terian session house, offered for I400, The 
trustees secured the property and the work 
of removing the building to the site selected 
was reported completed on July 21, 1S90. The 
stone for the walls, and the grading of the grounds 
were donated by several parties. The foundation 

walls were laid free of charge by the Masons & 
Bricklayers' Union. At the Fourth Quarterly 
Conference, Sept. 15, 1890, Presiding Elder U. S. 
Beebe in the chair, a resolution was passed to 
organize the Mission Church of the second ward 
into a Second Methodist Episcopal Society, and 
A. Sager, Eli StaflFord and Bloom La Barre were 
selected to canvass the ward for a probable mem- 
bership. At a special meeting held Sept. 29, 
1890, a resolution was adopted "That the new 
society pay one seventh or #228 of the debt now 
incurred on account of the mission and that the 
First church pay the bal- 
ance." Messrs. S. E. Curtis, 
F. L. Bosworth, A. Sager 
and Bloom LaBarre repoited 
to an informal meeting held 
in the chapel Oct. 6, 1890, 
Major A. Sager presiding, 
and F. L. Bosworth acting 
as secretary, that ninety-one 
names were enrolled as 
probable members of the 
new society. At this uieet- 
ing it was decided to name 
the church "The Homer 
Avenue Methodist Episco- 
pal Church," A committee 
consisting of C. B. Hitch- 
cock, .\aron Sager and Wm. 
B. Stoppard was appointed 
to attend the Conference 
then in session at Oneida 
and represent the society in 
securing a pastor. They 
were unanimous and impor- 
tune in requesting the ap- 
pointment of Charles E. 
Hamilton to the new charge. 
Their request was granted, 
and Mr. Hamilton tiegan a 
most successful pastorate of 
five years. Mr. Hamilton 
was followed by M.J. Wells, 
who had just closed a very 
successful pastorate at Can- 
astota where he had built 
a very fine and commodious 
parsonage. Mr. Wells re- 
mained but one year during 
which time he remodeled 
and enlarged the parsonage 
and greath' endeared him- 
self to the people. E. B. 
Gearhart became the next 
pastor of the church and re- 
mained only one year. He 
was followed b)' J. C, B. 
Mover who is now serving 
the church for the third year. 

William Jameson Mantanye was born at 

Freetown, Cortland county. New York, October 
17, 1S43, and was a son of William Mantanye who 
then carried on a wagon factory at that place, 
but later on changed to mercantile pursuits and 
was for many years before and during the Civil 
War supervisor of his town. His mother was 
Betsey Fuller, daughter of Eleazer Fuller, who 
came from Monson, Massachusetts, in iSio, and 
settled upon one hundred acres about a mile 
north of Freetown Corners, purchased by him by 
contract of Nicholas Fish of New York, the deed 

■ .StaiKJaril liul. E.d." 



being given in 1S15. First living in a log house, 
Squire Fuller made out of the forest the best farm 
in Freetown and built the finest house in the 
town — a large two-story mansion, later owned by 
Chauncey Tuttle and thence known as the "Tuttle 
farm." William J. Mantanye attended the dis- 
trict school at Freetown and after he was 12 
years old worked on a farm ever}- summer. In 
the fall of 1S59 and again in 1.S60 he attended the 
Homer academy. In the winter of 1860-61 he 
taught school in one of the lumbering districts on 
the north fork of the Conanesque, near Westfield, 
Tioga Co., Penn. On the first call for three-year 
troops he enlisted in Co. D, 76th N. Y. Infantry, 
and served through the war at the front in the 
Army of the Potomac. He was wounded at second 
Bull Run .\ug. 29, 1862, but not seriously and re- 
turned to his regiment next day. At Gettysburg 
he was taken prisoner July l, 1863, and paroled 
on the field July 4, but as the government held 
the parole to be illegal he soon after returned to 
his company without exchange. In the fall of 
1863 he was called to Washington to take a com- 
mission in the ist re.giment of United States 
colored troops then being organized, but being 
then only 19 years of age he declined. In January, 
T864, he re-enlisted as a veteran volunteer in his 
old company and regiment and in Oct. 1864, 
upon the expiration of the term of the regiment 
he was transferred to the 147th N. Y., thence to 
the 91st N. Y., from which he was discharged 
July 3, 1865. Thus he served first, in the first 
army corps under Reynolds and Doubleday until 
that corps was annihilated at Gettysburg, .\fter 
that he served in the fifth corps of which the 
remnant of the old first corps was made the third 
division, and he was present in the last campaign 
and at the surrender of Lee April 9, 1865. On 
his return from the army in 1S65 Mr. Mantanye 
came to Cortland where his father had taken up 
his residence that year. He entered on the study 
of law with Hon. Arthur Holmes, then one of the 
leading lawyers and politicians of the count}'. 
In May, 1867, he was admitted to the bar at King- 
hamton, beginning the practice of law soon after 

W. .r. M.VXT.\NYE-LSketchP. 22. 

i.lM.iKi.h >. ^.\.M)S— LSketch P. 24. 
and continuing it ever since. In May, 1869, he 
opened a law office at Marathon where he prac- 
ticed until the spiing of 188S, when he removed 
to Cortland, which has ever since been his resi- 
dence. In 1S72 Mr. Mantanye married Emma, 
the oldest daughter of David C. Cloyes, a prom- 
inent merchant of Cortland. They have one 
child, a daughter, Fanny. Mr. Mantanye has 
been a steadfast Republican all his life. After 
the war he was active in the party, beiug frequently 
a delegate to State conventions and a member of 
the Republican county committee. In 1882-3 he 
was a member of the Republican State committee 
for the Onondaga-Cortland district and of the 
executive committee of the State organization. 
In 1S93 he was elected as delegate to the Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1894 from the 25th Senate 
District, then composed of Cortland, Broome, 
Tioga, Chenango and Delaware counties. In that 
convention he was a member of the important 
committees on powers and duties of the Legisla- 
ture and on county and town officers. He intro- 
duced some important amendments which were 
adopted and two which were defeated. One of the 
latter was to make the term of office of Governor 
and Lieutenant-tiovernor four years and make 
them ineligible to election for the next succeeding 
term. The other was a provision for biennial 
sessions of the Legislature, which was on the sug- 
gestion of Gov. Black, introduced in the Legis- 
lature and passed but failed in the Legislature of 
1899. He also advocated the amendment as to 
employment of convicts in penal institutions, for- 
bidding their labor being sold out to contractors, 
and it was adopted. In June, 1S95. Mr. Man- 
tanye was appointed by Gov. Jlnrton as a mem- 
l>er of the Commission of Prisons created by the 
constitution of 1S94, and was made chairman of 
the Committee on .Annual Report in which posi- 
tion he has since been continued. He was also 
put upon the Committee of Legislation which 
had charge of the drafting and introduction in 
the Legislature of the proposed laws known as 
Chapter 429 of the Laws of 1S96, which were 



enacted aud have since been carried into the 
general revision of the prison laws. By these 
laws the taking of convicts from without the 
State by penitentiaries to board was ended, and 
it is now required that felons be sent to the re- 
formatory and State prisons, and misdemeanants 
only to the jails and penitentiaries. The labor 
of convicts is also to be utilized in producing 
supplies for the public institutions of the State. 
The system has proved successful and is being 
adopted in other States. He is a member of the 
Tioughnioga Club and of the Union Veteran 

"Stand. Iiid. EU." FR.WKI.IX ll.vTiil J,IBlt.\KV. 

Legion and was the Colonel of the latter or- 
ganization during the first two years of its organ- 

George S. Sands, member of assembly from 
Cortland county iSgg and 1900, is a native of Del- 
aware county, born in the town of Middletown, 
Aug. 19, 1S49. His father, George H. Sands, was 
interested in large farming properties and con- 
ducted a general country store and postoffice at 
Middletown, which was the headquarters for peo- 
ple for miles around. Until the family moved to 
Cortland, in .\pril, 1S67, the former divided his 

time between emploj-ment on the farm and at- 
tending school, during which time he was a stu- 
dent at the Andes Collegiate institute and the 
Delaware academy at Delhi, in which village he 
enjoys a large acquaintanceship. In 1867-68 he 
attended the Cortlandville academy and in the 
winter of 1S68-69 he was employed in the First 
National bank, giving his services in exchange 
for the practical instruction and the experience 
he received as an accountant. At the opening of 
the Normal school in this village he was enrolled 
as a student and he pursued the regular English 
course there until May, 1S70, when he en- 
tered the law office of M. M. Waters where 
he studied law until admitted to the bar 
at .Schenectady, November, 1S73. During 
vacation in 1S69 he was employed in 
the large store of James S. Squires & Co. 
In 1873 he was elected town clerk, which 
office he held two years and in 1876 he 
was elected justice of the peace, being 
re-elected in 1S80 and serving in that posi- 
tion six years. He resigned in 1SS3 to ena- 
ble him to give his entire attention to the 
practice of law. Mr. Sands has always 
been a Republican. In 1896 he was promi- 
nently mentioned as one of the candidates 
for the Republican nomination for justice 
of the supreme court in the sixth judi- 
cial district. Mr. Sands reluctantly ac- 
cepted the nomination for member of as- 
sembly at the hands of the regular Repub- 
lican county convention in the fall of 1S98 
when the party was agitated by factional 
differences, and was elected in a strong 
Republican county by a somewhat re- 
duced majority. But in the following 
year, being accorded a renomination in 
recognition of his services as a fair and 
conservative legislator, aud in considera- 
tion of the further fact that it has usually 
been the custom to return to .Albany a sat- 
isfactory representative, he received ap- 
proximately the normal vote of his party. 
In the legislature of 1899 (that of 1900 is 
organizing as this Souvenir goes to press) 

the supported all party measures, although 
exercising a degree of independence on 
some ver3' important bills upon which cau- 
cus action was not taken. As a member 
of the committees on codes, claims and 
federal relations he was required to devote 
much of his time to the preliminary ex- 
amination of proposed laws and he became 
known as one of the few who gave to 
such work conscientious attention. Codes 
committee stands fourth in the list of 
important committees of the house. Mr. 
Sands is a member of the Masonic lodge and 
chapter, having been master of the lodge several 
terms, as well as assistant grand lecturer in this 
district. He is a member of the Tioughnioga 
club. His mother was left a widow when he was 
young and before coming to Cortland she married 
Mr. Chauncey Keator. She survives her second 
husband and with her son, Mr. G. S. Sands, and 
one daughter. Ella J. Sands, lives at a pleasant 
home on Main street. Another daughter, Mrs. 
W. J. Walker, died while a resident of the far 
west. The third daughter, Mrs. Clark Olds, the 
wife of a lawyer, has her home at Erie, Pa. 



"Standard Ind. Ed." 

D., L. W. K. R. .STATION. 

The Baraca Bible Class is a branch of the Bar- 
aca Union of America, an organization less than 
two years old yet having a membership of over 
25,000 in the United States. The word Baraca 
means "Blessing" or "Valley of Blessing" and 
the local class aims to be a blessing to all who 

come within the radius of its influence. One of 
the difficult problems in bible study is how to get 
and keep men interested in Sunday-school work. 
The Baraca class does this. While it is a part of 
the school it yet has its distinctive work. It has 
a constitution and by-laws, officers, committees 
and teacher, also a class pin and colors. 

•Standard Ind. Ed." LEHIGH V.\L1.EY AXD E. & C. X. Y. R. R. STATION. 



First Congregational Church.— On the loth 
day of November, iSSi, a council convened to 
consider the advisability of such a church and if 
thought best to aid in its formation, and found 
that one hundred and sixteen persons were en- 
rolled and present for organization, and that a 
Sunday-school was organized with 171 enrolled 
members, including a class of 30 young men. 
The organization was completed and the ftrs-t ser- 
vices were held in the long unused Universalist 
church. In the spring of l!?S2 the court house 
was rented. Church services and the senior Sun- 

day-school were held in the court room, the 
primary class in the jury room and the library in 
unused cells of the jail. In these unique quarters 
B. T. Wright, Esq., performed the duties of 
librarian and Jlr. .\. E. Buck of Sunday-school 
superintendent. Rev. Henry T. Sell began his 
ministrv with the church in Feb., 18S2, and 
within eighteen months from the time the church 
was organized it was occupying its present com- 
modious building. It was dedicated May 8, 18S2. 
Mr. Sell remained with this people five years 
in which time the church had reached a member- 
ship of 337. Rev. .-\. T. Swing for one year and 

Rev. Edward Taylor, D. D., for more than three 
years were acting pastors. At the tenth anni- 
versary celebrated during the pastorate of Dr. 
Taylor, the church report showed that by the addi- 
tion of a fine organ and various improvements ihe 
value of the church property had increased to 
130,000 and the church membership stood at 463. 
Dr. Taylor's personal helpfulness to the church 
cannot be estimated nor expressed in a report. 
The last sermon of Dr. Taylor and the first ser- 
mon of the incomin.g pastor. Rev. \V. H. Pound, 
were given on the same day (morning and even- 
ing) Nov. 15, 1892. Thus a 
united people were not divid- 
ed b}' a change in pastorate. 
Mr. Pound soon saw a field 
for gospel work in a pait of 
the town known as the East- 
side. By his untiring efforts, 
seconded by his chvirch, a 
Sabbath-school was establish- 
ed and Sabbath services held 
regularly for a long time. 
Sabbath school at 3 o'clock, 
under the efficient care of J. 
W. Keese is still held and a 
Woman's Missionarj' society 
and Y. P. S. C. E. are in pros- 
perous condition. The regu- 
lar church services however, 
are merged into thofe of the 
older church and the whole 
enterprise is considered a 
"Branch Work." Thecareof 
this, with that of the larger 
church, have combined in the 
seven years just closed to 
make Rev. W. H. Pound the 
oldest — in len.oth of ministry 
— and one of the busiest and 
best beloved pastors in the 

Loyal Circle of King's 
Daughters. -On Oct. 22. 188S, 
a few earnest women met to- 
gether to discuss the feasibili- 
tv of organizing a Loyal Circle 
of King's Daughters in Cort- 
land, and as the result of this 
conference twenty-five names 
were enrolled, which consti- 
tuted a charter membership 
and there are now over four 
hundred, not including the 
thirty King's Sons. Much 
credit is due the King's 
Daughters for taking the first 
step toward the establishing 
of a hospital in Cortland. 
In April, 1889, #25. 00 was set aside for that object 
and in a short time was increased to 5300. In 
February, 1S91, a public meeting was held in its 
interest and ten days later the Cortland Hospital 
association was formed. So pressing have be- 
come the demands at home that other work has 
given way almost entirely to local charity. The 
work is done quietly ever keeping in mind that it 
is " more blessed to give than to receive." The 
following are the oflicers for 1899 :— President, 
Mrs. Henrv Relvea ; secretary, Mrs. A. A. 
Sprague ; treasurer, Mrs. DeWilt Rose ; first vice- 
president, Mrs. W. H. McKinney ; second vice- 

"Stand, hid. Eil.' 



president, Mrs. M. K. Harris ; third vice-presi- 
dent, Mrs. Homer Smith ; fourth vice-president, 
Mrs. George I. Watson ; superintendent of local 
charities, Mrs. Eliza Jones. 

Cortland Hospital — It vs'as the Rev. J. .\. Rob- 
inson, for many years rector of Grace church, 
who first suggtsttd the idea of a hospital for Cort- 
land. It was Mrs. T. B. Stowell who proposed 
to the Loyal Circle of King's Daughters, of which 
she was at the time leader, that it should take the 
initiative in establishing such a hospital and so 
enthusiastically washer proposition received and 
so vigorously acted upon that upon the organiza- 
tion of the Hospital association, Feb. 23, 1S91, the 
Circle transferred to its treasury the sum of 
f 1.300, the result of a series of entertainments and 
of the solicitation of subscriptions by its members. 
The hospital was opened April i, 1891, in a rented 
cottage on Clayton-ave. with accommodation for 
six patients. For a time one woman performed 

more as occasion demands. The staff at present 
consists of the following phj'sicians : Surgical, 
Drs. Dana, Higgins, Reese, Sornberger ; medical, 
Drs. Didama, Henry, Moore, Neary, Johnson, 
Nash, Santee, Spaulding and Strowbridge. The 
present board of managers is as follows : Mrs. .\. 
E. Buck, Mrs. Delos Bauder, Mrs. Ella C. Butler, 
Mrs. F. H. Cobb, Mrs. W. H. Crane, Mrs. Hugh 
Duffey, Mrs. Mary E. Doud, Mrs. F. J. Doubleday, 
Mrs. L. J. Fitzgerald, Miss Mary Goodrich, Mrs. 
S. N. Holden, Mrs. Julia E. Hyatt, Mrs. E. C. 
Heath, Mrs. Coleman Hitchcock, Miss Louise 
Henry. Mrs. A. P. McGraw, Mrs. N. J. Peck, Mrs. 
\V. J. Perkins, Mrs. .\aron Sager. The officers 
are : Hon. Presidett, Mrs. M. E. Doud ; presi- 
dent, Mrs. Julia E. Hyatt ; ist vice-president, 
Mrs. Delos Bauder; 2d vice-president, Mrs. W. 
H. Crane ; secretary, Mrs. A. E. Buck ; treas- 
urer, Mrs. F. H. Cobb. Advisory board : Dr. F. 
J. Cheney, Mr. E. D. Blodgett, Mr James Dough- 

Photo by Butler 


* Standard Ind. Ed." 

the triple duties of matron, nurse and house- 
keeper, with the assistance of a boy to care for 
the furnace and walks. During the ten months 
remaining of that hospital year fifteen patients 
were carfd for. From this small beginning the 
work has steadily progressed and increased until 
now at the end of eight and one-half years the 
working force consists of a matron, nine nurses, 
two domestics, a laundress and janitor. The 
record for the year ending Seft. 30, 1899, shows 
120 patients treated, an average of over 9 per dav, 
while 52 outside patients were cared for by nurses. 
In 1895 the association was enabled to purchase 
and repair the building now occupied which was 
opened with appropriate dedicatory services 
March 27, 1895. Five rooms for private patients 
and the class room have been handsomely fur- 
nished by societies or individuals and these 
have been named in recognition of the generosity 
of the donors. Two wards, also named for liberal 
contributors, now have seven beds with room for 

erty, Hon. S. S. Knox, Mr. G. J. Mager. Mr. E. 
C. Palmer, Mr. B. L. Webb, Jlr. C. F. Wickwire, 
Jlr. H. M Whitney. Eight nurses have com- 
pleted the prescribed course in the training de- 
partment. The hospital has received legacies 
from Mrs. .\dalenah Rogers, Mrs. Orissa Baker. 
Jlrs. Frances McFarlan and Dr. J. H. Brewer and 
these with a gift from Mrs. Elisa Rose Palmer, 
have been used to improve the premises. Other 
legacies, not vet available, have been received 
from Mrs. T. A. Price, "Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Good- 
rich and ]\Irs. Sarah Sturtevant. 

The Cigar Makers' Union 116 of Homer, N. Y. 
was organized in Homer, .-^ng. 16, 18S4, with the 
following officers ; President, Geo. Sanford ; vice- 
president, Theo. Anderson ; secretary, Geo. Sim- 
mons. In 1891, Union 116 of Homer was trans- 
ferred from Homer to Cortland and is now doing 
business with the following officers : President, S. 
J. Dovl ; vice-president, S. Kinney ; secretary, 
Benj. F. Langham. 



Cortland Universalist Church Universalism 

was first preached in Cortland county by Nathan- 
iel Stacy, who wrote: "In 1807, on my first visit 
to Cortland county, I delivered one address at 
Homer, and one at Port Watson. The latter was 
a new place but contained as many inhabitants as 
Homer. There was but one solitary house where 
the flourishing village of Cortland now (1S501 
stands, and that one was a residence of a friend of 
ours by the name Hubbard." (Stac\-'s Memoirs, 
page 190. ) In the oldest record book of the parish 
extant, is the following reminiscence written ap- 
parently from memory, by the first clerk of the 
parish, John Chamberlain ; 

" According to early records of Universalism in 
Homer, it appears that a society of the name of 
'The First Charitable, Universal, Religious So- 
ciety of the Town of Homer,' was organized at 

For a number of years services were held on al- 
ternate Sundays at these places. His pastorate 
lasted two years, when Rev. George Sanderson, 
in 1833, became pastor, and served the church in 
that capacity' for three years. It was during this 
period that the permanent foundation of the pres- 
ent society was laid. At a special meeting of the 
parish in the Baptist meeting house, held Sept. 
17. 1S34, a committee of seven, of which the pas- 
tor was first named, was appointed " to draft a new 
code of by-laws for the benefit of the societ)'." 
The committee reported the next month ; the re- 
port was adopted, and arrangements made for a 
grand meeting when the new Covenant should be 
signed. The two days' Conference meeting was 
held in February, 1835. Rev. Dolphus Skinner 
gives a very interesting account of it in the "Mag- 
azine and Advocate " of that year, he preaching 

Photo by Hyatt. 


the court house, Homer, (now Cortlandville) the 
l6th of Nov., 1813. Samuel Ingalls and Mead 
Merrill presided at the above meeting. The fol- 
lowing persons were elected trustees : Moses Hop- 
kins, Allen Barry, John Chamberlain, David Mer- 
rick, Mead Merrill, Roger Edgcomb. A society 
of the name of ' The First Universalist Society of 
the Town of Homer ' was organized Jan. 19, 1S29, 
at the house of David Merrick. The last meeting 
of the above society was holden on the i8th of 
Jan., 1831." 

The " House of David Merrick " stood on the 
present site of the Cortland Opera House. In the 
early days there seems to have been no settled 
pastor, services being held occasionally, whenever 
a preacher came this way. This continued until 
1831, when Rev. Nelson Doolittle, settled at Cort- 
land and Homer, as the first permanent pastor. 

two sermons. Nine ministers, whose names he 
mentions, were present. In conclusion he says ; 
"At the close of the service, the Constitution^ 
Declaration and Covenant were read, and signed 
by thirty-five sisters and sixty-six brethren, mak- 
ing an aggregate of one hundred and one mem- 
bers." The Baptist meeting house was still used 
as a place of worship. Late in 1835 or early in 
1836 a committee was chosen relative to "build- 
ing a meeting house." On February 9th, 1836, 
this conmiittee was empowered " to fix upon the 
size of the house, form and materials of which it 
shall be built, the plan of raising the money, and 
the site where it shall stand." February 23, the 
committee reported " That the meeting house be 
built on the lot ofl^ered by Calvin Bishop. That 
the size of the house be 60x44 feet. That the walls 
be of cobblestone and such other materials as are 



necessary for the purpose and that the funds be 
raised bj- subscription." This was not quite ex- 
plicit enough, for this was followed by a motion 
that " the committee agree on a level floor, a gal- 
lery on three sides, west, north and south, two 
tiers of windows, and a desk in the east end of 
the house." About this time the Rev. Walter 
Bullard became pastor and served in that capacity 
for two years, being followed by Rev. A. C. Barry 
in 1S3S. During his pastorate the society was re- 
incorporated, the legal name, "The First Charit- 
able, Universalist, Religious Society of the Town of 
Homer," was changed to " The First Universalist 
Society of the Town of Cortland ville." This was 
done May 7, 1S39. The new 
church was dedicated July 10, 
1839. At the annual meeting 
Jan. 10, 1840, Rev. T.J. Whit 
comb was called to the pastor- 
ate. The following year his 
predecessor, Rev. .\. C. Barry, 
wrote in the "Magazine and 
Advocate " ( page 141 ) regard- 
ing this society : " There are 
now (1841) probably between 
seventy and eighty members. 
Their meeting house ( the best 
in the county ) is located at 
Cortland village — the county 
seat — which contains rising o: 
a thousand inhabitants." On 
Jan. II, 1S42, Rev. Mr. Whit- 
comb received twenty - t\vo 
new members in the church, 
among them being our hon 
ored and beloved deacon, Eb- 
enezer Mudge. the only sur- 
vivor of that company. We 
will pass over the pastorates 
of Rev. Messrs. Charles S. 
Brown and D. H. Strickland 
and others, until the 3-ear 1S57, 
when the church called to 
minister to it Rev. William H. 
Fish. Mr. Fish came as a non- 
sectariauist. His creed was 
temperance and the abolition 
of slavery. His pastorate ex- 
tended through five years, 1857 
to 1862. This was the golden 
age of the Lyceum and pub- 
lic lectures, and Mr. Fish was 
the man to make the most of 
every opportunity. To the 
platform of this church came 
Thomas Starr King, Theodore 
Parker, Henry Ward Beecher, 
Edward H. Chapin, Charles 
Sumner, Wendell Phillips, 
Wm. Lloyd Garrison, Ralph 
Waldo Emerson and others. 
With considerable Yankee 
shrewdness Mr. Fish quite 
often managed to have the 
lectures take place on Satur- 
day night, so that the guests 

would have to remain over Sunday, and the people 
would have the privilege of two or three more lec- 
tures the next day, free of charge. Rev. Mr. Fish's 
stirring pastorate was followed bv the ministrations 
of the Rev. Stephen Crane, who remained with 
the church for four years, being followed bv Rev. 
John M. Austin and Rev. F. B. Peck, Rev.' E. F. 
Pember and Rev. H. W. Hand, the latter remain- 
ing one year, doing excellent work in the wav of 
reorganization, and furnishing a new set of bv- 
laws. This church has a good constitution else it 
never could have survived the numerous by-laws! 

Rev. George Adams was the next pastor, from 
18S3 to 1886. He was followed by Mr. H. E. Gil- 
christ, who was ordained in the church. Rev. 
Ura Mitchell assumed the pastoral duties Feb. i, 
1889. Under his energetic administration the 
church edifice was entirely remodeled, giving it its 
present modern appearance in the interior. He 
was succeeded by H. W. Carr, who graduated 
from the Canton Theological school in June, 1891, 
and who assumed the pastoral duties of the church 
at once, which proved to be a successful and pros- 
perous one, and the longest in the history of the 
parish. During his pastorate the church was fur- 
ther modernized by placing a new organ in its 

Photo by Butler. UNIVERSALIST CHURCH— Sk. P. 2S. '■ Stand. Imi. Ed." 

present position, cutting out the original solid 
stone wall and building the organ loft. Mr. Carr 
was ordained to the ministry and married in the 
church while pastor. Since his resignation the 
church has had two ministers — Rev. John Kenyon, 
from April i, 1897 to Oct. i, 189S, who was also 
ordained in the church, and the present pastor, 
Rev. U. S. Milburn, who commenced his duties 
Oct. I, 1898. This church has given to the Uni- 
versalist ministrv four clergymen — Rev. Messrs. 
A. C. Barry, J. M'. Peebles, G. .-V. Kratzer and H. 
E. Newton. 



The Ladies' and Pastor's Aid Society of the 

Homer Ave, M. E. church of Cortland was organ- 
ized Oct. 16, iSgo, when the following officers 
were elected : President, Mrs. A. Sager ; vice- 
president, Mrs. A. W. Watkins ; secretary, Mrs. 
S. E. Curtis ; treasurer, Mrs. S. S. Stearns ; ex- 
ecutive committee, Mrs. Frank Bosworth, Mrs. 
Bloom La Barre, Mrs. Wm. Moresheimer. The 
object of the society as set forth in the constitu- 
tion is to assist the pastor in looking after stran- 
gers, new members, the sick and destitute ; to 
develop and employ social activity in all depart- 
ments of church work and as far as practicable 
assist in the general interests of the church. The 
ladies who have served as presidents since the 
organization are as follows : From Oct. 1890 to 
Oct. iSg2, Mrs. A. Sager ; from Oct. 1S92 to Oct. 

ciety," and on May 15, 1890, the name was again 
changed to Ladies' Aid Society. The following 
were the officers elected when organized : Presi- 
dent, Mrs. J. L. Gillett ; vice-president, Mrs. O. 

D. Purinton ; secretary, Mrs. G. C. Hubbard ; 
treasurer, Mrs. C. Keator. 

The object of this society is to promote mutual 
acquaintance and fellowship and to raise funds 
for church purposes. The first year $~5 was real- 
ized from dime suppers, and the past \-ear, $117. 
Receipts last year amounted to J4S0 ; expendi- 
ture, $420. 

The following are the present officers ; Presi- 
dent, Mrs. E. H. Wilson ; first vice-president, Mrs. 

E. O. Perry; second vice-president, Mrs. W. W. 
Watkins ; secretary, Mrs. J. Miller ; treasurer, 
Mrs. Wm. Pearson. 

Photo Ijy Hyatt. 


1894, Mrs. S. S. Stearns; from Oct. 1894 to Oct. 
1896, Mrs. W. P. Robinson ; from Oct. 1896 to 
Oct. 1S97, Mrs. Carrie vS. Kelly ; from 1897 to 
present date, Mrs. A. Sager. The following are 
the present officers : President, Mrs. A. Sager ; 
ist vice-president, Mrs. S. S. Stearns ; 2nd vice- 
president, Mrs. F. E. Eggleston ; secretary, Mrs. 
Martha Head ; treasurer. Miss Effie J. Hallock ; 
executive committee, Mrs. \V. H. Dickerson, 
Mrs. Grant Thomas, Mrs. A. Burnham, Mrs. G. 
F. Price and Mrs. Alma Snyder. 

The Aid Society of the First Baptist church 
was organized in the year 1S81 as the Ladies' Dime 
and Sewing society. Before the year closed, the 
name was changed to "All Work Together So- 

The Sunday-school Missionary Society of 

the Homer Ave. M. E. church was organized Nov. 
30, 1S90, with Miss H. C. Henry as president. 
She tendered her resignation Nov. i, 1S91, on 
account of leaving town and was succeeded by 
Miss Helena M. Myers, who held the office until 
Dec. 1S92, when Mrs. H. E. Andrews, the present 
incumbent, was elected. The object of this so- 
ciety is to create and stimulate interest in mis- 
sionary work among children and young people. 
To this end a program is rendered the first Sun- 
day in each month by members of the society. 
The red letter days are Easter, Harvest and Christ- 
mas, when concerts are given and special effort is 
made in the way of raising funds for this branch 
of the work. Nearly |i,500 has been raised by 
the society since its organization. 



The Hemorial Baptist Church is the outgrowth 
of a mission that was started by the First Baptist 
church, in the iirst ward May 29, 1S92. Under the 
efficient leadership of Dr. F. D. Reese the Sunday- 
school became so large they outgrew their first 
quarters, a dwelling house, and a chapel was 
erected and dedicated Nov. 14, 1S93, to which was 
given the name of Memorial in memory of James 
Duane Squires, who had been interested in the ad- 
vancement of the kingdom of God in that section 
of the village. The church has a number of win- 
dows that were given b}- friends of the chapel in 
memorv of some devout Chris- 
tian, in 1S96 it was thought 
best by a company of Baptists 
that lived near the chapel that 
thev should organize them- 
selves into an independent 
Baptist church. Accordingh- 
letters of dismissal were grant- 
ed to thirty-five members of 
the First Baptist church who 
became constituent members of 
the Memorial Baptist church. 
The church was recognized as 
an independent Baptist church 
on June 9, 1S97. Rev. J. Bar- 
ton French served as the first 
pastor from Jan. i, 1897, until 
July I, 1S99. The present pas- 
tor is Rev- Geo. E. T. Steven- 
son, a recent graduate of the 
Divinity school of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, and of 
Hamilton Theological semi- 
nary. During the past year 
the church has lost two of its 
very best members in the death 
of beacon J. L. Gillet and sis- 
ter Jane A. Lester, who were 
among the constituent mem- 
bers. The church is in a flour- 
ishing condition at the present 
time, its membership being 
eighty-nine. The ollicers ot 
the Sunday-school are : Super- 
intendent, Geo .\llport ; as- 
sistant superintendent, J. V. 
Chatterton ; secretary, Miss 
Belle Allen; treasurer, John S. 
Miller. The ollicers of the 
^\'omau's Foreign Missionary 
Circle are: President, Mrs. J. 
V. Chatterton; vice-president, 
Mrs. Geo. T. Lester; secretary, 
Miss Emma Briggs; treasurer, 
Mrs Geo. Allport. The officers 
of the Home Mission society 
are : President, Mrs. John S. 
Miller ; vice-president, Mrs. 
Bert Allen ; secretary. Miss 
Emma Briggs; treasurer, Mrs. 
Frank Byrn, The officers of the 
Farther Lights society are : 
President, Miss Minnie Lester; vice-president, Mrs. 
Will Seaman; secretary. Miss Flora Klotten; treasu- 
rer, Mrs. Ednae Klotten. The officers of the Phebe 
Helpers society are : President, Mrs. J. V. Chatter- 
ton ; vice-president, Mrs. Albert Klotten, Sr.; sec- 
retary, Mrs. John S. Miller; treasurer, Mrs. Geo. 
T.Lester. The officers of the church : Pastor, Rev. 
Geo. E. T. Stevenson ; deacons, A. H. Allport, F. 
A. Lombard, I. Dan Lester. Adolph Frost, Jr.; dea- 
conesses, Mrs. Mary E. L. Squires, Miss Emma 
Briggs; trustees, J. V. Chatterton, W.J. .Moss, F. A. 
Lombard, A. H. Allport, W. H. Scarff, C. E. Wil- 
kins; clerk. Miss Emma Briggs. 

PhilopolistS. — I discovered Cortland in mid- 
summer, 189S. I was first impressed with the 
beauty of the environs, coming south from S3-ra- 
cuse on the D., L. & W. The panorama of hill, 
tin\- lake and valley was so bewitching, that the 
morning paper lay unread in my lap, while the 
eye feasted on the stately beauty as we swept along 
between the wooded slopes. The village itself 
did not suffer by comparison with the beauty of its 
approaches. Its straight and clean streets, its 
luxury of trees, its well kept lawns, its profusion 
of flowers, its array of churches, its model schools, 

Photo by Butler. 


" Stand. Ind. Ed." 

its uniformity of "respectable" appearance, its 
comparative lack of hovels, its appearance of dif- 
fused culture, its busy shops, its bustling thor- 
oughfares, — all these combined, tend to deeph' im- 
press a stranger of the beauty and prosperity of the 
place. There is found no street, section or ward 
given over to hovels, poverty, dirt, squalor, 
viciousness. These are conspicuous by their ab- 
sence. This was the first impression. A residence 
of over a year has strengthened rather than weak- 
ened that impression. Some new beauty is always 
revealing itself ; some new item in its favor is con- 
stantlv being manifested. Its streets are more 



beautiful, its shops busier. But this is all external. 
An acquaintance with the people reveals them to 
be cultured, refined, intelligent. Education seems 
to be quite generally diffused, and not confined to 
a particular class or clique. As witness of this the 
large number of clubs and societies organized for 
purely literary and educational purposes bear testi- 
mony. Cortland has its evils, its faults, its short- 
comings, many of which could be remedied, but 
take it all in all it has fewer of these than the ma- 
jority of places of similar size. The most of its 
citizens, however, are public spirited, and are 
working for the best interests of this little citv. 
They can truly lie called "Philopolists." For 
beauty, for prosperity, for its social life, for its 
intellectual status and moral standing Cortland 
would certainly take its place in the very front 
ranks among the smaller cities of the Empire 
State. He who has capital to invest, who has chil- 

laws. From that date to the present the meetings 
have been held regularly with scarcely an excep- 
tion. ,So well and so wisely was the original work 
done that the constitution and by-laws have re- 
mained essentially unchanged during the nearly 
twenty years of the club's existence. The number 
of members was limited to thirty. Of the charter 
members but four or five remain, while one hun- 
dred different names are enrolled upon its list. As 
the years have passed a large amount of work has 
been achieved. The special committees have been 
untiring in their efforts to arrange the subjects in 
such a manner as to combine the instructive with 
the agreeable. The years of 1S91 and 1S92 were 
spent in studying history, geography, manners and 
customs, art and literature of foreign countries, 
illustrated with an occasional stereopticon evening, 
or a professional lecture, while 1S93 was given to 
preparation for the proper enjoyment and appre- 

Photo by Hyatt. 


dren to educate, who wishes to live a quiet aud re- 
tired life amidst elevating surroundings, would 
find Cortland a profitable and suitable place to 
pitch his tent. — U. S. Milburn. 

The Ladies' Literary Club of Cortland was an 
outgrowth of a Book Club organized two j-ears 
previously. A half dozen ladies especially inter- 
ested in the study of literature called a preliminary 
meeting of all the book club members who wished 
to study literature and authors in a systematic and 
regular manner. Ten ladies responded and the 
first meeting was held at the home of Mrs. Wm. 
P. Randall, March 24, 1880, for the purpose of or- 
ganizing a club. Mrs. Jennie Crandall was made 
chairman and the following permanent officers 
were elected : President, Mary F. Hcndrick ; vice- 
presidents, Mrs. Jennie Crandall and Mrs. Marv B. 
Stowell ; secretary. Miss Editha Stephens ; treas- 
urer, Mrs. L. K. Shankland. Mrs. Crandall, Mrs. 
Stowell and Mrs. F^lla (Hubbard) Apgar were ap- 
pointed a committee to draft a constitution and by- 

ciation of the great gathering of the nations at the 
World's fair. During 1S94 and 1895 special study- 
was given to American authors, which may be 
counted among the most valuable of the work 
done. Each quarter's work closes with an enter- 
tainment of some kind. To the literary program 
has been added the department of current topics. 
"We do not exclude the social element. Once a 
year the president lays aside the gavel, forgets the 
dignity of her official position and gives us an 
afternoon in which we do up the visiting for the 
year or are amused aud entertained as she sees fit. 
These are called "president's days" and in the 
words of the ever joyous Shakespeare, "it is very 
reverend sport truly, and done in the testimony of 
a good conscience." The officers for the present 
year are : President, Mrs. Grace C. Walrad ; ist 
vice-president, Mrs. Kittle Higgins ; 2nd vice- 
president, Mrs. E. M. H. Johnson ; secretary and 
treasurer. Miss Marv Goodrich ; corresponding 
secretary, Mrs. C. W. B. Cornish. The members 
are ; Miss M. Minerva Adams, Miss Alida Cornelia 



Adams, Mrs. Helen J. Apgar, Mrs. Clara H. Banta, 
Mrs. Mary M. Beach, Miss Clara E. Booth, Mrs. 
Mary Alta Chambers, Mrs. Arabella B. Collins, 
Mrs. C. W. B. Cornish, Miss Marguerite P'orce. 
Miss Ella Gale, Mrs. Caroline R. Gillette, Miss 
Mary Goodrich, Miss Mary F. Heudrick, Mrs. 
Mary F. Henry, Mrs. Kittie Higgins, Mrs. Lillian 
C. Jayne, Mrs. E. M. H. Johnson, Mrs. Hattie B. 
Mudge, ]\Irs. E A. Nash, Mrs. Louise JI. Foote, 
Mrs. Florence C. Reese, Jliss Martha Roc, Miss 
Miriam S. Skidniore, Mrs. JIary B. Smith, Mrs. 
Kate F. Sornberger, Miss Editha Stephens, Mrs. 
Julia Jarvis-Twiss, Mrs. Grace C. Walrad, Mrs. M. 
M. Watrous. 

Rev. Ulysses Sumner nilburn, pastor of the 
Universalist church, was born in the little hamlet 
of Black Lick, ten miles east of Columbus, Ohio, 
December i6th, 1S65. He attended the district 
schools of that state and for three years taught in 
the same schools. His thoughts were early in- 
clined toward the profession of ministry, and to 
prepare himself for that work he entered the 
Divinity school of the St. Lawrence University, 
Canton, New York, from which institution he 
was graduated in 1S91. At London, Ohio, he was 
ordained in October of the same year, ami 
preached there for sixteen months when he was 
called to Baltimore, Md., as associate pastor of 
the Second Universalist church, his co-worker 
being Rev. Royal H. Pullman, D. D. He re- 
mained in that position for about a year and a 
half, when he became pastor of the First Univer- 
salist church of Cincinnati. For over fovir years 
he performed the arduous duties as pastor of a 
large city parish, the society during that time 
erecting a handsome stone church, and also a 
business block costing j2o,ooo.oo on a lot owned 
bv the church. In October, 1S9S, he came to 

ll.vait, Plioto. 

F. W. IlIGGINS, M. D. 

Harris, Photo DR. F. W. HIGfilNS' OFFICE. 

F. W. Higgins, n. D., is the son of a Method- 
ist minister and was born Feb. 7, 1S57, in Ply- 
mouth, Chenango Co., N. Y. After he was 14 
years old he supported himself by farm work, 
clerking and teaching country schools until pre- 
pared to practice medicine. He was educated at 
the public schools, at Cazenovia seminary and 
Colgate academy, Hamilton. Before his grad- 
uation he was for two years principal of the 
McGraw academy. He studied medicine with 
Dr. H. C . Hendrick of McGraw and attended 
medical lectures at Michigan universitv, Ann 
Arbor and the Medical Department of the 
University of the City of New York. He 
was graduated from the latter institution in 
18S1, and began the practice of medicine in 
that same year with the late Dr. J. C. Nelson 
of Truxton. For four and one-half years he 
remained in Truxton, then moved to Che- 
mung, Chemung county, where he practiced 
for a year and a half, and in the spring of 
1S87 came to Cortland, which has since been 
his home. In preparation for practice in 
diseases of the eye, ear and throat he has 
taken post-graduate work in the hospitals 
in New York and Philadelphia. He also 
spent two month? in London, in the sum- 
mer of 1894, working in hospitals under the 
instruction of eminent specialists. Dr. Hig- 
gins is a member of the Cortland County 
Medical society and was for several years its 
secretary. He is also a member of tlie New 
York State Medical association, the Ameri- 
can Medical association, the New York .State 
Medical society, and the Medical .Association 
of Central New York. He was married on 
Nov. 26, 1S79, to Miss Kittie M. Smith of 
McGraw. They have four children — three 
sous and one daughter, viz.: R. Paul, a stu- 
dent at Cornell; Max S. and George H. and 
Winifred A., who are living at home. Dr. 
Higgins was elected president of Cortland 
village in 1S95 and served one term. 

Photos by Hyatt. 

Homer Avenue. 
Reynold's Avenue. 


North Main, N. from Madison. Grant St., looking toward Main. 

Monroe Heights, N. from Court. 

"Grip's'' Historical Souvenir of Cortland. 



The Cortland County Medical Society is one 

of the older in the state, the first meeting having 
been held Aug. lo, iSoS. The first officers of the 
society were: Dr. Lewis Owen, president; Dr. John 
Miller, vice-president; Dr. James Searl, secretary; 
Dr. Robert D. Taggart, treasurer. It is worthy of 
note that none of the charter members of the so- 
ciety were physicians practisitag in Cortland vil- 
lage. Four resided in Homer when the society 
was organized. Two lived in Truxton. Preble and 
Solon were represented, but if Cortland had a phy- 
sician his name is not preserved upon our records. 
In 1S12, according to the laws of the state in force 
at that time, the society conferred its first license 
to practice medicine upon Dr. Levi Boies of 

ber until his death, March i, 1S70. The occasion 
of his golden wedding, in 1867, furnished oppor- 
tunity for old patients in every part of the United 
States to send him tokens of their regard. Dr. 
Frederick Hyde was for long years a tower ot 
strength in the county society and in the pro- 
fession of Cortland. Here he practiced from 
1S36 till his death, Oct. 15, 18S7. He was 
professor of surgery in Geneva Medical Col- 
lege from 1855, and after the organization of 
Syracuse Medical College, in 1872, was its 
dean. He was a man of positive convictions, 
a typical physician and surgeon of his day and 
generation. He married the daughter of Dr. 
Goodyear and for many years the two physicians 

Photo by Hyatt. 


Cortland village, who is said to have been long a 
respectable practitioner. While at that day the 
majority of physicians were licentiates, it began 
to be considered proper and advantageous to take 
the training offered by the few medical colleges. 
The medical department of Yale University was 
founded in 1812. Dr. Miles Goodj'ear, who re- 
ceived his degree from Yale College in 1816, was a 
member of the first graduating class, and was the 
first member of the Cortland county society with 
the title of JI. D. Dr. Goodyear is one of the 
notable historical characters of Cortland. His 
eccentricities, his kindly way, his ruffled shirt and 
his botanical lore, his sterling worth, his learning 
and his fund of homely common sense, all render 
his memory green. Dr. Goodyear was born at 
Hamden, Conn., Nov. 14, 1793. He joined the so- 
ciety in 181S, and remained a most faithful mem- 

were in partnership. Both are said to have been 
lacking in financial ability, but for two genera- 
tions they were the family- physicians of most of 
the inhabitants of the place. Whether fortu- 
nately or unfortunately for physician and for 
patient very many people no longer have a family 
physician, or none, more permanently than they 
trade at a certain store. That the earlier mem- 
bers of the society were as brilliant as any of 
their successors may be learned by studying the 
life of Dr. A. B Shipman. who resided in Cort- 
land from 1S33 to 1849. He afterward removed to 
Syracuse, but was often called to Cortland in emer- 
gencies. Reading his life and writings gives the im- 
pression that quarrels among doctors were more 
acrimonious then than now. Indeed, it may be 
truthfully said that the members of the society and 
of the profession in Cortland were never freer from 



selfish jealousies or unethical conduct than at pres- 
ent. Dr. H. O. Jewett, although still living, has 
retired from active practice, and may be men- 
tioned in this connection. He was a student of 
Dr. Shipman and graduated in the first class of 
the medical department of the College of the City 
of New York. He practiced in Summer Hill from 
1843 to 1849, when he removed to Cortland, which 
has since been his home. He has been a consci- 
entious, industrious and successful practitioner. 
Of the present members of the societ)- who are in 
active practice in Cortland a mere list must suf- 
fice. It would be invidious and impossible to 
distinguish the conscientious work being done 
by them all. It may be said that medi- 
cine and surgery have made marvelous strides 
during the last twenty j'ears and the local 
physicians are seeing to it that they keep abreast 
with the ailvances in the science. Of the mem- 
bers of the society who have lived outside of Cort- 
land village our space will allow but little to be 

terly. Recently these sessions have been held 
in the parlor of the Cortland hospital, to which 
the last year the society donated J50 for surgical 
instruments. For some years after the dispute 
in the State society in regard to the code of ethics 
Cortland county did not send a delegate to the 
State society. Dr. H. T. Dana was however accred- 
ited a delegate in 1895 and Dr. F. W. Higgins and 
Dr. F. D. Reese have since been elected. Dr. F. H. 
Green of Homer since 1892 has been the very 
efficient secretary of the society. The presidents 
since 1S94 have been : Dr. H. T. Dana, Dr. A. J. 
White, Dr. C. B. Trafford, Dr. H C. Hendrick, 
Dr. M. L. Halbert and Dr. F. H. Forshee. The 
society was never more active and useful than at 
present. The following is the list of active mem- 
bers of the societv : Dr. L- C. Andrews, Pitcher ; 
Dr. I. A, Beach and Dr. C. E Bennett. Cortland ; 
Dr. H. S. Braman, Homer ; Drs Paul T. Carpen- 
ter, H. T. Dana and E. A. Didama, Cortland ; Dr. 
T. M. Emery, Virgil; Dr. F. H. Forshee, McGraw ; 

Photo by Hyatt. 


said. Mention should be made of Dr. Caleb 
Green of Homer who for many years was its sec- 
retary and from whose writings much of the his- 
torical material of this society must ever be 
gleaued. Dr. Geo. W. Bradford of Homer was 
the secretary of the society from 1S26 to 187 1. 
He, like most of our physicians who have made 
their lives a success, was a self-made man, hard- 
working, a great reader, active in every good 
word and work. Dr. H. C. Hendrick of McGraw 
is still in active practice although he became a 
member of the society in 1S55. He has done 
much to contribute to the success of its meetings. 
Dr. J. C. Nelson shares with Dr. John Miller in 
the memories of all the families about Truxton. 
A true gentleman, of great force of character, he 
would have made his mark in any calling in life. 
The first sessions of the society were held in David 
Jones' coffee house in Homer, quarterly for six 
years and then for seventy-five years semi-an- 
nually. Occasionally no meeting was held, a 
quorum not being present. At the annual 
meeting, 1888, it was voted to meet quar- 

Dr. F. H. Green, Homer; Dr. M. L. Halbert, 
Cinciunatus ; Dr. H. C. Hendrick, McGraw ; Drs. 
F. W. Higgins and H. O. Jewett, Cortland ; Dr. 
Benj. Kinyon, Ciucinnatus ; Dr. J. C. Leonard, 
Harford Mills ; Dr. A. M. Loope, Homer; Dr. E. 
W. McBirney, Willet ; Drs. Philip Nearv and F. 
D. Reese, Cortland ; Dr. M. R. Smith, McGraw ; 
Dr. R. L. Smith, Marathon ; Dr. S. J. Sornber- 
ger, Cortland ; Dr. H. I. Van Hoesen, Truxton ; 
Dr. C. D. Ver Nooy, Cortland ; Dr. John W. Whit- 
ney, Homer. 

The Ladies' Aid Society of the First Uuiver- 
salist church of Cortland, N. Y., was organized in 
Feb. 1883, under the pastorate of Rev. H. W. 
Hand. Mrs. H. W. Hand was its first president. 
The Woman's Aid convention of central New 
York had its origin with the Cortland L. A. S. 
This organization is well officered, some of its offi- 
cers having held for a succession of years and all 
are united and work zealously for the cause. They 
are strengthened and encouraged by the hearty 
support and co-operation of their pastor, the Rev. 
U. S. Milburu. 



S. M. Benjamin, the oldest business man in 
Cortland now engaged in the same business and 
at the same place where he started the business, 
is a manufacturer and dealer in monuments, head- 
stones, etc., at No. 37 N. Main street. He opened 
the shop Oct. i, 1854, and as has been stated, has 
continued it there ever since, although his 
brother, J. W. Benjamin, who afterward died in 
Chicago with apoplexy, was associated with him in 
the beginning. Mr. Benjamin was born in Dur- 
ham, Greene county, Oct. 11, 1826, and although 
now in his 74th year is active in personally con- 
ducting his business and does manual labor 
day after day with as much energy as many 
vouuger men. He came to Cortland county 
in 1S45 with his mother, a widow, and two 
brothers and a sister. He bought a farm and 
made that his business until April, 1852. One of 
his brothers, A. Page Benjamin, went to California 
in 1848 and died there in the gold mines. His 
sister, Mrs. Martin Chapin of Columbia, S. C , 
was married in June, 1S50. Mr. S. M. Benjamin 
was married to Harriet A. Eggleston of Cortland 
Sept. 30, 1850, and they have had two daughters 
and one son. The oldest daughter, Jennie, died 
when about twenty years of age and the son in 
infancy. The other daughter, Mrs. Nelson H. 
Waters, was married on Sept. 30, 1SS9, and lives 
in Cortland. She has two children, a son and a 
daughter. In 1852 Mr. Benjamin went into the gro- 
cery business with Mr. Bancroft on Port Watson 
street. They started the first bakery in Cortland 
and built the first baker's oven. Mr. Benjamin 
withdrew from that business in the fall of 1854 to 
go into the marble business at his present stand. 
His business is extensively known throughout 
this section of the state and for years his produc- 
tions not only included marble and granite monu- 
ments but marble tops for household purposes. 
Of late years the latter part of the business has 
given way almost entirely to granite work. He 
was up to the time he withdrew from the depart- 
ment, in 1897, one of the oldest firemen in Cort- 
land, having been on active duty thirty-seven 
j'ears, and having been a member of the first fire 
compau}' formed in the village. With the rest of 
that company he went to Svracuse after the first 

Photo )>y Harris. 


Photo by Hyatt. S. M. BENJAMIN. 

hand engine which w'as brought to Cortland. 
During this extraordinar}- long term of service he 
has served in every rank of the department from 
"high private" to chief of the department. Al- 
though seventy years of age when he resigned it 
was only because he had broken a leg. He is a 
member of Grace Episcopal church where he has 
been a vestryman for twenty-five years. 

The First riethodist Episcopal Church. —From 

a historical memorandum furnished me by Mr. 
Henry M. Kellogg, we learn that a Methodist 
itinerant preacher — Rev. Mr. Hill — by invitation 
preached in the home of Jonathan Hubbard in the 
year 1804, when there were but three families 
within the present boundaries of Cortland village. 
.\U were invited to attend the service, and the in- 
vitation was gladly accepted. The residence of 
Mr. Hubbard was on the corner of Court and Main 
streets, where the nation- 
al bank now stands. Oth- 
er meetings followed un- 
til, in the winter of that 
year. Elder Hill received 
111 to the church Jonathan, 
Mar\' and Abigal Hub- 
liard; Elija and Martha 
Batchelor; Isaac, William 
and Polly B a s s e 1 1 , 
and Catharine Sherwood, 
which constituted the 
first society Mr. Batche- 
lor was appointed "lead- 
er." This was the germ 
of the First :Methodist 
Episcopal church in this 
place. It was included in 
what was then called Cay- 
uga Circuit. It was in 
the Genesee district of 
Philadelphia conference. 
The Cayuga Circuit was 
hounded on the north by 
lake Ontario, east by the 
Otselic valley, south by 
the turnpike running east 
from Ithaca, and west by 



Cayuga lake, yet such was the unconquerable en- 
ergy of two itinerant Methodist preachers they 
were enabled to ford the rivers, thread their way 
through forests without roads, cross mountains 
without guides, and make regular visits to all its 
charges, and preach the gospel to all who were 
willing to hear. The services were held in Cort- 
land every two weeks. After each service a prayer 
and class meeting was held. The first quarterly 
meeting was held in an unfinished barn in the 
year iSlo. Rev. James Kelsey was preacher in 
charge in 1S12. Ten or twelve families constituted 
the village at that time. On the 13th day of 


March, 182 1, a meeting of the male members was 
held at the house of John Stillman, for the pur- 
pose of organizing to erect a house of worship. 
Jonathan Hubbanl, John Stillman and Isaac Bas- 
sett were elected trustees. The building commit- 
tee appointed was Charles W. Lynde, Roswell 
Ranilall and Samuel Nelson. The last was after- 
wards judge of the United States Supreme court. 
The i)resent site, consisting of one acre and thirty- 
two rods, was purchased of " Billy" Trowbridge, 
guardian of the heirs of Jonathan Hubbard, for 
the sum of |;5o. A contract dated May 24, 1821, 
was made with John R. White to build the founda- 
tion and take the subscription for his pay. No 

mone)' was paid. It was all trade, barter and 
labor. Arrangements were made for laying the 
corner-stone on the 4th of July, 1S21. A meeting 
was held at the Baptist church in the forenoon of 
that da}'. A sermon was preached by Rev. Geo. 
W. Dinsmore, at the close of which a procession 
was formed under the direction of Gen. Daniel 
Miller and Martin Keep, which marched through 
the groves of beautiful trees to this spot where the 
corner-stone, with the namesof the building com- 
mittee on it, was laid in position. This old stone 
has been carefully preserved and built into the 
south wall of the present edifice. Addresses were 
delivered by Rev. Mr. Kelsey 
and Rev. Mr. Baker, after 
which the procession re- 
formed and marched to the 
hotel of Nathan Luce, where 
the Messenger House now 
stands, where dinner was 
served at 31 cents each. The 
new directory of the church, 
issued in Dec, 1S98, gives the 
condition in which it is found 
after nearly ninety-five years 
since the first preacher was 
stationed here. The frequent 
changes of pastoral oversight 
in former years no doubt con- 
tributed largely to the inter- 
est of the people. No less than 
55 have succeeded each other 
in this line. This church is 
the parent of the Homer, the 
Mc Graw, and the Blodgett 
Mills Methodist Episcopal 
churches; and also of the Con- 
gregational church, the Ho- 
mer Avenue M.E church, and 
in part of the Free Methodist 
church. The present organ- 
ization names Theron Cooper 
as presiding elder and O. A. 
Houghton, I). D., as pastor. 
The resident ministers are: B. 
¥. Weatherwax, a superanu- 
ated member of the Central 
New York Conference, and 
Chas. Lane Rice, a superanu- 
ate of the Wyoming Confer- 
ence. Dr. F. j. Chene}-, prin- 
cipal of the Normal school, is 
superintendent of the Sunday- 
school and C. v. Weiler, pres- 
ident of the Epworth League. 
The trustees are; R. B. Smith, 
president; H. M. Kellogg, sec- 
retary and treasurer ; A. L. 
Cole, Prosper Palmer, Fred 
Conable, H. J. Reed, A A. Car- 
ley, F. P. Saunders, and Geo. 
Moore. I'rosper Palmer died 
on Tuesday night, Nov. 7, 1899, 
nearly ninety-five years of age. We can hardly 
do less than mention some facts respecting this 
remarkable man whose death has just left a va- 
cancy in the board of trustees. He was born Jan. 
21, 1809, in a house now demolished on the Gulf 
road near McGraw. His pious mother died when 
he was but 13. At the age of 16 he professed con- 
version to God and united with the Baptist church, 
following the example of his parents. Nine years 
later he manifested a preference for the Method- 
ist Episcopal church and transferred his member- 
ship accordingly. With the First Methodist 
Episcopal church he has been closely identified 
for 66 years. For thirty successive years of this 

[See sk..P. 3V. 



time he was leader of the choir. He had a voice 
of peculiar sweetness, and he had trained it for 
the sacred work of hymning the praises of the 
sanctuary. On his S8th birthday his pastor, Dr. 
O. A. Houghton, prevailed on him, though feeble 
in body, to attend the prayer-meeting at the 
church, where he sang one of his favorite hymns. 
Every heart was touched, and many tears were 
shed. The church has eleven class-leaders, and 
thirteen stewards. Chester R. Doolittle is pre- 
centor ; H. M. Kellogg, keeper of the flag. E. 
S. Bostwick is Sexton. The St. Paul Chapter of 
the Epworth League is well manned ; also the 
Junior Epworth League. The Ladies' and Past- 
or's Union is doing good service under the presi- 
dency of Miss Effie .\. Allen. Excellent organi- 
zations of the Woman's Foreign and Home Mis- 
sionary societies are maintained. The seats are 
all free, and the church is supported by voluntary 
contributions. The entire membership will reach 

nearly seven hundred. Rev. Charles Lane 


Oscar A. Houghton, Ph. D., D. D., the son of 
the late Rev. Royal Houghton, for many years a 
prominent clergyman in the Methodist Episcopal 
church in this part of the state, was early thrown 
upon his own resources, and enjoyed such advant- 
ages as his own energy provided. He received 
his preparatory education at Falley seminary, 
Fulton, N. Y. Mr. Houghton was graduated at 
Genesee college, Lima, N. Y., (now Syracuse uni- 
versity), in 1869, with the degree of A. B., taking 
the second honor in his class. While in college 
he took prizes in scholarship, oratory and English 
composition. At the first commencement held 
after the establishment of the college as Syracuse 
university, at Syracuse, N. Y., (in 1S72), he re- 
ceived the degree of A. M., in cursu, having been 
chosen by the faculty to deliver the Master's ora- 
tion on that occasion. In 18S2 he completed a 
post-graduate course in Christian evidences at the 
same university, receiving the degree of Ph. D. on 
examination. In 1S87 his alma mater conferred 
the honorary degree of doctor of divinity. Dr. 
Houghton entered the ministry of the Methodist 
Episcopal church in 1869. With the exception of 
short intervals taken for rest, he has been an ac- 
tive pastor in the Central New York conference 

Plioto by Harris. 


Hyatt, Photo. H. M. KELLOiiii. 

ever since, occupying some of the most prominent 
pulpits in Syracuse, Ithaca, Elmira, Auburn and 
other large towns. He has just entered upon his 
fourth 3-ear as pastor of the First Methodist Epis- 
copal church of Cortland, N. Y., being the first 
pastor in its history that has been returned for a 
fourth year. In 1886 he traveled in Europe, and 
in 1891 he made an extended tour in Egypt, Pal- 
estine, Greece and Italy. He was acting pastor of 
the North Avenue Congregational church, Cam- 
bridge, Mass., from Jan. to Oct., 1S96. Strong in- 
ducements were held out to him to become its 
permanent pastor, but he preferred to accept an 
appointment in his own church, and was appointed 
Viy the presiding bishop of his conference to the 
church at Cortland. 

H. M. Kellogg has been in business in Cortland 
continuously since 1S71, when he came here from 
Savannah, Ga., and entered into co-partnership 
with David C. Cloyes, 
and under the firm name 
of Cloyes & Kellogg was 
engaged in the crockery 
and grocery business un- 
til 1876. In March of that 
year Mr. Kellogg and 
Col. Frank Place bought 
the hardware store then 
conducted by Wickwire 
Bros, at No. 25 Main 
street, the same location 
he still occupies, and 
their partnership rela- 
tionscontinued under the 
firm name of Kellogg & 
Place until 18S1, when 
Col. Place retired, Mr. 
Kellogg purchasing his 
interest and ever since 
continuing the business 
alone. In the big fire of 
1S84 the building was 
swept away and for about 
.six months or until the 
store could be rebuilt, 
the business was carried 
on under great difficul- 



ties in a store now occupied by Burgess. It in- 
cludes everything in the line of hardware, plumb- 
ing, gas fitting, furnaces, water piping, tinning, 
sheet iron work, roofing, etc. Mr. Kellogg is a 
veteran of the rebellion, having served through 
the greater part of the war, and is deeply inter- 
ested in the welfare of Grover Post, No. 98, G. 
A. R. of this village, of which he has been a mem- 
ber almost from the organization of the post. He 
was a charter member of the first post organized 
in Georgia. He has been past commander of 
Grover Post and now occupies the position of 
chaplain. He is prominent as a member of sev- 
eral other societies, the Cortlandville Masonic 
lodge, the First M. E. church, of which he is a 
trustee and the clerk of the board, and the Erie 
& Central New York railroad of which he is a 
director and the secretarj', having occupied those 
positions for ten years. He has served as United 
States Loan Commissioner, and for twenty vears 
as railroad commissioner of the town of Cortland- 
ville, a position he still occupies. Mr. Kellogg 

listed in Co. G, Fifty-fifth Ohio Infantry, Col. 
John C. Lee, afterwards lieutenant-governor of the 
state, commanding. The term of enlistment was 
for three years or during the war. Mr. Kellogg 
served with the same regiment until May 29, 
1865, when it was mustered out at Washington. 
He was in service fii'st in the Shenandoah Valle\- 
campaign, then at Cedar Mountain, Second Bull 
Run, Fredericksburgh (both campaigns), Chan- 
cellorville, Gettysburgh and back into Virginia 
where the command went into camp, soon after to 
be packed into box cars and sent to Chickamauga 
under the command of "Fighting" Joe Hooker 
to relieve Generals Rosecrans and Thomas who 
were hemmed in by Bragg. From that time the 
regiment was in continuous hard service ; at 
Lookout Mountain and Mission Ridge ; in the 
four months campaign under .Sherman from Look- 
out Mountain to Atlanta, participating in the bat- 
tles of Resaca, Tunnel Hill, Marrietta, New Hope 
Church, Kenasaw Mountain and Peach Tree 
Creek ; finally, fighting their way into Atlanta. 


was born in the town of Williamstown, Oswego 
county, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1841. He was educated 
in the public schools and in the Seneca county 
academy at Republic, Seneca county, O., which 
institution he entered in 1S53 and until 1858 
divided his time between pursuing his .studies as 
a pupil and teaching. In 1859 and '60 he was in 
the employ of the Little Miami Railroad com- 
pany, making his home at Cincinnati, O. In 
February, 1.S61, he fired the locomotive which 
drew the train that carried President-elect Lin- 
coln from Cincinnati to Columbus when he made 
that historic trip to Washington to be inaugur- 
ated. The next time he saw the president was 
when as a private soldier he presented arms on 
the occasion of the review of the Army of the 
Potomac by the President. On April 20. 1861, 
Mr. Kellogg was sworn in as a private in Co. G, 
Fifth Ohio Volunteers, one of the four regiments 
which went into the first camp established in 
Ohio. This was eight days after Fort Sumter 
was fired upon. From that time until practically 
the close of the war Mr. Kellogg served in the 
armies of the union. On Aug. 5, 1.S62, he re-en- 

Mr. Kellogg was with Sherman in his march 
from Atlanta to the sea. .\fter being mustered 
out of active service he returned to Savannah and 
went into the retail business in that city, being a 
member of the firm of Stuart iS: Co., retail grocers. 
This was in August, 1S65. In the spring of '66 
he was appointed agency aid in the United .States 
Treasury department. In the fall of the same 
year he came to McGraw and went into the dry 
goods business, the name of the firm being Alton 
& Kellogg, retiring from the firm in the springof 
1868 to accept the position of deputy county clerk 
for this county, where he remained until August 
of the same year when he returned to Savannah, 
Ga., to enter the employ of the Georgia Central 
Railroad company as bookkeeper. Three months 
later he was appointed warehouse bond account- 
ant in the L'nited vStates Customs service in that 
citv and in March, 1S71, he resigned to return to 
Cortland and go into business. On July r2, 1.S66, 
he married Ella E. Ouantock of Savannah, a lady 
whose acquaintance he made while with his regi- 
ment in that city. They have had three children, 
one deceased and two living. The two latter are 



Mrs. Joseph Puder of Savannah and 
Miss Carrie R. Kellogg, a recent gradu- 
ate of the Cortland Normal school. 
James H., Mr. and Mrs. Kellogg's son, 
died at the age of 17 years. A young 
man of bright prospects and who was 
about to enter the S^-racuse university 
was suddenly removed bv the hand of 
death on Feb. 7, iSSS. 

The Ellis Omnibus and Cab Co. are 

located on the northeast corner of Rail- 
road and Pendleton streets, and are the 
successors of the Cortland Omnibus 
and Cab Co. The Cortland Omnibus and 
Cab Co. were established in 1850, and 
were first incorporated in 1S90, but were 
re-incorporated with an increased capi- 
tal stock in July, 1S92, and were run as 
the Cortland Omnibus and Cab Co. until 
Jan., 1S96, when the entire business and 
real estate were purchased by E.E.Ellis, 
who at that time was the president and 
treasurer of the Cortland Omniljus and 
Cab Co. The name of the business was 
then changed to Ellis Omniljus and 
Cab Co. While this is the title of the 
business, Jlr. Ellis is the sole owner 
and manager of the same. This busi- 
ness has gradually increased until it is 
one of the largest exclusive builders of 
omnibuses, wagonettes, cabs and hotel coaches in 
the United States. This company built the first 
open and closed street cars that were used by the 
Cortland and Homer Traction Co. Their work 
can be found in most every State in the Union, 
and the}- are also shipping their large carettes, om- 
nibuses and modern transfer coaches to different 
parts of Mexico and Bermuda. Mr. Ellis has at 
the head of each department men of large expe- 
rience as superintendents, men that have been 
many years connected with this factory. 

E. E. Ellis was the only child of Jlr. and Mrs. 
W. M. Ellis, and was born at Peruville, Tompkins 
county, N. Y., on May 27, 1850. His boyhood days 
were spent at his birthplace and at Watkins, N. Y. 

^ *^- 



Photo by Harris 



With the e.xception of the past eight years, which 
have been devoted to his present business, he de- 
voted his time principally to the mercantile busi- 
ness at Allentown, Pa., Wilmington, Del., Mc- 
Lean, N. Y., and Etna, N. Y. He was married 
April 21, 1S90, to Jliss Alice Blinn, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Alexander C. Blinn of JIcLean, N.Y. 
They have two children, Leo Eugene and Errol 
Blinn, and all live at their residence, 106 North 
Main street. 

Tile Epworth League.— The Epworth League 
of the First M. E. church, Cortland, N. Y., 
was organized and obtained its charter May 15, 
1S91. Mrs. Ruth B. .\ very was the first president. 
Previous to this time the 
society was known as the 
Young People's associa- 
tion. The organization 
has been a strong one 
from its birth; the co-op- 
eration and energy of its 
members have resulted in 
much good work, since 
its object from the begin- 
ning has been " to pro- 
mote intelligent and vital 
piety in the members; to 
aid them in the attain- 
ment of purity of heart 
and in constantgrowth in 
grace, and to train them 
in the works of Mercy 
and Help." At present 
there is a total member- 
shipofi2o. Theworkof 
the League is carried on 
through six departments 
with their several com- 
m i 1 1 e e s . Devotional 
meetings are held every 
Sunday evening one hour 
before the regular preach- 
ing service, and the busi- 
ness meetings are held 




the second Monday evening of each calendar 
month. The officers of the society are viz.: Presi- 
dent, C. F. Weiler; department of spiritual work, 
Austin White; department of mercy and help, Mrs. 
N. B. Wilcox; department of literary work, Miss 
Mary Oday; department of social work, Mrs. A. L. 
Gladding; department of correspondence, Miss 
Nina McCarthy; department of finance. Prosper 

F. Lincoln Harris, one of the artists whose 
work has done so much to make the Souvenir a 
very tasty and handsome publication, occupies a 

studio at 79 Main street, which is unusually large 
and fully equipped for a photographer's studio in 
a town the size of Cortland. On June i, 1S95, he 
bought out M. Dever Westcott, coming to Cort- 
land from Skaneateles, where he had conducted a 
gallery- for eight years. The studio is supplied 
with apparatus to make any kind of work from 
minatures to life-sized portraits and for crayons, 
pastels and oil in which work Mr. Harris has 
made a study, having taken lessons from com- 
petent artists. The gallery has been run a good 
many years and it is estimated b}' Mr. Harris that 
he has here on file at least 15,000 negatives of the 
living and dead, to which he attaches great value. 
He was born in the town of Nelson, ;\Iadison 
county, near Cazenovia, September 13, 1S60, and 
in 1875 he began work at the profession he had 
chosen to follow in a portable gallery for Jordan 
Brothers of Syracuse ; afterwards continuing on 
the road with P. W. Noble. After two j-ears of 
experience in a drug store at Cuyler he engaged 
to learn modern photography with A. A. Johnson 
of Cazenovia, where he served an apprenticeship 
of three years, then going to Clyde to take in- 
struction of Prol. J. R. Muth in art work and re- 
touching. He afterwards conducted a gallery on 
the road and in I.SS4-S6 conducted a gallery in 
Dryden, going thence to Skaneateles. Mr. Har- 
ris did a great deal of scenery viewing in that 
village and his work in the Souvenir shows that 
he is as accomplished in that line of photography 
as in portraiture. In 1SS5 he married Pearl 
Mynard of East Homer. His business in Cort- 
land has steadily increased and now he has two 
assistants, Miss'l. M. Cayvette and Miss Lillian 
Hayes, and yet the close of 1S99 found him with 
all he could do on his own hands. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of 

the Homer Avenue Methodist Episcopal church 
was organiz-ed on the 22d day of January, 1891, 
with 37 members and the following officers: Presi- 
dent, Mrs. W. B. Stoppard: vice-presidents, Mrs. 





Rev. C. E. Hamilton, Mrs. N. J. Peck and Mrs. J. 
J. Walker; corresponding secretary, Helena M. 
Myers; recording secretary, Mrs. F. L. Bosworth; 
treasurer, Augustine Crawley. Upon the payment 
by the members of $20 to the general fund of the 
Methodist Episcopal Missionary society for each 
of the following, they were thereby made life 
members of that society: Mrs. D C. Dutcher, Jlrs. 
W. B. Stoppard, Miss Augustine Crawlev, Mrs. J. 
J. Walker, Mrs. Rev. C."E. Hamilton, Mrs. T. P. 
Benjamin, Miss Helen M. Angell. By the pay- 
ment of $50 each year the society of this church 
is supporting and educating an orphan in Italy, 
as well as sending barrels of clothing to the frontier 
missionaries in our own land, and boxes of cloth- 
ing and Christmas gifts to be distributed by our 
missionaries in Corea and Japan. The following 
named persons are now in office in this society: 
President, Miss Helen M. Angell; vice-presidents, 
Mrs. J. C. B. Mover, Mrs. "Elijah Kelley, Mrs. 
Fairbanks, Mrs. Cornelia Delevan and Mrs. Sher- 
wood ; corresponding secretary, Mrs. Lincoln 
Seeber; recording secretary, Mrs. Stephen D. 
Ballard; treasurer, Jliss Augustine Crawley. 

J. W. Cudworth, well known as a successful 
specialist in fitting lenses to the eye, was born in 
Putney, Vermont, and moved to Cortland when 
12 years old. In 1865 he went to Bainbridge, N. 
Y., and learned the trade as watchmaker, serving 
three years' apprenticeship and then buying the 
business. In 1874 he was appointed postmaster 
and he conducted the office in connection with 
his other business. In 1S69 he married Miss 
Elosia C. Maine of Oxford, N. Y. She died in 
'94. They had one child, Dr. L. W. Cudworth of 
Perry, Mich. In 1S7S he moved to McGraw, N. Y., 
and engaged in business. He was twice elected jus- 
tice of the peace in that district. In 1SS5 he moved 
to Oxford, N. Y. In 1890 he sold out his busi- 
ness there and took up the study of the eye. In 
1893 he graduated from the N. Y. School of Optics 
and took up his residence in Cortland. He estab- 
lished offices in some twenty towns, so that he 
spent but one-fourth of his time here. Upright 
in his dealings and careful of his patrons' eyes he 

has built up a very nice spectacle business. Now 
he is obliged to spend most of his time here. He 
has purchased the optical business of W. G. 
Mead and rented a room in his store which he 
has fitted up with modern improvements for first- 
class optical rooms, and there he will spend every 
week day except Wednesday. 

Adolf Dahm- Petersen, the noted voice special- 
ist and teacher of artistic singing, is a native of 
Kristiania, Norway, but has been a resident of 
this country for the last twenty years. He has 
for the past three years resided in Ithaca and has 
during this period maintained a studio in Cort- 
land, and some of the best known local singers 
are pupils of his. His principal musical training 
was attained under European masters among 
whom may be mentioned the celebrated com- 
poser, Johan Svendsen, as well as the renowned 
vocal teacher, Emilio Belari, now of New York 
city, and he has appeared as soloist with such 
organizations as the New York Oratorio society, 
Sousa's band, the Damrosch German Opera com- 
pany and others, and his performances have been 
endorsed by the best known critics in N. Y. city 
and elsewhere as proved by the numerous press 
notices in his possession. His studio is in the 
Standard block. Room 15. 

Cortland Science Club. — On the evening of 
Sept. 16, 1899, by invitation of Dr. F. W. Higgins, 
Prof. M. W. Booth, Mr. N. H. Gillette, Major A. 
Sager, Mr. David Wesson, Dr. F. D. Reese and 
Mr. F. E. Whitmore, met at Dr. Higgins' office to 
organize an association for the promotion of sci- 
ence. A committee of three, consisting of Major 
A. Sager, Dr. F. W. Higgins and Prof. M. W. 
Booth, at a meeting held Sept. 23, where about 
fifteen were present, reported a constitution, which 
was adopted, and the following officers were elected 

to serve until Oct. 
I, 1900. President, 
Dr. F. W. Higgins; 
vice-president. Ma- 
jor A- Sager; secre- 
tary, Mr. A. J. Mur- 
rav; treasurer. Dr. 
F.'D. Reese. The 
first meeting after 
the organization 
was held in the 
Hatch Library' 
building, and was 
addressed by Major 
A. Sager on " Con- 
c h o 1 o g V," Prof. 
M. W. Booth on 
"Structural Chem- 
istry," and Mr. F. 
E. Whitmore on 
"Plant Structure." 
On the evening of 
Nov. II, 1S99, Prof. 
W. A. Cornish de- 
livered an interesting lecture on " Meteors," and 
on the evening of Nov. iS Mr. David Wesson gave 
an illustrated lecture on "Some Edible Oils and 
Fats." Its membership is limited to twenty. 
Each member has the privilege of inviting a friend 
to its meetings. The present members are: Dr' 
F. W. Higgins, Major A. Sager, Mr. A. J. Mur" 
ray. Dr. F. D. Reese, Dr. F. j. Chenev, Prof M. 
W. Booth, Prof W. A. Cornish, Hon. D. W. 
Van Hoesen, Mr. L. Cooper, Dr. H. C. Hendrick. 
Mr. ]. N. Orr, Mr. I". E. Whitmore, Mr. N. H. 
Gillette, Mr. H. C. Pierce. Mr. David Wesson. 
Mr. PI. L. Smith, Dr. George H. Smith, Rev. U. 
S. Milburn. 




W. Q. Mead, the jeweler, has been in business 
in Cortland since Aug. i, 1S90, when, in company 
with C. D. Tallmadge, he bought out the business 
of Myron Dubois, then being conducted at No. 51 
Main street. It was continued under the firm 
name of W. G. Mead & Co. for three years, when 
Mr. Mead purchased Tallmadge's interest and has 
since carried it on alone with success. Two years 
after the co-partnership was dissolved the busi- 
ness was removed to No. 49 Main street next to 
Warren, Tanner& Co.'s, but on April 21, 1S9S, Mr. 
Mead bought the Edgconib block and moved into 
his present quarters, after spending considerable 
money to improve the property and make it avail- 
able for modern business purposes, as well as to 
accommodate a large and growing business. While 
the improvements were being made, from April 
to September, he was located in the Schermerhorn 
block. The store is centrally located, and is in 
all respects very nicel)' fitted up and well stocked. 
Mr. Mead is a practical watchmaker and optician, 
having been while engaged in business at Sala- 
manca the official inspector of time-pieces for the 
eastern division of the N. Y., P. & O. R. R. , and 
for the western division of the Erie railroad At 
the close of 1S99 he turned the optical liranch of 
his business over to J. W. Cudworth. The line of 
goods he handles consists of all kinds of jewelers' 
wares, watches, diamonds, silverware, etc., as well 
as fishing tackle, guns and ammunition. In the 
early part of Decemljer, 1899, he put in a line of 
pianos, taking the agency' for Cortland county for 
Paul G. Mehlin & Sons, Weser Bros, and the tiib- 
son Piano Manufacturing Co. Mr. Mead was Ijorn 
in Warsaw, Wyoming county, April 4, 1863, and 
was educated at Pike seminary. When seventeen 
years old he entered the employ of J. A. Main, a 
long established jeweler at Warsaw, where he 
learned repairing and the general details of the 
business. In 1S81 he went to Freilonia, where he 
was with F. W. Bartlett for about a year, the next 
year going to work for F. Woodward at Cattarau- 
gus, and in the spring of 1883 going to Salamanca 
to work for E. H. Wade as ajourneyman. In the 
fall of 1SS4 he was employed by L. P Tarbox at 
New Brunswick, N. J., and in April, 1885, he went 
to Ellenville, N. Y., engaged to work for Myron 

\V. (i. .ME.^D'.S .iewkli;y .stuue. 

\V. (1. MEAll. 

Dubois, the man he afterward succeeded when he 
started in business in Cortland. A few months 
later Dubois opened a branch store in Livingston 
Manor, X. Y., in which Mr. Mead subsequently 
obtained an absolute ownership, and from which 
he retired in 1886 to engage in business in Sala- 
manca, where in partnership with E. F. Norton he 
bought the same store in which he a few years 
before had been employed as journeyman. Four 
years later he came to Cortland. On Sept. 12, 
1888, he married Jessie F. Williams of Salamanca. 
He is a member of the Cortlandville Masonic 

Viewed in Autumn. — Some one has said that 
first impressions are the most lasting. This is 
evidently true with regard to the early influences 
that cluster around our childhood ; and in some 
degree it is also true with regard to our first in- 
troduction into a community. The writer be- 
came a resident of Cortland late in the fall of 
1897. This was the most unoropitious time of 
year to receive favorable impressions of the out- 
ward appearance at least of any town that might 
be selected. Trees were stripped of their foliage; 
cold rains continuing for several days ; mud, not 
mud but mortar from one end of Main street to the 
other, and extending the full length of every 
other street, till a stranger might think, if only 
the material of which the streets were composed 
had been a little more diluted, that he was in the 
city of Venice and his only mode of navigation 
was by means of the ubiquitous gondolier. But 
all this has changed, for while the trees still drop 
their summer mantle in obedience to the Ruler 
of the seasons, and the former and latter rains 
continue to do his bidding, the people of Cort- 
lanil have practically annihilated mud with the 
magnificent asphalt pavement on Main and sev- 
eral adjacent streets, and rendered it a pleasure 
to drive on these much travelled thoroughfares. 
Impressions formed at first from the outward ap- 
pearance of a town are not always a true index of 
the character of the people. Cortland is a splen- 
did town, enterprising in its business capacity, 
generous in its spirit of hospitality, loyal to its 
literary and religious institutions, looking well 
to those things which tend to elevate and ennoble 
its people, and frowning down upon evil and evil 



doers in a way to make them think this is no 
place for them. Greater improvements might 
still be made that would render Cortland much 
more pleasing to a stranger, but these will come 
in due time. Elegant stores, beautiful homes, 
spacious lawns and well paved streets do not give 
character to a town, but it is the culture and re- 
finement of the people that these indicate, which 
impresses one and leads him to form his opinion 
of a town ; and so long as the people of Cortland 
are God-fearing, church-going, Sabbath-keeping 
and whiskey-hating, no one can long abide here 
without being well satisfied with his environ- 
ments.— Rkv. J. C. B. Mover. 

Peck Bros, started in business on Feb. i, 1896, 
when they opened the store at 97 Main street, 
together with a store house in the rear for the sale 
of agricultural machinery, implements, wagons, 
sleighs, horse furnishing goods and farmers' sup- 
plies. In 1897 they started a lumber business and 
on April i, 1S99. they took possession of the ar- 
mory on Main street. This building encloses a 
space So x 220 feet which they have cut up into 
two departments, viz. : The horse furnishing 
goods, manufactory and ware rooms, which 
together with the office, occupies a space 30x60 
feet, and the display rooms for implements, ma- 
chinery and vehicles occupying the rest of this 
large sized building. In the rear of the armory 
the}' have established the lumber business. The 
firm comprises M. J. and L. W. Peck, both of 
whom are natives of vSolon, Cortland count}-. 
The Pecks are an old family, one of the earliest 
in this county. Stephen Peck and his wife, their 
grandparents, rode horseback through the state 
from the Hudson river in 1804. Passing through 
Cortland they settled in the virgin forests, six and 
a half miles east of the village. There were only- 
four log houses here at that time. They cleared 
up 210 acres, a farm upon which they raised 
twelve children, and the title to which has con- 
tinued in the family. Of that family circle only 
two remain, Piatt Peck at Brookton and Mrs. 
Emily Burlingham in Cortland, uncle and aunt 
of M.J. and L. W. Peck. John Peck, their father, 
and his brother Piatt lived and brought up their 

M. .r. PECK. [Hyatt, Photo.] L. W. PECK. 

families together on that farm. M. J. Peck was 
born JIarch 10, 1S69, and educated in the public 
schools of Solon and McGraw and in the Cort- 
land Normal school. In 1S89 he married Gert- 
rude M. Smith of Solon and they have one daugh- 
ter, Bessie L., six years old. Mr. Peck managed 
four farms, altogether 510 acres, until 1893, when 
owing to injuries received in a railroad accident 
while en route to the World's fair, he was com- 
pelled to give up farming. He opened a feed 
store in Cortland and sold farming implements. 
So successful was he in the latter that during the 
spring and summer of that year he sold sixty- 
three machines and getting the purchasers to- 
gether in Cortland he fed and led them in a 
parade with their machines out of town headed 
by a band of music. The follovs-ing year while 
with the Hitchcocks he repeated the same scheme. 
Both events made a hit. He is a member of the 


Photo by Hyatt. 




First Baptist church and is the superintendent of 
the Sunday school, elected April i, 189S. L. W. 
Peck was born in vSolon May 16, 1866, and was 
educated in the public schools of Solon and 
McGraw, also taking a course in a business 
college at Poughkeepsie. On June i, 1SS7, he 
married Jennie L. Smith of Solon and the follow- 
ing year upon the death of his father took the 
old homestead which he managed until 1S94 
when he retired from farming and located in Cort- 
land, not going into business however until he 
formed the co-partnership with his brother a 
vear later. He is a member of the First Baptist 
church. He has two children, Lena M., 10 years 
old, and Carl J., 4 )'ears old. 

plying the factories. Mr. B. B. Jones was the 
next postmaster. Mr. Jones died before his term 
expired and C. F. Thompson was appointed acting 
postmaster until Mrs. Jones could be appointed to 
fill the unexpired term. During this time the 
volume of business was on the increase and many 
improvements were made in the service. Over a 
year ago the present postmaster, A. S. Brown, 
assumed the responsibilities of the office. Since 
then a letter carrier has been added to the force ; 
also a sub-clerk and janitor. The office plan has 
been overhauled to secure greater conveniences, 
including two windows at the carriers' delivery 
and an evening delivery at the factories provided 
by horse route. The letters are postmarked by 

Photos by Hyatt. 


The Cortland Post Office, as far back as can 
be learned, was located where the Keator block 
now stands with Andrew Dickson as postmaster. 
Then under Postmaster Jehiel \V. Ta^'lor it was 
moved up town to the present site of the Burgess 
block. It was again removed to a building 
located in the rear of the Savings bank with Hiram 
Crandall as postmaster, and moved across the 
street when H. A. Jarvis was postmaster, being at 
that time a fourth class post office. Jarvis con- 
tinued in office for over 14 years and before the 
end of his term it passed to third class office. 
Then James A. Nixon Ijecaine postmaster and the 
business of the office was increased very rapidly 
so that during his term it was made a second class 
office. He removed it to its present location and 
put in the present fixtures. He was succeeded by 
Postmaster Maybury who installed the carrier 
service. Next came S. M. Ballard, who, besides 
improving the service, added the horse route, sup- 

machinery. It requires 26 pouches per day for 
the outgoing letter mail while both outgoing and 
incoming daily mails carry 8, 000 letters daily. 
The papers and packages take about 30 mail bags 
daily. Fifteen mails, daily, are received and eigh- 
teen dispatched. The total amount handled for 
thirty-five days, from Oct. 3 to Nov 6, were 20,636 
lbs. 15 oz. The office under Postmaster Brown's 
regime has steadily increased in importance, the 
postmaster being ever alert to perfect the service 
and desirous to accommodate the patrons. 

The Staff. 
[Figures are key to portraits.] 

1 Aiulrew S Brown, postmaster. 

2 George H. Kennedy, deputy postmaster. 

3 E.Jay Hopkins, mailing clerk. 

4 Randolph H. Miller, general delivery and 

stamp clerk. 

5 James H. Turner, money order department. 



6 Franklin Jones, substitute clerk. 

7 William F. Youmans, janitor. 
S I. Dan Lester, letter carrier. 
9 Theo. Sheeley, letter carrier. 

10 Patrick F. Lyons, letter carrier. 

1 1 Samuel L. Palmer, letter carrier. 

12 Wm. F. JIaher, letter carrier. 

13 George T. Lester, letter carrier. 

14 Dewitt Howard, letter carrier. 
Oliver Jennison, substitute letter carrier. 
Ernest D. Fiske, substitute letter carrier. 

The Correspondents. — Clayton H. Buell, 
the Elmira Sunday Telegram correspond- 
ent, in point of experience as a newspaper 
correspondent is the veteran of them all. At 
one time he edited a paper of his own — 
Buell's Saturday Review — in this village, 
and he has acted as Cortland correspondent 
for many out of town papers. For some 
time he resided in Washington, D. C, where 
he held a government position, and during 
his stay there he also corresponded for vari- 
ous New York papers. Later he worked on 
the city staflf of some of the metropolitan 
papers. The Syracuse Herald is represented 
by Robert E. Kerby, a staff correspondent. 
Mr. Kerby came here in the fallof 1S97, and 
in less than a year had more than doubled 
the Cortland circulation of his paper. In 
August, 189S, he was sent to Seneca Falls, 
where he established a branch similar to the 
one in this village. He returned here in 
November, 1S9S. Asa J. White, the Syracuse 
Post-Standard representative in this village, 
is the most recent acquisition to the ranks 
of Cortland correspondents. He has had 
some experience in newspaper work in 
Ohio, having published a paper there for a 
time. He began work for the Post-Standard, 
August, 1S99. Eugene Davis, correspondent for 
the Syracuse Journal and Bingamton Republi- 
can and local editor of the Cortland Democrat, 
is sometimes called the "dean of Cortland 
iournalism," as he is the oldest active newspaper 


F. A. Ward, Frank Pierce, 
Asst.Ed. Local Ed. 

E. B. RobiDson, 
^Xem. Ex. Com. 

Thos. J. McEvoy, 

Alumni Ed. 

Charles ^I. INIorae, 

Ed.-in Chief. 


Asa J. White, Syracuse Post-Standard. 

Clayton H. Buell, Elmira Telegram. 

Eugene Davis, Syracuse Journal. R. E. Kerby, Syracuse Herald. 

man in town. He formerly published a paper in 
Lisle, Broome county, but for the last few years 
has served as correspondent for various out of 
town papers. When F. C. Parsons purchased the 
Democrat about a year ago Mr. Davis was placed 
in charge of the local news department, where he 
has been doing good work. 

"The Normal News." 
— The Normal News is 
published monthly dur- 
ing the school year by the 
Delphic fraternity. It is 
the oldest paper in New- 
York State published by a 
Normal school. It made 
its first appearance in 1S69 
as a paperof twelve pages 
and was called the "Index 
Normalis." It was dis- 
continued at the end of 
the term. In 1879 the pa- 
per was revived and pub- 
lished under the name of 
"The Normal News." 
The first editor was Ham- 
ilton Terry. At first it 
was issued semi-monthly, 
but after the first term it 
wasenlargedand changed 
to a monthl}'. Many 
changes have been made 
in the paper since that 
time, but it still bears the 
same name and maintains 
its position as a "fitting 
exponent of the school." 
The paper is and alwa^'S 
has been under the exclu- 
sive control of what is 

C. R. Sanders, A. W. Armitage, 
Mem. Ex. Com. Ch"n Ex. Com. 
Dora C. Mandeville, 

Literary Ed. 



now the Delphic fraternity. The literary editor 
is elected from the other literary societies of 
the school, and the Alumni editor from among 
the graduates. 

Qrover Post, No. 98, G A R., Cortland, was 
organized June 14, 1869. The charier members 
were : J. C. Carmichael, J. T. Pratt, Geo. L. War- 
ren, Frank Place, John Fredericks, Dan'l L. 
Baker, Wilkins Bridgeford, Aaron Sager, A. P. 
Smith, J. W. Strowbridge Department Com- 
mander Henry A Barnum detailed two comrades 
from Syracuse, H. Wadsworth Clark and George 
K. Collins as mustering officers. The first elec- 
tion of officers occurred on the day of muster, 
June 14, 1869, and resulted in the election of the 
following officers : Commander, J. C. Carmichael; 
senior vice-commander, Frank Place ; junior vice- 
commander, John Fredericks ; adjutant, J. T. 
Pratt ; quarter-master, Geo. L. Waters ; surgeon, 
Aaron Sager ; chaplain, Otis Smith ; officer of the 
da)-, Geo. L. Warren ; officer of the guard, John 
Freer ; quarter-master sergeant, John P. White ; 
sergeant-major, Edward Seacord. Three only of 

has had 27 different commanders, 9 of whom have 
passed away. The Post occupies beautiful quar- 
ters in the Burgess block, corner Main and R. R. 
streets, known as Grand Army hall. Through 
the efforts of comrades of this Post, the Cortland 
Soldiers' Monumental association was chartered 
and a beautiful and lasting monument, a work of 
art and beauty, was erected at a cost of over 
f5,ooo. This monument, erected in 1S76. as a 
"Centennial offering of Cortland county to the 
memory of those who fought in defense of 
Union," stands upon Church street facing Court, 
and is one of the finest in the State of New York; 
an object lesson in patriotism to the thousands of 
children who pass it daily. For the past 12 years 
Grover Post has been aided in its work of " Fra- 
ternity, Charity and Loyalty" by an auxiliary 
association known as Grover Relief Corps, No. 
96, W. R. C. This association of ladies has from 
the beginning been a blessing to the Post and has 
tended in many ways to strengthen and sustain 
its every effort. A flourishing Camp of Sons of 

L^'ourt House. ~ 


Photo by Hyatt. 

the charter members survive. The comrades of 
this post selected the name of one of Cortland's 
gallant soldiers and most respected citizens, An- 
drew J. Grover. In i85l he was pastor of the 
First Methodist Episcopal church, Cortland. He 
resigned his pastorate, stepped down from the 
sacred desk, donned the uniform of a Union sol- 
dier and taking with him a number of his brethren 
from his own church he recruited Co. A, 76th N. 
Y. Vol. Infantry and in command of that com- 
pany as captain, went forth to fight for the "old 
flag" he ' loved so well. On the bloody field of 
Gettysburg July i, 1S63, while in command of the 
regiment as major he was instantly killed by a 
rebel bullet at the very opening of the battle. 
His remains were brought to Cortland, buried in 
the Rural cemeter}' and annuall}' on May 30 his 
comrades of the Post named after him, decorate 
his grave with spring's choicest flowers and fire a 
parting volley of musketry over his honored dust, 
after which the bugler blows the old army call 
"lights out." Since its organization Grover Post 

Veterans was organized auxiliary to the Post some 
10 years ago and was named after James H. Kel- 
logg, the deceased son of one of the Past Com- 
manders, H. M. Kellogg. James H. Kellogg 
Camp, No. 48, Sons of Veterans, was an organi- 
zation of which the Post was proud, composed as 
it was of a membership of intelligent, patriotic 
young men who took great pride in their work 
and who were repeatedly honored by the Depart- 
ment. Owing to a lack of numbers, removals 
from town and deaths, their ranks w'ere decimated 
and after a record of ten years of faithful work, 
the)' surrendered their charter. The present of- 
ficers of Grover Post are : Commander, Geo. W. 
Wolcott ; Sen. vice-commander, H. B. Greenman; 
Jun. vice-commander, H. R. Burroughs ; adjutant, 
O. P. Miner ; quarter-master, M. E. Corwin ; sur- 
geon, Norman Thompson ; chaplain, H. M. Kel- 
logg ; officer of the day, R, H. Moon ; officer of 
the guard, H. M. Robinson ; quarter-master ser- 
geant, M. L. Alexander; sergeant-major, D. C. 



Qrover Relief Corps, No. 96, of Cortland, was 

organized April 6, 18S7, and the following officers 
were installed by Sarah C. Mink, then Dept. Pres- 
ident : President, Ella E. Kellogg ; senior vice- 
president, Julia G. Sager; junior vice-president, 
Mary A. Wright ; secretary, Sarah H. Place ; 
treasurer, Ellen M. Palmer; chaplain, F. Endell 
Edgcomb ; conductor, Minnie Young ; guard, 
Sarah L. Hill ; assistant conductor, Mary Seacord; 
assistant guard, Emma Baker. Meetings were 
held in Good Templars' hall and other places un- 

president at that time, filled the vacancy the re- 
mainder of the year. In 1893 Mrs. .Sarah L. Hill 
was chosen president and served three years. Mrs. 
F. Endell Edgcomb was then elected president 
and served two years, then positively declined to 
serve the third year. Grover Corps has every 
year observed their anniversary with an enter- 
tainment to which the Grover Post, S. O. V. and 
public are invited. In 1895 Mrs. Ella E. Kellogg 
surpri.sed the Corps by making them a present of 
a beautiful and life-like picture of their late presi- 

Photosb.v Hyatt. 


["The American Volunteer."— The Statue. 1 

til 1893, when Grover Post, No. 98, W. R. C, and 
>S. O. V. rented rooms in the Burgess block for a 
term of years. Grover Corps was organized with 
sixteen members, and steadily increased until in 
1897 the membership reached 79, but, owing to 
some going out of town, and several deaths, the 
membership has decreased to 61. Mrs. Kellogg 
had the office of president four j'ears. Mrs. Car- 
rie Van Hoesen scarcely one year, when .she met 
her death, by being thrown from her carriage. 
Nettie A. Phillips who was acting as senior vice- 

dent, Carrie Van Hoesen, and on their tenth an- 
niversary they were the proud and happy recipi- 
ents of a beautiful banner presented by Grover 
Post. Grover Corps has had but one treas- 
urer, Mrs. Ellen A. Palmer, who has performed 
her duties so faithfully and correct they have 
never wished to make a change. The present of- 
ficers are : President, Alice A. Hoxie ; senior 
vice-president, Lovina Burroughs; junior vice- 
president, Harriet L. Davis ; secretary, Anrelia 
JI. Gilbert ; treasurer, Ellen M. Palmer ; chap- 



lain, Eliza M. Fredericks ; conductor, Linnie A. 
Robbins ; guard, Sarah A. Sandwick ; assistant 
conductor, Mary F. Gillett ; assistant guard, 
Nancv J. Canfield ; color bearers. No. I, F. En- 
ilell Edgcomb ; No. 2, .Sarah L. Hill ; No. 3, 
Julia G. Sager ; No. 4, Mary S. Alexander. 

The Free riethodist Church — About ten years 
ago Rev. B. Winget came to Cortland and held a 
series of meetings in a large tent, which revival 
effort finally resulted in the organization of the 
Free Methodist church. Mr. Winget organized 
the society in 1S91. Rev. W. H. Clark was the 
first regular pastor, who served for two years. 

Plioto b.v Butler. FRKE METHODIST CHURCMl- 

Mr. Winget succeeded him and built the church 
edifice which is located on Schermerhorn street. 
Rev. H. W. Fish followed and during his term of 
service (1S93-4) he erected the parsonage. The 
other pastors which have served are O. S. Baker, 
1S95-6; W. J. Riker, 1S97-S ; D. W. Clark, 1S99; 
O. M. Owen, who has recently moved here. The 
church and parsonage property is valued at $4,000. 

Rev. O. M. Owen, the present pastor of the Free 
Methodist church, is the son of Rev. E. Owen, 
who, while the War of the Rebellion was in prog- 
ress, served two years as pastor of the I'irst M. 
E. church of Cortland. The son attended the old 

wooden academy for a time, when Mr. Carver was 
principal, and also for a season during H. M. 
Dodd's priiicipalship. He was graiiuated at Caz- 
enovia seminary in 1S69. In 1871 he joined the 
Snsqviehanna conference of the p'ree Methodist 
church and has served the principal charges in 
the state, such as Utica, Syracuse, Buffalo, Bing- 
haniton, Rochester, besides having several times 
acted as District (Presiding) Elder. He is the 
author of several books such as " IngersoU An- 
swered from the Bible," "Rum, Rags and Re- 
ligion," "The Great Celestial R. R." etc. He has 
recently moved from Buffalo to Cortland and is 
just commencing his pastorate in this citj-. 

Sager & Jennings. — This 
is the oldest drug firm in 
Cortland, dating back to 
Centennial 3'ear, .April i, '76. 
The business to which they 
succeeded was established by 
the senior partner, A. Sager, 
Oct. 15, iS.sS, in the building 
No. 15 N. Main street, now 
occupied by Mr. James M. 
Churchill as a residence. 
Shortly after, he moved to a 
small building belonging to 
Mr. James A. Schermerhorn, 
next to the postoffice, which 
was then located on the pres- 
ent site of The National 
Bank. Here the business was 
continued until the fall of 
1S61, when it was sold to Dr. 
T. C. Pomeroy. After serv- 
ing his country in the Warof 
the Rebellion as a captain in 
the 76th Reg. N. Y. S. Vols, 
until March, 1863, when he 
was mustered out for disa- 
bility from wounds, Mr. Sa- 
ger again established him- 
self in business on the cor- 
ner of Main street and Clin- 
ton avenue, then Mill street, 
in a building known as the 
Barnard block. On Jan. II, 
1869, a co-partnership was 
formed with Mr. T. W. Dal- 
ton, under the firm name of 
A. Sager & Co. iSIr. Dalton 
withdrew from the firm in 
March, 1S70, to engage in 
business in the oil region of 
Pennsylvania. On May 23, 
1S70, Jlr. W. A. Pierce be- 
came a partner and the busi- 
ness was conducted under 
the same name as before for 
two vears, when Mr. Pierce 
withdrew to engage in busi- 
ness in Svracuse in the firm 
" Stand. Ind. K.I." ^f Smith & Pierce, druggists. 

After this Mr. Sager was sole proprietor until 
April I, 1876, when Mr. Enimett F. Jennings, 
who had been in his employ for three years, be- 
came a member of the present firm. By close at- 
tention to business and strict integrity in dealiug 
with the public the firm has been successful from 
the beginning. For many years, paints, oils and 
varnishes have been an important addition to their 
business. They have been the sole agents for the 
sale of Harrison Bros.' ready mixed Town and 
Country paints. Their line of drugs, proprietary 
medicines and druggists' sundries is complete. 
In fact everything will be found here kept in a 



well-equipped city drug house. The senior 
member of the firm, Maj. A. Sager, is a native 
of Albany county. His boyhood was spent at 
the capital of the state. During the year 1S4S 
his family moved to the city of S3'racuse, N. Y. 
In 1855 he began the study of medicine in the 
office of Hoyt & Mercer, Prof. Alfred Mercer of 
Syracuse university being a member of the firm. 
In June, 1856, he took up his residence in Cort- 
land, but still pursued his studies until he em- 
barked in the drug trade. He became a promi- 
nent member of the New York State Pharma- 
ceutical association, having been elected suc- 
cessively to the offices of third and first vice- 
presidents, and in 1888 to the presidency of the 
association. Mr. Emmett F. Jennings was born 
in the town of Palermo, Oswego Co., N. Y. He 
graduated from the Mexico academy, after 
which he took a thorough course of chemistry 
in the University of Illinois. Mr. Jennings is 
a careful and reliable pharmacist, and has paid 
special attention to the prescription department 
of the establishment. Mr. A. F. Sager, son of 
the senior member of the firm, is in their em- 
plo}'. He has had several years of experience 
in one of the most popular retail drug stores 
in Syracuse. Mr. Harry Greenman has been in 
their employ for several years. The store of Sager 
& Jennings is located on the corner of Main street 
and Clinton avenue, the center of the trolley sys- 
tem, and here a large proportion of the passen- 
gers from our neighboring villages alight from 
the cars. The store affords a convenient and com- 
fortable waiting room for them. 


LSee Sk. P. ryO. 


^^^''^^5**'^ liJ^ws^js^'ii 



H.vatt Photos. 

The Epworth League, Homer Avenue M. E. 
church, was organized in the fall of 1890, during 
the pastorate of Rev. Charles E. Hamilton, with 
Mr. Lewis Wilcox (now Rev.) as president. The 
charter is No. 4348, dated Dec. 22, 1890. The 
league has always been one of the strongholds of 
the church, each department doing its work 
in assisting pastor, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent and the church 
generally. Our roll 
book shows a mem- 
bership of 210. The 
regular business meet- 
ings are held the first 
» '»" Wednesday evenings 

of each month. The 
devotional meetings 
are held one hour be- 
fore the evening ser- 
vice each Sabbath. 
These meetings are 
very beneficial and 
well attended. The 
average attendance for 
the past two j-ears has 
been 55. The annual 
election of officers oc- 
curs the first Wednes- 
day evening in May. 
The presentcabinetis: 
President, Hiram B. 
In gal Is; first vice- 
president, Ina Parmi- 
ter; second vice-presi- 
dent, Martha Seeber; 
third vice-president. 
Stella French; fourth 
vice-president, Benja- 
min A. Nichols; sec- 
retary, Grace Keeler; 
treasurer, Howard 
Mo\-er ; chairman of 
missionary commit- 
tee, Effie Hallock. 



n. A. Case started in 
business in Cortland in 
1S94, in the store he has 
since occupied, at the 
head of the firm of Case, 
Ruggles & Bristol. In 
I S96 Case & Ruggles 
bought out Bristol, and 
in August, 1S9S, Mr. 
Case succeeded Rug- 
gles. The store from the 
beginning has been con- 
ducted alongthelinesof 
straight dry goods and 
ladies' ready-made fur- 
nishing goods, includ- 
ing silk waists, muslin 
goods, xniderwear, ho- 
siery and kid gloves. Of 
course, the stock in- 
cludes all that is usually 
found in the dry goods 
line, but the specialties 
above enumerated com- 
prise the features of the 
trade enjoyed by this 
house. It may be sum- 
marized by saying that 
everything ready for la- 
dies to wear is included 

e.xceptshoesand millinery. The business is located 
at Xo. 71 Main street, in the Second National Bank 
building, where it was newly opened by the first 
named firm, and occupies the main floor and a part 
of the second floor. The store comprising the gen- 
eral part of the business is 20x90, while the cloak 
and ladies' wear department are in an L 20x30. 
M. A. Case was born in Granville, Pa., Dec. 21, 
1S59. Upon leaving school he entered the dry 
goods store of E. E Loomis at Troy, Pa., and 
nine months later entered the employ of New- 
berry, Peck & Co., of the same place, where he 
remained nineyears, getting the experience which 
has proven so valuable to him since then. In 
1SS8 the firm of Case, Ruggles & Leonard was 
organized to carry on a dry goods business at 
.Athens, Pa., Leonard retiring a year later and the 

iljatl I'lioto. 

Hyatt Photo. 

.M. A. (.'ASP:— .MAIN FLOOR. 


firm continuing as Case & Ruggles down to the 
time when the Cortland store was opened and 
Bristol was taken in as the third member of the 
firm. When Mr. succeeded to the owner- 
ship of the Cortland house he disposed of his in- 
terest in the Athens store, which was conducted 
by Case & Ruggles during the four years they 
were together here. Mr. Case married Lillie 
Greggs of Troy. Pa., Dec. 27, 1S81, and they have 
two sons, both in the Normal school, Fred and 

United American Mechanics. — The Cortland 
Council No. 74, O. U. A. M., was instituted March 
24, 1S93, with the following charter members: 
Charles A. Lownsberrv, Bert Card, C. E. Ingalls, 
L. E. Burnham, C. S^ Bull, E. M. Santee, I. G- 
Jenks, W. H. Dickenson, 
George B. French, L. B. 
Snow, R. H. Miller, E. 
JavHopkius, B.T.Wright, 
Fred Burke, M. C. East- 
man, N. M. Barrett. F.C. 
Hodges, Benj. Hamilton, 
S. S. Horton, C. H. War- 
ren, .Averv Thomas, C. H. 
Drake, CD. Green. The 
presentotficersare: Coun- 
cilor, Norman Thompson ; 
vice-councilor, J. J Glann; 
recordingsecrctary, F.W. 
Kingsbury; assistant re- 
cording secretary, J. B. 
Hunt; financial secretary, 
L. H.McGraw; treasurer, 
J. H. Johnson; inductor, 
Jas. Maynard; examiner, 
Leroy Call; in.side pro- 
tector, Charles IMoshier; 
outside protector, W. R. 
Austin ; junior ex-coun- 
cilor, G. F. Dann; senior 
ex-councilor. J. R. Birdie- 
bough; trustees, J. B. 
Hunt, W. W' . Hout, Hen- 
ry Greenman; represent- 
ative to State council, L. 
E. Burnham ; represent- 



atives to National council, J. B. Hunt, Norman 
Thompson; deputy State councilor, J. B. Hunt. 
The present number of active members is one 
hundred, and the order is in a very flourishing 

A. W. ricNett. the laundryman, came to Cort- 
land from Newark, N. Y., in February, 1896, and 
bought out the laundry of Bosworth & Co., then 
running at the same location. No. 12 West Court 
street. McNett & Tanner was the name of the 
new iirm which continued as such until February, 
1898, when Mr. McNett assumed entire owner- 
ship. This was followed by taking out all the old 
machinery and putting in that which is new and 
modern at an expense of about |2,ooo during the 
past two years. With the addition of wagons, 
sleighs and horses the equipment ot the laundry is 
complete. In all respects it is a laundr}' up to 
the best mark for all that kind of work. Mr. 
McNett was born at Sodus Point, Wayne Co., N. 
Y., Dec. 25, 1S55, and at fourteen years of age he 
went on the lakes to learn marine engineering, 
which he followed for twenty years, working for 
the Lehigh Valley and the Bradley Transporta- 
tion companies and running between Buffalo. 
Chicago and Duluth. During 1.SS8 he was in the 
railway mail service on the mail routes between 
New York and Syracuse. In 1S90 he moved to 
Newark, N. Y., where three years later he bought 
out the laundry business of Dart & Co. He is a 
member of the National Association of Engineers, 
to wliich he was a delegate at St. Louis in 1S98, 
and is also a member of the Vesta lodge, Elon 
encampment and Canton Cortland, I. O. O. F". 
He is also a Forrester. On March 10, 1S76, he 
married Mary E. Tinklepaugh of Sodus. 

Hyatt. Photo. 


Photo by Hyatt. 

A. W. McNET'fs^ 1-AUN1)RV. 

First Church of Christ, Scientist. Cortland, N. 
v., was organized Jan. 27, 1897, as a branch of 
the First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, 
Mass., the mother church of Christian Science. 
It had held regular Sunday services for a period 
of nearly two years in the rooms of Vesta 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. Services have been held in 
the Samson block regularly since July 3, 1S9S. 
The order of services is similar 
to that commonly followed in 
other churches, except that the 
lesson sermon is identical with 
that used in all christian science 
churches, being composed of 
readings from the Bible and their 
spiritual explanation as given in 
the Christian Science text book. 
The Wednesday evening meet- 
ing, held weekly at 7:45 o'clock 
at the church room, gives oppor- 
tunity to hear testimonies of the 
efficacy of this divinely natural 
system of healing through the 
operation of God's law, whereby 
good overcomes evil through the 
understanding of the omnipo- 
tence of divine truth and love. 

Lincoln Lodge No. 119, I. O. 
G. T., was organized bv Rev. Si- 
las Ball, CC'T., in thebld Water 
Witch Hose room on Oct. 24, 1S66. 
Col. Nelson W. Green was the 
first chief templar, and Mr. F. 
Goldsmith occupies that position 
at present. With the exception 
of the first year the lodge has oc- 
cupied its present hall in the old 
Squires building. Over sixteen 
hundred people have enrolled 
their names with the lodge. A 
large part of Cortland's leaders 
in financial, social and religious 
circles were at one time or an- 
other connected with the lodge. 
Lodge meets Friday evenings. 



McKinney & Doubleday, deal- 
ers and jobbers in books, station- 
ery, wall paper and window shades, 
are the largest jobbing house in 
wall paper in the state outside of 
New York Cit}', employing four 
traveling men the year around and 
supplying a large part of the trade 
in the eastern and New England 
states and Canada. The sales of 
wall paper by this house when it 
was conducted by D. !•'. Wallace & 
Co. reached the high mark in one 
year of 1,750,000 rolls. This was 
about eight years ago, a year or ^' 1 
before the manufacturers took the 
business out of the hands of the 
jobbers. Within the past few years 
the jobbingof thishousehasbegun 
to climb up to its former propor- 
tions. Since Oct. i, 1S99, the busi- 
ness has more than doubled that 
of the previous j'ear, and bids fair 
to triple it before the close of the 
present season. Taking the retail 
business in connection with job- 
bing and the bindery, the firm 
employ's during the usual run of 
trade about twenty people, alto- 
gether more than any previous 
year. The business was estab- 
lished in iS7obyMahau& Wallace, Photo by Harris 
the latter of whom still retains an 
interest, although not an active member of the firm. 
In the beginning it consisted of the usual stationery 
linesand musical instruments. Three or four years 
later Mr. Mahan retired and the musical line was 
dispensed with. After the retirement of Mr. Ma- 
han, Mr. Wallace conducted the business alone un- 
til 1890, when William G. McKinney, the senior 
partner of the present firm, and Mr. O. C. Smith 
became interested and with Mr. Wallace formed 
the firm of D. F. Wallace & Co. On July i, 1895, 
Wallace & Co. sold out to the present firm. 
Since the business came into the present hands 
the best class of fine arts has been added 
■with the view of giving Cortland people a 
selection full)' as tempting as is offered by the 

Photo by Harris. 

JIcKINNEY& DOUBLEDAY. -Wallace Building. 

best city houses. Thestationery and book business 
is a considerable part of the retail trade. The 
bindery is the only one in this section of the state 
and naturally draws a large patronage. Jlr. Mc- 
Kinney was born in the town of Dryden, Tomp- 
kins Co., N. Y., May 11, 1857, and lived in the 
towns of Dryden and Virgil until he was 23 years 
old when he entered the employ of D. F. Wallace 
as clerk and worked his way into a position where 
he was able to step into a proprietary place. His 
knowledge of the business and the acquaintance- 
ship which he formed in the course of a ten years' 
clerkship, recommended him as a desirable part- 
ner and he was accordingU- admitted as has been 
stated with Mr. Smith as the third member of the 
firm in 1890. Mr. F. J. 
Donbleday was born in 
the town of Scott, Cort- 
land Co,, Sept. 28, 1850, 
and was educated in the 
public schools and the 
Homer academy. In 1871 
he came to Cortland and 
associated himself in the 
firm of Fitzgerald, Gee 
& Co., manufacturers of 
wagons, representing the 
interests of his father in 
the business. A year later 
he entered into partner- 
ship with his father in the 
furinture and ndertak- 
ing business, which they 
started at that time in 
Cortland under the busi- 
ness name of Doubleday 
& Son. Three or four 
years afterwards he went 
into real estate transac- 
tions, in the course of 
which he purchased a 
large tract of land in the 
northern part of the vil- 
lage and, opening a street 
and cutting the property 
McKINNEY* DUl'KLIODAV. -Interior of Store. into lots and putting them 



on the market, was the means of opening up a con- 
siderable neighborhood to the benefit of the com- 
munity and with pecuniary advantage to himself 
In 1S74 he married Elizabeth Stafford of Cortland. 
In i895-'7 he served as alderman from the Fourth 
ward, but has since kept out of politics. He is a 
member of the Congregational church and for 
eleven years has served continuously as the super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school in that church. 

Grace Episcopal Church. — It was not until the 
third meeting called to organize the church that 
the first step was taken. The meetings held on 
July 7 and 17, 1847, were ad- 
journed, owing to some doubt 
" as to the propriety of organ- 
izing a church according to 
law at this time." On Aug. 
28, about a month later, twelve 
persons met and resolved to 
" incorporate themselves as a 
religious society in commun- 
ion with the Protestant Epis- 
copal church in the U. S. A., 
and that the said church and 
congregation be known in law 
by the name and title of "The 
Rector, Wardens and Vestry- 
men of Grace Church, in the 
Town of Cortlandville, in the 
County of Cortland." E.Max- 
well Leal prepared the certifi- 
cate of incorporation on Sept. 
10, 1S47, and it was recorded 
in the office of the clerk of the 
county on Oct. 14, 1847. It 
was signed by William H. 
Shankland, chairman of the 
meeting, Lyman Reynolds and 
Mr. Maxwell, and was wit- 
nessed by Harvey S. Brown 
and Hiram Crandall. On Aug. 
lo, 1848, the certificate wasfor- 
warded by the clerk of the 
vestry to the Rt. Rev. DeLan- 
cey. Bishop, for the purpose of 
having the church received 
into the convention of the dio- 
cese of Western New York 
During the ensuing period of 
ten years the congregation 
worshipped in several places 
that could be obtained as cir- 
cum stances required; the 
court house, the old academy, 
the Universalist, the Metho 
dist and the Baptist churches., 
at the same time keeping uji 
the requirements of the soci 
ety, holding Easter election^ 
and sending delegates annu- 
ally to the diocesan conven- 
tion. At a meeting held Oct. 
16, 1858, it was resolved to ,„ , „ , 
erect a church building, and '^l'"to by Bmler. 

Messrs. Josiah P. Ingraham, William O. Barn- 
ard and James A. Schermerhorn were appointed 
a building committee. Horace Dibble, senior 
warden, presided at that meeting. The subscrib- 
ers to the building fund were : Jonathan Hubbard, 
T. Fairchild, Hiram Crandall, Wm. P. Barnard, 
J. A. Schermerhorn, I. P. Ingraham, J. M. Hen- 
riques, Horace Dibble, W. E. Lewis, J. D. Robin- 
son. W. H. Warren, Dr. M. Spank, Ellen Belden, 
W. W. Fanning, Orrin Welch. Mrs. P. Iv. Bene- 
dict, Arrabella'H. Welch, P. D. Cornwell, Theo- 
dore Cornwell, S.J. Hathaway, J. A. Graham, C. 
C. Taylor, Mrs. Wheeler, O. N. Doud, S. E. 

Welch, G. N. Copeland, Mrs. A. M. Hawks, John 
Rose, Wm. H. DeLancey, Calvin S. Hathaway, 
Joseph Reynolds, Horace Baker, Daniel Bradford, 
W. W. Deming, L. C. Allis, Elijah Hubbard, A. 
Gallagher, H. L. Green, H. P. Goodrich, Charles 
Foster, Loren F. Thompson, Allen B. Smith, H. 
O. Jewett, Harriet Welch, J. C. Pomeroy and P. B. 
Davis. On Dec. 21, 1859, the vestry acknowledged 
the gift of a communion service from Horace and 
Hamilton White of Syracuse and a set of church 
books from Andrew Dickson of New York. About 
this time the building was finished and on July 13, 
i860, after services had been held for some time 


■■ Stand. Inti. Ed." 

in the church. Bishop DeLancey consecrated the 
edifice. For more than twenty-five years the par- 
ish received a stipend from the Mission board of 
the diocese to aid in defraving the expenses. In 
1S68 the vestry elected Wm. H. Crane, Wm. H. 
Shankland and Charles Turner as delegates to the 
primary convention of the new Central New York 
diocese to choose a bishop, and in June, 1869, Hor- 
ace Dibble and Charles Parker were elected dele- 
gates to the first annual convention of the diocese. 
In 1871 H. B. Hubbard, who has year after year 
been re-elected to that position without opposi- 
tion, was chosen treasurer. At a meeting on April 



29, 1873, it was resolved to purchase an organ and 
a few days later Messrs. Hooker, Mahan and Ben- 
jamin were appointed to make the necessarj- re- 
pairs and alterations to accommodate the instru- 
ment. The first official action taken to secure the 
erection of a new edifice was at a meetint; held in 
.April, 18S6, when it was resolved that the rector 
should appoint a committee of which he, the 
rector, should be a member e.x-officio to solicit 
subscriptions. Messrs. Webb, Mager and Hub- 
bard were named as such a committee. The 
church had for several years held title to land 
donated for that purpose by William R. Randall, 
A. R. Huntington and Wilhelmina Randall, whose 
deed of conveyance was dated March 27, 1S60. 
This plot was increased in size by the donation of 
a small parcel adjoining by Mrs. M. Linda Miller. 
The building committee appointed .April 25, 1887, 
comprised Rev. Mr. Arthur, and Messrs. Hub- 
bard, Benjamin, Mahan and Mager. On April 10, 

zatioD, has done much to win the esteem and 
gratitude of vestry and people. For many years 
the congregation enjoyed the advantage of a 
quartette choir who assisted the services of the 
church with music of unusual excellence at very 
little expense to the parish. The present chorus 
choir has deserved since its appearance the grati- 
tude of the congregation for its faithfulness and 
efficiency." "The St. .Agnes Guild, again, is an 
organization which deserves the practical sympa- 
thy and support of the parish, especially of the 
mothers of girls up to twelve or fourteen years of 
age. It is entirely itiissionary in its work, and its 
members learn while young that the church calls 
upon its members for helpfulness and self denial. " 

The Missionary Society of the Congregational 
church was formed in 1882, with Mrs. Helen M. 
Waters as its first president. During the early 
vears of its historv the societv was, in a lit- 

" Stand. Ind. Ed." 



1887, the old building was de-consecrated by 
formal sentence of Bishop Huntington, who on 
April 12, 1888, consecrated the present building. 
In a sermon from which the above facts are taken, 
prepared and delivered by the Rev. .Amos Wat- 
kins, the present rector of the church, he adds : 
"Over and over again the records of the vestry- 
speak with thankfulness of generous and timely 
assistance given them by the ladies of the parish. 
A sewing society was very early formed by the 
women of^ Grace church and such an organization, 
whether sewing society or guild, has done much 
good in the past and has deserved the gratitude 
of the whole parish. I trust that, as hitherto, so 
henceforward patient, well directed energy will be 
the mark of that organization, and that the crown 
of usefulness and good work will be theirs in the 
future as it has been in the past. The Young 
People's society, of comparatively recent orgaui- 

PORT WATSON ST. BRIDGE. (Site of Port Watson.) 

l)y Butler. 

eral sense, a home missionary society, as it devoted 
all the money raised toward furnishing the home 
church and in paying a sum each year on the 
church indebtedness. After a few years the society 
began making yearly pledges to the different Con- 
gregational missionary societies, giving for bofli 
hoitie and foreign work. At the same time they 
still aided in meeting expenses incurred in any 
church improvements. Their business meetings 
are held the first Friday of each month in the 
church parlor. Tliese are followed by a pleasant 
social hour, after which the ladies serve supper. 
These gatherings are largely attended and have 
always been an important element in the social 
life of the church. The membership of the so- 
cietv is about one hundred and the present of- 
ficers are : Mrs. A. E. Buck, president ; Mrs. Lora 
B. Snyder, secretary ; Mrs. Ida Dunsmoor, treas- 



'^'-4'^**'^M^— — 1_ _ 



>"_\. r 

< ,i '. i II li ii 
ii a II !i ■■ ■" 


ij ~ Ml II 1. , . 
B i fi it 8- ; 



'-^^-'' ■-•''-'^jffS«pg 


Photos by Harris. 

N. H. (iillette. 

The Gillette Skirt Co 

the manufacture of skirts three years ago. Their 
first factory was located in a small building on 
Port Watson street. A few months only had 
elapsed before a change to larger quarters was 
found to be necessary and the Wells block was se- 
cured. Here the business has been conducted on 
the second and third floors of the building. This 
has proved too small for present requirements and 
the company has purchased the property lormerly 
occupied by the Cortland Corset Co. on Homer 
avenue aud Miller street. This will furnish sev- 
eral times their present capacity for producing 
goods. The illustrations show the exterior of 
their new factory and the interior of the one oc- 
cupied at present. The success of the Gillette 
Skirt Co. has been won against great odds. There 
is perhaps no business in which there is stronger 
competition than in the manufacture of skirts. 
This company began business by selling their 
product to canvassing agents and by aiming to 
make the best petticoats possible for the monev, 
they have built up a reputation second to none for 
a superior class of goods. A year ago a ladies' 
tailoring department was opened and it has been 
a pronounced success from the start. Their suits 
have given such universal satisfaction that cus- 
tomers send from long distances. A large ship- 
ment of custom work is sent to Syracuse each 
week. The demand from out of town has been so 
great that but little local work could be done. 
With the added facilities that the new factory will 
give it is hopeil to do much of the high class of 
work for the women of Cortland which has pre- 


General View of tlie Building. The Sewing Room. 

This company began viously gone to Syracuse and New York. This 
department is in charge of Madame Allsoppe, a 
modiste of wide experience, who by frequent vis- 
its to New York keeps in touch with the latest 

"Don't 1 Ijook i''ixE in ^L\m.m.\'.s .Skikt; 
I'lioto by Harris. 



things from Paris. The present year a new line of 
siirts was made for the trade which are known as 
New York skirts. Mr. H. B. Pomeroy of Syra- 
cuse was secured to take the management of this 
department and to look after the sales in New 
York state. A line of wrappers is being worked 
out. This branch of the business is known as the 
New York Skirt &. Wrapper Co. A very satis- 
factory business has developed during the year, 
and promises well for the future. The president 
and general manager of the company is Mr. N. 
H. Gillette. The superintendent is Mrs. Ella 
Hoag. They have associated with them an able 
and efficient corps of office assistants and heads 
of departments. Special care is taken in the se- 
lection of the workers and it is safe to say that 
but few factories in the state can show such an in- 
telligent and superior class of help as can be found 
at work in the factory of the Gillette Skirt Co. 
Previous to coming to Cortland Mr. Gillette was 
for many years connected with Warner Bros, in 
New York. He was born in East Scott, Cortland 
Co. He is a member of Aurora Grata lodge, 
F. & A. M., Brooklyn; also an active memlier of 
the Presbyterian church and the Science club of 

Dr. Ellis M. Santee has practiced medicine in 
Cortland since March, 1890. He studied medicine 
with Dr. E. B. Nash of Cortland, and took a two 
years' course at the Hahnemann Medical College 
of Philadelphia, where he took a post-graduate 
course under the well-known homeopathic pre- 
ceptor. Prof J. T. Kent. Next he took a course 
in the Homeopathic Medical College at St. Louis, 
where he had the benefit of another well-known 
homeopathist. Prof W. L. Reed, and at which he 
was graduated after taking an advance examina- 
tion in order to fill the position of resident physi- 
cian at Hahnemann Hospital, Rochester, N. Y., to 
which he was appointed by the faculty from among 
forty-six classmates. Here he had the instruction 
of Dr. Joseph A. Biegler. Dr. Santee was born at 
Hughesville, Pa., Aug. 13, 1862, and was educated 
in the public schools and at the New Columbus, 
Pa., academy. At the time he was in attendance 

KLLIS M. SANTEE'S RESIDENCE.— J. S. Barber Homestead 


at the latter institution he began the study of med- 
icine and to obtain means to get a medical edu- 
cation he taught school and subsequentl}', for two 
years, occupied the position of general agent for 
a New York book firm. While in Cortland in 
iSSi, in the interest of the house he was traveling 
for, he met Miss Bulah B., the daughterof John S. 
Barber, and on Dec. 22, 1S.S3, thej- were married, 
at once taking up their residence in this village. 
The Barber homestead, a very pleasant residence 
on Groton avenue, near the business center of the 
village, has, since the death of Mr. Barber, become 
the home of Dr. and Mrs. Santee. The doctor 
takes an active interest in amateur sports and pho- 
tography, having professional knowledge and ex- 
perience in the latter, and is especially interested 
in promoting events which advance 
the welfare of wheelmen, being 
author of N. Y. State Tour Book 
and N. Y. State Road Maps. He is 
now chairman of the Cortland 
County Side-Path Commission. 
The doctor is also largely interest- 
ed in real estate matters. On the 
opposite page is an illustration of 
his summer home. Elm Bluff, at 
Little York lake. The launch in 
the foreground is the ''Elizabeth 
Gray," which he launched in the 
summer of 1S9S. He is a member 
of the Medico Chirurgical Society 
of Central New York, i s a con- 
tributor to many medical publi- 
cations and author of Santee's 
Repertory of Convulsions. Nine 
years' steady effort was devoted 
to compiling the genealogy of 
his family, a book which he 
published in 1899, and he be- 
came so interested in the matter 
that he has since published a peri- 
odical devoted to that subject. He 
is secretary and treasurer of the 
County Homeopathic Medical So- 
ciety and clinical s(-cretary of the 
Inter State Homeo])athic Medical 


Photos by Dr. Santee. 
The Old Log Cabin. 


Dr. Santee's Summer Home. 


Raymond's Landing. 

The Outlet. 

The Bridge. 



John S. Barber was born of humble par- 
entage near Nmevali, N. Y., Nov. i, 1S24. 
His early life was spent on the farm with 
such educational advantages as the rural 
schools afforded. At about seventeen hewas 
apprenticed to a cabinet maker in Ithaca, 
N. Y., to learn a trade. While working as a 
journeyman cabinet maker he drifted to 
Guilford, N. Y., wdiere he met Elizabeth 
Lacy Warner, whom he married Dec. 22, 
1S47, soon after which he moved to Berk- 
shire, N. Y., where he worked at his trade 
for two years, going to Whitney Point, 
where he remained about the same time, 
coming to Cortland in [857, where heentered 
the law office of M. M. Waters. His rise in 
the profession was rapid and brilliant, so 
that in a very short time hewas known and 
respected as one of the best attorneys of 
the Cortland county bar. In early life he 
was affiliated with the Democratic party, 
and twice led the "forlorn hope" for the 
Cortland county judgship. After the war he 
joined the Republican party and remained 
there vmtil his death. He was thrice elected 
president of Cortland village, and always re- 
ferred with pride to his record in that office. 
He speculated largely in real estate and was 
very successful in it. He was especially 
interested in furnishing homes to the labor- 
ing men on easy payments, and many a man is 
to-day living in a home which he has 100 years 
to pay for, through Mr. Barber's interest in that 
direction. In 186S Mr. and Mrs. Barber adopted 
a little girl who was given their name and grew 
up in their home. She is now the wife of Dr. Ellis 
M. Santee of this village. In the early seventies 
Mr. Barber erected what is now the .American ho- 
tel, in which he had his office until near the time 
of his death. lii iSSo, erected the Barber block, 
which stood where the Opera House now stands ; 
he lived there until it burned down in 1883, when 
he bought the Bradford place at 22 Grotou avenue, 
which he improved and lived in up to the time of 
his death. He was one of the early members 
of Vesta Lodge, No. 255, I. O O. P., and remained 
a member as long as he lived. In the fall of 1887 

,70HX S. B.\KHEti. 


Miss Eva A. Temiile. Edwin H. IIvKtt. W. H. .Silcox. 

he had a shock of paralysis from which he never 
rallied and from the effects of which he died 
March 2, 18S8. He was a man of strong force of 
character, a ready thinker, a fluent and forceful 
speaker, of sound judgment and large e.xecutive 
and business ability, who was closely allied to all 
that tended to benefit and advance the interests 
of Cortland during the thirty years that he lived 
here. His widow still lives in the old home with 
Dr. and Mrs. Santee. She is over eighty, is well 
and hearty, with a prospect of many years of a 
contented, happy old age. 

Edwin H. Hyatt, who is entitled to consider- 
able credit for the very excellent work he has done 
for the Cortland Souvenir, has been in the pho- 
tographic business in Cortland for ten years. 
During that time his business has steadily 
increased, especially during the past year. 
The studio, at No. 41 'i Main street, is fur- 
nished in a tasty and attractive manner, and 
is fully equipped with all of the latest par- 
aphernalia for first-class work. Himself and 
two assistants are kept busy throughout the 
year. Miss Temple is one of the best of re- 
touchers, and Mr. Silcox as a finisher is not 
surpassed. A great deal of the time extra 
help is employed. Mr. Hyatt was born at 
Cazenovia, Madison county, N. Y., Oct. 17, 
1867, and attended the Cazenovia seminary. 
He first went into the photographic business 
as an employe of Stewart & Yoost, Oneida, 
in August, 1.S87. The following year he en- 
gaged with Fowler at Herkimer, and in 
iSSq came to Cortland and formed a co-part- 
nership with Tooke, succeeding C. H.Over- 
ton, and continuing the gallery under the 
firm name of Hyatt & Tooke. A year ago 
the latter retired. 

"St. Agnes' Guild" of Grace church was 
organized in 18S9. It was re-organized in 
1S90 by the Rev. Wm. Bours Clarke, then 
rector of Grace church, into the Junior 
branch of the Woman's Auxiliary. It con- 
sists of members of the Sunday-school, and 
its work is strictly of a missionary charac- 
ter. Meetings are held in the Guild room 



every fortnight, from October to May, The offi- 
cers are: President, Miss Edith Bull; vice-pres- 
ident. Miss Ada Landreth; secretary, Miss Alma 
O'Brien; treasurer, Miss May Riley; directresses, 
Mrs. Ab'ram M. Schermerhorn, Miss Jane Thurs- 
ton Guild. 

Y. P. S. C. E.— On the evening of Sept. 17, 
l8S^, there was gathered in the chapel of the First 
Congregational church a group of young people, 
called hither by their pastor. Rev. H. T. Sell, now 

W. H. Latimer ; secretary and treasurer, Miss Ella 
E. Rosa. The committees were three in number, 
prayer-meeting, lookout and social. The mem- 
bership was then active 33, and associate 12. 
Thus was organized the first society of Christian 
Endeavor in the state of New York. The first 
praver-meeting held by the society, as such, was 
upon the following Sunday evening, Sept. 23, and 
"was a memorable event, seemingly a guarantee 
of the blessings which have followed." The first 

Pbotos by Hyatt. 


of Chicago, III., for the purpose of forming a 
3'oung people's society. Pastor Sell spoke briefly 
of the grand work which was, even then, being 
achieved by the societies of Christian Endeavor 
in various directions. The constitution of the 
first society of its kind ever organized, that of the 
Williston Society of Christian Endeavor, Portland, 
Me., with such amendments as were deemed ad- 
visable, was adopted. The following officers were 
elected ; President, H. A. Carmer ; vice-president. 

experience meeting was held Wednesday evening, 
Oct. 3. We have reason to believe that our work, 
under God, has not been in vain ; aye, even our 
own hearts have felt its reflex action. Our pres- 
ent membership is : Active S6, associate 5, honor- 
ary 16. The officers are : President, Florence M. 
Chaffee ; vice-president, George O. Moore ; record- 
ing secretary, Rosamond Robinson ; correspond- 
ing secretary, LenaE. Dalton ; treasurer, Florence 
M. Tupper. 



Cortlandville Grange, No 461. — The farmers 
living in the outskirts of Cortland village are a 
thrifty, industrious class of people, and as a means 
of promoting sociability and of interchanging 
views upon matters pertaining to their occupa- 
tion, they organized a local grange with twenty- 
three charter members, known as Cortlandville 
Grange, No. 461, P. of H., July 7, 1SS2. The reg- 
ular meetings for the first three months were held 
in Good Templar hall, about three miles west of 
Cortland village. The first officers of the grange 
were: Master, Dan. P'. Hopkins; overseer, John S. 
Winter ; lecturer, John S. McMaster ; steward, 
Leonard J. Stafford ; assistant steward, John S. 
Simmons ; chaplain. James Jcnman ; treasurer, 
Thurber Warfield ; secretary, Leonard Kinney ; 
gate keeper, Horatio N. Rogers ; pomona, Mrs. A. 
Williams ; flora, Mrs. Fannie Kinney ; ceres, Mrs. 
John S. Winter; lady assistant steward, Mrs. D. F. 

The Junior League of the Homer Avenue M. 
E. church was organized in 1S92 with Mrs. C. E. 
Hamilton (wife of the pastor) as superintendent, 
and Mr. J. J. Walker as her assistant. Previous 
to this there had been a boys' meeting, led by 
Mrs. Walker, and a girls' meeting, led by Mrs. 
Hamilton. These, being merged into each other, 
formed the original Junior League. Lucien Gal- 
linger, Arthur Allen and Edith Swift were some 
of the early presidents. One of its charter mem- 
bers, Willie Seeber, has passed into the bright 
hereafter. The presentofficers are: Superintend- 
ent, Mrs. Eunice Seeber; assistant superintend- 
ent, Mrs. Elizabeth Wilbur; president, Gertrude 
Ryan; first vice-president, Eva Bowen; second 
vice-president, Edna Kelley; third vice-president, 
PTorence Dunham; fourth vice-president, Emma 
Bowen; secretary, Jennie Melvin; treasurer, Mer- 
tie Allen. Present membership is one hundred. 


Stand, liul. Ed.' 

Hopkins. This grange has had seasons of prosper- 
ity and adversity, sometimes the attendance and 
membership being small, and the prospect looked 
dark to the few faithful followers. For several 
weekspast the grange has enjoyed a steady growth 
in membership, and the interest in the discussions 
is greater than for some years. The meetings are 
now held in (t. A. R. hall, Cortland village, on the 
second and fourth Mondaj' evenings in each 
month. The present officers are as follows : 
Master, L. E. Burnham ; overseer, Mrs, H. M. 
Phillips ; lecturer, Mrs. L. E. Burnham ; steward, 
H. M. Phillips ; assistant steward, Leonard Kin- 
ney ; chaplain, Mrs. V.Ua. Kinney ; treasurer, San- 
ford Buchanan ; secretary, G. A. Wilbur ; gate 
keeper, M. W. Kinney ; pomona, Mrs. Loucks ; 
flora, Mrs. Fanny Kinney ; ceres, Mrs. L- N. Hop- 
kins ; lady assistant steward, Mrs. Almeron 

Congregational Chapel, East Side. — The 

branch work of the East Side was undertaken by 
the Congregational church, Sunday, April 12, 
1895. A Sunday-school, a Y. P. S. C. E., a Ladies' 
Aid society and a mid-week prayer-meeting were 
organized at once and have been well sustained. 
For two years regular preaching service and pas- 
toral work were carried on by special workers en- 
gaged for that purpose. The first superintendent 
was Mrs. A. E. Buck, under whose very efficient 
administration the work prospered in all depart- 
ments. The present superintendent is Mr. J. W. 
Keese, whose faithful and eflicient service is re- 
warded with most gratifying results. He has now 
held that onerous position for two years. A small 
building fund has been started and it is hoped at 
no very distant day that a suitable building may 
be erected to accommodate this very important 
branch of the church's work. 



The Woman's Home Hissionary Society of 

the First M. E. Church was organized Sept. 21, 
1SS5, with ten metabers. The following officers 
were elected at that meeting: President, Miss C. 
H. Henry; first vice-president, Mrs. H. M. Kel- 
logg; second vice-president, Mrs. Martin Edg- 
comb; third vice-president, Mrs. F.J. Doubleday; 
recording secretary. Miss Jessie Reed; treasurer, 
Mrs. Kinner; corresponding secretary, Mrs. Ow- 
ens. "The object of this society shall be to aid 
in interesting Christian women in the elevation 
and evangelization of needy and destitute women 
and children in our own land, and in raising funds 
forthiswork." The following officers were elected 

kinsandsangthe Easter service April 5, 1899. The 
present choir is composed of the following mem- 
bers : Soprano : Marguerite Force, Harriet Allen, 
Jennie T. Guild, Wilhelmina Newkirk, Lola 
Strowbridge, Winifred Holt, Eleanor Howard, 
Louise Castlemon, Grace Allen, Helen Turner, 
Margaret Turner, James Watkins. Alto: Harriet 
Strowbridge, Marian Goodhue, Jane Newkirk. 
Tenor: Arthur Williams, Lawrence Rose. Bass: 
Herman Carver, Lewis Randall, R. G. Lewis. 
Organist ; James Foote. Violin : Arthur Dunn. 
Much credit is due this volunteer choir for prompt 
attendance at the church services and for good 
and conscientious musical work. 

COBBLESTONE SCHOOL HOUSE.— Erected 1H4-1; Demolished 1893. "Stand. Iiid. Ed." 

for 1S99-1900: President, Mrs. Lucetta Hinman; 
first vice-president, Mrs. O. A. Houghton; second 
vice-president, Mrs. G. W. Edgcomb; third vice- 
president, Mrs. T. E. Dye; fourth vice-president. 
Mrs. C. O. Smith; fifth vice-president, Mrs. F. W. 
Higgins; recording secretary, Mrs. Eugene Pow- 
ers; treasurer, Miss Mary O'Day; corresponding 
secretary, Mrs. C. T. Peck; librarian, Miss Effie 
A. .\llen. The subject is, "Our Country;" the 
emblem, Our Flag; the motto, "For the love of 
Christ and in His name. All things whatsoever ve 
would that men should do to you, do \-e even so 
to them." 

The Vested Choir of Grace Episcopal church 
was organized with twenty-one members Feb. i, 
1896, under the direction of the Rev. Amos Wat- 

Cortland Council, No. 1445, Royal Arcanum, 
was organized .\pril 23, 1S92, with seventeen 
charter members and elected the following officers: 
Regent, James P. Maher; vice-regent, A. E. Bailey; 
orator. Prof. D. L. Bardwell; past-regent, M. W. 
Kunkeley; secretary, William L. Fox; collector, 
George I. Pruden; treasurer, E. E. Ellis; chaplain, 
John S. Wells; guide, Fred E. Seeber; warden, 
James F. McDonald; sentry, H. R. Burroughs. 
The present officers are: Regent, H. R. Burroughs; 
vice-regent, John Lanigan; orator, J. F. Wheeler; 
past-regent, Henry Relyea; secretary, H. W. Gaz- 
lay; collector, Henry Relyea; treasurer, E. D. 
Wood; chaplain, J. B. Sitter; guide, F. D. McGraw; 
warden, David Ingalls; sentry, Daniel Tucker. 



A. S. Brown, the postmaster of Cortland, 

moved to this village at the time he was elected 
county treasurer in 1888, a position which he occu- 
pied two terms, six years. In August, 188S, he 
purchased the general grocery then conducted by 
Peck Brothers in the Keator block, on the corner 
of Main and Port Watson streets, and in connec- 
tion with the retail part of the business he started 
what has since become the largest cold storage 
plant in this locality. It began with the buying 
and shipping of produce, but in 1894 Mr. Brown 
erected the building he now occupies at the cross- 
ing of Main street and the Lehigh Valley railroad, 
and put in a Dexter patent cold air system, com- 
prising cold air chambers, ice tanks and storage 
facilities. There are also provided means for freez- 
ing produce, which he uses largely for freezing 
butter, poultry and game, which is in prime con- 
dition to be marketed as desired. In the exterior 
work on the building there were used galvanized 
iron for roofing and steel siding, so that the 
contents may not be affected by changes in 
the outside temperature and be protected against 
fire. Perfect air circulation is insured, and the 
temperature may be regulated in any one or more 
of tlie storage chambers without affecting the tem- 
perature of the others. .At the time Mr. Brown 
established the plant he occupied onl)^ the ground 
floor, which has an area of 36 x 64, but the business 
has since increased until in 1900, he took posses- 
sion of the twoupper floors. Theoriginal capacity 
was 240,000 dozens of eggs, but it has been in- 
creased by at least 30,000 dozens, besides having 
a capacity for 2,500 tubs of butter, all in cold 
storage, and a warehouse capacity foralarge quan- 
tity of produce which is brought in to be shipped 
without storing. Mr. Brown is a large buyer of 
maple sugar and handles more or less apples and 
other produce. He wasborn July 31, 1857, and was 
thrown on his own resources at an early age. 
Until sixteen years old he lived with an uncle and 
had very little opportunity for a schooling. Then 

Hyatt, Plinto. 


Photo by Harris. 

A. S. liHU^\■.^••.■^ llE.-^IUENCE. 

he was obliged to earn money to give hint three 
terms in the high school at Ithaca and a course in 
a business college, by teaching and farm work. 
He was at the Ithaca school in iSyy-'ySand in 1S79 
attended the business college, teaching school in 
Pleasant Valley in the course of the years of 1S76- 
'79, and at Etna and West Dryden in 1S80 'Si. In 
the spring of the latter year he went into a .gen- 
eral store in Peruville with Prescott Moe, and in 
August, 1SS3, started a general store at Solon. 
Cortland county, where he continued the business 
until he moved to Cortland, as has been stated. In 
1SS4 he served as town clerk, and in 1885. '86 and 
'87 he served as supervisor of the town of Solon. 
During the years of 1896 and '97 and until the 
summer of 1898 he served as chairman of the Re- 
publican county committee. While acting in that 
capacity he managed the 
affairs of the party with 
the advice and assistance 
of his friends in a man- 
ner wholly creditable to 
them all and with suc- 
..,_^ cessful results. On Jan- 

uary I, 1899, he took the 
position of postmaster of 
Cortland, and entered 
upon his duties deter- 
mined to give the people 
excellent service. He has 
succeeded in doing so. 
He was a member of the 
village board of educa- 
tion four years. He is a 
member of the Red Men, 
the Athletic club and the 
Tioughnioga club, al- 
though not especially ac- 
tive in the social and club 
affairs of the village. Ou 
Dec. 23, 1880. he married 
Enmia A. Moe of Peru- 
ville, and they have one 
daughter, Harriet E- 



Cortland Tent, No. 304, Knights of the Macca- 
bees, was instituted Tuesday evenirg, July 3, 1894, 
by Deputy Great Commander Lelaud Kennedy, as- 
sisted by Great Master-at-Arms William Schemp. 
The following officers were elected and installed: 
Sir Knight Past Commander, George S. Gilbert; 
Sir Knight Commander, J. H, Johnson; Sir Knight 
Lieutenant Commander M. E. Corwin; Sir Knight 
Record Keeper, M.C.Eastman; Sir Knight Finance 
Keeper, W. A.Howard; Sir Knight Chaplain, L.E. 
Winslow; Sir Knight Sergeant, S S. Horton; Sir 

ing for insurance protection, coupled with a grow- 
ing and prosperous fraternal organization. Its 
finances are looked after by careful and painstak- 
ing men, and the members invite a thorough in- 
spection of its business methods. Negotiations 
are being closed for new and elaborate parapher- 
nalia, and a degree team second to none in New 
York State will be brought out to exemplify the 
beautiful ritualistic work. The officers for the 
present term are; Past Commander, Sir Knight S. 
Luther; Sir Knight Commander, E. N. Sherwood; 


' *To; 


Photos by Harris. A. S. BROWN'S COLD 

Knight Physician, Dr. W. J. Moore; Sir Knight 
Master-at-Arms, William Phalen; Sir Knight First 
M. of G., George Olds; Sir Knight Second M. of 
G., R. J. McComb; Sir Knight Sentinel, W. H. 
Dickinson; Sir Knight Picket, C. E. Millen. Since 
its institution Cortland Tent has had but one 
death. Sir Knight George S. Gilbert, who held 
a beneficiary certificatefor$2,ooo. Cortland Tent 
has now sixty members in good standing. Its 
membership roll contains the names of some of 
Cortland's most conservative men, who are look- 


Sir Knight Lieutenant Commander, John Close ; 
Sir Knight Record and Finance Keeper, George 
W. Long ; Sir Knight Chaplain, W. H. Gilbert ; 
Sir Knight Sergeant, A. G. Klotton; Sir Knight 
Physician, Dr. C. Vernooy ; Sir Knight Master- 
at-Arms, S. S. Horton ; Sir Knight First M. of G., 
D. F. Waters; Sir Knight Second M. of G., E. D. 
Rogers ; Sir Knight Sentinel, M. E. Sarvay; Sir 
Knight Picket, F. E. Millen; Trustees, M. E. Sar- 
vay, S. Luther, A. G. Klotton. 



Beard & Peck, furniture dealers and fu- 
neral directors, whose place of business is at 
No. 9 Main street, succeeded to the furniture 
business on Oct. i, iSSS, which was estab- 
lished twenty-five years ago by Randolph 
Beard. It was not until April i, 1891, that 
the undertaking branch was added. But on 
March 15, 1892, this firm bought out its 
strongest competitors, Edgconib & Ballard, 
who were doing business on Railroad street 
where Cobb & Co. are now located, and thus 
combined two large stores, and necessitated 
the occupancy of the entire four-storv brick 
block, which is 30.x 120 feet, and has a total 
floor space of 15,000 square feet. The suc- 
cess of this furniture business has been phe- 
nomenal from the start, and has grown so 
that this firm is able to buy goods in carload 
lots, thus competing with the largest dealers. 
When Randolph Beard started the business 
he was located in the Barber block on Gro- 
ton avenue, on the present site of the opera 
house Nine years later his son, Robert H. 
Beard, was taken into partnership, and until 
N. J. Peck bought out the senior member of 
the firm, it was known as R. Beard c& Son. 
After the Barber block was burned the busi- 
ness was for about a year temporarily lo- 
cated on Port Watson street. From that 




place it was moved to its present quarters. 
All kinds of furniture repairing, finishing 
and upholstering are done by competent 
workmen in the several departments. Mr. 
Beard has personal supervision of the un- 
dertaking business, which is equipped with 
all modern paraphernalia, including funeral 
car, undertaker's wagon and ambulance. 
Robert H. Beard was born at Pompey Hill, 
Onondaga count}', March 30, 1862. He mar- 
ried Carrie M. Peck of Cortland Feb. 6, 1884, 
and they have two children, Karl H. and 
R. Ward. He is a member of the Odd I'el- 
lows. N. Jay Peck was born in Solon, Cort- 
land county, N. Y., Sept. 6, 1S62, and moved 
to Cortland April i, 1879. For a time he was 
engaged in the shoe business with a cousin, 
the firm being A. R.&N. J. Peck. He was also 
associated with his brother in the grocery 
business. For seven or eight years he was a 
clerk in C. W. Stoker's grocery. On Oct. 
20, 1S86, he married Hattie R. Pendleton, 
and they have two children. Hazel R. and 
Harold P. He is an Odd Fellow and a mem- 
ber of the fire department, being also on the 
board of school trustees, to which he was 
elected in March, 1S97. 

Fine Wire=Drawers' Beneficial Associa- 
tion was instituted on March i, 1895, with 
twenty members, for the purpose of helping 
their sick and afflicted fellow workmen. Up 
to the present time their assessments have 
been but fy per member, and they have over 
Jtiooin bank after paying all benefits. There 
are at present fifty-two members in the as- 
sociation. The ofiicers for the first six 
months, 1S99: President, Albert Williams; 
vice-president, Barney McNeff; recording 
secretary, James T. Summers; financial sec- 
retary, C. B. Roethig; treasurer, Wallace 
Goodall; trustees, Thomas Jenkins, Charles 
Feuhmeyer, A.J. Klotton. Fine wire-draw- 
ers only can become members of this asso- 



McQraw & Osgood succeeded McGraw cSc Son, 
dealers in boots and shoes, in September, 189S, 
the business having been established by William 
Fisk in 1850. It was then located in a building 
on Main street, which was afterwards moved for 
the purpose of opening Railroad street into Main. 
Mr. Fisk was succeeded by M. H. McGraw, who 
in the early sixties took in a partner. McGraw & 
Blcdgett continued the business but a few months, 
when DeWitt C. Dickinson bought out Blodgett, 
and the firm of Dickinson & McGraw carried on 
the business until 1S95, when the former retired 

school. In 1888 he entered the employ of Dick- 
inson & McGraw. He was married to Julia, the 
daughter of Dr. R. P. Bushof Horseheads, N. Y., 
the well-known statesman and legislator. J. G. 
Osgood was born in Cincinnatus, N. Y., Aug. 14, 
1872. He attended school and worked on a farm 
until 1S92, when he went to Cleveland, O., in the 
employ of the Cleveland Linseed Oil Co. A year 
later he went to Chicago, where he remained five 
years lor the same company, coming thence to 
Cortland. On June 8, 1897, he married Jennie B., 
the daughter of Dr. B. Kinyou of Cincinnatus. 

Views by Harris. McGRAVV & OSGOOD'.S BOOT AND SHOE STORE. Portraits by Hyatt. 

G. W. MoGbaw. J.G.Osgood. 

and G. W. McGraw became a partner of his father. 
McGraw & Son continued three years, then the 
former retired in favor of J. G. Osgood. It was 
during the time of Dickinson & McGraw that the 
business was moved to its present location. No. 29 
Main street. For years manufacturing was carried 
on, and at one time as many as fifty employes 
were on the pay-roll of this house. The present 
firm handles largely eastern-made goods, includ- 
ing Hanan & Son's fine shoes for men and the 
Delsarte shoe for ladies. They carry a full line of 
American rubber goods, and also supply custom- 
made work. G. W. McGraw was born in Cort- 
land Aug. 21, 1870, and attended the Normal 

W. C. T. U. — The Woman's Christian Temper- 
ance Union was organized in Cortland May 26, 
18S4. The following ladies have served as presi- 
dents: Mrs. Randolph Beard, Miss Sara E. Collins, 
Mrs. James S. Squires, Mrs. P. H. Patterson, Mrs. 
H. B. Greenman. In its organization the depart- 
ments of work taken up were: Scientific temper- 
ance instruction, juvenile work, temperance liter- 
ature, and influencing the press. The present 
departments are: Evangelistic, scientific, temper- 
ance instruction, literature, temple, soldiers and 
sailors, press work. Sabbath observance, fruit and 
flower mission, systematic and proportionate giv- 
ing. State papers, parlor meetings, Sunday-school 



work, heredity, legislation and petition, non-alco- 
holics in medicine, and mothers' meetings. The 
present officers are: President, Mrs. H. B. Green- 
man; vice-president, Mrs. M. V. Hills; correspond- 
ing secretary, Mrs. Edith Cotton; recording sec- 
retary, Mrs. M. A. Waterbury; treasurer. Mrs. F. 
C. Weiler. Present membership, 154 actives, 30 
honorary and 3 sustaining members. Cortland 
union has the honor of being the second in mem- 
bership in the State. The headquarters are at 12 
West Court street. 

The Y. M. C. A. Auxiliary.— The first V. M. C. 
A. Au.xiliary was organized and a constitution 
adopted April 15, 1S82. Twenty-six members were 
enrolled as charter members with the following 
officers: President, Mrs. Frank Capen; vice-presi- 
dent, Mrs. GeorgeL. Waters; secretary, Miss Sara 
E. Collins; treasurer. Mrs. H. C. Henry. A board 
of directors numbering thirteen was appointed, 
who recommended as the first important work 
"the forming of a village circulating library "the 
said library to be placed in the rooms of the Y. M. 
C. A. for the benefit of the said association. This 
auxiliary led a flourishing existence until Febru- 
ary, 1S83, when the organization disbanded and 
reorganized as a library association, this being the 
foundation of the present library association. The 
present auxiliary was organized Sept. 25, 1S90, by 
Assistant State Secretary W. W. Griffith, under 
the direction of the general secretary of the Cort- 
land association, Mr. Kliug. There were seven- 
teen charter members, of whom nine still retain 
their membership. The officers for the first year 
were: President, Mrs. J. H. Hoose; vice-president, 
Mrs. S. M. Ballard; secretary, Mrs. C. F. Brown; 
treasurer, Mrs. J. L. Marritt.' There has been no 
special line of work taken up aside from assist- 
ance to the association to which we are auxiliary 
in all its work. A fund of, the proceeds 
from "A Women's Edition," is held in trust as 
a nucleus of a building lund for a home for the 
Y. M. C. A. at some future time. The present mem- 
bership is nearly two hundred. During the nine 
years the auxiliary has given to the association in 
round numbers $2,491, not including the monev 
from "The Women's Edition." The officers for 
1899 are as follows: President, Mrs. F. J. Cheney; 
first vice-president, Mrs. C. F. Brown; second vice- 
president, Mrs. J. E. Banta; secretary and treas- 
urer, Mrs. C. C. Darby. 


Hyatt, Photo. E. A. DIDAMA, M. D. 

Emory A. Didama, M. D., one of the most suc- 
cessful physicians of Cortland, located in this vil- 
lage in May, 1SS8, and at once entered upon a de- 
sirable and profitable practice. On being grad- 
uated from the Syracuse Medical college, June 10, 
1886, he entered the office of his uncle, H. D. 
Didama, a leading physician of Syracuse, where 
he enjoyed the advantage of constant advice from 
the oldest and most skilled of practitioners, hav- 
ing also two years' practical experience with the 
many complicated and serious cases which al- 
most invariably are treated with success by that 
eminent physician. Dr. E. A. Didama's office is 
in his residence on Main street, a location which 
he was fortunate to secure in one o( the best 
neighborhoods in the village. He is at present 
the local health officer. The doctor was born in 
Ovid, Seneca Co., N. Y., April ]8, 1861, and was 
educated in the Medina academy and the Lock- 
port Union school. He entered Syracuse Medical 
college in 1S83 and after 
settling in Cortland was 
married to Mary Herdson 
of Albion, N. y!, April 17, 
1895. He is a member of 
the Cortland Chapter and 
Commandery F. A. M., 
and also of the Ononda- 
ga and Cortland County 
Medical societies, the 
New York State Medical 
and the American Medi- 
cal associations. 

The Cortland County 

Homoeopathic Medical 
Society was organized at 
a meeting of physicians 
held in the court house 
July 16, 1879. The follow- 
ing doctors were present: 
E. B. Nash, Jay Ball, L. 
H. Babcock, R. A. Good- 
ell, L. D. Eaton and S. 
Hinman. The first offi- 
cers elected were as fol- 



lows: President, Jay Ball; vice-president, R. A. 
Goodell : secretary- treasurer, E. B. Nash. Its 
meetings are held at the offices of its members. 
Its present officers are: President, L. W. Potter; 
vice-president, S. Hinman ; secretary-treasurer, 
E. M. Sanlee. 

5amuel J. Sornberger, n. D., was born at 
Harpersville, Broome Co., N. Y., Aug. 15, 1S49. 
His elementary education was obtained at Blaks- 
lee academy, Harpersville, N. Y. In September, 
1871, he entered the Normal school at Cortland, 
N. Y., and was graduated from the classical 
course in June, 1874, being honored with the ap- 
pointment as one of the commencement speakers. 
Ill the fall of the same year he entered Syracuse 
university, and in 1S7S was graduated with the 
degree of Ph. B. , being also honored with an ap- 
pointment as commencement orator. After one 
year of practical literary and educational work he 
was awarded the degree fif Ph. M. from the same 
institution and two years later the degree of Ph. D. 
upon examination in a two years' post-graduate 
course of study pursued privately. In the fall of 
187S the chair of English, Physics, History and 
Latin in the State Normal school at Cortland was 
tendered him unsought. This position he ac- 
cepted and filled with acceptance for twelve years. 
In 1S80 the doctor was married to Miss Kate M. 
Foster of Burnt Hills, Saratoga Co., N. Y. Miss 
Foster was a graduate of Syracuse University in 
the class of '78. Frank, their son, is now a stu- 
dent of the Normal. In 1S94 the doctor was 
graduated with honors from a full four years' 
course at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of 
Chicago, 111., now the medical department of the 
State University of Illinois, and followed dis- 
pensarv and hospital practice in Chicago, from 
April to September of the same year. In Septem- 
ber, 1S94, he was licensed by the Board of Regents, 
under the new law, to practice in the state of New 
York. In November following he opened an of- 
fice in the Democrat building, Cortland, N. Y., 

Photo by Harris. DR. S. J. SOKNBKK(;EH'S ItESlDENCE 


where he is now located. He is a member of the 
Cortland County Medical society, and also of the 
surgical staff of the Cortland hospital. 

The Young People's Society of Grace church 
is an organization which has for its object the pro- 
motion of the best interests of the parish, by ex- 
ample, by earnest effort, and by rendering such 
financial aid as lies within its power. Meetings 
occur at the call of the president, and the officers 
for 1S99-1900 are as follows: The Rev. Amos Wat- 
kins, president: Mrs. N. H. Waters, vice-president; 
Marguerite Force, secretary and treasurer. 

Junior Epworth League. — The 

Junior Epworth League of the 
First Methodist Episcopal church 
was organized Feb. 4, 1S94, by 
Rev. L. H. Pearce, D. D., and Miss 
Mary A. Oda}- with 26 charter 
members. The membership in a 
few months was increased to 125 
bright, active, earnest learners and 
workers Socials were held and 
well patronized by parents and 
friends. Over $50 was raised in 
one 3'ear. This was used to buy 
carpet and molding for the church 
parlor, hire a nurse to care for a 
poor sick family, help to buy books 
for Sunday-school, Bibles for the 
juniors, etc. The name " Rojal 
Path -Seekers " was chosen by a 
vote of the juniors. The officers 
were as follows: Superintendent, 
Miss Mary A. Oday ; assistants, 
Mrs. L. H. Pearce and :\Iiss Effie 
\. Allen; president, R. Paul Hig- 
gins; first vice-president, Fred H. 
Gleason; second vice-president, 
Mary J. Morrissej^; third vice-pres- 
ident, Helen L- Loucks; fourth 
vice-president, Lena R. Perry; .sec- 
retary, Jessie Jones; treasurer, Ver- 
non E. Peck. These officers were 
soon graduated into the senior 
league and the places filled by 
younger ones. The greater num- 



ber who were members of this league during the 
first years of its existence are to-day members of 
the church. 

The Cortland Business Institute in the Dem- 
ocrat building was founded as Joiner's Business 
college on Jan. 6, 1894, by James E. Joiner, it be- 
ing located at that time in the Wickwire building 
on Main street. Three years ago it was moved to 
the present location, occupying the entire third 
floor. On July i, 1S99, Mr. A. W. Dakin, the 
present proprietor, took possession with Louis E. 
Edgcomb as instructor of arithmetic and common 
law, Walter M. Sanford as assistant instructor in 

was very young his parents moved to Tally, On- 
ondaga Co., where he first acijuired a proficiency 
in penmanship, which he for some years pursued 
as a profession. He was graduated from a Syra- 
cuse business college and in September, 1891, he 
bought a business college at Auburn. Owing to 
ill health he retired a year later and spent a year 
in Virginia In 1893 he opened Dakin's college 
at Syracuse, now conducted by his brothers, and 
from there came to Cortland. On July i, 1887, he 
was married to Miss P.elle Crozier of Cazenovia. 
They have two children, Hazel and Carmen. Mr. 
Dakin is a member of the Tioughnioga club. 

Photos by Harris. 

C'nniniorcial School. 

StcDographic School. 

book-keeping, penmanship and the commercial 
course, in which department Mr. Dakin takes 
personal charge, and Miss Clara J. Rowland of 
Syracuse as instructor of stenography and type- 
writing, adopting the Munson system in short- 
hand. The apartments are arranged conven- 
iently for teaching and study in the several de- 
partments. The school is registered as one of the 
first class by the State Board of Regents. A two 
years' course in a registered school entitles the 
pupil to a business diploma and an examination 
of 125 words a minute to a diploma in stenography, 
both granted by the Regents. Mr. Dakin was 
born in Hillsdale, N. Y., Feb. 21, 1H59. When he 

William Hathaway Pound, pastor of the First 
Congregational church, was born at Canandai- 
gua, N. Y., Feb. 2, 1859. His father, Edwin H. 
Pound, was a graduate of William college, and 
his mother, Jennie Briggs, a graduate of Oberlin 
college. He was prepared for college at Canan- 
daigua, N. Y., at the academy made famous by its 
well-known principal, Noah T. Clark, and was a 
public school teacher in Ohio in iSSo-'S3, hav- 
ing been graduated at Oberlin college in 1885 and 
atbberlinTheological seminary in 1888. Ordained 
to the ministry in June, 1888, his first pastorate was 
at Wakeman, Ohio, in the First Congregational 
church, in 18SS-1892. His second and present 



pastorate, at Cortland. N. Y., in the First Congre- 
gational church, began in 1892. He married Lulu 
Belle Annis of Amherst, Ohio, in 1SS7, and they 
have two children, Harold Hathaway and Ken- 
neth Gardner. 

H. T. Bushnell, although serving the second 
term as clerk of Cortland count}-, elected for the 
first time in iSSS and for the current term (three 
years) in 1897, will have had twelve continuous 
years' experience as custodian of the county 
records at the close of this term, and must there- 
fore be best informed in matters pertaining to the 
county clerk'sofBce During the years of i892-'7, 
inclusive, he served as deputy clerk. Mr. Bushnell 
is a Grand Army man and a member of the O. U. 
A. M. He was born in Johnston, 0., Sept. 26, 
184.'^, and on June i, 1S62, was mustered as a 
four months' volunteer in the Eighty-seventh Ohio 
Infantry, beingoneof Col. Miles' command, which 
in the fall of that year was captured as prisoners 
of war at Harpers' Ferry and released on parole. 
In the spring of 1S63 he began clerking for T. L. 
Finney at Johnston, and upon his formal exchange 
re-enlisted Aug. 30, 1864, in the Second Ohio Cav- 
alry. At Todd barracks, Columbus, O., he was 
detailed as paymaster's clerk until mustered out in 
June, 1S65. Returningtomercantilelife, heclerked 
in a store in Mecca, O.; later, for two years, at Fre- 
donia, N. Y.; from March, 1868, to June, 1871, in 
a general store at Gustavus, O., and one year in 
the large dry goods store of Taylor & Co., To- 
wanda. Pa. On Dec. 23. 186S. he married Miss 
Jennie H. HoUett at Watkins, N. Y., and in July, 
1S72, located at Harford, first in partnership with 
John C. Stewart and, a few months later, until 
August, 187S, conducting the business alone. Then 
he retired from the business at Harford, sold out 
to S. N. Holden, and for seventeen months en- 
gaged in the general mercantile business of Sum- 
mers & Bushnell at Monroeton, Pa., returning to 
Harford in Dec, 1879, and going into business 
there with S. N. Holden, which continued practi- 
cally unchanged until he was elected county clerk. 

Photn by Hyatt. 



Lot Cast Midst Pleasant Surroundings. — You 

ask me to give some of my impressions of Cort- 
land. This is certainly a pleasant task which I 
am willing to undertake, though many otheis 
can speak from the authority of better acquain- 
tance and longer residence. For seven years it 
has been my gracious privilege to reside in Cort- 
land. All of that time I have served as its pastor 
the First Congregational church. As a minister 
it was natural that about my first distinct im- 
pression should be that Cortland may be called a 
church-going town. I soon came to realize that 
the five churches on Church street and the five 
others situated in different parts of our town are 
never wanting in large 
"-• - .- numbers of worshippers 

at their various services. 
Add to this the harmony 
'if spirit which prevails 
among the church mem- 
bers of all denomina- 
tions, and the Christian 
fellowship which marks 
so conspicuously the min- 
istry and you have a con- 
dition w'hich can but re- 
sult in vast good to the 
I'l immunity. 

It is an ever-growing 
impression with me that 
Cortland is a delightful 
residence town. Its many 
I'eautiful streets, lined 
with pleasant and commo- 
'lious homes, furnish one 
of the most charming at- 
; I actions for Cortland. 
While it is true that evil 
influences exist in Cort- 
land, it is cheering to note 
that they do not exist 
without an earnest and 
vigorous protest on the 
part of a very large body 
of the citizens. Truly it 
is that man should count 
himself fortunate who is 


privileged to dwell in Cortland, where he uiaj- find 
congenial fellowship among its citizens and the ever 
peaceful companionship of the encircling hills! 

The life of Cortland is affected in very large 
degree b}- the State Normal school of which the 
citizens are justly proud. It not only exerts a 
profound influence upon the social and intellect- 
ual life of the community, but its influence is felt 
in no uncertain way in behalf of all that makes 
for good citizenship, a morally clean town and 
civic righteousness in general. The young men 
and women who crowd the halls of the Normal 
school are a welcome and important feature of 
our village life. It is gratifying to note the inti- 
mate relation which exists between the town and 
this important institution of learning. The State 
Normal school and the fine public school system 
make Cortland a desirable place of residence, 
especially for those who are interested in the 
education of young people. 

people as well as good people in our midst, still 
taking it all in all it would seem difficult for one 
to live in Cortland without a growing impression 
that his lot is cast amid most pleasant surround- 
ings. He had "better endure ills he has, than to 
flv to others that he knows not of" — Wilu.^m 
H. Pound. 

Photography, Auld Lang Syne. — " When you 
stop to consider the difference between the wet 
and the dry plate process," said Photographer F. 
L. Harris, " you can appreciate what giant strides 
photography has taken in the past few years. We 
formerly took a clear plate of glass and soaked it 
in lye, washing thoroughly in clear water. Then 
we passed it through diluted nitric acid, and 
after washing again, passed it through diluted 
ammonia and then again washed it. We prepared 
our own albumen, taking the white of an egg and 


The past seven years have impressed me with 
the progressive spirit of our town. At a time 
when stagnation marked so many business inter- 
erests of the entire country. Cortland was discus- 
sing the matter of public improvements. With 
its system of waterworks, its electric lights, its 
system of sewerage and its paved streets Cortland 
manifests a most commendable spirit of enter- 

The large and important manufacturing inter- 
ests of Cortland are a most essential part of Cort- 
land's prosperity. One is impressed with the 
orderliness and good spirit which in general 
characterizes our village life, a condition which is 
not always found in towns with business interests 
demanding the employment of so much labor. 

It winters are cold, and some of the days of 
summer are warm, if the blue sky is obscured 
now and then by clouds, if there are some bad 

beating it thoroughly in water by shaking it with 
broken glass in a bottle. Then we flowed the 
plates by hand and placed them in a dust proof 
closet. When we were to make a sitting we took 
one of the plates from the closet and flowed the 
albumenized side with collodion. The plate was 
then placed in a solution of silver, resting edge 
up. This gave us about three-cjuarters of a min- 
ute and we hurried out and seated the subject and 
focused the instrument. Think of posing a sitter 
now days in three-quarters of a minute ! The pub- 
lic would not tolerate it. They would say the 
sitter had been slighted. But the plate must not 
be permitted to stand in the silver any longer and 
when once taken out we had no time to waste. A 
wet plate would dry in ten minutes, and when dry 
would be of no use. Some times it might be 
longer drying and other times shorter, according 
to the condition of the atmosphere. But you re- 



member how the photographer in those days went 
to and from the dark room on a jnmp and how, 
after making the sitting, he developed the nega- 
tive while tlie sitter waited and then came out and 
showed it to the latter for his approval or disap- 
proval. No proofs were then shown. The pho- 

tographer held the negative against a dark back 
ground — his sleeve, the flap of his coat or some- 
thing else for the customer to look at. But I left 
the plate in the silver bath. It was fished out 
with a dipper and placed in au old fashioned plate 
holder, which had a swing door. It was wet and 
dripping when it came from the silver and we al- 
wavs wiped the edges and back with bilbulous 
paper and allowed the plate to drain on a blotter. 
Still it dripped silver until dry and as silveris not 
to be wasted we had a trough in the bottom of the 
plate holder which caiight the dripping which we 
emptied into a bottle. It was also necessary to 
develop quickly and this we did by flowing the 
plate in the hand, instead of in a tray as is done 
now; that is holding up the plate by one corner 
and turning it about so as to direct the flow of the 
solution to all parts of the surface. This was not 
easilv acquired by an apprentice. The plate was 
dried by artificial heat. In those days a sitting 
occupied from ten seconds to three-quarters of a 
minute ; now from one-quarter of a second to 
three or four seconds, depending not only upon 
the light but upon the color of the drapery to be 
taken. But in those days a photographer was not 
expected to make a sitting in very cloudy weather, 
and many photographers advised their patrons to 
wait for a sunny day. Now, as good results can 
be obtained at one time as another. Then it was 
not the rule to save negatives. Plates having 
answered the purpose once were washed clean with 
lye and used over again." 

Mrs. S. Darby-Turner eleven years ago suc- 
ceeded Miss Minor in the business of furnishing 
hair and toilet articles, theatrical wigs, head 
dresses, ladies' hair accessories, and in manicur- 
ing and facial massage. The business was then in 
the Samson block. Two years later Mrs. Darby- 
Turner moved into the Garrison block, and very 
largelv increased the line of goods demanded by 


Hyatt, Photo. MRS. S. DARBY-TURNER. 

the ladies of Cortland until now she has one of the 
largest outfitting establishments in that line in this 
section of the country. During the busy season 
Mrs. Darby-Turner employs experienced assist- 
ants. She has shown a great deal of taste and skill 
in the selection of articles which she makes each 
year to keep up with the styles, and in the show- 
ing that is made in the various class of goods 
which it is found necessary to carry in stock. She 
is a native of Cortland, and has resided here all 
of her life. 

Navigable Tioughnioga. — This river, the west 
branch, was made a public highwa}- by an act of 
the legislature passed April 15, 1814, and upon its 
waters the products of Cortland and adjacent 
towns were carried to 
market in scows, flatboats 
and arks, which were 
loaded at Port Watson, 
(now included in thevil- 
'lage of Cortland), and 
floated down to the Che- 
nango, thence to the Sus- 
quehanna, and on that 
stream to Harrisburg, 
Northumberland and 
Sunbury, Pa. Potash, ma- 
ple sugar, whiske}', gyp- 
sum, salt, oats, potatoes 
and pork were the princi- 
pal commodities carried 
to market in these boats. 
Port Watson, a port of 
entry, was a small set- 
tlement which in iSoo 
sprung up on the west 
shore of the river (see 
view on page 56), aboiit 
a mile east of where the 
nucleus of the present 
village of Cortland then 
stood. There are now no 
traces of the village, it 
having been supplanted 
by the residential streets 
of modern Cortland. 



Palmer & Co.'s big department store was 
opened for business in its present location, 
Nos. 9 and li Main street, on April 20, 1S97. 
The firm consists of Epliraim C. and Wal- 
ter V. Palmer, both of whom are enterpris- 
ing and closely in touch with modern meth- 
ods as applied to trade. In a double store 
equipped with the best conveniences for con- 
ducting the dry goods and grocery lines, this 
firm has from the beginning maintained an 
absolute cash business. The main floor, with 
separate entrances for the two principal 
branches, is 50 x go feet. The grocerj' line 
on one side comprises a general supply of 
that class of goods. In the dry goods de- 
partment are included dress goods and all 
kinds of under and over wear for ladies and 
children, notions and gentlemen's furnish- 
ing goods. In the past year or two a con- 
siderable business in bicycles has been 
worked up. In an addition to the main 
store, 2S X 32 feet, is conducted the manu- 
facture to order of dress skirts and ladies' 
suits. Beginning in a small way in this 
branch of trade and gradually expanding, 
the firm has developed a trade in the higher 
priced skirts, which has continually in- 
creased by reason of the fact that orders are 
as promptly filled and the fit is just as satis- 
factory where received b\' mail as when the)- 
are left by person. From this business there are 
supplied the goods for different country stores, 
the firm having a branch store in the village of 
Solon. The size of the business is apparent in the 
fact that the aggregate value of stock, on the 
average, carried in this store is 135,000. In the 
basement, which has the same area as the first 
floor, a large stock of goods is kept in storage, so 



Photos by Harris. 


that the fullest capacity of the store is not appar- 
ent to the average customer who enters it. 

Ephraim C. Palmer, the senior member of the 
firm, was born in Eaton, Madison Co., N. Y., 
June 19, tS6o. At fourteen years of age he en- 
tered the general store of his father, Henry C. 
Palmer, at West Eaton, as a clerk, and six j'ears 
later he and his brother, Will Palmer, bought out 
their father and con- 
ducted the store for 
seven years under the 
firm name of Palmer 
Bros. At 2r years of 
age Mr. Ephraim Pal- 
mer, still retaining 
his interest in the bus- 
iness, went on the 
road as a salesman for 
the commission house 
of Millard & Johnson 
of Omaha, and a year 
later he formed a con- 
nection with D. Mc- 
Carthy & Sons of Syr- 
acuse, selling dry 
goods on the road, 
which he lollowed for 
five years. In 1S87, 
upon closing out the 
West Eaton store. Pal- 
mer Bros., E. C. and 
Will, opened a gener- 
al store at McGraw, 
and two years later E. 
C. bought out the bus- 
iness and conducted 
the store alone until 
1895 when he sold out 
and moved to Cort- 
land, having been 
elected county clerk 
at the election in No- 
vember, 1S94. On Jan- 
uary I, 1895, Palmer 
Bros., E. C. and Hen- 
ry D., opened a gro- 
cery in the vSugernian 



block which business was conducted until March, 
1896, when it was sold out to the G. O. Whitcomb 
Co. Mr. Palmer's next business venture was at 
the head of Palmer & Co. He has been rather 
active asaRepublican and also has been identified 
with the Independent Repulilican movement. 
Upon the expiration of his term of three years as 
county clerk he received the nomination to suc- 
ceed himself by the Independent Republicans, but 
declined to accept it, and secured the substitution 
of the present incumbent. He was married to 
Laura L. Darrow, of West Eaton, July 9, 18S5. 


Kipling closes the rich little poem "L'Envoi," 
with these words : 

" and each in his separate star. 

Shall draw the tiling as he sees it for the God of things 

as they are." 
If these words were pharaphrased to fit the 
writer's case they would read somewhat thus, 
"Shall write the Place as he sees it for the people 
who know what they are." 

Photos by Butler. 

C.\.sniEU— W. C. Wolcott. 
Grocery— Edward Dowd, F. W. Lanigan, 
P. W. Ben.jamin. Dry Goods— A. B. White, E. B. Rigb.v, 
Nina L. Weld. Skiht Dep't— Mary F. Dowd, Katherine O'Day, Sarali JL Howes. 

He is an Odd Fellow, a Mason, a Granger and a 
member of the Tioughnioga club. 

Walter V. Palmer was born in Eaton, Madison 
county, N. Y., June 15, 1S71, and was graduated 
at the Colgate Academy in June, 1891, after which 
he took a four months course in the training class 
for teachers in the Cook cotinly Normal school 
at Chicago. Upon his return East he entered the 
emplo\' of Palmer Bros, in this village. He mar- 
ried Miss Maud Woodbury on November 30, 1898. 
He is an Odd Fellow, being a member of the Glen 
Roy Lodge of Eaton, No. 312. 

A clergyman is a verj' fortunate man in one 
respect, he generallj' sees his people at their best. 
This perhaps is not always true of men in other 
vocations or in the trades. Lawyers and grocery- 
men sometimes see the other side, as is suggested 
by the story of the corner grocer who was asked 
by one of his customers if he did not think Mrs. 
Blank of their neighborhood had "a beautiful dis- 
position." "Yes," he replied, "her's beats mine, 
for she has told me at least forty times she would 



pay her bill ' to-morrow,' and she always speaks 
those words with a most winsome smile." 

My impression of Cortland has steadily grown 
in fondness. Never shall I forget the introduc- 
tion to her. Picture a wet. gloomy, drizzling rain 
on one Saturday afternoon a little over three years 
ago. Arriving at the picturesque Lehigh station, 
situated on the village stream then known as Main 

which they live, by erecting appropriate and cpm- 
modious depots? No building in town makes a 
more vivid impression on the mind of the trav- 
eler, and hundreds who pass through never judge 
by anything else. 

Cortland is a village of homes. From the many 
imposing residences scattered throughout her lim- 
its to the cozy and hard earned cottage there is a 
homelike appearance with all. The proportion of 

Photos by Harris. VIEWS OF INTERIOR OF 

(jrocery Department. 

street, gondoliered through that rock-bottom wa- 
ter-way in a hack. 

What a change! Who can think of that day 
now without gratitude for the present? Only the 
same old stations at the termini of our splendid 
streets are left as monuments of the past. Why 
is it that the railroad companies do not keep pace 
with the towns through which they run and by 


Dry (.Toorls Department. 

rented houses is small, a large share owning their 
homes or paying for them. The absence of old 
and tumbledown structures is another marked 
feature of our town, and the general good care 
given to all residential grounds. 

But by far better than this outward appearance 
of home loving there are very many signs which 
point to home happiness which depends more 
upon the heart than upon the dwelling. Church 


street upon Sabbath morning or evening tells the 
story of church life. I do not think there is a 
town the size of ours in the state which is more 
faithful in church attendance. However, there is 
alwaj-s a possibility of improvement. One notice- 
able fact in this connection is the large proportion 
of men who attend church. 

The industries of Cortland impress me as not 
onlv successful but as exceedingly w«ll managed 
and cared for. There are few places where such 
a spirit of genuine fellowship and cordiality ex- 
ists. Employer and owner are in perfect sympa- 
thy with employe. 

One who has been formerly under the pressure 
of cit}' work, and has spent a large share of the 
time on sidewalks and amid blocks realizes what a 
privilege it is to be able to catch up a trout rod 
after dinner on a fine day, and after a compara- 
fivelv short drive cast into a livelv stream. In 

us to enjoy without using up strength in climb- 
ing ; for the magnificent trees (let us preserve 
them ). Speaking of trees, I believe even Ruskin 
would have gone into greater ecstacies over the 
elm if he could have looked through Church 
street on a summer evening, particularly just as 
the day began to go out in the beauty of one of 
our inspiring sunsets. He tells us that the old 
cathedrals were framed after the plan of God's 
architecture as seen in the arched vaults of the 
majestic elms. If you want to see the truth of 
this statement, here at home, walk from the Meth- 
odist church to Port Watson street some moon- 
light evening in the summer or early fall. 

I will leave it to others to speak of our well 
equipped stores, our clean newspapers, our good 
schools, our library, our hospital, our beautiful 
cemetery, our Young Men's Christian associa- 
tion, the many literary and social organizations. 

//^>^-^. \^^^ 



■Stand. Ind. Ed." 

fact this suggestion is simply given as an illustra- 
tion of the life which Cortland affords. Every 
one is busy but not too busy to live, to let others 
live and to make the most of life. 

We all value the State Normal School, and what 
she has and is doing. The life of the vdlage 
and township is strengthened and brightened 
thereby. It is needless to speak of the work go- 
ing on there. Carlyle says of Shakespeare : "His 
works are so many windows, through which we 
see a glimpse of the world that was in him." Thus 
we can speak of this institution in our midst. The 
students and the splendid work we hear from the 
schools where they teach and from the colleges 
where thev are studying are' ' the window-s through 
which we seeaglimpseof the world " that is in the 
Alma Mater. 

For the natural beauty of our village we are very 
grateful ; for the hills, the valleys, not in our vil- 
lage, (we leave that to Ithaca) but all about us, for 

the musical taste and interest, not only bene- 
fiting the community b}' special festivals, 
but now showing itself strong enough to sup- 
port regularly a weekly choral society. The 
more a town does to elevate and educate in the 
realm of good music, the loftier will be her amuse- 
ments, and the healthier her morals. It is very en- 
couraging likewise to note from our booksellers 
that the demand for good books is steadily and 
surely increasing. The old sentiment was that al- 
though man "could live without books," "civilized 
man could not live without cooks." We believe 
the latter most emphatically, but we also believe 
that civilized man can not live without books, 
and good books at that. And I'ust here let me 
say, God speed the new Science club. It is a 
move in the right direction. 

The new athletic field i^i the very heart of the 
village is something of which to be proud. There 
is no more intelligent and effective manner to keep 



and inspire wholesome living and pure thinking 
than clean sport and athletic exercise. Show tne 
a community without a playground for the young, 
and I will show you a dwarfed generation and 
listless workmanship. 

As to the general public opinion of our town as 
to questions of justice and morality there is no 
doubt that when thoroughly aroused there is a 
most generous response for righteousness. There 
is a strong feeling against personal bitterness, 
which there ought to be, but there is a loyalty in 
antagonism against existing evils. To this spirit 
we owe the abolition of the saloon in our midst. 

To sum up the whole matter, Cortland is " a 
good place to live in," but let us never forget that 
we shall be held responsible by the Kind Father 
who placed us here if we do not make it even the 
better, because we live therein. 

Linderman, Laura A. Parsons, Lydia A. Strow- 
bridge, Maria E. Forrest and Verdine E. Peck. 
The following officers were elected: President, 
Mrs. Lucy L. Linderman; first vice-president, 
Mrs. Anna E. Bentley; second vice-president. Dr. 
Lydia A. Strowbridge; secretary, Mrs. Frances 
Park Mudge; corresponding secretary, Mrs. Mary 
Rose Clark; treasurer, Mrs, Clara T. Gale. The 
time of meeting was appointed to be the third 
Monday of each month, at 3 P. M., to be held at 
the homes of the members. Our numbers have 
doubled the first year, and we have many friends 
outside our ranks. Also, in our first year we met 
with a serious loss in the death of one member, 
Mrs. Bertha Payne Ken3'on, which will long be 
felt, and who will tenderly be remembered. The 
average attendance has been good and meetings 
regular. We have been greatly encouraged by 


Dr. Lydia Strowbridt;e, Vice-P. ^Irs. Anna Bentley, Vice-P. 

Miss Myra Norton, Sec. Mrs. Lucy L. Linderman, Pres. Mrs. Frances P. Mudge, Cor. Sec. 


Let these words from Kipling's song be ours; 

•' Hold ye the Faith, ♦ ♦ tlie Faith our Fathers sealed us; 

* + *♦** + * 

Keep ye the law — be swift in ail obedience. 
Clear the land of evil, drive the road and bridge the ford. 
Make ye sure to each his own 
That he reap what he hath .sown ; 
By the peace among our peoples let men know we serve 

the Lord." 

Then can we ever say, 

** Surely in toil or fray, 

Lhider an alien sky. 
Comfort it is to say. 

Of no mean City Am I." 

Dec. 21, '99. John T. Stone. 

Political Equality Club.— In April, 1S98, Har- 
riet May Mills, organizer of the New York State 
Suffrage association, visited Cortland and gave a 
lecture, the subject of which was "The Signs of 
the Times." A gentleman in the audience arose 
and moved that a club be organized in Cortland. 
A few women who believe in the results of organ- 
ized effort met at Dr. Strowbridge's May loth. A 
constitution and by-laws were adopted and signed 
by the following persons: Frances Park Mudge, 
Bertha Payne Kenyon, Marv Rose Clark, Anna E. 
Bentley, Clara T. Gale, Hat'tie E. Mudge, Lucy L. 

the unprecedented favor of woman suffrage by our 
governor, as expressed in his .speech last winter. 
Streams in Cortland County. — The Tioughni- 
oga flows into this county from the north in two 
branches, which unite near the village of Cortland 
and flow in a general southerly direction, empty- 
ing into the Chenango river in Broome county- 
Its principal tributaries in this county are Trout, 
Cold and Factory brooks, and Cheningo, Labrador, 
Otter, Virgil, Cunningham, Owego and Merrill's 

The County Clerk's Office was consigned for 
several years to an old building standing on Main 
streeton the site of the present handsome structure, 
which was opened up for business in February, 
1877. Efforts were made to get located in Homer 
%'illage which offered to defray all expenses for site 
and buildings. The county appropriated |i7,ooo 
for the new building. 

The First Pavement laid in Cortland was on 
Main street, and it cost the village $3,500. The 
coutract was executed in June, 1S66, and the vil- 
lage issued bonds payable in four equal annual in- 



Division No. 1, Ancient Order of Hibernians, 

was organized May 9th, 1895, in Empire Hall by 
J. J. Kennelh', James E. Dolan and Frank D. 
O'Herin, of the Onondaga County Board. The 
intent and purpose of the order is to promote 
Friendship, Unity and Christian Charity among 
its members, by raising or supporting a fund of 
money for maintaining the aged, blind and infirm 
members, also to pay benefits to its members in 
case of sickness or death. The charter members 

Lonergau ; Recording Secretary, Joseph Dowd ; 
Financial Secretary, Thomas Drake ; Treasurer, J. 
T. Davern ; Sergeant- at-Arms, John F. Burns ; Sen- 
tinel, Richard McJIahon. The prominent social 
features of the Division are its largely attended 
annual balls, banquet on each St. Patrick's day 
and yearly excursions to the Thousand Islands. 
The regular meetings of the Division are held on 
the first Wednesday of every month, at 7 p. m., in 
the Empire Hall. 

Borrowed Photos. 

E. D. Wood, rep. Ward 3. 


C. Fred Thompson, rep. Ward 1. 

L. T. White, rep. Ward i. A. A. Sprague, rep. Ward 4. 
S. N. Holden, President. 

numbered 72 and the first officers elected were as 
follows : — County President, John F. Dowd ; Di- 
vision President, Charles Corcoran : Vice Presi- 
dent, Joseph Dowd ; Recording S-cretary, M. V. 
Lane ; Financial Secretary. John F. Burns ; Treas- 
urer, J. T. Davern ; Sergeant-at-Arms, P. T. 
Carmody ; Sentinel, John E. Lonergan. At the 
present time the Division numbers 175 and 
the officers for 1S99 were as follows: County 
President, Charles Corcoran : Division President, 
John A. Kennedy ; Vice - President, John E. 

Illuminating Qas was introduced for use in 
Cortland early in the sixties. The board of Trus- 
tees b}' resolution adopted August 5, i860, award- 
ed the franchise for laying gas pipes to a company 
headed by James A. Schermerhorn, giving them 
the exclusive privilege for twenty-five years. In 
1863 the village board appropriated I130 for the 
erection of ten gas street lamps and for lighting 
them for the following year. 



The Police Depart- 
ment. — At the char- 
ter election held in 
March, 1S89, Ijy a vote 
of the people it was 
decided that Cortland 
should have a uni- 
formed police force, 
to lie appointed by 
the board of trustees. 
On April i, 18S9, Al- 
bert Goldsmith was 
de,si<jnated as chief of 
the department, and 
Nathan Hunt, O. L. 
Jackson and E. D. 
Parker night patrol- 
men. Shortly after 
Mr. Hunt was suc- 
ceeded by James E. 
Sager. A new charter 
was granted the fol- 
lowing June, which 
ordered the election of 
a police justice at the 
next charter election, 
whose term of office 
should be three years, 
and gave the board 
power to name the 

number of police officers. In March, 1S90, C. S. 
Bull was elected to the office of police justice. April 
istof the same year James E. Sagerwas appointed 
chief of police. The department remained the 
same for three years. At the charter election in 
March, 1S93, C.'S. Bull was re-elected police jus- 
tice. Albert Goldsmith resigned Aug. 7, 1893, and 
has held the office of constable since that time. 
Frank H. Monroe was appointed to fill the vacancy 
September 4th. Mr. Sager's resignation took 
effect in April, 1S95, when W. T. Linderman was 
appointed and at once assumed the duties of chief 
of the department. In August, 1895, Mr. Monroe 
resigned to go into business in Oneonta. where he 
still remains. Atthe March election in 1896 E.E. 
Mellon was elected police justice, and the follow- 
ing May Sidney N. Gooding was appointed police- 
man by the board of trustees, and James A. Smith 

J. H. Corcoran. 

W. T. Nix. 

E. D. Parker. Chief 

.T. A. Smith. 



N. (TOOiling, Night C'aptain. 

was appointed night captain. On April 12, 1897, 
O. L. Jackson and Mr. Smith resigned, and were 
succeeded bj' John H. Corcoran and William T. 
Nix; E. D. Parker was appointed night captain. 
In December, 1S9S, W. T. Linderman resigned and 
was succeeded by James A. Smith. E. D. Parker 
was designated by the board as chief of police and 
S. N. Gooding as night captain. At the charter 
election in March, 1899, R. L. Davis was elected 
police justice. The president of the village is at 
the head of the police force. There are four 
square miles in the corporation and over fifty miles 
of streets to patrol, and 2,500 inhabitants to each 
policeman. The present force is as follows: E D. 
Parker, chief of police; S. N. Gooding, nightcap- 
tain; W. T. Nix, J. H. Corcoran, James A. Smith, 

Early Racing.— Speedy 
and high bred horses ap- 
peal strongly to a great 
man)- people in Cortland. 
The earliest track event of 
which there is a record 
was on Sept. 19, 1S20. 
This contest, which lasted 
three days, was decided on 
the flats in the southeast- 
erly corner of the village 
and on a circular mile 
track, the judges' stand 
being erected on a natural 
mound in the center of the 
field. The judges were 
Truman Doud, Chas. W. 
Lynde, Stephen Knapp 
and Roswell Randall. The 
conditions admitted any 
horse, mare or gelding 
carrying weight for age, 
and running three-mile 
heats. A purse of |ioo 
was awarded to tlie win- 
ning horse on the first 
da}-, f75 on the second 
day ; the five per cent, 
entrance money on the 



purses of the first two days to be awarded to the 
swiftest three-year-old colt on the third day, one- 
mile heat. 

I. V. Johnson was born in Virgil, Cortland 
county, June 17, 1S69, beingthe oldest son of Vivus 
and Alvira (Sherman) Johnson. When 21 years 
of age he left his home in Virgil to accept a clerk- 
ship in the hardware store of F. D. Smith in Cort- 
land, N. Y. He held the above position until the 
year 1S95, when he accepted a position as sales- 
man with the hardware firm of Buck & Lane, of 
this place, remaining with them until Oct. 31, 
189S. when he took possession of the store at No. 
5 Tompkins street, which he had purchased of T. 
S. Mourin, wholesale and retail dealer in flour, 
feed and country produce. He has on hand at all 
times a full line' of the best grades of flour, feed, 
grain, hay and straw, seeds and poultry supplies, 
the Ceresota brand of flour being among the many 
standard brands which he carries. He is also a 
wholesale and retail dealer in fancy butter and 
eggs. On July 26, 1S92, he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Katherine Seaman of Dryden, 
N. Y. They have one child, Hazel JI. He is a 
member and the present Vice-Grand of Vesta 
Lodge, No. 255, I. O. O. F., a member of Elon 
Encampment, No. 59, I. O. O. F., a member of the 
Knights of Maccabees, Tioughnioga club, and an 
active member of Excelsior H. & L. Co., No. 3. 

Early Settlers in Cortland. — Jonathan Hub- 
bard built a dwelling on the present site of Main 
and Court streets in 1804. Mead Merrill built a 
sawmill near Port Watson, which was in operation 
in 1816, and was appointed surrogate in iSio and 
county clerk in 1S13. The first court house was 
built by Josiah Cushman, who settled in Cortland 
about iSoo. A tavern was built about 1818 by Na- 
than Luce. It was subsequently the famous Eagle 




tavern. Jacob Wheeler probably was the first 
blacksmith in the village, coming here about 1S12. 
The first jewelers and silversmiths were Joshua and 
his son W. H. Bassett, and the first harness and 
saddlemaker was William Bartlit, who located 
here prior to 1S15. Others who came to Cortland 
about the latter 3'ear were: James Percival, who 
established the first newspaper. The Cortland Re- 
publican (June 30, 1815); Dr. Miles Goodyear, in 
the fall of 1S17; Jethro 
Bonney, in 1S16; Nelson 
Spencer, who in i82oerect- 
ed apaper mill at the junc- 
tion of the east and west 
branches of the Tioughni- 
oga; Asahel Lyman, who 
in I 81 6 erected the old 
Samson block, corner Main 
street and Grotcn avenue 
( see view, page 1 1 1 ); Sam- 
uel Hotchkiss, who settled 
here in 1S15, and who was 
deputy county clerk from 
i^^i5 to 1S23, and clerk in 
1S23-1835, inclusive, and 
again in i844-'47; Edward 
Allen, a blacksmith, in 
1817; Jndge Samuel Nel- 
son, in iSiS; William and 
Roswell Randall, in 1813; 
William Elder; who built 
the first tannery. The late 
Hamilton White's father, 
Hamilton White, after- 
wards a leading Syracuse 
banker, was the chief clerk 
for W.&R. Randall. Wil- 
liam JIallory settled here 
in 1815, and was sherifi^ in 
i8oo-'!o, county clerk in 
iSi5-'i9, and in 1823 was 
appointed judge of the 
court of common pleas. 
His business was that of a 



Vesta Lodge, No. 255, was instituted Dec. 15, 

1570, with the following officers: N. G., I. M. 
Seaman; V. G., H. M. Kent; Secretary, Gideon 
Wright; Treasurer, S. M. Benjamin; War., L. O. 
Hulse ; Con., A. Sager. After the institution the 
following were admitted to membership by card: 
R. Lambert, S. M. Benjamin, Oliver Hitchcock, 
G. S. Holden, M. Rowley; by initiation, Geo. G. 
Sperry, Chas. E. Gilbert, P. W. Chaffee, Delos 
Sanders, J. J. Taggart, J. W. Benjamin, L. Dexter, 
John D. Frederick and Chauucey Genung. Num- 
ber of members at date of institution 20, and of 
these Bro. Genung is the only one of the original 
members that has held continuous membership 
and is still in good standing in Vesta lodge. Bro. 
Genung has long been A. P. G. and for years past 
has served the lodge as its chaplain. On July 20, 

1571, their first rooms were dedicated in the Squires 
building, now owned by Wm. Martin, and on Nov. 
26, 1SS5, their present hall and rooms consisting 
of the whole of the third story of the Second Na- 
tional Bank building were dedicated to the prin- 
ciples of Odd Fellowship. The membership Jan. 

E. S. Champion ; I. G., W. F. Gardner ; O. G., 
Wm. Smith. Vesta lodge on December, 1899, liad 
a membership of 257. 

Elon Encampment, No. 59, was instituted July 
7, 1871, by the following staff : D. D. G. R., Wm. 
Powers; G. H. P., Richard Pollard; G.S.W.,Wm. 
Elma ; Gr. S., Wallace Kelley ; Gr. Treas., H. C. 
Mann ; G. J. W., John Livingston. The following 
were charter members : S. M. Benjamin, Chas. 
Gilbert, W. Eugene Powers, Gideon Wright, Delos 
Sanders, Horace M. Kent, Geo. G. Sperry. After 
this the following officers were elected and in- 
stalled : C. P., H. M. Kent; H. P., Geo. G. 
Sperry ; S. W., Gideon Wright ; Scribe, W. Eu- 
gene Powers; Treas. Chas. E. Gilbert ; J. W., 
Delos Sanders. The present officers were installed 
July 1st, bv D. D. G. P., E. E. Barnes, viz: C. P., 
E. DeWitt Rogers; H. P., E. N. Sherwood; S. 
W., Frank Dunbar; Scribe, .Abner McNett ; 
Treas., Willard H. Gilbert ; J. W., T. M. Marks ; 
Guide, L. A. Bloomer; ist W., E. E. Barnes ; 2nd 
W.,J. W. Petrie ; 3rd W., H. L. Hartwell ; 4th 

Photo by Butler. OFFICERS VESTA LODGE, I. O. O. F., NO. 2.5.5 (1899.) 

7. Myron Oothout, N. G. 3. A. G. Klotton, V. G. i:!. H. L. Hartwell. Recordins Secretary. 11. E. D. Rogers. Fi- 
nancial Secretary. 12. T. N. Leach. Treasurer. 5. Joseph McDargh, Warden. 15. E. E. Barnes, Conductor. It. Chaun- 
cev Genung, Cha'plain. 6. W. H. Gilbert, R. S. N. G. s. T. P. Button, L. S. N. G. 3. S. D. Dubois, R. S. V. G. 4. Bur- 
dell Hawks, L. S. V. G. 1. .J. D. Pierce, R. S. S. 9. E. S. Cliampion, L. S. S. 10. William M. Smith, O. G. 18. W. F. 
Gardner, I. G. 17. E. N. Sherwood, Degree Master. 10. C. P. Wadham, P. G. 

I. 1880, was 69, and on Jan. i, 1S90, 104. On Dec. 
16, 1895, the twenty-fifth anniversary of the lodge 
was held in the Opera House and lodge rooms 
with appropriate ceremonies, the grand officers of 
the state being present. The principal address of 
the day was made in the Opera House by Alfred 
A. Guthrie, G. M., who on the same occasion pre- 
sented to Bro. Genung, for the lodge, a veteran's 
jewel, the first ever presented to a member of this 
lodge. Since the institution, twolodges, McGraw 
No. 320, and John L. Lewis, No. 587, have been 
formed by members of Vesta lodge who with- 
drew for that purpose. The following officers 
were installed July ist, 1899, by D. D. G. M., L. A. 
Bloomer : N. G., Myron Oothoudt ; V. G., A. G. 
Klotten ; Sec, H. L. Hartwell ; F. Sec, E. De- 
Witt Rogers ; Treas., T. N. Leach ; Chap., C. Ge- 
nung ; War., J. E. McDargh ; Con., Irving Barnes ; 
R. S. N. G., W. H. Gilbert ; L. S. N. G., T. P. 
Button ; R. S. V. G., S. D. DuBois ; L. S. V. G., 
Burden Hawks ; R. S. S., J. D. Pierce ; L. S. S., 

W., J. E. McDargh ; ist G. T., Fred Tyler ; and 
G. T., W. F. Gardner ; I. S., Fred Pearson ; O. 
S., A. G. Klotten. The Encampment has always 
had the same prosperity and reverses as Vesta 
lodge, occupying the same hall and are, as they 
have always been, inseparable. 

The County Building, constructed of stone, 
with an ornamental front, was built in 1877. The 
county clerk's office occupies the first fioor, the 
county judge and surrogate the second, and the 
board of supervisors' rooms are on the third floor. 
The walls are supported by iron beams and it is as 
nearly fire proof as possible, the floors being of 
tile. I. G. Perry of Binghamton is the architect. 
The building committee of the board of super- 
visors reported favorably on plans and cost Nov. 
28, 1S76. The board of supervisors entered into 
contract for the work with Louis G. Viele, and the 
price was to be |li5,ooo. This was subsequently 
increased to Ji6,ooo, but the total cost was|i8,575. 
A thousand dollars was paid for the site. 



John L. Lewis Lodge, No. 587, 1. O. O. F., was 

instituted Sept 11, 1S90, by Grand Master Spooner, 
assisted by (trand Secretary TerwilHger, Grand 
Treasurer Rowland and District Deputy trrand Mas- 
ter E. E. Warfield of Homer. The following were 
charter members: Isaac M. Seaman (deceased), 

A. B. Filzinger, C. \. Lounsberry (deceased), 
L. T. White, George D. Griffith, Fred Fenner, P. 
G., William H. Moore, P. G., George I. Prudeu, 

B. D. Sliirlev. S. Knickerbocker, H. L. Gleason, 

C. H. Drake,' A. G. Bosworth, Charles S. Bull, C. 
Fred Williams, S. de Puy Freer, W. P. Robinson, 
Wilbur Maltby, A. J. Breunig, F. A. Bickford, E. 
E. Spalding, John C. Seamans, George W. Cleve- 
land, Jas. E. Seager, M. L. Pope, Harrj- Wheaton, 
E. Jay Hopkins and A. C. Upson. Fort)--two new 
members were initiated that night and the follow- 
ing officers were installed: N. G., W. P. Robinson; 
V. G., C. H. Drake; Rec. vSec, A. C. Upson; Fin. 

Treasurer, A. G. Bosworth; Warden, W. G. Spen- 
cer; Cond., George M. Champlin; O. G., C. R. 
Doolittle; I. G.. Lewis Swift; R. S. N. G., F. M. 
Ingersoll; L. S. N. G., G. H. Ames; R. S. V. G., 
Clarence French; L. S. V. G., Benjamin Hamilton; 
R. vS. S., J. J. Krebs; L. S. S., Charles Leonard; 
Chaplain, E. E. Spalding; P. G., T. N. Hollister. 
The following are Past Grands in the order of ser- 
vice: W. P. Robinson, C. H. Drake, A. G. Bos- 
worth, A. J. Coles, G. E. Ingraham, George Van- 
dusen, L. I'.. Blackmer. J. G. Bridenbecker, J. E. 
Bliss, W. D. Shirley, F. M. ingersoll. Charles H. 
Miller, F. H. Morse, R. E. Caldwell, C. R. Allen, 
James R. Brown, L. Scott Gale, T. N. Hollister. 
The meetings of the lodge are held every Tues- 
day evening at the lodge rooms in the Schermer- 
horn block, where they have very convenient quar- 
ters fitted up, consisting of lodge hall, parlor, din- 
ing room and kitchen, together with the usual 

Photo by Butler. OFFICERS OF JOHN L. LEWIS, I. O. O. F., No. 587 (18!«). 

1. Clarence French. -*. N. P. Meager. 3. Ben.iamin Hamilton. 4. Louis .Swift. .5. .Tolm Kreljs. H. Franlj JI. Inger- 
soll. 7. Fred J. Bierce. 8. George H. Ames. S. Charles Leonard. 10. C. R. Doolittle. 11. T. N. Hollister. 13. Walter 
D. Shirley. 13. A. G. Bosworth. 14. C. H. Miller. 1.5. E. E. Spalding. Hi. W. G. Spencer. 17. G. M. ChampUn. 

Sec, George W. Cleveland; Treasurer, S. Knick- 
erbocker; Chaplain, Dr. Jerome Angell (deceased); 
Warden, H. C. Beebe; Cond., F. H. Cobb; O. G., 
J. G. Jarvis; I. G., O. K. George; R. S. N. G., 
Fred Fenner; L. S. N. G., Elmer Williams; R. S. 
V. G., E. E. Spalding; L. S. V. G., G. E. Ingra- 
ham. This lodge being organized, as it was, by a 
hustling body of men, soon took rank as one of 
the foremost organizations of the order in this 
jurisdiction. Its degree teams were early fitted 
out with the best paraphernalia that could be had, 
and they took pride in doing their work accord- 
ing to the highest standards. Thelodge now num- 
bers among its members many of Cortland's fore- 
most business and professional men and is in a 
flourishing condition , both financially and socially. 
The present membership is 147. The present offi- 
cers are: N. G., F. J. Bierce; V.G., N. P. Meager; 
Rec. Sec, C. H. Miller; Fin. .Sec, W. D. Shirley; 

paraphernalia and ante-rooms. This lodge has 
three times been smoked out by fires from other 
parts of the block, but has each time emerged 
from the ordeal with a little better quarters than 
before. Time has dealt very gently with this or- 
ganization, the grim destroyer having entered its 
portals but seven times during its existence. The 
higher branches of the Order connected with this 
lodge are the Cortland Encampment, No. 127, Can- 
ton Cortland, No. 27, and Bright Light Rebekah 
Lodge, No. 121. 

Cortland Encampment, No. 127, 1. O. O. F., was 

organized by the appointment of a committee by 
Canton Cortland March 12, 1S91, to enroll mem- 
bers. Its charter had been granted by the Grand 
Lodge at Ithaca, Feb. 24, 1891, and it was insti- 
tuted March 30, 1891, by Grand Patriarch John A. 
Bennett. The charter members were: A. G. Bos- 



worth, G. I. Pruden, C. A. Lounsberry, E. M. Pud- 
ney, F. A. Bickford, C. H. Drake, B. D. Shirley, 
W. P. Robinson, Wilbur Maltby (deceased), A. 
C. Upson, G. D. Griffiths, E. J. Hopkins, A. J. 
Breunig, S. Knickerbocker, H. L. Gleason and A. 
B. Filzinger. Its first officers were: C. P., C. H. 
Drake; H. P., C. A. Lounsberry; S. W., W. P. Rob- 
inson; Rec. Scribe, F. A. Bickford; Fin. Scribe, 
B. D. Shirlev; Treasurer, G. I. Pruden; J. W., A. 
G. Bosworth; I. S., A. J. Breunig; O. S., A. B. Fil- 
zinger; Guide, H. L. Gleason; First Watch. Wil- 
bur Maltbv (deceased ) ; Second Watch, E. f;. Spald- 
ing; Third Watch, R. E. Caldwell; Fourth Watch, 
E. M. Pudney. Its present officers are: C. P., F'. 
M. IngersoU; H. P., L. Scott Gale; S. W., J R. 
Brown; Scribe, P. W. Chaffee; Fin. Scribe, G. H. 
Ames; Treas., N. P. Meager; Guide, W. D. Shir- 
lev: J. W., W. G. Spencer; O. S , A. L. Kinnev; 
I.'S., John Hull; First Watch, A. G. Bosworth; 
Second Watch, E. E Spalding; Third Watch, J. J. 
Krebs; Fourth Watch, J. R. Bosworth; First Guard 
of the Tent, B. S. Brink; Second Guard of the 
Tent, George D. Griffiths. Its Past Chief Patri- 
archsin theorderof their service are: C. H. Drake, 

for the last year, 1899: Noble Grand, Mrs. Carrie 
Bosworth ; Vice Grand, Mrs. Mable Shirley ; Sec- 
retary, Mrs. Carrie A. Meager ; Treasurer, Mrs. 
Anna Pudney ; Financial Secretary, Mrs. Ella 
French ; Warden, Mrs. Carrie Loomis ; Con- 
ductor, Miss Rose Leonard ; Outside Guard, Frank 
IngersoU ; Inside Guard, Frankie Brown ; R. S. 
of N. G., Mrs. Mercv Hamilton ; L. S. of N. G., 
Mrs. Lavina Seaman ; R. S. of V. G., Mrs. Clo- 
tilda Borden ; L. S. of V. G., Mrs. Etta Brown ; 
Right Altar Support, Mrs. Lucella Leonard ; Left 
Altar Support, Mrs. Clara Coram ; Chaplain, Mrs. 
Theresa Clark. 

Canton Cortland, P. M., No. 27, I. O. O. F., 

was instituted at Vesta Lodge rooms, Sept. 15, 18S7; 
it was mustered into service Dec. i, 18S7, by Brig. 
Gen. James O. Woodard, Commander, Dept. N. 
Y. Its charter members were: M. S. Bierce, G. 
I. Pruden, E. H. Stockwell, C. F. Williams, S.N. 
Gooding, B. D. Shirley, S. dePuy Freer, L. T. 
White, A. B.Nelson, F. A. Bickford, G. E. Ryder, 
G. W. Lansing, C. H. Roetliig, D. F. Waters, A. 

1. Mrs. Lola Leonard. 3. Mrs. CloHMa Borden. :!. Mrs. Floyd Griftiths. 4. Mrs. William Brown. '1. Mrs. Annie 
Pudney. 6. Jlrs. Theresa Clar-k. 7. ^Irs. X. B. Meager. 8. Airs. Garrie Loomis. it. Mis'* Rose Leonard. 10. jNlrs. 
Clara O'oram. 11. Mrs. Ella French. 12. Mrs. Benjamin Hamilton. 13. Mrs. Edna Swift. U. Mrs. B. H. Bosworth. 
1.5. Mr.<. Mable Shirley. 16. Mrs. John C. Seamans. 17. Frank M. IngersoU. 18. Mrs. Etta Brown. 

G. Bosworth, Edwin V. Baker, W. P. Robinson, 
Geo. Pitt, A. B. Filzinger. Its first officers were 
Com., M. S. Bierce; Lieut., G. I. Pruden ; Ensign, 
E. H. Stockwell ; clerk, C. F. Williams ; Acc't., 
A. B. Nelson. It started with eighteen swords and 
now numbers forty-four. Its past captains, in the 
order of service have been : M. S. Bierce, G. I. 
Pruden (two terms) C. H. Drake, A. G. Bosworth, 
E. J. Hopkins, E. M. Pudnev, G. E. Ingraham, 
D. E. Stanford, R. E. Caldwell, Geo. D. Griffiths. 
Its present officers are : Commander, W. D. Shir- 
ley; lieutenant, J. C. Seamans; ensign, B. H. 
Bosworth ; clerk, G. H. Ames; accountant, D. E. 
Stanford ; standard bearer, A. W. McNett ; sen- 
tinel, F. M. IngersoU ; picket, W. G. Spencer. 
Among the more notable of its pilgrimages have 
been those to Detroit, Boston, Philadelphia and 
Buffalo. Among its members to receive honors 
outside of its doors have been A. G. Bosworth, 
who is now lieutenant colonel of the Fourth Regi- 
ment of this department ; L. T. White, who was 
appointed to a position upon the stafT of Col. W. 
H. Mosher, of the Second Battalliou of the 
Fourth Regiment; W. W. Rainey, chaplain of the 
Fourth Regiment; R. E. Caldwell adjutant of the 

W. P. Robinson, C. A. Lounsberry (deceased), F. 
H, Weyant, G. I. Pruden, E. J. Hopkins, Burt 
Card, A. G. Bosworth, D.E.Stanford, L. E.Black- 
mer, R. E. Caldwell, W. D. Shirley, F. H. Morse, 
E. M. Santee (two terms), Duke Borthwick. The 
Encampment meets every first and third Thurs- 
day in the month at John L. Lewis Lodge rooms, 
in the Schermerhorn block. Its paraphernalia is 
said to be the second finest in the State, and its 
degree teams are second to none. 

Bright Light, Rebekah Lodge, No. 121, 1. O. O. 
F., was instituted Oct. 3, 1S90, by Grand Master 
Spooner with the following officers in the chairs : 
Noble Grand, Mrs. Florence Cobb ; Vice Grand, 
Mrs. Eva Watkins; Recording Secretary, Mrs. Ida 
H. Ingraham ; Financial Secretary, Mrs'. Mary C. 
Beebe ; Treasurer; Mrs. S. Edith Geer ; Warden, 
Mrs. Filzinger; Conductor, Mrs. Green ; Outside 
Guard, Mrs. Caldwell ; Inside Cruard, Miss Anna 
Blackmer; R. S. of N. G., Mrs. W. P. Robinson ; 
L. S. of N. G., Mrs. W. J. Perkins ; R. S. of V. 
G., Mrs. E. Williams ; L. S. of N. G., Mrs. E. J. 
Hopkins ; Right Altar Support, Mrs. J. E. Briggs ; 
Left Altar Support, Mrs. R. Beard. The officers 



First Battalliou of the Fourth Regiment, upon 
the staff of Maj. King of Norwich. The Fourth 
Regiment consists of Cantons located at Bing- 
hamton, Elmira, Hornellsville, Cortland, One- 
onta, Norwich, Bath, Corning and Clyde. The 
meetings of Canton Cortland arc held each second 
and fourth Thursday of the month in John L. 
Lewis Lodge rooms in the Schermerhorn block. 
John L. Lewis Lodge and her sister branches have 
many members whom they delight to honor, but 
the space allotted to this article is too small to 
allow mention of the merits of each; it is, how- 
ever, no disparagement of the others, but rather 
a credit to the entire luc-nibership, to make special 
mention of the services of Lieut, Col. A. G. Bos- 
worth, who has passed the chairs of all branches 
of the order, has taken the degrees of all of the 
Grand bodies except the degree of Chivalry, to 
which he is entitled and which he will receive in 
the near future. No meeting of any branch to 

James Dodd, Frank Dowd, R. C. Duell, T. Gar- 
rity, A. Gutchess, John Grant, Geo. H. Gleason, 
William T. Galvan, A. Goddard, C. Hike, J. A. 
Harriott, T. Hayes, D. Kernan, A, G. Klotton, T. 
Kernan, James R. Kelle)-, M. J. Kane, T. Kane, 
C. S. Knowles, P. Linskey, R. B. Linderman, H. 
Morgan, M. Wathewson, J. Mellon, D. Mahoney, 
J. Mead, F. Murrin,J. McCarthy, T. Noonan, Chas. 
R. O'Leary, J. Powers, George Peters, D. Preston, 
F. Parks, P. Guinn, M. Roach, D. Roach, Fred 
Ritter, James T. Summers, J. Stoddart, J. Sweeney, 
A. Scudamore, Fred Todd, Tom Murray. Mem- 
bers in good standing at present writing are 129. 
There has been paid out for relief of sick mem- 
bers since its organization ^94.59; valued prop- 
erty of Tribe, ^439.80; amount in bank, I469 30. 
The following chiefs were raised to their stumps 
on first Sun of Buck Moon (or July istl: Sa- 
chem, Jesse Van Denburg; .Senior Sagamore. M. 
McMahon; Junior Sagamore, F. Donegan; Chief 

Plioto by Butler. OFFICERS OF PECOS TRIBE I. O. R, M., NO. &i7. 

I. Artiiui- (xutohess, (4. F. 2. Frank Donegan, J. S, 3. Martin McJIahon.S.S. 4. Ernest Summers. G. W. .">, Wil- 
liam Galvan. 2d W. li. F. .J. Burns. 1st W. T. Thomas Kane. 1st Sannap. 8. Jesse Vandenliury. Sachem. '.1, Thomas 
Kernan. 2<1 S. 10. Paul Dre.\ler, 3d W. 11. William Aldrich, 2d B. 12, James Kelly. C. of W. i:i. James Summers, P. 
S, and C, of R. U. A. D. Wallace. P. D. G, S. 15, Henry Corcoran, P. D. G. S. IK. John T. Powers. Si B. 17. Charles 
Knowles, 4th B. IK. Timothy McMahon, M. M. 19. Charles Wiegand, 1st B. 20. A. S. Brown, Trustee. 21. .lohn 
Van luwagen, P. 22. A. J, Klotton, IM. .M. 23. Vern Allen, 4th W. 

which he belonged has ever found him absent 
while in town and physically able to attend. 
Always in the forefront of every movement for 
the upbuilding of his lodge, may he live long to 
enjoy the fruits of his labors and be a credit to the 
order which has been and is so dear to his heart. 

Pecos Tribe 357, Improved Order of Red Men, 
was instituted on the Sth Sun of Plant Moon, 
Great Sun Discovery, 406, Common Era, Sth day of 
April, 1S97, with seventy charter members, to wit: 
D. Warden, J. Van Inwagen, P. Welch, M. Welch, 
A. D. Wallace, J. Wiegand, M. E. Sarvay, John 
Andrews, R, Butler, A. Breunig, A. S. Browu, 
Thomas Butler. William Crapser, J. Burns, Duke 
Borthwick, Hugh Corcoran, Henry Corcoran, Jerr}' 
Conway, R. R. Crab, J. F. Dowd, Dan. Dwyer, 

of Records, James T. Summers; Collector of Wam- 
pum, James Kelly ; Keeper of Wampum, M. E. 
Sarvay ; Prophet, John Van Inwagen ; Guard of 
Wigwam, E. W. Summers ; Guard of Forest, A. 
Gutchess; First Sannap, Thomas- Kane; Second 
Sannap, A. Breunig; Trustees, James T. Sum- 
mers, C. R. O'Leary, E. W. Summers. 

The Mission Bands, Presbyterian church, are 
all in a nourishing condition. They are made up 
of four organizations: The Young Ladies' Mis- 
sion and the Sunbeam bands among the girls and 
the Senior and the Junior Coral bands among 
the boys, representing about one hundred young 
people. They meet re,gularly for mission study 
and work, anil add considerable to the missionary 
funds of the church. 


North Church Street. Maple Avenue. 

Elm Street. 



Dauiel Heilly. 


Photos by Harris. 

Daniel Reilly has been engaged iu the meat 
business for twent3'-seven years having begun as 
an apprentice with Crane & Arnold of Homer in 
1873, being at that time but thirteen years of 
age. A year later he came to Cortland and for 
five years worked for Henry Snyder, afterwards 
being employed by Brown, Rood & Co. and G. W. 
Lansing & Co. In August, 1SS6, he formed a co- 
partnership with John Felkel and the firm of 
Reilly & Felkel opened a market on Railroad 
street, the first place of business located on that 
thoroughfare. The business is still conducted at 
the same place by Mr. Reilly, Mr. Felkel having 
retired in April, iSgo, and the former is the only 
man in Cortland then engaged iu the business 
who has conducted it continuously since then and 
who may be called the pioneer in the trade. He 
is a practical meat dresser and an extensive local 

dealer in pork as well as a manufacturer of table 
supplies accessory to the business. Mr. Reilly 1 
was born in Homer, Sept. 17, i860. On Feb. 11, 
1885, he married Lenora Ready of Cortland. He 
is a member of the Emerald Hose Co. R. E. i 
Reilly, the head of the firm of R. E. Reilly & I 
Co., whose market is at No. 6 North Main street, 
learned the business while working for Reilh- & 
Felkel on Railroad street, where he was employed ] 
from 18S7 until 1892. The following three years I 
he worked for Felkel on Clinton avenue, and on , 
April 13, 1896, together with his brother Daniel, 1 
formed the present firm and opened the market ! 
which had been conducted by different parties for 
several years without success. Since then the 
business has been conducted in a successful man- 
ner and been made to pay. Mr. Reilly was born 
in Homer. Oct. 29, 1S73. 

R. E. Reilly. 


l*hotc)s l)v Harris. 


Village Presidents and Clerics. — Cortland was 
incorporated Nov. 5, 1853. Those who have 
served as presidents and clerks to the present 
time (Jan., 1900) are as follows, the name of the 
president being given iirst in each instance: 1S53 
-1S56, Joseph Reynolds, Charles Foster; 1S57, A. 
S. Higgins. Charles Foster ; 1S58, A, S. Higgins, 
H. Crandall ; lS59-'6o, Thomas Keator, H. A. 
Randall; 1861, Thomas Keator, Charles Foster; 
1862, Allen B. Smith, Wm. R Stone ; 1S63, Henry 
Brewer, H. L. Collins; 1864, John T. Barnes, B. 

B. Andrews ; 1S65, Charles Foster, B. B. Andrews; 
1866, Charles Foster, H. A. Randall ; 1867, Charles 
Foster, I. H. Palmer ; lS6S-'9, Charles Foster, H. 
A. Randall ; 1S70, H. Crandall, H. A Randall ; 
1871, J. S. Barber, I. M. Seaman; 1.S72, W. H. 
Crane, B. A. Benedict ; 1873, W. D. Tisdale, Dorr 

C. Smith ; 1874, J. C. Carmichael. Dorr C. Smith ; 
1875, James M. Smith, Dorr C. Smith ; 1876, J. C. 
Carmichael, John C. Putnam ; 1877 '8. J. S. Bar- 
ber, E. S. More; 1879, R- R Smith, K S. More; 

is a side degree composed of members having 
attained the chief degree of the Improved O. R. 
M. and their motto is "Fun and Good Fellow- 
ship," as the following Haymakers' Terminology, 
will show : Hayloft — meeting place; Barnyard — 
reception room; Field — open space; Tramps — red 
men; Council — meeting; Hitching Post, Stall and 
Bin — positions occupied b}' officers; Trough — 
water receptacle; spring — liquid refreshments; 
Fodder — eatables; Bale of Hay — candidate; Bun- 
dle — dollar; Straw — cent; Mow — treasury; Re- 
galia — strawhat; Pitchfork, Rake, Flail, Scythe — 
haymakers' implements; Overalls and Linen 
Dusters — full dress costumes; Weed — cigar; 
Grass — chewing tobacco; Rake Tooth — cigarette; 
Smoke House— pipe; Police — call forfine; Guilty — 
come up ; Good Condition — good standing; Bad 
Condition — bad standing. The following are the 
officers: Chief havmaker, Thomas Kernan; vice 
chief haymaker. Wm. Spencer; overseer, E. W. 
Summers; guard of hayloft, Charles Kane; guard 

Photo by Builer. 


•Stand. Ind. Ed," 

1S80, L. J. Fitzgerald, E. S. More ; i88i-'2, I. H. 
Palmer, J. Hubbard ; 18S3, A. Mahan, J. Hubbard, 
(F. Hatch to fill vacancy caused bv death of Hub- 
bard); 1S84, D. E. Smith, F. Hatch; 1SS5. Hugh 
Duffev, F. Hatch ; 18S6. Gershom W. Bradford, 
F. Hatch ; 1S87, Harrison Wells, F. Hatch ; 1888, 
Frank H. Cobb, F. Hatch ; 18S9. Irving H. Pal- 
mer, F. Hatch ; 1890. Daniel E. Smith, F. Hatch; 
1891, Calvin P. Walrad, F. Hatch; 1S92, Charles 
H. Price, F. Hatch ; 1S9-,, Calvin P. Walrad, F. 
Hatch ; 1894, Wayland D. Tisdale. F. Hatch ; 
1895, Francis W. Higgins, F. Hatch ; 1896, Henry 
F. Benton, F. Hatch; 1897, Duane E Call, F. 
Hatch ; 1S98, Arthur F. Stilson, W. C. Crombie ; 
1899, Samuel X. Holden, F. Hatch. 

Victor Hayloft, 357 I-2, Hay Makers Associa- 
tion of New York, was instituted on September 
27, 1897, with twenty tramps. The Hay Makers 

of barn door, Frank Donegan; horn blower, Mar- 
tin McMahon; boss driver, Vernon Allen; col- 
lector of straws, Paul Drexler; keeper of bundles, 
M. E. Sarvay; past chief haymakers, Charles 
Eddy, John Powers, Jerrj- McCarthy, Jas. T. Sum- 
mers, John Mellon, Chas. R. O'Leary, George 
H. Gleason; representative to state haymakers' 
convention held at Matteawan the last week in 
March, 1900. Jas. T. Summers. 

The Earliest Landlords in Cortland village 
were Danforth Jlerrick, whose tavern stood on 
the present site of the Cortland House, Joshua 
Ballard, whose hotel was on what is now the 
northwest corner of Main and Court streets, 
where the National Bank stands, Nathan Luce, 
where the Messenger House now stands and 
Samuel Ingles, who kept hotel on what is now the 
site of Sager & Jennings' drug store. 



The H. n. Whitney Wagon Co. was or- 
ganized in Homer, N. Y., Dec. 2, 18S2, under 
the name of The Homer Wagon Co., Lim- 
ited, the first president being Geo. W. Phil- 
lips, A. W. Hobart being the secretary and 
treasurer. In the fall of 1SS7 the business 
was removed to Cortland, locating in the old 
shops on Railroad street, now the site of the 
Central school. The following fall ground 
was broken on Court street where, during 
that 3'ear, the large shops since occupied by 
the plant were constructed. In Decendjer, 
iSSS, the new factory was running; these 
large buildings having been constructed in 
the incredibly short space of three months. 
The main building, occupying three sides of 
asquare and built entirely of brick, is three 
stories high, and is surmounted b}' three tow- 
ers — the elevator and water towers. It is 
five hundred feet long and is equipped with 
automatic sprinklers as a protection against 
fire; and electric fire alarms, time clock and 
electric watchman's clock. The buildings 
occupy two acres of ground and have a ca- 
pacity for turning out five thousand jobs a 
year. When running on full time one hun- 
dred men are employed in the works. The 
power is supplied by two forty horse-power 
boilers. The warerooms are especially ad- 
vantageous, as one hundred complete jobs on 
wheels can be shown. The factory is the out- 
growth of years of experience in carriage build- 
ing and it is fitted with all the latest and most 
improved machinery for doing first-class work. 
A switch track connecting with the D. L. & W. 
railroad runs into the premises so that work may 
be loaded for shipment. The cost of the build- 
ings was sixty-five thousand dollars. In 1887 H. 
M. Whitney succeeded Mr. Phillips as president 
of the company and on January 4, 1892, the name 
of the company was changed to The H. M. Whit- 
ney Co., at which time E. S. Burrowes became 
the secretary and treasurer, in which position he 
has since continued and taken an active part in 
the affairs of the company. On November 3, 
1897, the name was changed to The H. M. Whit- 
ney Wagon Co. The present officers of the com- 

Hyatt, Photos. H. M. WHITNEY. E. S. BURROWES. 

pany are H. M. W'hitney, president, and Edwin 
S. Burrowes, secretary and treasurer. Henry 
Morton Whitney was born in Moravia, N. Y., 
May 16. 1851, being one of a family of twelve 
children. He was the second son of William H. 
Whitnej' and Melissa Rogers Whitney and is one 
of the descendants of Henry Whitney, the founder 
of the Whitney family in America, who settled 
at Southold, L. 1.. in 1649. On leaving school he 
selected the law as a profession, but had only pur- 
sued his studies a few months along this line 
when his father died leaving him the only sup- 
port of a widowed mother and several small chil- 
dren. He decided to learn a trade and with this 
end in view he moved to TuUy, N. Y. , and en- 
tered the employ of S. W. Cately, who was then 
the pioneer in carriage building in a large way 




in this state. After remaining with Mr. Cately 
for about three years, he abandoned the carriage 
business and in 1871 moved to Syracuse, N. Y., 
and for several years was manager for The Elias 
Howe Sewing Machine company at Oswego and 
Auburn, N. Y.; going south in the fall of 1S75 to 
take charge of the Singer Manufacturing Co. 's 
business at Parkersburg, W. Va., and Marietta, 
Ohio. In 18S1 he located in Homer, N. Y., and 
during a part of that year traveled on the road as 
a carriage salesman ; in the fall of 1882 he organ- 

ried to Anna M. Barron of Cortland, N. Y. His 

father, William Henry Whitney, was born in 
Middlesex, now Darien, Conn., June 29, 1798, 
and died at Moravia, N. Y., February 15, 1868. 
His mother, who was Melissa Rogers Whitney, 
was born at Sempronius, N. Y,, October 4, 1824, 
and died at Homer, N. Y., August 4, 1S87. Ed- 
win S. Burrowes was born on the 15th day of 
August, 1857, at the summer home of his father, 
Edwin A. Burrowes, on the banks of the St. Law- 
rence river near Gananoque, Ont. He passed his 

Photos by Hyatt. 


The Repository. 

The Office. 


President's OfBce. 

ized the Homer Wagon Company, Limited, which 
name was afterward changed to The H. M. Whit- 
ney Wagon Company. Throughout the whole 
history of this company Mr. Whitney has been 
the central figure in its management and is the 
one for whom the company was named. He was 
its projector and superintendent at the outset and, 
upon the retirement of Mr. Phillips in 1S87, he 
was elected president, which position he has held 
and has been throughout practically the sole 
manager. On September 18, 1877, he was mar- 

earlier years in Clayton, where he attended 
school and was employed in the office of the 
Clayton Rafting Co. In 1875 he was graduated 
at Meade's Commercial college in Syracuse, N. 
Y., and in 1877 he went to ,^New York, where he 
entered the office of the Engineering and Mining 
Journal. Subsequently he became connected 
with the printing and lithographing business of 
Edwin Hoytand afterwards with Hoyt & Crane. 
From 1S81 to 1S84 Mr. Burrowes followed the sea, 
sailing on many voyages between New York, 



Central America and South American ports. In 
1884 he settled at St. Louis, Mo., with Linberg & 
Garland in the real estate and mining business 
and in 1SSS-1S89 he had charge of the opening 
and developing of the American Mining Com- 
pany's properties in Saline County, Arkansas. In 
1S89 he married Etta Gregg Whitney, sister of 
Henry M. Whitney of Cortland, New York, and 
the following year on Mr. Whitney's invitation 
came east and became identified with the busi- 
ness of The H. M. Whitney Wagon Co., of which 
he is now secretary and treasurer. 


tember, 1863; Rev 

Photo by Butler. 

The Presbyterian Church. — The first steps to- 
ward the organization of the Presbyterian church 
of Cortland were taken on Nov. 25, 1824, when a 
meeting was held at the court house in Cortland, 
at which Daniel Budlong was chairman and David 
Joline was clerk, and at which a committee was 
appointed to report a constitution and by-laws for 
the projected enterprise. On Dec. 2, 1824, a .sec- 
ond meeting was lield at the same place, at which 
the society was formally organized under the name 
of "The Presbyterian Church and Society of Cort- 
land Village." At this time six trustees were 
elected, as follows: William Elder, William Ran- 

dall, Prosper Cravath, Salmon Jewett, Moses 
Kinne and Lemuel Dada. This was but the society. 
The church was organized on April 16, 1825, with 
six members, as follows: David Joline and his wife 
Lucetta, John A. Freer and his wife Rachael, Eliza 
Dudley and Persis Avery. The first elders of the 
church were Lemuel Dada, David Joline and tiard- 
ner K. Clark. In April, 1826, steps were taken 
toward the building of a church edifice, and the 
trustees were appointed a building committee. A 
lot was secured from Jonathan Hubbard on the 
present site of the church, and pledges were made 
amounting to a little over 
;f3,ooo, payable one-third in 
cash and the remainder in 
stock and grain. Thebuilder 
was Simeon Rouse. The 
church was dedicated Jan. i, 
1828, and continued as the 
place of worship for the .so- 
ciety, though twice repaired 
and enlarged, till June 2, 
1SS9, when the last service 
washeld. The following day 
the work of tearing it down 
began preparatory to the 
erection of the present ver}- 
handsome and commodious 
edifice of stone, which was 
constructed at a cost of about 
$48,000, and which was dedi- 
cated May 28, 1890. The 
auditorium has a seating ca- 
pacity of 1,000, and the Sun- 
day-school room in the rear 
of about 450. The member- 
ship of the church at its last 
annual meeting (April 6, 
1S99) was 624, and of the 
.Sunday-school 630. So rap- 
idly is the Sunday-school 
growing that an architect is 
now preparing plans for an 
addition to the Sunday- 
school room to be made next 
summer, which will add to 
its seating capacity about 
one-third. The entire list of 
pastors of the church, with 
their terms of service, is as 
fnllows: Rev. William Ba- 
ton, May, 1825 — May, 1827; 
Rev. Luke Lyons, October, 
1S27 — ^June, 1831; Rev. Na- 
thaniel E. Johnson, Novem- 
ber, 1S32 — November, 1834; 
Rev. John A. Foot, June, 
1835 — March, 1837; Rev. Pe- 
ter Lockwood, October, 1837 
— July, 1842; Rev. Hercules 
Dunham, September, 1S42 — 
, 1856; Rev. Ova H. Sey- 
mour, January, 1858 — Sep- 
Irving L. Beman, October, 
1863 — May, 1866; Rev. Samuel F. Bacon, October, 
1866— October, 186S; Rev. SamuelH. Howe, D. D., 
October, 1869 — September, 1872; Rev. Thomas 
Street, D. D., June, 1873— October, 1878; Rev. Al- 
fred J. Hutton, D. D., February, 1879— July, 1881; 
Rev. James L. Robertson, D. D., November, 1S82 — 
October, 1S96; Rev. John Timothy Stone, Novem- 
ber, 1896. The present officers of the church are: 
Ruling elders, Lewis Bouton, Alonzo D. Blodgett, 
Henry F.Benton, Seymour M.Ballard, Marcus H. 
McGraw; Adolphus F. Tanner, Alfred Greene and 
Benjamin L. \Vebb; deacons, Henry C. Lovell, 



Charles W. Collins. Arthur B. Nelson and Henry 
B. Greenman. Trustees — David F. Wallace, presi- 
dent; F. D. Smith, secretary; William S. Cope- 
land, treasurer; Calvin P. Walrad, Chester F. Wick- 
wire and Theodore H. Wickwire. 

The Earliest Industries — Cortland lays claim 
to the tirst practical nail making machinery put 
into operation. About 1S15 William Sherman 
equipped the rear part of a saw mill standing on 
the road between Cortland and Homer with ma- 
chinery which was self-feeding and from the iron 
that went through cut the nails into the required 
shape and length and turned them out headed 
and with the letter S stamped in the head. The 
sawmill was owned and operated by McClure 
and both establishments used the same water 
power. In 1S24 Martin Merrick supplanted the 
nail industr}- with wool carding and cloth dress- 
ing machinery which he carried on until 1S33 
when it passed into the hands of Horace Dibble 
who conducted the industry until comparatively 
recent years. The build- 
ings or part of them now 
occupied by C ooper Bros, 
were erected in 1S23 by 
Nelson Spencer for a paper 
mill, only coarse wrapping 
paper being made. In 1S32 
or '33 Speed & Sinclair 
took the property, which 
had been laying idle some 
time, and made fine paper, 
and in 1S47 Daniel Bradford 
assumed control, the busi- 
ness having for a time been 
conducted by the employes 
on the co-operative basis. 
In iS64theold place passed 
into the hands of Francis 
Sears, John B. Cottrell and 
Stephen D. Freer, who 
converted it into a flax seed 
oil mill. The firm dis- 
solved in 1S66, and in 1S71 
Mr. Freer gave up the busi- 
ness. The mills then lay 
idle until occupied by 
Cooper Bros. In the sev- 
enties violins were manu- 
factured in Cortland bv 
Lewis Hannum. Jonathan 
Hubbard built a grist mill 
near the banks of the river 

chusetts. When seven or eight years of age Mr, 
Stone's home was transferred to Albany, N. Y. 
He graduated from the Albany High school in 
18S7, and entered Amherst college the following 
fall, graduating from that institution in the class 
of 1 189 1, of which he was class orator. He was a 
member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. 
In the fall of the same year he became a stu- 
dent in Auburn Theological seminary, gradu- 
ating with the class of 1894. His first charge was 
in Utica, N. Y., as pastor of the Olivet Presby- 
terian church, settling there immediateh- upon 
graduation from Auburn. He accepted a call to 
the Presbyterian church in Cortland in the fall of 
1896, where he is now located. In the fall of 
1895 Mr. Stone was married to Miss Bessie Par- 
sons of Toronto, the youngest daughter of the 
Rev. Henry M. Parsons, D. D., pastor of the Knox 
Presbyterian church of that city. They have one 
child, Elizabeth Parsons, born October 13, 1898. 

in 1802 or '3, which passed 
into the possession of Horace White in 1824, after- 
wards Abram and then his son Ebenezer Mudge; 
next, Carr & Moses, and later Daniel Rose and 
finally Thomas F. Brayton. Sylvester Blair con- 
structed a small building near Otter creek in 
1829, which was used for the manufacture of pot- 
tery, the clay being brought in from New Jersey 
on flat boats. In 1834 Mason & Russell bought 
the business, which in 1S39 passed into the hands 
of Chollar & Darby. Ten years later they sold it 
to Madison Woodruff who in 185S built larger 
buildings on Groton-ave. and who continued the 
business with varying fortunes down to the 
eighties. In 1832 Daniel Larned established 
works for the manufacture of agricultural imple- 

Reverend John Timothy Stone, pastor of the 
Presbyterian church of Cortland, was born in the 
town of Stowe (Maynard) Mass., on September 
7. 1868. He is the son of Rev. Timothy Dwight 
Porter Stone, who spent a large portion of his life 
in the Congregational ministry in eastern Massa- 


List of Postmasters — (Add— See page 46)— On 
the 19th day of May, 1S14, the Cortlandville post 
office was established. Oliver Wiswell, a lawyer 
and a man of importance in the early history of 
this town was first postmaster. The mail which 
was small was brought from Syracuse once a day 
by a four-horse stage coach. Its arrival was an- 
nounced by the vigorous tooting of a horn from 
the upper end of Main street to the post office 
door. This was the only enlivening event of the 
day. .\ person was considered fortunate who re- 
ceived one letter a month and in order to get that 
had to pay as high as twenty-five cents for post- 
age. The people of Cortland since that time 
have been served b\' about 20 postmasters. They 
are as follows, giving dates of service so far as 
can be learned and location of post otfice: — 
Oliver Wisewell, 1814 ; Samuel Nelson, 1822-1S23; 
Charles Lyndes, 1823-1824; John Lyndes, 1824- 
1825; Roswell Randall, 1825-1830, (Eagle block); 

Canfield Marsh, 1S30 ; Richard Schouten, 

1841; Joel B. Hubbard, 1S41-1S41; Tercuis 



Eels, 1841-1842; Dauforth Merrick, 1842-1S42; 

Andrew Dickson, 1842 , (corner Main and 

Port Watson street); Hiram Crandall, 1S61, 

(rear of Randall block); Horace A. Jarvis, 1861- 
1878, (rear of the National bank, moved to Wal- 
lace building); James A. Nixon, 1S78-1886, (moved 
to Standard Ijuilding); James F. Maybury, 1886- 
1890; S. M. Ballard, 1S90-1894; B. B. Jones, 1894- 
1896; C. F. Thompson, 1896-1897; Virginia Jones, 
1897-1S99; Andrew S. Brown, 1899. The office now 

sions." The library was the outcome of a most 
earnest desire on the part of the pastor that his 
people should be furnished with the means for 
"intelligent interest" in missions. 

Ladies' HomeMissionand Church Aid Society 

was first organized in theearly history of the Presby- 
terian church as "The Ladies' Sewing Society," and 
was so called until September, 1878, when it was 
changed to its present name. Until recently the 
work has been carried on with money received 


Rev. J. T. Stone, Pres. Ch. Rev. O. A. Houghton. FirstM. E. Ch. 

Rev. W. J. Howell, First Bap. Ch. Rev. G. E. T. Stevenson, Mem. Bap. Ch. Rev. U. S. Millburn, Univer. Ch. 

Rev. Amos Watkins. Grace Epis. Ch. Rev. .1. J. JIcLoghlin, St. JIary's Cath. Ch. 

Rev. .1 C. B. Moycr, Homer Ave. M. E. Ch. Rev. O. M. Owens, Free Meth. Ch. Rev. W. H. Pound, Cong. Ch. 

sends to LTncle Sam's treasury, annually, |io,ooo 
net over and above all expenses. The weight of 
mails dispatched for 45 days beginning Oct. 3, 
ending Nov. 6, 1S99, 20,636 lbs. 15 oz. 

The Mission Library, Presbyterian church, was 
opened March 3, 1.S98, with 137 volumes, and 48 
have since been added by purchase and gift. It is 
dedicated to the memory of Miss Eliza Vennette 
Stephens, "who was deeply interested in mis- 

from entertainments and suppers. At present the 
money used is entirely from voluntary offerings, 
a part of which consists of monthly pledges. The 
meetings are held the third Friday in each month, 
except July and August. In November a Praise 
service isiheld at which time a special Thank offer- 
ing is given. In the fall boxes of clothing and 
other necessary articles are sent, one to a Home 
Missionary and one to the Freedmen. 

Rickard Street, iHyatt, Photo.) Argyle Place, (Harris, Photo.) Union Street. (Harris, Plioto.) 



Cortland Public Schools— The Cortland Union 
Free school, District No. i, was organized by the 
passage of a special act of the Legislature in 1880. 
This district was made up from districts lying 
within the corporate limits of the village of Cort- 
land. Prior to this time the public schools of 
Cortlaud were a part of the commou school dis- 
trict system of the town. The first school build- 
ing erected within the limits of the village of 
Cortland stood on the site afterwards occupied 
by the old Eagle hotel, now known as the Mes- 
senger House corner. We find the records of a 
frame school building on Port Watson street and of 
a frame and of a cobblestone school Ijuilding on 
Church street. The cobblestone building was 
erected in 1845 and we think it is the oldest of 
these buildings judging from the deeds on record 
in the County Clerk's office. It was also aban- 
doned last of the oldschool buildings as itwas only 
discontinued in 1892. During the first half of the 
century the schools which we term secondary 

ings of Cortland are now designated as the First 
Ward (Owego St.), Second Ward (Scbermerhorn 
St.), and Third Ward (Pomeroy St.) schools; and 
the Central school. The First, Second and Third 
Ward schools are two-story frame buildings, well 
lighted and heated and provided with single desks 
and slate blackboards. The First and Second 
Ward buildings have good systems of ventilation 
and modern improvements in the basement. They 
have well kept lawns, fences and walks. The 
First and Third Wards are four-roomed buildings. 
The Second Ward school has just been enlarged 
to a six-room building with a well-equipped kin- 
dergarten in the front room on the first floor. The 
building is heated by steam. The Central school 
building is a large brick structure with ten rooms. 
It is equipped with all the modern improvements, 
including the "Smead System" of heating and 
ventilation. In this building are located the 
grades, the academic department, the superin- 
tendent's office and the public school library. The 

THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, ltiOO.-[See Key with Sk. P. 98, 

schools were iu those days mostly private. Cort- 
land had her Female Seminary started in 1828 and 
located on the Wallace corner, at Main and Court 
streets. This institution for girls flourished for a 
number of years. She also had her boys' Poly- 
technic which in 1842 became the Cortlandville 
academy. This school flourished until 1S67. In 
1869 the academy was closed, the building removed 
and the lot conveyed to the state on condition 
that an academic department be maintained in 
the new State Normal school. In 1882 the Board 
of Education of Cortland began the erection of 
two new school buildings, the first of the build- 
ings now in use in the public schools, one located 
on Schermerhoru street and the other located on 
Owego street. These schools were opened in 
September of 18S3. In the spring of 1884 they 
began the erection of a third building on Pom- 
eroy street. This school was opened in Septem- 
ber, 18S4. In 1891 an appropriation was voted to 
build the Central school, which was located on 
Railroad street. This building was opened for 
school purposes in ■\pril, 1S93. The school build- 

district owns about ^500 worth of school appara- 
tus and has a library of 1362 volumes valued at 
#1,500. It has a supplementary reading library 
of 450 volumes. The school buildings, including 
the superintendent's office, are connected with 
the public telephone service. The first superin- 
tendent of the public schools of Cortland was 
Prof. Chas. S. Sanderson, elected in Nov., 18S3. 
He resigned his position in 18S6 and Col. Frank 
Place was elected to fill the vacancy. He resigned 
in 1893. Prof. C. V. Coon was elected to the po- 
sition and held it until July, 1896. lie was fol- 
lowed by the present superintendent, F. E. Smith. 
There are twenty-six teachers employed in the 
public schools. The teachers are all graduates of 
Normal or professional schools with from three to 
fifteen years of experience in teaching. Eighteen 
of our teachers receive |i2 per week and the rest 
of them |io and $11 per week. 

The Board of Education consists of nine mem- 
bers, each having the title "Commissioner." 
They hold monthly meetings to transact the busi- 
ness of the district. The condition of the pub- 

Photos by Harris. THE FACULTY OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. -[See Key with Sk. P. as. 



lie schools to-day speaks for their wise and liberal 
public policy. It is their aim to make the Cort- 
land public school as good and as progressive as 
anv system of schools to be found in the state. The 
names of the Board of Education and teachers of 
the public schools are as follows: 

Board of Education. 
Albertis A. Carley. President (i ) 
Charles F. Brown, (2) and 
N.Jay Peck, (3) term expires, 1900. 
Ferdinand D. vSmith, (4) 
Edward Keator, (5) and 
Wm. J. Greenman, (6) term expires, 1901. 
George ]• Mager, (-) 
Albert \V. Edgcomb, ( S) and 
Milton H. Yale, (9) term expires, 1902. 
James R. Birdlebough, (10) truant officer. 

Third Ward School. 
Lulu M. Forrest, (22,) 
Olive H. Parker, ( 24) 
Mary Louise Fairchild, (25) 
Mary E. Woodbury, (26) 
Rosabelle V. Townsend, (27) 

— F. 


E. Smith. 
afternoon of 

The Fortnightly Club.— On 

Nov. 14, 1894, a number of ladies met for the pur- 
pose of forming a literary society. The outcome 
of this meeting was the organization of the Fort- 
nightly club of Cortland, N. Y. The club held 
its first meeting Nov. 28, 1S94, and the meetings 
have been held fortnightly since that time from 
September to June of each year. The constitu- 
tion gives as the object of the society', "the de- 



,3. WW i.; 


■ ' H PI a 



««' « 

Butler, Photo. 


Ferdinand V,. Smith, A. B. , Supt. ( i ). 

Central School Teachers. 
Fannie M. Galusha, (21 
L. Mav McCulloch, (3) 
Ada J.' Wallace, (4) 
Mary E. Williams, (5) 
.\nna M. Knapp (6) 
Anne Flanagan (7) 
Clara A. Perry, (8) 
Lena R. Conable, (9) 
Ella C. Garrity, { 10) 
Ella M. Van Hoesen, (11) 

Special Teachers. 
Marv B. Bentley, Drawing, (12) 
Elizabeth M. Turner, Music, (13) 

First Ward School. 
Anna M. Sharp, (14) 
Mabel L. Graves, ( 15) 
Nettie E. Cole. ( 16) 
]\Iary E. Van Bergen, (17) 

Second Ward School. 
Anna C. George, ( iS) 
Mary C. Van Gorden, (19) 
Grace Mead, (20) 
Clara A. Benedict, I 21) 
E. Louise Adams, Kindergarten, (22) 


velopment and improvement of literary taste and 
culture to be sought in the study of art, litera- 
ture and kindred suljjects." Literature and cur- 
rent topics have been studied each year. 1899-1900 
is devoted to the study of art. The club organized 
with nineteen members as follows : Miss Harriet 
Allen, Miss Cornelia L. Brown, Mrs. W. R. Cole, 
Miss Belle Fitzgerald, Miss JIaude Fitzgerald, 
Miss Carrie D Halbert, Mrs. L. M. Head, Mrs. G. 
P. HoUenbeck, Mrs. J. G. Jarvis, Mrs. A. M. Jew- 
ett. Miss Clara Keator, Miss Martha McGraw, 
Mrs. H. L. Smith, Mrs. G. .\. Tisdale, Miss Eliza- 
beth Turner, Mrs. James Walsh, Miss Cornelia 
.\. White, Miss Mary H. White, Miss Leah Wal- 
lace. The membership was limited to twenty at 
first, later it was extended to twenty-five, and at 
present the limit is thirty. As a fitting tribute to 
her zeal as one of the prime movers in the or- 
ganization of the Fortnightly club, Miss Belle 
Fitzgerald was chosen its first president. The 
following is a list of the presidents and the work 
taken up with each respectively; 1S94-1895, Miss 
Belle Fitzgerald, Reading of Shakespeare's Plays; 
1895- 1896, Miss Carrie D. Halbert, .\ Year in Eng- 
land; 1896-1897, Miss Elizabeth Turner, English 
.\uthors; 1897-1898, Miss Cornelia A. White, 
.•\nierican .\uthors; 1S98-1899, Miss Maude Fitz- 



gerald, American Events and Literature from 
Civil War to present day; 1899-1900, Mrs. J. G. 
Jarvis, Art in Italy. Three social events are held 
during the year. Two are limited to club mem- 
bers—one arranged by the entertainment commit- 
tee, and the other, under the name of "Presi- 
dent's Day," in charge of the outgoing president. 
The third entertainment is in the form of a play, 
and friends of the society are invited. During the 
five years of the club's existence death has twice 
entered its ranks. Jliss Belle Fitzgerald died .\ug. 
31, 1S9S, and Mrs. R. S. Robertson, one of the hon- 
orary members, died .\pril 3, 1899. The present 
officers are : President, Mrs. J. G. Jarvis ; Vice- 
president, Mrs. H. L. Smith ; Secretarv, Mrs. F. 
L Graham ; Treasurer, Mrs. G. W. ' McGraw. 
The list of active mem- 
bers is as follows: Miss 
Harriet .\llen, ilrs. G. H. 
Ames, Mrs. Clara H. Ben- 
edict, Mrs. W. M. Booth, 
Miss Cornelia L. Brown, 
Mrs. \V. R. Cole, Miss 
Maude Fitzgerald, Jlrs. 
F. I. Graham, Miss Car- 
rie I). Halbert, MissCelia 
Hinman. Mrs. G. P. Hol- 
lenbeck, Mrs. J. G. Jar- 
vis, Mrs. O. A. Kinney, 
Miss L. Mav McCuUoch, 
Mrs. F. L. McDowell, 
Mrs. G. W. McGraw. Miss 
Martha McGraw, Miss 
Grace Mead, Mrs. J. G. 
Osgood, Mrs.H. L. Smith, 
Mrs. Edward Stilson, 
Miss Lillie H. .Stone, Miss 
Elizabeth Turner, Miss 
Edith Turner, Mrs. F. M. 
Van Hoesen. Miss Ella 
il. \'an Hoesen, Mrs. Jas. 
Walsh, ilrs. B. L. Webb, 
Miss Cornelia A. White. 
Miss :Mary H. White. 
Honorarv Members: ilrs. 
C. W. Aiken, Mrs. Char- 
lotte X. Head, Mrs. A. M. 
Jewett, Mrs. C. A. Jloser, 
Mrs. T. F. Ward. 

Masonic — The first meeting of Cortland ville 
Loilge, 470, F. & A. M. w^as held in the Odd Fel- 
lows hall, Cortland, April 2, 1S59, by virtue of a 
dispensation having been granted by the Grand 
Lodge of the State of New York. The petitioners 
from Homer and Marathon lodges and .\ncient 
Masons were the following charter members : 
.\ncient. Joseph Reynolds, Horace Dibble, C. L. 
Mattison ; Homer Lodge, R. Holland Duell, 
Stephen R. Hunter, Franklyn Goodyear; Mara- 
thon Lodge, Horace L. Green, C. B. Chittenden. 
Oscar Allis, .\bram P. Smith, James A. Schermer- 
horn, Samuel L. Thompson, Oscar V. Eldridge, 
Benoni BuUman, Josiah Hart, Jr. At the first 
meeting the following officers presided : Master, 
"Wm. B. Beck, Master Homer Lodge; S. W., Isaac 
Smith, Homer Lodge; J. W., B. Bullman, .Mara- 
thon Lodge; Treas., Franklyn Goodyear, Mara- 
thon Lodge ; Sect'v, H. L. Green, Marathon 
Lodge; Josiah Hart^ Jr.. J. D.; O. H. Allis, Sen- 
tinel. It was moved and carried that the By Laws 
of Homer Lodge be adopted to govern the 
lodge at present. The lodge worked under the 
dispensation till the following June when a war- 
rant was granted and June 29, 1859, ^^^ following 
grand officers were present and constituted the 

lodge and installed the officers who had been 
elected : M. W. Grand Master, Clinton F. Paige; 
R. W. Dept. Master, Orrin Welch ; R. W. Grand 
Sen. Warden, Stiles M. Rusk ; Grand Jun. \\-ar- 
den, Charles W. Snow; Grand Treas., J. G. Chap- 
man; Grand Sect'y, Geo. J. Gardner; Grand Sen. 

^^a., Lilley; Grand Jun. Dea., 

Smith. The following were installed the first 

officers of the lodge : R. 
ter; Stephen R. Hunter, 
Goodyear, Jun. Warden 
urer; Daniel H. Burr, 
officers are not mentioned in 
lodge continued to meet ' 

Holland Duell, W. Mas- 
Sen. Warden; Franklin 
Levi R. Gleason, Treas- 
Sect'y. The remaining 
the records. The 
the Odd Fellows 

rooms in the old Lyman block opposite the Cort- 
land House for several years, then it was moved 


Butler, Photu, 


to the building known as Masonic Hall block. 
These rooms being too small, another move was 
made in 1S91 to the present location in the Hop- 
kins block. There are now over 200 members in 
good standing. The lodge records show over 600 
names but deaths, suspensions and dimits leave 
about its present membership and still adding to 
its rolls. The Past Masters : R. Holland Duell, 
(deceased); S. R. Hunter, (deceased); E. D. Van 
Slyck, (deceased); Jonathan Hubbard, (deceased); 
Dewitt C. McGraw. (deceased); O. Hitchcock, 
(deceased); Wm. W. Gale, (deceased); A. D. 
Waters, (deceased); H. O. Jewett; M. A. Rice, (de- 
ceased); H. T. Dana, John W. Suggett, W. D. Tis- 
dale, S. S. Knox, Geo. S. Sands, Jas. R. Schermer- 
horn, George L. Warren, Abrava Crawley, F. C. 
Melvin, Benj. Peters. The present officers are : T. 
T. Bates. Master; Frank P. Hakes, S. War.; C. S. 
Bull. J. War.; George L. Warren, Treasurer; M. 
J. Grady, .Secretary; I?enj. Peters, Sen. Dea.; E. W. 
Loomis, Jr. Dea.; S. S. Knox, S. M. C; Wilfred 
Kelley, J. M. C; Rev. A. Watkins, Chaplain; 
George L. Warren. Marshall; .\. B. Kingsley, Or- 
ganist; Chas. F. Brown, Chorister; Robert Otto, 
Tiler; S. S. Knox, G. W. Bradford, Geo. L. War- 
ren, Trustees. 


Cortland Chapter, No. 194, Royal Arch Masons, 
was conslituted by Seymour H. Stone, D. G. 
High Priest, April 30, r866, by virtue of a war- 
rant issued by the Grand Royal Arch Chapter of 
the State of New York held at Albany, Feb. 6, 
1S66. The first officers were: Roswell K. Bourne, 
High Priest; Samuel Adams, King; George L. 
Warren, Scribe; John W. Osgood, C. of II.; Wm. 
H. Crane, P. S.; G. \V. Davenport, R. A. C; R. 
Walworth Bourne, M. ist. V.; Horace Dibble, 
Treas. Several companions were present from 
Washington Chapter at Homer. Geo. L. Warren 
acted as secretary. The following petitions were 
received at this the first meeting : Josiah Hart, 
S. R. Hunter, A. D. Waters, W. D. Tisdale, D. C. 
McGraw, C. W. Kinne, J. H. Knapp, C. P. Cole, 
A. Sager and A. D. Reed, who were elected at the 
next meeting and received the jM. M. degree, 
assisted by several companions from Homer Chap- 
ter. In September following R. W. Jos. B. 
Chaffee was sent to the Chapter as Grand Lec- 
turer to instruct the officers in their duties. Thus 
the Chapter started out on its work and has con- 

Butler, Photo. 


tiiiued during all these years. Its progress has 
been slow but sure. There have been 1S4 names 
on the rolls. There have been losses by deaths, 
suspensions and dimits and the present member- 
ship is 90 members in good standing. The officers, 
1899. are : F. P. Hakes, H. P.; H." T. Dana, K.; 
E. E. Ellis, S.; C. F. Thompson, Treas.; George 
H. Kennedy, Sec'y.; C. S. Bull, C. of H.; George 
L. Warren, P. S.; T. T. Bates, R. A. C; J. W. 

Ginn, M. 



Birdlebough; M. i V. 
Whiteson, H. T. Dana, 

Higgins, M. 2 V.; J. R. 
Rob't Otto, Sentinel; I. 
C. L. Ingalls, Trustees. 

Cortland Commandery, No. 50, Knights Tem- 
plar, was constituted Oct. 24, 1870, by virtue of a 
dispensation issued by the Grand Commandery 
of Knights Templar of the State of New York, 
dated Oct. 17, 1S70, the charter members having 
received the orders in St. Augustine Commandery 
at Ithaca. The first oflficers were : W. H. Crane, 
Commander; A. Sager, Generalissimo ; Geo. L. 
Warren, Capt. Gen'l.; J. D. Benton, Prel.; M. A. 
Rice, Sen. Warden; W. F. Burdick, Jun. Warden; 

W. S. Copeland, Treas.; D. H. Burr, Recorder; j 
P. Van Bergen, St. Bearer; E. M. Seacord, Sw. i 
Bearer; R. E. Hill, Warder. The following peti- ! 
tions were received at the first conclave; Louis : 
De Gan, J. J. Taggart, Oliver Hitchcock, B T. 
Wright, W. D. Ti.sdale, John A. Freer, R. C. Shat- \ 
tuck. The following Commanderies were present 
at the conclave and assisted in the ceremonies: 
Central City of Syracuse, Malta of Binghamton, 
St. .\ugustine of Ithaca, and ever after the most 
fraternal relations have always existed between 
these Commanderies. At the next conclave the 
petitions were acted upon and the candidates 
were made Knights Templars with the exception 
of W. D. Tisdale. O. Hitchcock was elected sen- 
tinel and always acted in that place till failing 
health required him to decline the office. The 
Past Commanders are : Wm. H. Crane, Geo. L. 
Warren, E. M. Seacord, H. T. Dana, A. B. Nelson, 
Albert Allen, Frank P. Hakes. The officers 1S99 : j 
A. M. Jewett, Commander; F. P. Hakes, Gen- " 
eralissimo; T. T. Bates, Capt. General; H. T. 
Dana, Prel.; C. F. Thompson, Treas.; Geo. H. 
Kennedy, Recorder; M. 
E. Sarvay, Sen. Warden; 
Bert W. Rood. Jun. War- 
den; H. D. Hunt. Stand- 
ard Bearer; A. Fisher, j 
Sword Bearer; Geo. J. Ma- | 
ger. Warder; C. E. In- 1 
galls. First Guard; T. P. 
Bristol, Second Guard; J. 
R. Birdlebough, Third , 
Guard; Robt. Otto, Sen- 
tinel; R. Bu.shby. W. H. '. 
Crane, C. F. Brown, Trus- 

Geo. Edmund Traver 

Stevenson, the third son 
of George H. and vSarah 
L. Stevenson, was born in 
Green Island, N. Y., on 
March i, 1S73. He en- 
tered Colgate Academy in 
1889, the Colgate Uni- 
versity in 1S93, being a 
member of the Class of 
'97, and the Columbian 
University, Washington, 
D. C, 1S94. He became 
pastor of the East Wash- 
iiigton Heights Baptist 
church the same year, 
and was ordained as a Baptist minister Nov. 10, 
1895. He was a student in the Theological de- 
partment of Howard University in '96-'97, and en- 
tered the University of Chicago in 1897, supplying 
the pulpits of the Baptist churches at Custer Park 
and Grant Park, 111., during the year '97-'98. He 
entered Colgate University (Hamilton Theological 
Seminary) April, 1899. He was appointed chap- 
lain, with the rank of captain, of Gen. tireene B. 
Raun's provisional regiment of volunteers in the 
war with Spain. Enlisting as a private in Co. H, 
First Infantry Illinois U. S. Volunteers, he served 
in "the Santiago Campaign." He became pastor 
of the Memorial Baptist church, Cortland, Sept. i, 
1899. He received the degrees of A. B. ('96), A. 
M. ('97), from the Columbian University; D. B. 
from the University of Chicago (April convoca- 
tion, 1S99), and D. B. from Colgate University 
(1899). He is a member of the Phi Gamma 
Delta fraternity. 



and universities. The members of the faculty- 
have, as the students will confess, the ability to 
get a great deal of work out of their pupils. These 
are some of the impressions made on one who has 
lived in Cortland four months. Because Cortland 
is what has been said of it, it is the place for you 
to live, for your children to be educated, and for 
your manufactories to be located.— George E. T. 

The Ladies' Catholic Benevolent Association, 

Branch 317, was organized at Cortland, N. Y., Dec. 
ID, 1896, with a charter list of forty-eight mem- 
bers. Since that time twenty-two members have 
been admitted. The principal officers are at pres- 
ent: Mrs. CathrineColgan, president; Miss Mary 
C. Dowd, recorder; Mrs. Mary C. Maher, finan- 
cial secretary; Miss Anna Haben, treasurer. 
Business meetings are held in Empire Hall 
the second and fourth Wednesday evenings of 
each month. The Ladies' Catholic Benevolent 

The Young People's Society, Presbyterian 
church, was first organized in March, 1S80, during 
the pastorate of Rev. Alfred J. Hutton, D. D., 
under the name of the Young People's Christian 
Union. The first president was Dr. James M. 
Milne, who acted for two years. The name and 
constitution were changed in 1891 to that of the 
Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor. 
Prof D. L. Bardwell was the promoter of the 
change, and was one of the most efficient workers 
at the time. The membership is composed quite 
largely of Normal students. Together with the 
other societies of the Binghamton Presbytery, it 
supports Rev. William Leverett, a missionary in 
Hainan, China. It also contributes to the Ashe- 
ville Farm School at Asheville, N. C. The pledge 
system of systematic giving has been adopted by 
the society. The present officers are: President, 
Sarah G. Ross; vice-president, Edward H. Bierce; 
secretary, Florence H. Churton; treasurer, Sam- 
uel B. Howe, Jr. 

The Woman's Foreign 
Missionary Society of 

the Presbyterian church 
was organized March 24, 
1S76, with eight members. 
The original officers were 
as follows: Mrs. Thomas 
Street, president; Mrs. 
Harrison Givens, first 
vice-president; Miss Mary 
Hendrick, second v i c e- 
president; Mrs. Henry- 
Benton, third vice-presi- 
dent; Miss Clara E. Booth, 
secretary and treasurer. 
The society now numbers 
about sixty members, and 
its contributions during 
thepast year amounted to 
I187.50. The total amount 
contributed to foreign 
missions since the organi- 
zation of the society has 
been #4.i6o..S9. The pres- 
entotficersare: Mrs. C. P. 
Walrad, president; Mrs. 
T. I). P. Stone, first vice- 

president; Mrs. L. D. Butler, Photo. SCHER.MERHORN STREET SCHOOL. 

Ciarnson, second vice- 
president; Miss S. M. .\dams, third vice president; 
Miss Clara E. Booth, treasurer; Mrs. C. W. Collins, 
secretary. During the twenty-three years of its 
existence the society has had but three presidents: 
Mrs. Thomas Street, Mrs. J. W. Hughes and airs. 
C. P. Walrad. 

impressions of Cortland. — It is a beautiful vil- 
lage! It is a hustling village! It is amoral vil- 
lage! It is an educational center! Cortland is 
beautiful, because nature has made the valley in 
which it is situated beautiful. The beauty of the 
village has been increased by the fine residences 
with large lawns and asphalt pavement. It is a 
hustling village, because of the kind of people 
that live in it and the manufactories that are lo- 
cated there, some shops running day and night. 
The right to term Cortland a moral place is that 
of comparison. Compare it with any village of 
its population in the state or nation, and you will 
find less lawlessness and more influences that tend 
toward good morals in Cortland. The State Nor- 
mal school, which is located in Cortland, ranks 
among the very best of such schools in the United 
States. Its faculty is composed of menandwomen 
who are graduates of some of our best colleges 

association was first organized April 9, 1,890. It 
was the first insurance association in the world 
composed of and managed entirely by women. It 
has received the commendation of the New York 
and Pennsylvania Insurance departments for its 
correct business methods and excellent records, 
as shown by examination of the books at the su- 
preme office. At present the association is in ad- 
vance of all other beneficiary organizations in 
point of growth. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of 

the First M. E. church of Cortland was organ- 
ized by Mrs. Jessie Peck Feb. 17, 1873, with the 
following officers: President, Mrs. James Hoose; 
vice-presidents, Mrs. A. Roe, Mrs. H. Hubbard, 
Mrs. F. Place, Mrs. L. A. Bidwell and Mrs. I. Hat- 
field; recording secretary, Mrs. L. L. Naylor; cor- 
responding secretary, Mrs, T. B. Stowell; treas- 
urer, Mrs. A. T. Tanner. The present ollicers of 
the society are: President, Mrs. J. L. Maritt; vice- 
presidents, Mrs. O. A. Houghton, Mrs. E. B, Nash, 
Mrs. Geo. Hiller, Mrs. Geo. Conable and Mrs. E. 
Oakley; recording secretary, Mrs. F. M. Snyder; 
corresponding secretary, Miss Myra Haskins; 
treasurer, Mrs. M. L. Alexander. 


S. N. Holden & Co., dealers in Lehigh Valley 
coal, feed, salt, lumber, etc., in 1895, succeeded 
S. N. Holden to the business which was es- 
tablished in May, iSSg, by Holden & Seager near 
the Lehigh Valley depot. In 1890 the latter firm 
laid out the large yards w'hich the former now 
occupy at Squires street crossing with the Lehigh 
Valley railroad, and constructed spacious and 
substantial buildings in which to furnish cover 
for most of the supplies, including a main coal 
shed 150 X 30 feet, a feed, lime and plaster ware- 
house 30 X 90 feet, a lumber and shingle shed 50 x 
So feet, and barns and auxiliary Ijuildings for 
storing coal, lime, plaster, etc. At the entrance 
to the grounds, with scales for weighing coal 
under cover, is a pleasant office building. With 
ample yard accommodations and track facilities 
for unloading cars, S. N. Holden & Co. are able 
to handle a ver5- large Ijusiness, amounting to as 
high as 5,000 tons of coal and 150 car loads of 
feed in a year. The buildings, neatly painted, are 
convenient for the work of unloading the cars 
and loading the wagons. In 1S95 Messrs. Hol- 
den & Seager dissolved partnership, the latter 
retiring from the firm, and in May, 1S9S, Mr. H. 
W. Chaplin was admitted as a partner with Hol- 
den, constituting S. N. Holden & Co. The busi- 
ness office, located at No. 41 Main street, is in 
telephonic communication with the yard office. 
No. 27 Squires street. S. N. Holden, who is the 
president of the village, elected in March, 1S99, on 
the regular Republican ticket, was born in Har- 
ford, Cortland Co., Dec. 26, 1S43, and worked the 
farm with his father after leaving school, until 
August, 1S62, when he enlisted in Compau}' E, 
One Hundred and Fifty-seventh New York \'(<\- 
unteers, then being mustered in at Cortland. He 
went through the campaigns of the Army of the 
Potomac with his regiment, which was made a 
part of the Eleventh Corps, participating in the 
important engagements before Fredericksburgh, 
at Chancellorsville, and on July 1st at Gettys- 
burgh. Mr. Holden was captured at Gettys- 
burgh and for three months incarcerated in Libby 
Prison. He was paroled at Annapolis, and subse- 
quently when exchanged returned to his regi- 
ment, then in South Carolina, continuing in active 
service until the close of the war, and being nius- 

. N. HOLDEN. (Hyatt, Photos.) HARRY CHAPLIX. 

tered out at Charleston July 10, 1865. He le- 
turned north and for two years worked for Geo. 
W. Truesdell at Dryden. For twenty years he 
was in mercantile business at Harford, and in 
May, I S.S9. moved to Cortland. On Jan. 11, 1.S72, 
he married Lillian Wattles of Ripley, Chautau(iua 
county, and they have one daughter, Louise. Mr. 
Holden, prominently identified with the Republi- 
can party, was postmasterof Harford ten or twelve 
years. He is a member of the Masonic order and 
of the G. A. R. H. W. Chaplin was born in Mes- 
sengerville Oct. 31, 1S74, and attended the high 
school at Cortland. On Jan. i, 1S92, he went to 
work for Holden & Seager, and continued with 
them and with Mr. Holden after the dissolution 
of the firm up to the time he became one of the 
firm of Holden & Co., which was on May 21, 1S9S. 
He married Anna L. Muucey on Dec. 31, 1895. 

Jiorrowf.'d l^li(!to. 




R. A. Stowell & Co.— We are pleased to pre- 
sent on this page the photo engraving of one of 
Cortland's busy department stores. The firm is 
known all over the country as R. A. Stowell &Co. 
The picture in the left hand corner is of Mr. R. A. 
Stowell, and in the right hand corner is Mr. M. 
W. Giles. The above men are both young and 
active. Their store is most centrally located 
on Main street, directly opposite the Fireman's 
hall. The large view picture shows a small por- 
tion of their store, as you enter the door. The 
success of this firm is mainly due to the careful 
buying and selling while advertising in various 
ways. Mr. Stowell is interested in several large 

agement and support of members of this asso- 
ciation, when in sickness, distress, out of em- 
ployment, or on travel; for the inspiration of 
truth, hope, charity, and the protection, educa- 
tion and elevation of all members; and to secure 
to their families or heirs, in case of death the sum 
of f503, Ji,ooo, |i,5oo, or J2,ooo, as the members 
shall elect at the time of becoming a member, to 
be assessed on all the members in good stand- 
ing. The Branch was instituted with the follow- 
ing 34 charter members : John F. Dowd. Dan- 
iel T. Dolan, James B. Carroll, Richard F. Mc- 
Carthy, Henry Corcoran, John T. Davern, Frank 
Corcoran, Joseph P. McLoughlin, George Mc- 

R. A. Stowell. 

department stores, all located in Central New York, 
with headquarters in Syracuse. Mr. Giles has the 
management of the Cortland store and resides in 
town. Their motto is: "Quick Sales and Small 
Profits" in selling lamps, china, tinware and house- 
furnishing goods. 

St. Hary's Branch, No. loS of the C. M. B. A. 

of Cortland, N. Y., was organized Sept, 30, 1SS7, 
in the Emerald Hose Company parlors by District 
Deputy Joseph E. Gaunder of Syracuse, N. V., 
assisted by District Deputy Daniel Sheehan of 
Elmira, N. Y. Its purposes are for the encour- 

R. A. STOWELL A: CO. JI. W. Giles. 

View by Harris— Borrowed Portraits. 

Kean, John A. Nix, James Dowd, Richard J. Kelly, 
John J. Colgan, Jr., Frank D. Dowd, Dennis 
Woods, John Harrington, Michael McSweeney, 
Andrew J. McSweeney, CTeorge Hay, John JIullin, 
John H. Ryan, David E. McAulifF, Patrick Little- 
ton, John iiane, Arthur Lucy, Peter Nodecker, J. 
H. O'Leary, L.J. Fitzgerald', P. H. Dowd. James 
McNamara, Daniel O'Connell, John Liddane, John 
C. Hannon and Alex McNamara. Following is 
the list comprising the first term officers : Rev. 
B. F. McLoghlin, spiritual adviser ; JohnF. Dowd, 
president ; Daniel T. Dolan, first vice-president; 
James B. Carroll, second vice-president; Richard 



F. McCarthy, recording secretary ; Henry Cor- 
coran, assistant recording secretary ; John Lid- 
dane, financial secretary ; John T. Davern, treas- 
urer ; Frank Corcoran, marshal ; Joseph P. Mc- 
Loughlin, guard ; George McKean, John A. Nix, 
James Dowd, trustees for one year; Richard J. 
Kelly, John Colgan, Jr., trustees for two years. 
About seven years ago the Branch moved into 
their present pleasant and commodious quarters, 
which occupy the entire third floor of the " Em- 
pire Hall block," formerly known as the Masonic 
Hall block. From the 34 charter members in 
1SS7 the Branch has grown to 15S in 1S99, and 
financially is in the best of shape. But seven 
deaths have occurred within the history of the 
Branch as follows : George Hay, Nov. 3, 18SS ; 


Board of Supervisors' Rooms. 
Butler, Photo. Erected IST". 

James A. Dowd, Sept. 18, 1893 ; James B. Buckley, 
Jan. 25, 1.S94 ; Richard Lillis, July 8, 1894; Rich- 
ard McMahon, Sept. 16,1894; Francis Johnson, 
Nov. 10, 1S96 ; James Heaphy, June 8, 1S9S. The 
officers 1S99 are : Rev. J. J. McLoghlin. spirit- 
ual adviser; John Lynch, president ; Perry Whit- 
marsh, first vice-president ; George F. O'Brien, 
second vice-president; M. L. Quinlivan. recording 
secretary ; John Drake, assistant recording secre- 
tary ; Thomas E. Kennedy, financial secretary ; 
M. T. Roche, treasurer; James Dowd, marshal ; 
M. J. Dillon, guard ; John A. Kennedy. Tbomas 
Drake. Thomas Allen, William F.Walsh, William 
Dalton, trustees. 


My impressions of Cortland? They were formed 
.some years before I became a resident. I was de- 
lightfully entertained for a week in one of the 
Christian homes of which Cortland has so 
many, and for which she is justly esteemed, 
during the session of the Central New York 
annual conference of our church. It was late 
in the month of September some years ago. 
The groves that cover the surrounding hills were 
ablaze with their rich, bright, autumnal tints. 
The skies took on that dreamy, hazy loveliness 
peculiar to the season. What wonder if I stole 
out from the grinding routine of the conference 
business and made my way out and up on to one of 
the glorious hills that stand about this favored 
village as the mountains stand about the ancient 
Ziou of God. I looked down upon Cortland from 
midair. Her many church spires pointed like sol- 
emn fingers heavenward. The valley, with its 
winding river, stretched out before me. I was 
entranced with the loveliness of the view. Many- 
times since, in summer and autnmn, I have in the 
same way been enraptured. I have viewed the 
scene from every point of the compass, and as 
often thought, "The people of Cortland need not 
go abroad for fine scenery." I know of no village 
in the country that equals her in this respect. 

There are two other physical features for which 
the people may be especiallj- thankful. The)- are 
pure air and pure water. B3' reason of her great 
altitude Cortland enjoys a delightfully clear at- 
mosphere, and a larger percentage of bright, 
sunny days than most towns of Central New 
York. Her water supply is exceptionally pure 
and sweet. The greatest material blessings any 
people can have are those that best minister to 
their common necessities. The great Saviour of 
the world comes to us, not under the figure of 
pastry or confectionery, but as plain bread and 
water. He is the bread of God and the water of 
life. He, therefore, freely supplies men's deep- 
est necessities. 

By reason of our strong churches and large 
Sunday-schools that live and labor together in 
delightful harmony, and our superior educational 
advantages, crowned as they are by our well ap- 
pointed and efficient "Normal," so justly distin- 
guished among the schools of the State of like 
character and grade, the better influences predom- 
inate in our village. Thanks to the old Homer 
academv that years ago diffused an educational 
spirit throughout the population, and raised up a 
race of fathers and mothers that appreciated and 
fostered the educational advantages and religious 
privileges that have resulted in our present pres- 
tige, and that make our village so desirable for 
residence in these later years. Our homes and 
streets are literally filled with youth and beauty, 
giving a freshness of joy and life not found in 
many other towns. For this reason all loyal and 
true citizens will join hands to rid the village of 
all depraving influences and objectionable things, 
that parents all over the .State may feel safe in com- 
mitting their sons and daughters to our keeping. 

The presence in our midst of so large a corps of 
teachers, among whom are numbered some of the 
distinguished educators of the State, is a fact in 
which we may rejoice, and of which we ma)- be 
justly proud. 

Of Cortland's industries her steam whistles 
speak most thrillingly every morning, noon and 
night. Idleness and poverty are reduced to the 

Of Cortland's many other good points and real 
attractions others have written and will continue 
to write. What more is needed, aside from the 
heljiful Spirit of God, that we may live an ideally 
quiet and happy life ?— O. A. Houghton. 



Big Fire of '83.— On the morning of Nov. 28, 
18S3, flames broke out in Haynor & Bristol's gro- 
cery and bakery in the Barber block on Groton 
avenue, the site now occupied by the Opera House. 
The block was a two-story frame building, the 
ground floor occupied by Haynor & Bristol, R. 
Beard & Son, furniture, and R. B. Fletcher, un- 
dertaker. It was a freezing cold night, with a 
strong wind blowing, and the firemen stood for 
hours with their trousers frozen stiff. C. E. lu- 
galls was the chief of the department. The 
steamer was connected with a hydrant at the cor- 
ner of Main and Clinton streets, where it pumped 
two streams, one through the rear of the hotel on 
the north side of the block, and the other through 
the front part. The Cortland Wagon Co. 's steamer 
stood at Main and Court streets, and supplied water 
through one line of hose. The Cortland House, 
a four-story brick building at the corner of Main 
street and Groton avenue, with a four-story brick 
addition on Groton avenue, together with the 
Barber block, was destroyed. Homer, in response 
to a request for assistance, sent a steamer, which, 

prevailed, but during the night rain fell. Every 
fire apparatus available was pressed into service, 
includiug three steamers — Cortland, Homer and 
the Cortland Wagon Co.'s — two hose companies, 
the Emerald and Orris, and a hand engine. The 
citizens turned out en masse to witness the de- 
structive conflagration, and every man who could 
find a place at the brake assisted iu working the 
hand engine. Mrs. Charles Cook, who kept a 
hair-dressers' establishment in the second story of 
the Garrison block, was carried out nearly over- 
come with smoke. Mrs. Seamans, an invalid, also 
had to be carried out of the second story of the 
Union block. There were many wooden buildings 
south of the Union block which were threatened, 
but were save<l. H. M. Kellogg, hardware, and 
Kirkland Bros., grocers, occupied the first floorof 
the Wickwire building. It was reported that the 
loss of the former was |i 1,000, and his insurance 
Jig, 000. Kirkland Bros.' loss was reported to be 
13.300, and insurance jf2,300. Wickwire Bros.' loss 
on building was reported at, and on prop- 
erty stored on the second floor f5,ooo, their total 



(Erected IslOi. 

planted in front of Benjamin's marble works, 
furnished three streams of water. The conflagra- 
tion lasted three hours. The losses and insurance 
reported were; Barber block, loss |io,ooo, insur- 
ance |6,ooo; R. Beard & Son, loss $7,000; insur- 
ance |4,ooo; R. B. Fletcher, loss $1,500, insurance 
f 1,100; Haynor & Bristol, loss about the same as 
insurance, I400. Miss Frankie Porter, milliner, 
occupied one store in the hotel and sustained a 
total loss. Mr. Barber lived in the second story of 
his block and sustained partial loss. The hotel 
loss was about $50,000, insurance fig, 000. 

Destructive Fire of '84. — .\bout i a. m. Feb. 
20, 1SS4, fire l)roke out in a covered entrance in 
the rear of the Wickwire block, on the east side 
of Main street, and destroyed that building, two 
stories in front and three in the rear, together with 
the Garrison block four-story brick on the north, 
also damaging the Union Hall block four-story 
brick on the south, and Mrs. Thomas Keator's resi- 
dence north of the Garrison block. M. F. Cleary 
was chief of the fire department. A high wind 

insurance being about $5,500. Others burned out 
were: L. T. White, dentist; T. I'. Button, barber; 
L. D. Garrison & Co., grocers; Tanner Bros., dry 
goods; Mrs. Charles Cook, hair goods; C. W. Col- 
lins, chinaware; S. E. Welch, dry goods; J. & T. 
E. Courtney, lawyers; Miss Seamans, millinery; 
I. H. Palmer, lawyer. This fire led to the agita- 
tion for a fire boundary, and I. H. Palmer and 
John W. Suggett were appointed by the board of 
trustees as a committee to make recommendations. 

The Ladies' and Pastors' Union of the First 
M. E. church was organized iu 1.SS1. The object 
of the society is to assist the pastor and to develop 
and stimulate social activity iu all departments of 
church work. The officers of the society are: 
President, Miss Effie A. Allen; first vice-president, 
Mrs. Martin Edgcomb ; second vice-president, 
Mrs. F. J. Doubleday; secretary, Mrs. Mira Has- 
kins; treasurer, Mrs. W. L.Alexander; executive 
committee, Mrs. George Conable, Mrs. Fred Con- 
able, Mrs. Julia F. Twiss, Mrs. Geo. P. Yager. 



James M. flilne, well known in educational 
circles as an ardent supporter at Albany of the 
state system of higher education, as a prolific 
writer on educational and other topics, as a speaker 
and as the author of a practical system for teach- 
ing higher grammar which he has prepared for 
the press, has been a resident of Cortland for sev- 
eral years. It was here, where he was principal of 
the academic department of the Cortland Normal 
school during 1.S73 and the three following years 
and where he filled the chair of Latin and Greek 
in the same institution from 1S77 to 18S9, that Dr. 
Milne began a twenty-one years' career as in- 
structor. Finally, through his work at Albany, 
and among the educational associations, as well 
as through his writings, his services were requi- 
sitioned in an extended field of operation and his 
acquaintanceship became quite large. 

In 18S9 he was called upon to accept the re- 
sponsibility of getting a new school on firm legs 
and safely started in tuat field of bitter competi- 
tion for public favor which every candidate for 
pupils in the higher branches of education in this 
state is required to run. Two days after Governor 
Hill had signed the Arnold bill creating an One- 
outa Normal school, the local board met and its 
first act was to elect Dr. Milne the principal. 
This was April 19, 1888, before ground had been 
staked out, and a year before the school was 
opened. The testimonials Dr. Milne brought 
with him from Oueonta when, nine years later he 
retired Irom that position to devote his time to 
law and literary pursuits, speak louder than the 
" trumpet's brazen note" of the success he had 
achieved. It is just and fairto add, that he placed 
that school among the leading Normal schools of 
thestate and the people of Oneonta give him credit 
for doing so. Upon Dr. Milne's return to Cort- 
land in 189S, he settled down to active work in his 
enlarged field of labor, giving some of his time 
to the lecture platform and taking the opportun- 
ity to complete his school grammar and get it on 
to the press. Another field of usefulness, un- 
sought, was opened up to him in Cortland. 
When the Democratic county committee of 1899 
organized he was induced to accept the position 

Harris, Photo. 


Hy:ilt, Photo. .lAMES JI. MILNE. 

of chairman, which, such as it is in a party abso- 
lutely in the minority, offered no reward beyond 
the self consciousness of performing one's duty 
to his party. In the local political contest of that 
year, however. Dr. Milne rallied to his support 
the full parly strength and, with the influence of 
experienced Democrats behind him, succeeded in 
securing a victory for the Democratic candidates 
for commissioners in the two school districts, the 
only officers upon which the two parties made a 
bitter fight. 

Dr. Milne was born in Scotland, Sept. 29, 1S50, 
and received his early education in the schools of 
Edinburgh. He is a graduate of the State Nor- 
mal school at Geneseo and of the Rochester uni- 
versity at Rochester ; and afterward studied at 
Heidelburg, German}-, and has received the de- 
gree of Ph. D. from Col- 
gate university, Hamil- 
ton, N. Y. He is a life 
member and has been the 
president of the New York 
State Teachers' associa- 
tion and has occupied the 
high position of President 
of the Normal Depart- 
ment of the National Ed- 
ucational association. He 
has also been a member of 
the American Philologi- 
cal association. In the 
Masonic order he belongs 
to the Oneonta lodge, F. 
X: A. M., and the chapter 
R. A. M. of Oneonta, is a 
Sir Knight in the Malta 
Commandery of Bing- 
hamton and is one of the 
Cypress Shriners of Al- 
bany. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Tioughnioga 
club of Cortland. In :SSo 
he was married to Susan 
M., the oldest daughter 
of the late Jas. A. Scher- 
merhorn of Cortland. 



John and Thomas E. Courtney formed a co- 
partnership for the practice of law April i, iS8i, 
with offices in the Burgess block, which were 
moved to their present location in the Taylor 
Opera House block in 1888. John Courtney was 
born in Homer, N. Y., July n, 1853, and attended 
the Homer academy and the Cortland Normal 
school. He studied with \V. J. Mantanye, Warren 
& Kellogg and Judge R. H. Duell. While engaged 
in pursuing his studies he taught school — for two 
years at Truxton, a year and a half at Marathon, 
(where he was principal of the Union school) and 
a j'ear at Preble. He was admitted to the bar at 
Albany in 1S79. When Augustus Garland was at- 
torney general under President Cleveland, Mr, 
Courtney served for three years as special assist- 
ant attorney, and was recognized as the repre- 
sentative of the Democratic administration in the 
county of Cortland. Thomas E. Courtney was 
born in Homer Dec. 22, 1857. He was educated at 
Homer academy, Cortland Normal school, Caze- 
novia seminary and Hamilton college. Mr. Court- 
ney studied law with R. H. Duell and Warren & 
Kellogg, and was admitted to the bar of the State 
June 16, 1880, at Utica. after which he entered the 
office of A. P. Smith, county judge and surrogate, 
where he practiced from June, 18S0, to April, iSSi, 
when he entered into co-partnership with his 
brother. He is a Republican in politics. J. & T. 
E. Courtney have been retained in important cases 
in this locality, having also a considerable law 
business from outside the county. 

The Sunday =School Missionary society of the 
First M. E. church was organized in 1S75 by Rev. 
John Alabasta, at that time pastor of the church. 
It is auxiliary to the regular missionary society of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. Its present of- 
ficers are as follows : President, Miss Bessie Mor- 
gan ; first vice-president, Miss Lena R. Conable ; 
second vice-president. Miss Carrie R. Kellogg ; 
third vice-president. Miss Maud Grannis : secre- 
tary, Miss Mary Gillette ; treasurer, Vernon Peck. 

Butler. Photo. 



The Cortland Athletic Association was organ- 
ized Dec. 7, i>S93, and incorporated in 1S95. After 
the disbandment of the old Forty-fifth Separate 
Company, N. G. S. N.Y., which had developed the 
famous tug of war team that had won the cham- 
pionship of the State against several of the strong- 
est teams, the members of the military company 
and a few of the outside athletes of the place met 
about a week before the above date and appointed 
a committee to nominate officers and draw up a 
suitable constitution for an athletic organization. 
The result was the present organization. The first 
officers were: President, Dr. E. M. Santee; vice- 
president, F. H. Monroe: secretary, E. B. Rich- 
ardson; treasurer, C. F. Barker; athletic captain, 
Frank H. Monroe; cycling captain, E. B. Richard- 
son. A lease was at once 
made with C. E. Rowley 
for the famous Randall 
mansion for a clubhouse, 
and it was opened to the 
members on Christmas 
day following the organ- 
ization. The military 
company had given the 
new organization all of its 
gymnasium outfit and a 
very little furniture, 
which was soon added to, 
and on or about New 
Year's day the opening 
reception was held. This 
function was attended by 
Cortland's best people, 
and was a very success- 
ful affair. The following 
summer a Field day was 
held at the driving park 
that was attended by the 
most famous cyclists in 
the country. This was fol- 
lowed by other notable 
meets that are subjects for 
manv a club house remi- 
niscence even to thisday. 
On Oct. 30, 1896, the old 



Taylor hall was rente<l and fitted up as a club 
house, which has been the club home ever since. 
It contains a large gymnasium, parlor, bath rooms, 
billiard parlor, card and smoking room, and is 
well suited for the purposes of the club. The pres- 
ent membership is aljout loo. The officers 1S99 were: 
President, A, D. Wallace; vice-president, A. S. 
Brown; secretarj', John J. Murphy; financial sec- 
retary, F. A. Maycumber; treasurer, Jas. Kelly; 
athletic captain, A.W.Williams; 'cycling captain, 
A. K. Weatherwax. 

September. A suite of rooms were secured on 
the second lloor of the Hopkins block, one of the 
big modern structures of Cortland, (view see War- 
ren, Tanner & Co.'s store) and there the club has 
since made its home, and prospered. There 
are the reading room and parlor, 40 x 50 feet, the 
card room, 30 x 20, the billiard room, 50 x 35, the 
reception hall, 30 x 15, and ladies' dressing rooms 
and men's toilets. The decorations in the parlors 
are olive green, the card room light terra cotta, 
the reception room blue, and the billiard room red 

Harris, Phuto. Reailiiig Room. THE TIOUGHXIOGA CLUIi ROOMS. 
[For Kxterlor View, see Warren. Tanner & Co.'s Store.] Billiard Room. 

Ret-eption Room. 

The Tioughnioga Club, the elite institution of 
the village of Cortland, was incorporated b}- Albert 
Allen, S. M. Ballard, J. vS. Bull, Hugh DufFey, 
Wesley Hooker, E. W. Hulbert, O. IT. Kellogg, 
Alexander Mahan, A. B. Nelson, W. H. Newton, 
F. D. Smith, F. C. Straat, D. W. Van Hoesen, 
C. P. Walrad and T. H. Wickwire, the date of 
the incorporation papers being December 3, 1S91. 
The first meeting of the club (incorporators) 
was held on Dec. 29, 1S91. There were pres- 
ent nearly all of the above, and they chose for 
their iirst officers and directors the following: 
President, Wesley Hooker; vice-president, Albert 
Allen; secretary, S. M. Ballard; treasurer, C. P. 
Walrad. The directors comprised the above and 
the rest of the incorporators. A constitution and 
by-laws were adopted. The membership is lim- 
ited to 200 and candidates are voted upon by the 
entire membership, proposed by two resident mem- 
bers. It was also provided that fifteen should 
constitute the board of directors, five retiring each 
club year, which begins the first Wednesday in 

in velvet stripe and gold figures. The club is more 
strictly social than a matter of business conven- 
ience. The ladies are invited to grace the rooms 
with their presence the first Wednesday night in 
each month, and the third Wednesday evenings 
are devoted to young people's parties. Interest 
in billiards has been kept up Ijy periodical con- 
tests between members for prizes, a gold badge 
now held by Harry Dowd being off'ered as the 
championship prize of the club, which must be held 
through five successive contests to become the 
property of the holiler. On Sept. i, 1899, the bil- 
liard parlors were placed in charge of a commit- 
tee, of which A. ISI. Schermerhorn is chairman, 
and since then billiards have been made to yield 
a fair margin over and above expenses. The onh' 
other sources of revenue are cigars, fees and dues. 
Fees for admission are|i5, anddues are ;^ioa year. 
The full membership in January, 1900, was 147, 
not including non-resident and honorary. The 
second class comprises those living in adjacent 
towns who have social and business relations in 



Cortlaud, and the latter class are restricted to lo- 
cal clergy and supreme court judges, who are in- 
vited and accepted by letter. Seven of the ten 
Cortland clergy and Judges Walter Lloyd Smith, 
George F. Lyon, Garret S. Forbes. Burr Mattice 
and A. H. Sewell are enrolled in this class. The 
average income from fees and dues is $2,600 an- 
nually. About 14,500 is invested in furnishings. 
Those who have filled the honorable offices of 
president and secretary are the following: Presi- 
dent: Wesley Hooker, Albert Allen, Judge Joseph 
E. Eggleston, .-Vrthur B. Nelson and Frank P. 
Hakes; secretary: S. M. Ballard, F. D. Smith, 
Henry A. Dickinson and S. K. Jones. The pres- 
ent officers are: President, F. P. Hakes; vice-pres- 
ident, A. JI. Jewett; secretar}-, S. K. Jones; treas- 
urer. N. J. Peck. The directors — One vear: C. F. 
Brown, F. P. Hakes, E. C. Palmer, T' H. Dowd, 
C. F. Stillnian; two years, A. M. Jewett, E. .\. 
Didama, W. S. Barker, C. F. Thompson, H. P. 
Johnson; three years, J. S. Bull, F. Daehler, John 
Jliller, N. J. Peck, S. K. Jones. Neither gamb- 
ling or liquors of any character is tolerated in the 

What Is It Worth ?— The growth of a town 
increases property valuations, enlarges the cir- 
cumference of local trade and expands rental val- 
ues. It increases church and school attendance. 
It provides more mouths to be fed, more bodies 
to be clothed, more people to be amused. Com- 
petition between communities is to-day as stirring 

as between tradesmen. Thelatterdisplayshis goods 
and advertises their values. Why may not the 
former? The Historical Souvenir is the show win- 
dow for a conimunit}-. The character of its public 
institutions, its scenery, its enterprises, and its 
places of business and recreation displayed to the 
world in half tone engravings will do for the com- 
munity what the show window and the local 
newspaper advertising columns does for the mer- 
chant. If every family in Cortland has mailed 
one of these Souvenirs, who can doubt what the 
publication is worth to Cortland. 

Photo by Harriis. 


Kiitler. Photo. MRS. (J.T. CHATTERTON. 

Mrs. Q. T. Chatterton seven years ago began 
the manufacture of ladies' skirts from measures 
taken to fit each case — individual measure. It is 
not on a large scale that she carries on this work, 
so that in the case of each order special attention 
is paid to the cutting and fitting as well as to the 
sewing. As it is customary to manufacture from 
stock measurements Mrs. Chatterton found that 
her plan of using individual measurements be- 
came an inducement for trade. She obtained agents 
and sent them out with instructions to solicit 
business from house to house and in the case of 
each order to secure measurements. Thiswasdone, 
and she was from time to 
time able to extend her 
agencies until they rami- 
fied through the .States of 
New York, Pennsvlva- 
nia, Massachusetts and 
Maine. Now her business 
is very largely done 
through the mails. A cus- 
tomer sends her measure 
by mail and is accommo- 
dated in a manner just as 
satisfactory as though the 
business had been done 
by her in person and un- 
der a thorough guarantee, 
giving all the advantages 
~ which one might expect 
to obtain from a large fac- 
tory. The goods she uses 
in making up skirts in- 
clude imported moreen, 
satteen, and mercerized 
and taifetta silks. Mrs. 
Chatterton's business is 
carried on at No. 33 North 
Pendleton street. She has 
been a resident of Cort- 
land all of her life, and 
is a member of the Meth- 
odist church. 


Hollister Brothers succeeded HoUister & 
Rigby in the bakery and confectionery busi- 
ness at No. 7 North Main street, their present 
location, on Jan. i, 1897, a business which was 
started by Lord & Chidsey in 1SS7. F. W. Clark 
was afterwards the proprietor of the business, 
and he in turn was succeeded by Hollister 6c 
Rigby in 1S96. When the present firm came 
into possession of the business they enlarged 
the bakeshop, doubling its capacity, put in a 
dining room and soda fountain, so that since 
then thev have catered to the retail trade almost 
exclusively, both in bakestuflfs and the other 
lines which they handle. Both members of the 
firm. H. P. and Fred Hollister, are practical 
bakers, and as they are assisted by another, 
three bakers are constantly employed. They 
also have a considerable family trade in ice 
creams. H. P. Hollister was born in McGraw, 
June 6, 1867, and received a schooling in the 
public schools and the DeRuyter academy. On 
Dec. 5, 1884, he married Ella E. Gross of Mc- 
Graw, and they moved to Cortland in Febru- 
ary, 1886, Mr. Hollister being first employed in 
Wickwire's for about a year, and from June to 
September, iS.SS, in Rook & Brown's bakery 
in the Squires block. In the latter month H. 
P. and his brother T. N. bought out that 
firm, and in January, 18S9, the former suc- 
ceeded to the interest of his brother, finally sell- 
ing the business to F. Schellinger in December, 
1892. He then worked for Coon Brothers until 
he formed the co-partnership with E. B. 
Rigby and purchased the business in 1S96, at No. 
7 North Main street. Fred Hollister was born at 
DeRuyter June 6, 1873, and attended the Cortland 
Normal school. He worked for his brothers in 
the bakery from 1SS9 to 1891, then was employed 
in Duluth, Minn., three years. Returning east in 
1S94, he took a course in a business college and 
afterwards was employed by Dowd & Chaffee and 
Coon Bros. He is a member of the John L. Lewis 
lodge, I. O. O. F. 


KREO HOLLISTKR. iBiitlei-, Photo.) H. P. HOLLISTER. 

The Population of Cortland is now about 10,- 
000. On Nov. 5, 1S53, when chartered as a 
village it was 1,500. On Dec. 3 of the same year 
the first bank was opened by 'William Randall. 
The principal business firms then were J. 'W. 
Sturtevant & Co., J. S. Squires, S. E. Welch, O. 
W. Barnard, Daniel Bradford, William Fish, 
James Van Valen, Cloyes & Todd, Anthony and 
S. D. Freer, Henry Brewer and John McFarlan. 
In 1S61 the population numbered a little more 
than 2,000. In January, 1862 the Eagle Hotel, 
including Henry Brewer's harness store and J. 
McFarlan & Co's. furniture store was destroyed 
by fire. In 1S64 H. J. Messenger built the 
Messenger House and in [865 the Taylor Hall 
block. In 1864 the First National Bank was or- 
ganized, the Savings Bank in 1S66 and the Cort- 
land National Bank in 1S69. The new special 
village charter was granted .\pril 28, 1864, and in 
1876 the village had a population of 3,398. In 
1872 Fitzgerald & Kinnie began the manufacture 
of platform spring wagons and in 1874 Wickwire 
Bros, bought an old hand loom and began weav- 
ing wire cloth. In 1880 Cortland had 4,000 popu- 
lation and in 1882, 6,000. 

An Historical Souvenir, such as this, is one of 
the best mediums for publishing to the world the 
superiority of a city or village, as richly' endowed 
with natural advantages as Cortland. There is no 
other practical method of widely distributing 
views and description which will command public 
attention. The beautiful streets of Cortland will 
appeal strongly to the mind of the stranger ; and 
especially those which are paved with asphalt, 
views of which are published for the first time in 
this Souvenir. The many pretty and imposing 
business blocks cannot fail to impress the thou- 
sands of strangers who will see this book, and 
call forth man)' enconiums which the business 
thrift and enterprise of Cortland as shown by 
such structures deserve. The views of store 
fronts and interiors, of the manufacturing estab- 
lishments, the schools, the State Normal school 
and the churches cannot fail to excite admiration. 


The Railroad from Syracuse to Biugham- 
ton, which first gave Cortland an outlet by 
rail, was constructed in 185.^, being formally 
opened to the public on Oct. 18 and 19 of 
that j-ear when large excursion parties went 
overtheroad. Jas. M. Schermerhoru, Hon. 
Henry Stephens and other citizens of Cort- 
land and Homer were largely instrumental 
in getting the road through. The opening 
of the L'tica, Ithaca and Elmira railroad in 
1S72 conferred additional advantages upon 
Cortland. This road has changed hands on 
different occasions and is now a part of the 
Lehigh Valley railroad system. The Erie 
and Central New York railroad, which con- 
templates a line of railroad through the 
state, was opened from Cortland to Cincin- 
natus, i6miles. in 1S9S andisbeing operated 
now only over that distance. In 1S7S the 
Canastota, Cazenovia and DeRuyter railroad 
(now a part of the Lehigh branch operated 
from Camden, Oneida county, to Elmira, Che- 
mung county ) was opened between Cortland 
and DeRuyter. 

The Photographers, who did the viewing 
and made the si ttings for the portraits printed 
in this Souvenir, are Edwin H. Hyatt, F. L. 
Harris and G.E. Butler, men who are artists 
in every branch of the business. It has 
no small undertaking for three photographers to 
do the work required in a publication of this size 
and character. The value of the cuts depends very 
largely on the photographic work. It is impossi- 
ble to get good photo engravings without first- 
class photos. We believe that the purchasers of 
the Souvenir will agree with us that no souvenir 
ever presented a better lot of views and portraits. 
The work of the photographers will be appreciated 
bv the public as well as by the publishers of this 
Souvenir, and they are entitled to a great deal of 
credit for the time and trouble that have been 
required of them. 



The Sunday°School, First M. E. church, was 
organized contemporaneous with the establish- 
ment of the church. Its present officers are : 
Superintendent, Dr. F.J. Cheney; first assistant 
superintendent. Dr. F. W. Higgins ; second as- 
sistant superintendent, Jlrs. F. J. Doubleday ; 
secretary, Geo. P. Yager ; assistant secretary, 
Stuart Dye ; treasurer, Chas. Saunders ; chorister, 
George Oscar Bowen ; pianist. Miss Carrie Kel- 
logg ; assistant pianist. Miss Maud Grannis ; 
superintendent prim.'iry department, Mrs. Viro- 
qua Smith ; first assistant superintendent. Miss 
M. L. Weatherwax ; second assistant superintend- 
ent, Mrs. C. F. Weiler ; secretary of Sunday- 
school board. Miss Nina McCarthy. 


Stand. Ind. Ed." 



Copyrighted by "Grip," 1900. 

"Grip's" Gazette — Vol. VIII, No. 2 — February, liKX). 
No. 403 Clinton Avenue, Albany, N. V. 

The State Ga/ette ot Social Events and Public Affairs 

in thf Kinpire State. 
Contemporaneous History and Real Life. Tlie Only Pub- 

liialiiin of tills Character in Print. A Valuable 

Piiiilicatioii for Reference. 


Asliby, Miss Kessie 
Alleu', Miss Kllie A. 
Armstrong, )?. K. 
Bierce, Mrs. Fanny H. 
Beha, James A. 
Bui), Miss Dorothea 
Bloomer, L. A. 
Buck, Mrs. A. E. 
Bentley, Mrs. MarvM. 
Blodgett, Edward D. 
Brown, A. S. 
Corcoran, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Collins, Mrs. C. W. 
Cloyes, Miss Mary J. 
Daltoii, Miss Lena E. 
Dovvd, James 
Daehler, Mrs. F. 
Enos, Miss Clara M. 
Ellis, E. E. 
Frost, Jr., A. 
French, Miss Stella 
Gooding, S. N. 
Guild, Miss Jane T. 
Hunt, J. B. 
Hyatt, Mrs. Julia E. 
Hendrick, Miss Mary F. 
Hewitt, E. E. 
Hallock, E. J. 
Halbert, Miss Carrie D. 
Higgins, Dr. F. W. 
Kennedy, Wni. 
Kennedy, John A. 
Kerby, R. E. 
Lanagan, F. W. 
Lane, Mrs. H. M. 
Martin, Clarence S. 
Meager, Mrs. J. B. 
McLoghliii, Rev. J. J. 
Markley, Nellie G. 
Myers, Helena M. 
Morse, C. M. 
Nix, John A. 
Oothoudt, Myron 
Oderkirk, J. H. 
Place, Mrs. Sara H. 
Pound, Rev. Win. H. 
Peck, Mrs. C. T. 
Phelps, John H. 
Ross, Sarah G. 
Roe, Miss M. 
Ralyea, Henry 
Smith, R. F. 
Santee, Dr. E. M. 
Sprague, Mrs. A. A. 
Smith, Prof. F. E. 
Summers, James 
Sherwood, Edward 
Starr, Asa 
Turner, James H. 
White, Asa T. 
Warren, George L. 
Williams, Miss Isabella 
Wilson, Mrs. E. H. 

Andrews, Mrs. Laura E. 
Angell, Miss Helen M. 

Briggs, Miss 
Brown, Mrs. C. F. 
Bosworth, Mrs. J. F. 
Burgess, Bertha E. Mrs. 
Brownell, Minnie Mrs. 
Bosworth, A. G. 
Buell, Clayton H. 

Coon, C. V. 
Cheney, Francis J. 
Collins, Arabella B. 
Dickerson, Mrs. Mary J. 
Davis, R. H. 
Davis, Eugene 
Ellsworth, Mrs. A. D. 

Force, Jliss Marguerite 

Greenman, Mrs. Kate 

Houghton, Rev. O. A. 
Haskins, Mrs. Mvron 
Howell, Rev. W."j. 
Hoxsie, Mrs. W. S. 
Hinds, G. V. 
Hopkins, E. J. 
Harris, Miss Maria 
Keese, J. W. 
Kellogg, H. M. 

Langham, B. F. 
Lester, George T. 
Mover, Rev.'r. C. B. 
Mu'dge, Mrs. F. H. 
Milburn, Rev. U. S. 
Milne, James M. 
Moon, W. C. 

Norton, Miss Ellen 
Owens, Rev. O. M. 

Piper, Miss Mary C. 
Porter, Miss Eva 
Palmer, E. C. 
Palmer, W. V. 
Rice, Rev. Charles L. 
Russell, Mrs. Mary A. 

Slafter, Mrs. E. P. 
Stevenson, W. B. 
Sager, Mrs. Julia 
Sager, ■■\aron 
Stone, Rev. J. T. 
Stevenson, Rev. G. E. T. 
Seeber, Mrs. W. L. 
Twiss, Mrs. Julia F. 
Weiler, C. F. 
Wilbur, Mrs. G. A. 
Whitnev, H. M. 
Welch, Edgar L. 

"Grip's" Historical Souvenir of Cortland ful- 
fills several missions. It carries the news and per- 
petuates the scenes and historical data, which in- 
struct and entertain a community. It entices the 
stranger within our gates. It records the approxi- 
mate value to the village of the business and pro- 
fessional man. It acts as a guide to the visitor, 
directing him into this and that man's place of 
business, piloting him through the streets and 
public squares, pointing out this and that scene — 
this and that historic spot. It introduces him to 
the men and women who are leaders in profes- 
sional, financial, commercial, manufacturing and 
social circles. It names the enterprising and suc- 
cessful resident of Cortland. It places in durable 
and permanent form a valuable compilation of 
personal and general information which in years 
to come are prized beyond value. It does not 
cater to the gnawitig hunger for compliments and 
eulogistic commonplaces and generalities which 
are too commonly used in Souvenirs, and are 
never used in Historical Souvenirs. It does not 
lay to the soul unctious flattery. It caters not to 
vanity. The man of "sterling integrity" does 
not learn in this Souvenir that he possesses a jewel 
of such rare price. "Our leading," "genial," 
"affable" citizen are phrases unknown to its pages. 

The Contributors to this Souvenir, have — per- 
haps unconsciously, in some cases — rendered the 
people of Cortland a great service. Accuracy in 
writing is an important end to be obtained and it 
is only by a member of the society that its history 
can be intelligently and accurately written. We 
are sure that every member of the several socie- 
ties which are historically presented in this Sou- 
venir will join us in expressing thanks to the 
writers of these most valuable and interesting 
sketches. The names of the contributors which 
in the majority of cases do not appear in connec- 
tion with the sketches, are printed at the head of 
the first column on this page. Their work will 
long outlast them. 

Errors will occasionaly creep into a work of 
this magnitude, especially as so many proper 
names are used. Where they have been discov- 
ered in time correction has been made in Ad- 
denda, the location of which can be found by ref- 
erence to the index. Criticism is not to be de- 
spised or avoided. We expect it. The carping 
critic always offers and never welcomes it. 

The Far Sighted firm of Palmer & Co. early in 
the work of preparing " Grip's " Historical Sou- 
venir of Cortland, secured a number of copies, be- 
lieving that those who were slow in ordering the 
book would eventually welcome an opportunity to 
get a copy. Others who have found they did not 
order all they wanted may secure copies there as 
longas the supply holds out. 

The Postoffice Sketch occasioned consider- 
able research, and it was not until after the first 
was in print additional material was obtained 
through the energetic efforts of Mr. James Turner. 
Hence two sketches, see pages 46 and 93. 


Philip M. Neary was born at Dryden, Tompkins 
Co., N. Y., March 27, 1S56, and received his edu- 
cation at the district school and at Ithaca High 
school. At the age of 17, while he was preparing 
to enter Cornell university his father died leaving 
a large family. The doctor being the oldest boy 
was obliged to shoulder the responsibility of car- 
ing for farm and family. From farm work and 
school teaching, however, he earned and saved 
enough to pay lor a medical education at the 
University of the City of New York, from which 
he was graduated in March, 18SS. He prac- 
ticed at Union Valley, Cortland Co., N. Y., for 
seven years, and Jan. 1st, 1S95, came to Cortland 
since which time he has practiced here. The doc- 
tor studied with Dr. Wm. Gallagher of Slaterville 
Springs, N. Y. He has held the office of health 
officer four years, coroner six years, and physician 
to Cortland county alms house six years. He was 
married Aug. 17, 1S90, to Miss Bertha A. Payne of 
Lincklaen, N. Y., and has four children, Philip 
J., Leah Marguerite, Bertha Elizabeth and Marv 

Organization of Cortlandville. — The first town 
meeting was held at the old Eagle Tavern on 
March 2, 1S30. The following are the first town 
officers: Commissioners of highways, Parker But- 
terfield, Eleazer May, William R. Bennett ; assess- 
ors. Harry McGraw, Daniel Mallory, Daniel Hib- 
bard ; school commissioners, Rufus Boies, Gilbert 
Edgcomb, Jr., .Asa Loring ; school inspectors, 
Marvin Huntington, Joseph C. Morse, Charles 
Chamberlain ; commissioners of the gospel and 
school lot, Rufus Boies, Canfield Marsh; poor- 
masters, Daniel Miller, Tercius Eels; constables, 
Eleazer Carpenter, H. S. Brockway, He/.ekiah M. 
Sanders, Gilmore Kinney ; collector, Micah 
Hotchkiss ; sealer of weights and measures, Ed- 
ward Allen ; justices of the peace, Jacob Badgley, 
Hiram McGraw, Jonathan L. Woods. One hun- 
dred dollars each was appropriated for the poor 
and for bridges. Several new roads were laid out 
the first year among which were what is now Mill 
street. Railroad street and a portion of Port Wat- 
son street. Railroad street was notlaid out through 
to Main street until several years later. The land 

Harris, Photo. 


Hants. Photo. P. M. NEARY, M. D. 

in the eastern part of the present village limits, 
now filled in and built up with neat residences, 
was then low and swampy and what was known as 
the Baptist road, which ran diagonally from near 
the river, starting a short distance north of Port 
Watson street bridge and coming out near the 
junction of Adams street and the Homer road, 
was " corduroyed." .Another road ran over Court 
House hill and struck into the Homer road north 
of the village. At that time Homer was the prin- 
cipal market for the produce of Cortland county, 
except what was shipped by river, and these two 
roads were the common thoroughfares for farmers 
living in the south end of the county, many of 
whom went to Homer to do their trading. 

Credit Wliere Due —The work of the photogra- 
pher for the Souvenir is no light task. Therefore 
it is our purpose to give 
him credit. Butler, one 
of the vSouvenir artists, 
should receive credit for 
the following views, 
which, by mistake, was 
improperly given: Por- 
traits of G. W. McGraw 
and J. G. Osgood, p. 67; 
portraits of Policemen, p. 
80; view of City Water 
Works, p, 77; portrait of 
H. T. Bushnell, p. 71; 
portrait of Walter V. 
Palmer, p. 74; portraits 
of N. Jay Peck and R. H. 
Beard, p. 66; portrait of 
Emmett F. Jennings, p. 
51; view of Cobblestone 
Schoolhouse, (copy), p. 
63; view of Ellis Omni- 
bus Co. 's Works, (copy), 
p. 40; view of Railroad 
Stations, p. 25; view of 
Franklin Hatch Library, 
p. 24. 




Cortland Wagon Co — Cortland is best known 
in the marts of the world as the home of the Cort- 
land Wagon Co. This great establishment is not 
the resultant of a mere accident, nor has it reached 
its present colossal proportions at a single bound. 
Its early beginning was the creation of executive 
energy and enterprise, and its steady, sturdy 
growth has largely been the product of organiz- 
ing ability, mechanical ingenuity and inventive 
genius of a high order. The embryo of this great 
carriage industry had its genesis in a little one 
story building on the present site of the Graham 
block on Port Watson street, where in the spring 
of 1866 Lawrence J. Fitzgerald began manufac- 
turing carriages for the local trade. In 1869 Mr. 
Fitzgerald formed a partnership with O. C. Gee for 

was found inadequate to supply the increasing de- 
mands of the trade. During the year 1875 Fitz- 
gerald & Kinne changed the firm name to the 
"Cortland Wagon Manufacturing Co.." and in 1876 
enlarged their manufacturing plant by the erec- 
tion of a large additional building on the site of 
the present immense factories on East Court street. 
During the latter year 2, 200 platform spring wagons 
were manufactured and sold. In the following 
year Mr. Kinne died, leaving the responsibility of 
the large and constantly increasing business on 
the shoulders of the surviving partner, who alone 
carried on the business with marked success until 
the 1st of January, 1879, when the present stock 
organization was formed and incorporated under 
the name of the Cortland Wagon Co. The char- 

Photo by Hyatt. 


the manufacture of carriages and sleighs. The 
business was carried on in a shop on West Court 
street, immediately in the rear of the present 
Wallace building on Main street. Early in the 
spring of 1872 Charles Kinne bought Mr. Gee's 
interest in the partnership, and soon after the 
firm of Fitzgerald & Kinne began the manufac- 
ture of platform spring wagons for the general 
trade. The immediate and increasing demand for 
these platform wagons compelled the erection of 
a more extensive manufacturing plant, hence on 
what is now the Central High school lot on Rail- 
road street larger factories were erected, and in 
the spring of 1873 the platform wagon plant was 
moved into its new quarters on Railroad street. 
Soon the whole of the Railroad street lot was cov- 
ered with factory buildings, and yet their capacit\- 

ter directors of the new company were: L.J. Fitz- 
gerald, W. D.Tisdale, Hugh Dufley, M. D.Welch. 
L. J. Fitzgerald was elected president, and Hugh 
Duffey vice-president and general superintendent. 
Although this company has increased in size and 
capital, these officers have held the offices to which 
they first were elected through consecutive years to 
the present time. During the first year of the ex- 
istence of the new company nearly six thousand 
wagons were manufactured, which number was 
increased to eight thousand as the product of the 
following year. During 1880 new additional build- 
ings were erected on the East Court street lot, and 
in 1881 thewhole factoriesand offices were grouped 
together in their Court street home. This eligible 
location made possible the running of special rail- 
road tracksinto the worksfroni the D., L. & W. and 



Hyatt, Photo. L. .J. FITZGERALD, . 

President Cortland Wagon Co. 

from the Lehigh Valley railroads. On Dec. 5, 18S.S, 
a disastrous fire broke out in the works and swept 
away the whole factory, save two buildings. 
In the following year the present magnificent 
factor}' structures were erected and equipped. 
Some idea of the size of the present factory may 
be conveyed by stating that the total floor space 
would cover nearly seven acres. Great as is the 
capacit}' of the enormous factory, it is frequently 
tested to its utmost during the busy season. The 
growth of the Cortland Wagon Co. has been phe- 
nomenal. Judged by the number and variety of 
work manufactured, by the excellent grade of 
work produced, as well as by the wide extent of 
territory into which the goods are shipped, this 
company holds a commanding position. The ex- 
tent of the output has reached as high as 15,000 
spring wagons and car- 
riages, 5,000 carts and 
nearly 8,000 cutters and 
sleighs in a single year. 
From being manufac- 
turers solely of platform 
spring wagons the compa- 
ny has become makers of 
spring wagons, buggies, 
carts, coaches and car- 
riages of over 100 styles 
and varieties. They 
have offices and rep- 
resentatives in London, 
England, in Philadel- 
phia, in Chicago and in 
San Francisco. The ve- 
hicles of the Cortland 
Wagon Co. have been 
sold not only in every 
state and territory of our 
own country, but also 

have been shipped in large numbers to Mexico and 
South America, into nearh- ever\- European coun- 
try, into China and India, into South Africa, Aus- 
tralia and New Zealand. The Cortland Wagon 
Co. carried on an extensive trade in Canada 
until a few years ago when the Canadian pro- 
hibitory tariff made profitable shipment of goods 
into that territory impossible. To svipplv that 
trade the Cortland Wagon Co. organized a com- 
pany and established carriage works at Branttbrd, 
Ontario, under the name of the Brantford Carriage 
Co., and now manufactures in that place for the 
Canadian trade nearly 5,000 carriages and sleighs 
annually. The abounding success of the Cortland 
Wagon Co. has been the means of starting many 
similar factories in different parts of the country, 
in which factories the machinery and mechanical 
arrangement of the Cortland Wagon Co. have been 
largely copied and followed. Factory and insur- 
ance inspectors openly assert that in labor-saving 
devices, in economical arrangements, in the per- 
fection of mechanical details and in the simplic- 
ity and completeness of organization the Cortland 
Wagon factory stands unequalled. And when one 
enters these commodious buildings alive and 
teeming with the stir and movement of activity 
and enterprise and notes on every hand the utmost 
order method and system it is easy to give assent 
to the conclusion of the factory examiners. The 
Cortland Wagon Co. is making a higher grade of 
work from year to year. The grade of work man- 
ufactured this year is higher than in any previous 
year. The work shipped to-day bearing the man- 
ufacturing plate of the Cortland Wagon Co. is an 
unfailing guarantee of work of attested high 
grade. The work is made on honor and no matter 
how great the urgency, the rush, or the demand 
nothing is slighted. The motto of the manufactur- 
ing department — " Despatch Without Neglect " — 
is absolutely imperative on workmen and admits 
of no variation. Cortland is justly proud of this 
institution carried on bv men whose minds are on 


Plioto by Butler. 




a level and not abovL- their business. If work is 
the true source of human welfare and happiness 
then these institutions that give opportunity for 
work must, in a sense, be viewed as benefactors 
not alone to those that toil but as well to those 
who reap advantages from those that toil. No 
business community deserves to thrive that fails 
to give lasting appreciation, encouragement and 
honor to all the institutions that are carried on by 
the vital union of head and hand, of labor and 
thought, for out of such a union shall constantly 
appear influences that make for greater light and 
larger life. 

Lawrence J. Fitzgerald, the president andfinau- 
cier of the compan}-, is prompt in the dispatch of 
business, and is approachable and affable. He is 
generous and lo\-al in his impulses, and is widely 
interested in a large number of enterprises. He 
is the owner of several stock farms, and possesses 
quite extensive agricultural interests. Mr. Fitz- 
gerald was the incumbent of the office of 
State Treasurer during two terms, i886-'7 and 
iS8S-'9, being elected the first time in November, 
1S85, on a full gubernatorial and state ticket. 
Gov. Hill was running for his first full term as 
governor and Mr. Fitzgerald's associates on the 
state ticket in the successful issue of that campaign 
were such well-known Democrats as Frederick 
Cook of Rochester, .\lfred C. Chapin of Brook- 
lyn and Denis O'Brien of Watertown, since 
made a judge of the Court of Appeals. On his re- 
election in 1887. among his associates was Edward 
Wemple of Fultonville, one of the most pictur- 
esque figures in state politics. The result of both 
campaigns was so marked that every man on the 
winning ticket became prominent in the state. 
Mr. Fitzgerald has served a year as president of 
the village, four years as a member of the Board 
of Trustees, and two years as president of the 
Cortland County .Agricultural society. He was 
one of the incorporators of the Second National 



Harris. Photo. HUUH DUFFEY, 

Vice-President Cortland Wagon Co. 

bank, of which he has been a director from the 
beginning, and he filled the position of vice-presi- 
dent down to within six years when he resigned ; 
also being the vice-president of The National Bank 
of Cortland. As a member of the local board 
of the Cortland Normal school, of which he is 
the treasurer, Mr. Fitzgerald has been deeply 
interested in the prosperity of that institution. 
He was born in Skaneateles, -Aug. 5, 1841, and 
educated in the Skaneateles academy. In that 
village he began the trade of wagon making, all 
of the details of which he mastered as a workman 
during nearly ten years he was employed in vari- 
ous shops, among them being S. W. Cately's at 
Tully, and factories in .\uburn, Geneva and 
Homer. During the years l862-'5 he was employed 
at Tully, coming to Homer in the latter year, and 
in Oct., 1865, marrying Joana Shea of that village. 
The firm of Fitzgerald 
cS: Gee continued the 
business until 1872, when 
the latter sold out his 
interest to C. W. Kinne, 
and the firm of Fitzger- 
ald & Kinne bought a 
tract of land on Railroad 
street, where they erected 
buildings capable of ac- 
commodating a more ex- 
tensive plant. In 1S75 
new buildings were erect- 
ed and the business was 
greatly extended both as 
to the capacity of the 
works and in the territory 
covered by their sales- 
men. On May 10, 1877, 
Mr. Kinne died, but the 
firm remained as hither- 
to, the Kinne estate re- 
taining his interest in the 
business until the organ- 
ization of the Cortland 
Wagon Co.. two years 




Hugh Duffej-, the vice-president and superin- 
tendent of the Cortland Wagon Co., is a man of 
commanding genius. He has not only supervis- 
ing and organizing ability of a high order but has 
mechanical insight into the needs and power of 
machinery and the inventive genius to supply such 
needs. He is not only the inventor of most of 
the machinery used in the Cortland Wagon Co.'s 
factory, but much of the machinery that is to be 
found in other factories of the world. He is 
a master of details in all branches of vehicle con- 
struction, and he is so well informed of the actual 
cost of construction in every part of every wagon 
manufactured by the company that he can sum- 
mon figures in items or in the aggregate at any 

stage in the progress of a job without the neces- 
sity of figuring it out. At an age when most men 
are conservative he is radical in foreseeing the de- 
mands of the trade and progressive in keeping in 
the lead in the matter of style and finish of 
vehicles that are placed upon the market. He has 
been president of the village, member of the board 
of trustees, and has almost continuously held a 
civic office of trust. He is a firm believer in lib- 
eral public school education and was one of the 
most active in founding the present village school 
system, being a member of its original board of 
trustees. As a member of the local board of the 
State Normal School in this village he has been 
active and aggressive in seeing that the wants of 





the school are supplied ; and is always a generous 
upholder of organization and discipline. In 
politics he has been rightly classed as a stal- 
wart Democrat. He has not only been chairman 
of the Democratic county organization for a 
long time, as well as a regular attendant at .State 
conventions, and several times a delegate to the 
National conventions, but his counsel and advice 
have been sought for in the p0litic.1l circles of 
the state organization and greatly prized. On one 
occasion he was a candidate of his party for one 
of the responsible offices of the state. Mr. Duffey 
came to Cortland in the spring of 1S75 with the 
Jliddletown Horseshoe Nail Co.'s works, of which 
he was one of the owners. The preceding year he 
had been in Cortland to secure a site and the erec- 
tion of buildings. In 1879, when The Cortland 

Wagon Co. was organized, Mr. Duffey was one of 
the incorporators, and was made the vice-president, 
which position he has since held. He was 
born in Portage, Wj'oming county, June 10, 1840, 
and learned the trade of machinist and steam 
engineering in the Buffalo Steam Engine works. 
During the war he was chief engineer of a line of 
steamboats which conveyed troops and supplies 
for the Army of the Potomac. As a commissioner 
at the World's Fair at Chicago, where he represent- 
ed the interests of Cortland, Mr. Duffey brought be- 
fore public attention the products of its factories 
in a manner that undoubtedly made Cortland 
more widely known than ever. Mr. Duffey is the 
president and manager of the Brantford (Canada) 
wagon works, and is a director in the Homer'& 
Cortland Traction Co. 



M. E. Sarvay, who is engaged in llie boot and 
shoe business at No. 13 Railroad street, came to 
Cortland in 1S94 and bought out Passage & Over- 
ton, who were conducting the business at that 
place. The store is centrally located, spacious, 
completely stocked and is in every respect ar- 
ranged and conducted to accommodate every de- 
mand that is made upon that line of business by 
the best class of trade. It is indeed an attractively 
fitted store. Mr. Sarvay 's experience in the trade 
covers a period of fifteen years, beginning with 
his connection with the Tom Proctor company's 
store at Forestport, Oneida county, March, 1884, 
and continuing with the same house for ten years, 
seven of w-hich were spent as manager of their 
store at Powell, Pa , from which place he came di- 
rectly to Cortland in the year already mentioned. 
He was born in Watertowu. Jlay 29, 1.S65, and was 
educated in the schools of that city and at the 
Ives' seminar}-, afterwards taking a course in a 
business college at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. In April, 
18.S8, he married Mary Thorpe of Forestport, N. 
Y., and they have two children, John and Laura 

Impressions. — Standing on the east side of 
Church street, where it meets Port Watson, on a 
beautiful evening in June of 1899, were the presi- 
dent of a well known college and the writer of 
these "Impressions of Cortland." We were look- 
ing north between the two rows of stately elms 
which here skirt the road; and while we were look- 
ing the writer received valuable, independent testi- 
mony to confirm his own opinion of the natural at- 
tractions of our village. It was from his compan- 
ion, the college president, who said, emphaticall)-: 
"I don't know of another village where you could 
find so handsome a column of elms as that." So 
speak all visitors; they have not longbeen in Cort- 
land before the praise of its beauty is on their lips. 
But Cortland is not only to be spoken of because, 
as Bishop Heber says, "every prospect pleases." 
Cortland has many other advantages. It is the 
center an<l market of a thriving agricultural re- 
gion, a recognized headquarters of all manufac- 
tures connected with the great wagon and carriage 
industrv, and in a peculiar way the home — as its 

Hutk-r, Photu. 

M. E. .SAllVAY. 

Harris. Photu. 


people reflect with much satisfaction — of a large 
and progressive concern, whose product takes the 
highest rank wherever screen wire in its various 
forms is spoken of Cortland's public schools are 
good, for the gratifying reason that the people 
have elected to the re.sponsible office of trustees 
public spirited men who consult, not intermit- 
tently and perfunctorily, but regularlj- and heart- 
ily, tile important concern of the common schools, 
and inspire and support the efforts of an efficient 
superintendent and of an admirable corps of 
teachers. The Cortland Normal school is an in- 
stitution which brings students from all parts of 
the state to our village, for it is conducted with 
energy and success, and its graduates have far 
more than a local or even a state reputation, be- 
ing in demand all over the country. To the pres- 
ent writer it does not seem that "Impressions of 

Cortland" would be 
'IS I complete without 
mention of the distinct 
benefit thisvillage en- 
joys in its admirable 
hotels. And if Cort- 
land's hotels serve to 
recommend it to the 
traveling public, its 
excellent water supply 
forms no small addi- 
tion to its attractions 
as a permanent place 
of residence. Then, 
here are alert mer- 
chants with well-kept 
stores, strong banking 
institutions, and, 
which is a fact full of 
promise, the determi- 
nation on the part of 
the people of Cortland 
not to rest satisfied 
with all these advant- 
ages, but to go on 
steadily in the march 
of impro vem en t. — 



QIadding & Brown, the proprietors of the 
Cortland Steam Laundry, have developed 
from a business started in a small way by Le- 
ander Stebbins in 1880 to an establishment 
which turns out all grades of work, from 
coarse goods to the finest draperies and tapes- 
tries. H. C. Beebe succeeded Stebbins in 
1882, and down to 1895 he was followed by 
several different proprietors. On Oct. 4 of 
1895 the business passed into the hands of 
Gladding & Card, who came to Cortland from 
Norwich. In February, 1899, Mr. Dwight 
W. Brown bought Mr. Card's interest, and 
since then the firm has been Gladding & 
Brown. The laundry occupies two floors of 
a building on the corner of Clinton avenue 
and Washington street. It is equipped fully 
with not only the best laundry machinery, 
but machines used for cleaning carpets and 
renovating feathers. The power is supplied 
by a 40-horse power boiler and a 20-horse 
power engine. It is fitted with steam con- 
densers so that filtered water, which is the 
best for laundry purposes, may be used, and 
has two steam dry rooms. Two wagons are 
used for collecting and delivering laundry. 
Mr. A. L. Gladding was born in Otselic, 
Chenango coimty, in 1864. In 1883 he entered 
the employ of H. C. Beebe in Cortland, and was 
with him for four years, when hewent to Norwich 
and bought the laundry of Joseph Windsor and 
conducted it for eight years. Then he returned to 
Cortland, and in company with Mr. B. I. Card 
bought the Cortland Steam Laundry. He was mar- 
ried to Edith M. Frisbie of Norwich Feb. 11, 1890. 
He is a memberof the John L. Lewis Lodge of Odd 
Fellows. Dwight W. Brown was born in Ply- 
mouth, Chenango county, Dec. 18, 1843. For ten 
years he worked in the grocery of A. Bosworth at 
Norwich, N. Y., and later the grocer}' of E. L- 
Smith, afterward being employed by Harrington, 
the gardener. He came to Cortland at the time 
he went into partnership with Mr. Gladding. He 
married Frances T. Blackman of Norwich on Feb. 
28, 18S4. 



A. L. GLAlJlJlNi., 

iKutler, Pl[i>to. 


Harris. Photo. 


The Cortland Village Female Seminary was 

incorporated by an act of the legislature in 
April, 1828. The payment of |io admitted to 
membership and the right to vote for trustees. 
The same year the school was opened in an old 
building, once used for a tavern, which stood back 
a short distance from Main street, about where 
McKinney & Doubleday's store now stands. The 
building was fitted up with accommodations for 
boarding pupils, and that part of the institution 
was placed in charge of Oliver Brewster, recently 
arrived from Onondaga. Miss Jane Ingersoll of 
Springfield, Mass., was appointed principal, with 
Miss Brewster as assistant. Miss McDonald of 
Ithaca teacher of drawing, and Miss Dutton of 
New Haven teacher of music. This institution 
flourished for about ten years, when it was closed 
to make room for the Cortland academj-. A large 
number of young ladies 
who afterwards became 
well known in the society 
of Central NewYork were 
educated at this semi- 

Town Clerks, Cort= 
landville.— List from or- 
ganization of the town: 
Homer Gillett, i83i-'37 ; 
Tercius Eels, i838-'4o; J. 
C.Pomeroy, 1841, '43, '44; 
R. A. Reed, 1842; Adin 
Webb, i845-'63; H. A. 
Randall, i864-'67 ; A. N. 
Rounsville, r868; W. J. 
Mantanye, 1S69 ; Lewis 
Bouton, 1870 ; George L. 
Waters, 1871, '72; George 
S. Sands, 1873, '74 ; L- P- 
Hollenbeck, iS75-'83; H. 
A.. Dickinson, i884-'9o ; 
Wm. Corcoran, iS9i-'93; 
Edmond C. -Alger, 1894- 
•96; H. H. Pudney, 1S9S- 


Early Business Ventures. — .\mong those who 
first engaged in trade in Curtland were Nathan 
Luce, who, in iSiS, built a tavern which with sub- 
sequent enlargements became known as the Eagle 
Tavern. Jacob Wheeler, in 1812, was the village 
blacksmith and William Bartlit, three years later 
was the village harness maker. In iSioJainesand 
Samuel Percival started the Cortland Courier in 
Homer. In 1815 James Percival started the Cort- 
land Republican in Cortland. Asahel Lyman built 
a brick structure on Main street, corner of Gro- 
ton avenue, (see view, page 1 11) in 1816 and carried 
on a general mercantile business which subse- 
quently went into the hands of A. P. and G. N. 
Lyman. In the course of the next four years 
Lyman & Blair went into business and Charles W. 
Lynde also opened a store about that time. Will- 
iam and Roswell Randall opened a store about 
1813, and very soon after had two stores. They 
were very large dealers and supplied a large ex- 
tent of the surrounding country. They also op- 
erated distilleries and asheries. William Elder is 

has ever since been known as " the dry goods cor- 
ner." A year or two later Sylvester Blair became 
his partner. The firm of Lyman & Blair dissolved 
in 1826, and the former continued the business 
until 1840 when he was succeeded by his sons, 
Asahel P. and George N. Lyman who discontinued 
the business iu 1S46 and went west. Samuel Blair, 
another well-known resident of Cortland, came 
here in 1S17 and eugaged in the business of a 
cooper. His son Chauncey, years afterwards be- 
came a prominent banker in Chicago. About the 
close of the first half of the century, say fifty 
years ago, about all the business done in Cortland 
was largely on the east side of Main street be- 
tween Port Watson street and Clinton avenue. 
Daniel Bradford kept a drug store. J. W. Sturte- 
vant & Co., W. O. Barnard, Orin Stimpson, Asa 
Lvman and James Van Valen were in general 
trade; Henry Brewer had a harness shop and store, 
J. McFarlan, a furniture store, Homer Gillett, L. 
Cudworth and I. M. Seaman, groceries ; A. & S. 
D. Freer, hardware. 

Butler. Photo. 


mentioned as a large tanner about 1824. Later he 
opened a boot and shoe store in Cortland, doing 
considerable manufacturing. Eleazer W. Edg- 
comb and Adin Webb formed a co-partnership iu 
the mercantile business in 1823. Another prom- 
inent firm was Webb & Bishop. Truman Doud 
was an active and influential business man of 
Cortland. Daniel Laisdell was a large furniture 
dealer in those days. Charles W. and George 
Lynde were both prominent and influential mer- 
chants. The earliest law firm of prominence con- 
sisted of Judge Oliver Wiswell and Judge Steph- 
ens. Tercius Eels also conducted a general store 
in the early days of the village which stood on 
the site of the Garrison block. Large numbers of 
horses and cattle were collected at Cortland from 
time to time and shipped to Philadelphia, .\mong 
those engaged iu that trade were Truman Doud, 
Harrv Griffin, Gideon Messenger, Rufusjennings, 
Joshua Ballard and Bela Pierce. Asahel Lyman, 
already mentioned, opened the dry goods 
store at Main street and Groton avenue, which 

The Court House first erected in Cortland 
county stood on what is popularly called Court 
House Hill, fronting the street now known as 
Monroe Heights. (See view, page 34. The build- 
ing may be seen, dimly, iu the street perspective 
of the view, "Court, Corner Church Street, 1S40, " 
on page 3). It was a wooden structure, with a 
steeple and spire, about two blocks west from and 
facing Main street. The site, which cuts across 
the head of Court street, is now tilled land. The 
building was erected in 181 2-' 13, at an expense of 
fi,6oo, payable in six irregular installments speci- 
fied in the contract. Seven hundred dollars of 
the contract price was accepted by the contractor, 
Josiah Cushman, in material. The present struc- 
ture at Church and Court streets, built of brick, 
is a substantial building, and is an ornament to 
the village. It is one of the best constructed 
buildings iu any town the size of Cortland. 


E. R. Wright came to Cortland April i, 1S99, 
with an experience of about twenty j'ears as an 
undertaker and funeral directer, and bought out 
Fletcher & Bangs, who were located on Clinton 
avenue. On July i he purchased the large resi- 
dential property of H. C. Johnson at No. i5 Gro- 
ton avenue, refitting the house and stables to se- 
cure the necessar}- accommodations and conven- 
iences for his business. These improvements in- 
cluded arranging and furnishing commodious 
apartments in the house for warerooms and the 
accommodation of funeral parties, a convenience 
of no small importance in many cases where his 
services are required by people coming from out 
of town. By putting up an addition to the build- 
ings in the rear 40x70, he secured room for a 
workshop and convenient and ample storage facil- 
ities for the paraphernalia of his business. With 
an equipment consisting of modern hacks, open 
and closed surreys, single carriages, an ambulance 
(placed at the disposal of the public) and hearse, 
and with several teams of black horses, his outfit 
is all that the public demands. Charles L., his 
son and assistant, like his father, proficient in all 
parts of the business, is in charge during the lat- 
ter's absence. Mr. Wright was born in Webster, 
Monroe county, Sept. 22, 1851, and attended 
school in that village. In February, 1879, be 
started in the business he has since followed, and 
thoroughly acquired, at .\von Springs, Livingston 
county, where he continued it with success until 
he removed to Cortland. In 1874 he married .\lice 
G. Willard of Webster, N. Y. He is a member of 
the Masonic order, the I. O. R. M. and the U. O. 
A. M. 

Rev. Amos Watkins was born in London, Eng., 
Juh', 1S53. He was educated in a private school 
and in one of the schools of the city of London, 
which correspond nearly to the High schools of 
our own country. During his school da3'S he 
passed both the Junior and Senior examinations 
for schools of secondary education conducted by 
the University of Oxford. He was a teacher on 
the staff of the Lincoln Cathedral schools and of 
King Charles the First's school, Kidderminster, 
and of other educational institutions. Was matri- 
culated at the University of Loudon, but came to 
the United States in 1S82 before taking his degree. 



E. K. WKKiHT. 

Harris. Photo. 

Was graduated from the Illinois State Normal 
school in 1SS6, and appointed principal of the High 
school, Pueblo, Col. There he studied for holy 
orders under the direction of the Rt. Rev. J. F. 
Spalding, D. D. In 1889 he was ordained to the 
ministry, and was assigned by Bishop Spalding to 
missionary work at various points in the.\rkansas 
valley, in the eastern portion of the state. Two 
years later he was called to the rectorship of St. 
Peter's church, Pueblo. In November, 1S93, he 
became rector of Grace church, Cortland, where 
he is now in the seventh year of his ministry. In 
1SS3 Mr. Watkins married Jliss Agnes Harvey of 
Kidderminster, Eng. They have three sons, James 
K , Herbert G., and John R., aged 13. ii and S 
vears, respectivel)'. Mr. Watkins is a member of 
the Masonic fraternit}-, and chaplain of the Cort- 
landville lodge. No. 470. 




Hyatt, Photo. 


D. E. Shepard, the dry goods man, came to 
Cortland from Homer, where he had been located 
three years, in 1S96, and opened a dry goods store 
in the Schermerhorn block, occupying the place 
where George J. Mager & Co. had been doing 
business for a long time. A year later he moved 
into the new Samson block, his present location, 
at the corner of Main street and Groton avenue, 
where Mr. Samson was for many years engaged in 
the same business, and which became known as 
the dry goods corner. Mr. Shepard occupies a 
double store which had not been previously occu- 
pied, being in a new building, and which had been 
fitted up with circular counters, handsome brack- 
ets and modern and spacious shelving, according to 
his own ideas and to secure the best conveniences. 
The claim put forth by Mr. Shepard that his busi- 
ness in 1899 had largely increased over that of the 
two previous years, seems to have justified the 
choice of the location. The store has a floor space 
of 75 ^ 37 feet, with a basement of the same area, 
and the millinery department is 55 x 24 feet. It 
is fitted with cash carriers, toilets and an elevated 
cashier's desk; is lighted by gas and electricity 
and heated by steam. It is ceiled with steel and 
beautified with tasteful decorations. The north 


Carpet Deiiai-tmi'iit. Dress Goods Department. MiUiaery Departiuent. 



side is devoted to dress goods, cloaks and 
ladies' suits, and the south side to domes- 
tics, hosiery and underwear for ladies and 
children. On the second floor is located 
the millinery department, complete in all 
appointments, with sales and w'ork rooms 
adjoining and connected with an arched 
opening. The basement is fitted up with 
the same care for details that has been 
bestowed on the main floor, and is de- 
voted to carpets and upholstery, tapes- 
tries, curtains and shades, and linoleums, 
oil cloths, etc. The store has two en- 
trances — from Main street and Groton 
avenue. Rea M. Shepard is the manager 
ofthe carpel department, and Miss JIaude 
A. Shepard has charge of the millinery 
department. They are son and claughter 
of Mr. Shepard. Seventeen assistants are 
required to attend to the wants of the 
patrons of this store during the busy sea- 
son, including the most skilled help em- 
ployed in themillinery and other branch- 
es of the business. Mr. Shepard was 
born in Turin, Lewis count}', N. Y , May 
I, 1852. At nineteen years of age he 
entered the employ of Stoddard & 
Mager, dealers in dry goods at Lowville, N. Y. It 
is an interesting fact that Mr. Mager, who was 
one of Mr. Shepard's first emplo^'ers, was several 
years later (when the latter came to Cortland), 
succeeded by him to a trade which Mr. Mager 
had for years enjoyed. In 1S74 Mr. Shepard en- 
tered the dry goods house of Ames & Hungerford 
at Adams, N. Y., where he was employed as a clerk 
until 18S7, when he opened a store in Lowville, 
where he carried on a dry goods business, with 
millinery and black dress goods for a specialty, 
until he moved to Homer in 1S93. where for three 
years he carried on the business in the Brockway 
block. On -\ug. 3, 1874, he married Minnie A. 
Moore of Lowville. Morris G., the third one of 
their children, is attending school. 


Long Rivers in the World.— Amazon, 3,600 
miles ; Nile, 3,000 miles ; Missouri (to its junction 
with the Mississippi), 2,900; Missouri to the sea. 
4,100; Mississippi, 4,000; Lena, 2,600; Niger, 
2,600 ; Obe, 2,500; St. Lawrence, 2,200 ; Madeira, 
2,000 ; Arkansas, 2,000 ; Volga, 2,000 ; Rio Grande, 
1,800; Danube, 1,600; St. Francisco, 1,300; Co- 
lumbia, 1,200; Nebraska, 1,200 ; Red River,i,2oo; 
Colorado (in California), 1,100; Yellowstone, 
1,000; Ohio, 950; Rhine, 950; Kansas, 900; Ten- 
nessee, 800 ; Red River of the north , 700 ; Cumber- 
land, 600 ; Alabama, 600 ; Susquehanna, 500 ; Po- 
tomac, 500; James, 500 ; Connecticut, 450; Dela- 
ware, 400; Hudson, 350; Kenebec, 300; Thames, 

Around theOlobe. 

Photo by Hyatt. 


Chicago to Portland, Ore., 
2,374 miles — 3 days, 
S hours' time ; Port- 
land to Behring Strait, 
2,864 t"- — 5 d-> 10 ii-; 
Behring Strait to Irk- 
utsk, 3,200 m. — 6 d., 

16 h.; Irkutsk to St. 
Petersburgh, 3,670 m. 
—7 d., 15 h.; vSt. Pe- 
tersburgh to Berlin, 
983 m. — I d.,6h.; Ber- 
lin to Paris, 667 m. — 

17 h.; Paris to Lon- 
don, 258 m. — S h.; 
London to Liverpool, 
202 m. — 4 h.; London 
to Southampton, 79m. 
— 2 h.: Liverpool to 
Ntw York, 3.068 m. — 
5 d., 8 h.; Southamp- 
ton to New York, 3,- 
09S m. — 5 d., 16 h.; 
New York to Chicago, 
912 m. — I d. A tola 
of 18,198 miles. 



Bingham & Miller succeeded F. N. Har- 
riiigtou in the gentlemen's furnishing, cloth- 
ing and merchant tailoring business, con- 
ducted by the latter for twenty-two years, 
in January, 1894. At that time and for sev- 
eral previous years the business was carried 
on in the next store south of the one now- 
occupied by this firm. Trade increased to 
the extent that the accommodations were 
found to be insufficient. It was also desired 
to add a line of hats and caps and greatly 
enlarge the stock of gentlemen's furnishing 
goods, so on April I, 1898, the firm moved 
into its present quarters. No. 43 Main street. 
Two floors were fitted up and the store on 
the ground floor was decorated in an at- 
tractive and tasty manner. The scope of 
the business comprises high grade, best qua! 
ity clothing ready made and guaranteed in 
quality and fit. H. W. Post, a well knowji 
and competent cutter, has charge of the cu^ - 
torn made work which recommends itself to 
Cortland people, to whom he has catered a 
great many years. On the second floor he 
occupies very convenient quarters devoted 
to the merchant tailoring department, and 
also on the same floor are kept in stock a large line 
of trunks and traveling bags from which selections 
may be made, in a variety of styles, and prices. 
H. F. Bingham was born in Solon, Cortland Co., 
June 28, 1S6S. In 1884 he went into the store of 
Burgess & Bingham as a clerk and in 1889 en- 
gaged with W. S. Peck & Co. of Syracuse as a 
traveling salesman, a position which he occupied 
until 1S94 when he came to Cortland to go into 
business. He was married to Fannie Henson of 
Elyria, C, 10, 1S93. He is a memljer of Ma- 
sonic lodge and commandery and is a shriner. 
John M. Miller was born at East Homer, Cortland 
Co., Dec. 9, 1870. When 20 years old he left the 
farm and came to Cortland, occupying the posi- 
tion of clerk in Burgess & Bingham's store for 
two years. On Jan. i, 1895, he married Miss Lena 
Stevens of Cortland, who died Jan. i, 1900, just 


il. F. BINGHAM. (Hyatt, Photo.) J. M. MILLER, 
five years to a day from the date of the marriage. 
Mr. Miller is a member of John L. Lewis lodge, 
I. O. O. F,, and theTioughnioga club. He is also 
a member of Orris Hose and has been the fore- 
man of that company two years. 

Cortland County was named in honor of Gen. 
Peter Van Cortlandt, a gentleman who in the early 
part of the century was extensively engaged in 
the purchase and sale of land. The county was 
set apart from Onondaga county by authority of 
an act of the legislature passed April 8, 1808. It 
is bounded on the north by Onondaga county, on 
the east by Madison and Chenango, the south by 
Broome and Tioga and the west by Tompkins and 
Cayuga. Its area is a fraction over 500 square 
miles and contains about 
320,oco acres, forming a 
portion of the high cen- 
tral section of the state. 
Its northern boundary 
lies on the dividing ridge 
which separates the w-a- 
ters flowing into Lake On- 
tario and the tributaries 
of the Susquehanna river. 
The surface of the county 
is made up of hilly ranges, 
broad, level plains, and a 
plateau in the northern 
end of the county. Three 
high parallel ranges of 
hills cut the county from 
north to south. On the 
east is the Otselic Valley, 
and further west the Ti- 
oughnioga Valley, which 
spreads still further west- 
ward in a broad, undulat- 
ing highland. Lateral 
valleys cut into the Otse- 
lic and Tioughnioga from 
many directions, with a 
generally northerly and 
southerly trend. The 
highest points in the 
county are Mt. Topping, 



(see view, page 59 ), the Truxton and the Owego 
hills. The northern plateau has an average alti- 
tude of i,2co feet, while some of the hills reach 
an altitude of 2,000 feet. The scenery is verv 
picturesque and the seasons are marked by many 
changes, the mean lemperature in the Tiough- 
nioga Valley being between forty-four and forty- 
five degrees. The soil is generally sandy or 
gravelly loam on the hills and much more pro- 
ductive in the valleys. The county is heavily 
timbered, chiefly with maple, beech, elm, bass- 
wood, pine, henrlock, chestnut ami cherry. 

The State Excise Department often receives 
queer and absurd requests. One lady writes to 
know if there is no way to stop a neighbor from 
shaving his friends in the front dooryard under a 
tree on Sunday. Another writer inquires if the 
law will permit a man to drink whiskey in a black- 
smith shop. The following is an accurate copy of 
a letter received by Commissioner Lyman: "Dear 
Sir — I now rite you those few lines to In-form you 
that such a woman, the name of Mary Scots and 
Joseph Trespass sells beers and every thing and 
every day and the havant got no lisons the niaik 
troljel every day in the house the policeman dor^t 
car becos the boss of this plase treates him this 
plaselivesincrothimutson new york this fello that 
maiks the complant lives up at the corry [quarry] . ' ' 

Harris, Photo. BINGHAM & MILLER'S .STORE. 


niss Carrie D. lialbert, teacher of the piano, 
and organist in the Presbyterian church since 1891, 
was graduated in classics at the Normal school in 
1887, and was teacher in music there from 1889 to 
1893, inclusive, when she resigned to devote more 
time to the piano and organ. She studied meth- 
ods in teaching in Boston, took a three years' 
course on the organ in Syracuse, and studied the 
piano in the Ithaca conservatory under Aime La- 
chaume. On May i, 1.S9S, she took the studio 
which she now occupies, Rooms 12 and 13 Wick- 
wire building, Main street, because of the de- 
mands made upon her by the increase in the num- 
ber of her pupils. By exercising judgment in 
teaching and adapting methods to the individual 
pupil, she has succeeded in accomplishing admi- 
rable results. Among the best features of her 
work are the monthly recitals given to a large 
class of pupils at her studio. 

Supervisors, Cortlandville.— The following is 
a complete list from the organization of the town : 
John Miller, 1S30, '31 ; Washington G. Parker, 
1832 ; Joshua Ballard, 1833, '34, '36; Harry Mc- 
Graw, 1835, '37, '39, '40; Daniel Hibbard, 1838; 
Oren Stimpson, 1841, '46, '47 ; Abiram L. Bassett, 
i842-'44 ; Marcus McGraw, 1S45 ; Hiram McGraw, 
i848-'5o ; Hiram Hopkins, 1849; Amos Rice, 1851; 
Hamilton Putnam, 1852; Abram Mudge, 1853, '56, 
'57; Harvey S. Crandall, 1854, '55; Deloss Mc- 
Graw, 1S58, '64, '65, '71, '75, '78, '79, '80, 84-'89; S. 
E. Welch, 1859, '62, '63, '66, '68-'70, '72 ; C. L. Kin- 
ney, 1S60 ; Francis H Hibbard, 1861 ; Norman 
Chamberlain, 1S67 ; William D. Frederick, 1873, 
'74 ; T. Mason Loring, [877 ; R. Bruce Smith, 
i8Si-'83 ; '9l-'96;* George C. Hubbard, 1890 ; D. F. 
Wallace, 189S*, (resigned November, 1S99); Ed- 
ward Alley, 1899, (vice Wallace). ^Supervisors' 
term two years. 

How to Keep Butter Sweet.— "Eat it," was 
the reply a Schoharie farmer received to an in- 
quiry accompanied by ten dollars. 



John C. Seager in 1S95, laid out and built the 
coal yards where he has since been doing busi- 
ness, at the crossing of Main street and the Lehigh 
Valley railroad. The location could not have been 
better, fronting as the office does on the asphalt 
paved thoroughfare, the business street of the vil- 
lage, and directly opposite the Lehigh Valley rail- 
way station. The yards extend back forty rods, 
with tracks running alongside the entire distance 
and entering the yards on the trestle built entirely 
of stone and steel — a trestle with a sufficient track- 
age to accommodate several loaded cars and facil- 
itate the handling of coal. Here he has a capac- 
ity for the storage and handling of 100.000 tons of 
coal. The business also comprises all kinds of 
building material including cement and plaster as 
well as salt and phosphates. Telephonic connec- 
tion is made between the central office in C. F. 
Brown's drug store and the yards, also with the 
local and long distance system. Lehigh Valley- 
anthracite and Sonman white ash bituminous coal 
are sold at these yards both at wholesale and re- 
tail. In the course of a single month as many as 

of the business he employed on an average the 
year 'round, sixty men. In May, 18S9, he formed 
a co-partnership with S. N. Holden and they 
started the coal business in yards in the rear of 
the Hayes' Chair factory. Mr. Seager continued 
in the firm until 1895, and then withdrew to go 
into the business at his present location. On 
May 28, 1879, he married Harriet Warren of Cort- 
land. He is a member of the John L. Lewislodge, 
I. O. O. F., and the A. O. I'. W. 

"Item." — Here are some of the items in an old 
but interesting bill of accounts rendered by an 
artist employed in a Belgium church to touch up a 
large painting: Correcting "Ten Command- 
ments," 15.12; embellishing " Pontius Pilate " and 
putting new ribbon on his Ijonnet. 53.02 ; putting 
new tail on the rooster of St. Peter and mending 
his comb. $2.20 ; repluming and rcgildiug lett wing 
of guardian angel. I5. 18; wa.shing the servant of 
the high priest and putting carmine on his cheek, 
#5.02 ; renewing heaven, adjusting the stars and 
cleaning the moon, ^7.14; touching up purgatory 

Hyatt, Plioto. 


175 car loads of coal have been sold by Mr. Seager. 
In January, 1S98, he purchased a considerable 
strip of land fronting on the Main street in Cin- 
cinnatus and including the Wheeler house and lot, 
upon which he erected an office, sheds, barns and 
coal pockets, conveniences for dealing in coal, 
building material and feed, and there he established 
a branch to his CortlanJ business, which includes 
a greater range of commodities than he handles 
in Cortland, for the purpose of wholly accom- 
modating the needs of a rural community ; and the 
result is that he is one of the largest shippers on 
the E. & C. N. Y. R. R. This branch isin charge 
of Albert Hayes. Mr. Seager was born in Virgil, 
Nov. 13, 1852, and in 1S77 he entered the oflice of 
the Cortland Foundry and Machine company as a 
clerk. Two vears later he leased the business, 
and conducted it for four years as the Cortland 
Machine Co. , selling outthe business to the Hitch- 
cock Manufacturing Co., in which he retained an 
interest until 1887, (luring that time acting as man- 
ager of the foundry, and then resigned, disposing 
of his interests entirely. During his management 

and restoring lost souls, ^3.06 ; brightening up the 
flames of purgatory^ putting a new tail on the 
satan, mending his left hoof, etc., ^7. 17 ; reljorder- 
ing the robes of Herod and adjusting his wig, J4.00; 
mending the shirt of the prodigal son and cleaning 
his ears, I3.39. 

Size of Large Bodies of Water. — Oceans — 
Pacific, 80,000,000 sq. miles; .\tlautic, 40,000,000; 
Indian, 20,000,000 ; Southern, 10,000,000; Arctic, 
5,000,000. Seas — Mediterranean, 2.000 miles long ; 
Caribbean, 1,800; China, 1,700; Red, 1,400; Japan, 
1,000 ; Black, 932 ; Caspian, 640 ; Baltic, 600; Okhatsk, 
600; White, 450 ; Arai, 250. Lakes — Superior, 3S0 by 
120 miles in area ; Michigan, 330 by 60 miles ; On- 
tario, 180 by 40 ; Erie, 270 by 50 ; Huron, 250 by 
90; Champlain, 123 by 12; Cayuga, 36 by 4; 
George, 36 by 3 ; Baikal, 360 by 35 ; Great Slave, 
300 by 45 ; Winnipeg, 240 by 40 ; Athabasca, 200 
by 20 ; Maracayl)o, 150 by 60 ; Great Bear. 150 by 
40 ; Ladoga, 125 by 75 ; Constance, 45 by 10 ; Ge- 
neva, 50 by 10 ; Lake of the Woods, 70 by 25. 



F. H. Cobb & Co., located at Nos. 
25 and 27 Railroad street, have estab- 
lished a reputation throughout the 
Eastern states for the excellence of 
their productions. The firm is com- 
posed of Frank H. Cobb, DelbertE. 
Stanford and Leland G. Davis, and 
was organized Jan. i, 1895, succeed- 
ing Cobb & Perkins, who in turn suc- 
ceeded Eggleston & Cobb, who es- 
tablished the business in 1873. Their 
business is entirely wholesale, the}- 
being very large manufacturers of 
confectionery, and heavy jobbers of 
foreign and domestic fruits, nuts, to- 
bacco, cigars, fireworks, etc. Mr. 
Cobb, the senior partner, is a native 
of this county, as is Mr. Davis. Mr. 
Stanford was born in Great Bend, 
Pa., but has been a resident of Cort- 
land about ten years. They are all 
}-oung men and hustlers. Thebusi- 
ness is steadily growing, showing 
fully ten per cent, increase yearlj". 
Their buildingis fiftj- by ninety feet, 
three stories high, equipped with 
power elevator, lighted by electric- 
ity, heated by steam, and is admira- 
bly adapted to their business. 

Frank H. Cobb, the senior member of the firm 
of F. H. Cobb & Co., was born in Homer in 1851. 
He moved to Cortland and in companv with J. E. 
Eggleston established the present business in 
1S73. He was married in 1S76 to Florence A. 
Walworth. Mr. Cobb was a trustee of the Second 
ward two years, president of the village one year, 
is a member of the Board of Trade and Board of 
Sewer Commissioners, and is a director of The Na- 
tional Bank of Cortland. He was also president 

Harris, Photo. 

F. H. t'OBB & CO.'S STORE. 

Butler, Photos. L. G. DAVI.S. D. E. .ST.VNFORD. F.H.COBB. 

of the N. Y. State Confectioners' association two 
years. He is a member of Cortland Commandery 
of Knights Templar, and John L. Lewis lodge of 
Odd Fellows. Mr. Cobb spent twenty-three years 
of his life on the road and has probably the larg- 
est acquaintance in this and adjoining counties of 
any citizen of Cortland. 

Delbert E. Stanford was born in Great Bend, 
Pa., in 1S64. He was in business in Great Bend 
three 3'ears and moved to Binghamton in 18S7, 
where he was engaged in 
the fruit and confection- 
ery business. He moved 
to Cortland in 1890, and 
shortly afterward became 
associated with Cobb & 
Perkins. Mr. Stanford is 
a very practical fruit mer- 
chant, spending much of 
his time, at certain seas- 
ons of the year, buying in 
Xew York and Baltimore. 
He was married in 188710 
Jennie A. Barnes of Hal- 
stead, Pa. Mr. Stanford 
is also a member of Cort- 
land Commander}- of 
ton Cortland Patriarchs 

Leland G. Davis, the 
junior member of the 
firm, wasborn in Cortland 
in i866,butspenthis early 
years in Dry den and Mc- 
Lean. He became asso- 
ciated with Cobb & Per- 
kins in 1SS2, and traveled 
for them thirteen years on 
the road, which vocation 
he still continues. Mr. 
Davis is also a member of 
Cortland Commandery of 
Knights Templar, Zivara 
Temple A. A. O. N. M. S. 
of Utica, N. Y., and Mo- 
kanna Grotto M. O. V. P. 
E. R. of Hamilton, N.Y. 



The Cortland Democrat was established in 1864 
by M. P. Callendar, who sold to Lucien S. Cran- 
dall, and he in turn sold, in 1868, to the late Ben- 
ton B. Jones, who, with the exception of one year, 
when tlie paper was owned by Hon. Daniel S. La- 
niort, conducted it until bis death on Dec. 20, 
1S96. Jlr. Jones was one of the brightest para- 
graphers in the state, as well as a genuine news- 
paper man, and he brought the paper to a high 
state of excellence. The increase of business 
compelled the erection of the present Democrat 
building at Nos. 12 and 14 Railroad street, into 
which the office was moved in 1890, and where it 
remains, .\fter the death of Mr. Jones, the paper 
was carried on by the administrator of his estate, 
Mr. George J. Mager. now president of the Second 
National bank, till 
purchased by its pres- T 
ent publisher. Fay C. 
Parsons, on March i, 
1S99. It is the only 
Democratic paper in 
the county, and active 
canvassing is bringing 
its subscription list 
where it will soon pass 
the 3,000 mark. Con- 
nected with the Dem- 
ocrat is an excellent 
job printing plant, 
which embraces five 
presses, one being 
brand new in Nov., 
1899, and an excellent 
assortment of job type, 
which, with a compe- 
tent force of employes, 
places the Democrat 
in position to compete 
with an)' office outside 
the largest cities. In its 
stock room is as large 
an assortment of pa- 
pers, card boards, etc., 
as is carried in Cort- 
land county. Mr. Par- 
sons is a young man 
and a practical printer 
and newspaper man, 
having been variousl\ 
connected with the 
business in every ca- 
pacity from "devil" 
up since childhood, 
and in some of the 
largest offices in the 

The County Seat Question. — An act of the 
legislature passed .\pril 5, 1810, named three com- 
missioners to select a site for a court house, the 
parties named being residents of other counties. 
In the meantime courts were being held in the 
school house at Homer, which village, together 
with Port Watson, McGrawville and Cortland were 
rivals for the honor of being chosen as the county 
seat. The people of Coriland, through Jonathan 
Hubbard, arranged to purchase a site for the court 
house on the hill west of Main street, owned by 
Samuel Ingalls, and donate it to the county. 
This undoubtedlv had the effect of turning the 
scales in favor of Cortland, as the commissioners 
decided upon this particular site. John Keep, 
Jonathan Hubbard and Mead Merrill, were ap- 
pointed building commissioners, and on March 4, 


1812, they entered into a contract with Josiah Cush- 
man of Homer to complete the construction of the 
building, the frame work having been raised, the 
contract binding Cushman to finish the work bv 
April 15, 1S13, for which he was to receive f 1,600. 
On April 5, 1813, an act of the Legislature was 
passed directing that the courts be held in the court 
house in the village of Cortland on the second Tues- 
day in May and September and the last Tuesday in 
December. Al this time Homer was the largest of 
the rival villages, but Port Watson, a port of entry, 
was an important village at the head of navigation 
and gave promise, as many people then thought, 
of becoming the biggest place in the countv. 
Cortland, however, was growing rapidlv and had 
secured the court house, which was regarded as a 
long lead over her ri- 
vals. The feeling of 
bitterness that had 
been engendered five 
years earlier was re- 
vived, when on April 
15, 1817, the board of 
supervisors were au- 
thorized to raise by- 
taxation a sum not to 
exceed fo,ooo for the 
purchase of a site and 
the erection of a jail. 
For nearly a year pre- 
vious the subject was 
discussed with consid- 
erable vigor and a bold 
attempt was made to 
not only secure the lo- 
cation of the jail in 
Homer, but to get the 
court house also lo- 
cated there. The first 
step was taken at a 
meeting of the board 
of supervisors, in Octo- 
licr, 1816, when a se- 
ries of resolutions were 
adopted, naming Oba- 
dinh Boies, Wm. Lucas 
and <"tCO. Rice as com- 
missioners to superin- 
tend the building of a 
new jail; also provid- 
ing that a new site be 
■-elected and praying 
ihe legislature to name 
three disinterested 
men to make the selec- 
tion. This brought 
forth a storm of pro- 
tests from men who thought they detected a covert 
plan to get the county seat changed to Homer. 
Until final action was taken locating the new jail on 
the hill near the court hovise, the papers teemed 
with denunciatory communications and citizens ex- 
pressed indignation in the form of meetings and 
resolutions. The bill introduced in the legislature 
of 1817 providing for the removal of the jail was 
lost, anrl earlv in 1818 a new jail was constructed — 
or partly constructed — on Court House hill near the 
court house. It was a square brick structure, two 
stories high with cells made of heavy maple planks. 

Longest Bridges. — Montreal, 8,701 feet ; Brook- 
lyn, 5.9S9 ; Dneiper, 4,213 ; Havre de Grace, 6,000; 
Homestead, (Pa..) 5,300. The longest bridge in the 
world is in China. It is 23,000 feet. 



Lucian n. Loope was born in the town of Solon , 
Cortland Co., Nov. S, 1845. He was the youngest 
son of J. H. Loope, one of the oldest living 
pioneer settlers of this county, who was born in 
the town of Cincinnatus in 1813 and has been since 
that time a resident of this county. He is now 
in his Syth year. Mr, Loope was educated at Cin- 
cinnatus academy, Cortlandville academy, and 
Oneida conference seminary at Cazenovia. He 
taught several terms of district school during the 
winter seasons while getting his education. After 
leaving school he traveled one year through the 
western states for an eastern firm and afterwards 
came back and settled down three miles east of 
Cortland and engaged in farming and buying and 
selling real estate and also carrying on a whole- 
sale and retail meat trade for a period of nineteen 
years. Mr. Loope has made his investments here 
from time to time and built several houses. In 
1889 he moved his family into the village that his 
children might have better opportunities for get- 
ting an education and that he might devote his 
whole time to the real estate business. He has 
upon his books many of the farms and consider- 
able village propert}' in this locality besides out- 
side property in many states of the Union. Mr. 
Loope was married to Catharine R. Crysler of 
Navarino, Onondaga county, Jan. 29, 1S69. They 
have three sous who are married ; the eldest, John 
A., is principal of Public School No. 35, Borough 
of Queens, City of New York; the second, Warren 
L., a graduate of Syracuse University', Department 
of Law, is a practicing attorney at Slatteawan, X. 
Y.; and the third son, Arthur M., a graduate of 
the Baltimore Medical College, is a practicing phy- 
sician and surgeon in Homer, N. V. Another son 
is in the Central school and two girls and one boy 
are in the Cortland Normal school. Mr. Loope is 
a charter member and has been for years a trus- 
tee of the Congregational church. He is a Dem- 
ocrat and has stood as the minority party candi- 
date on different occasions. 

Hari-i,<. I'licitc. 

I.. -M. I.DOPE. 

Hyatt, Photo. 


Adelbert Bennett Kingsley began teaching the 
art of piano-forte playing when fourteen years 
old, having been thrown partially upon his own 
resources at that age owing to the death of his 
parents. He began taking piano lessons when six 
years of age and a year later made his first public 
appearance at Mahan's musical festival, in this vil- 
lage. He was born in Truxton Nov. 12, 1875, and 
for eleven years was a student at the Cortland 
Normal school, continuing to teach piano music 
more or less while he was in school. In iSgG-'gS 
he attended the Syracuse University taking in- 
structions on the piano from Dr. George A. 
Parker and a course in theory under Prof. N. 
Irving Hyatt. During that time, to pay his way, 
he gave instruction to classes in and out of the city. 
Upon his return to Cortland in 1S98 he organized 
a class in the village, and subsequently obtained 
pupils in adjoining villages. In this work he has 
aimed to teach his pupils not only to be thorough, 
hut to accjuire the artistic in rendering the classics. 
He is a member of the New York State Music 
Teachers' association, of which he is a vice-presi- 
dent, a position he has filled for three years, and 
is also a member of the Cortlandville lodge, F. & 
A. JI., and the Cortland Chapter, R. A. M. 

Population of Cities in the state according to 
the last state census in 1892 : Albany, 97,120 ; Am- 
sterdam, 18,542; Auburn, 24,737; Binghamton, 

34,514; Brooklynt, 957.163; Buffalo, 278,796 ; Co- 
hoes, 23,234; Corning, 10,025; Dunkirk, 10,040; 
Elmira, 29,911 ; Geneva, *i 1,000; Gloversville, 
14.694; Hornellsville, 11,898; Hudson, 9,633 ; Ith- 
aca, 13,460 ; Jamestown, 18.627 ! Johnstown, 5,013 ; 
Kingston, 21,495; Little Falls, 6,910; Lockport, 
16,088 ; Long Island Cityf, 35,745 ; Middletown, 
11,612; Mount Vernon, 15,513 ; Newburg, 24,536; 
New York, 1,801,739; Niagara Falls, 10,000; 
North Tonawanda, *io, 000 ; Ogdensburg, 11,559; 
Olean, 8. 131 ; Oswego, 21,966 ; Poughkeepsie. 23. 
196 ; Rensselaer, *8,oc>o ; Rochester, 144,834; Rome, 
13,638; Schenectady, 22,858; Syracuse, 91.994; 
Troy, 64,986; Utica, 46,608; Watertown, 16,982; 

Watervliet, ; Yonkers, 31,419. *Estimated. 

fConstitutes part of New York City and ceased to 
be a city Jan. i, 1898. 



Eugene O. Dean conducts a grocery at 95 Groton 
avenue which on Sept. 25, 1S95, he bought of R. \V. 
Bates, who established the business some ten years 
ago, and which has since then been largely in- 
creased. He is a dealer in fancy groceries, bot- 
tled and canned goods, wholesale and retail, but- 
ter and eggs. The second floor is used for non- 
perishable goods. Mr. Dean was born Feb. 2d, 
1872, at Scipioville, Cayuga Co. He attended 
school and part of the time clerked at Buckhout's 
& Co. of Scipio, from 10 up to 21 years of age, 
coming to Cortland in February, 1S92, and being 
employed as a clerk for E. W. Bates, until he suc- 
ceeded him in business. He is a member of Vesta 
lodge, I. O. O. F., and Royal .\rcanum and For- 
resters. He married Carrie B. Batten of Auburn 
Oct. II, 1S93. They have one son, Lewis R. 

High Structures of the World.— Eiffel, Paris, 
9S4 feet ; Washington, Washington, 555; Pyramid 
of Cheops, Egypt, 4.S6 : .\ntwerp Cathedral, Bel- 
gium, 476; Strasburg Cathedral, Germany, 474; Pyra- 
mid of Cephrenes, P)gypt, 456 ; St. Peter's church, 
Rome, 44S ; St. Martins church, Landshut, Ger- 
many, 411 ; St. Paul's church, Loudon, 365 ; Salis- 
bury Cathedral, England, 400 ; Cathedral, Florence, 
Italy, 3S7 ; Cathedral, Cremona, Lombardy, 396 ; 
Cathedral, Fribourg, Germany; 3S6 ; Cathedral, 
Seville, Spain, 360; Cathedral, Milan, Lombardy, 
355 ; Cathedral, Vtrecht, Holland, 356 ; Pyramid of 
Oakkarah, Egypt, 356 ; Cathedral of Notre Dame. 
Munich, Bavaria, 348 ; St. Marks church, Venice, 
328; Assinelli Tower, Bologna. Italy, 272 ; Trinity 
church. New York, 2S4 ; Column at Delhi, Hindoo- 
stan, 262; Church of Notre Dame, Paris, 224; 
Bunker Hill Monument, Boston, 221 ; Leaning 
Tower of Pisa, Italy, 179 ; Washington Monument, 
Baltimore, 175 ; Monument, Place Vendome, Paris, 
153 ; Trajan's Pillar, Rome, 151 ; Obelisk of 
Luxor, Paris, no; Egyptian Obelisk, New York, 
69. Many office buildings in New York arehigher 

Harris, Photo. 


Hyatt, Photo. E. O. DEAN. 

than most of the above structures, which, however, 
are mentioned as among the notable structures 
visited by sightseers. 

Population of Vicinity Villages (incorporated) 
given in the State School census of iSg8: Cort- 
land, 8,894; Dryden, S14; I)e Ruyter, 638; Free- 
ville, 374; Groton. 1,342; Homer, 2,365; Marathon, 
1,116; McGraw, Soi; Moravia, 1,510; New Berlin, 
1,109; Norwich. 6,004; Oxford, 1,875; Tully,5S8. I. 
W. Brown, 1895, gave Cortland 10,769. 

Salary of State Officers. — Governor, {10,000; 
lieutenant-governor,; secretary of state, 
$5,000; comptroller, $6,000; state treasurer, #5,- 
000; attorney general, $5,000; state engineer and 
surveyor, $5,000; super- 
intendent of public in- 
struction, |5,ooo; super- 
intendent public works, 
f6,ooo; superintendent of 
insurance, $7,000; super- 
intendent of banks, $7,- 
000; superintendent of 
prisons, $6,000; excise 
commissioner, $5,000; 
state charity commission- 
ers, $10 per da}' actual 
duties (limited to $500); 
state prison commission- 
ers, same (limited to $4,- 
000 for all ) ; superintend- 
ent of state prisons, $6,- 
000; railroad c o m m i s- 
sioner, |8,ooo; judge of 
court of claims, J5,ooo; 
tax commissioner, $2,500; 
commissioner of agricid- 
ture, $4,000; commission- 
er of fisheries and game, 
$2,500 (president, $3,000'}; 
state factory inspector, 
$3,000; labor arbitrator, 
$3,000; civil service com- 
missioner, $2,000; com- 
missioner of labor statis- 
tics, $3,000. 



The Cortland Carriage Goods Co. is one of the 

manufacturing industries that forms the substan- 
tial business basis peculiar to Cortland. This 
company, incorporated in 1S97, is now composed 
of the following officers and stockholders: Presi- 
dent, Edward H. Brewer; treasurer and general 
manager, Andrew J. Murray; secretary, William A. 
Dunn; superintendent, Charles M. DeVany; and 
Jason Brown and Mrs. Eda A. Brewer. 

The factory is commonly known as "Brewer's 
Factory," for it is very largely due to the personal, 
untiring and far-seeing efforts of Mr. E. H. Brewer 
that such an industry has been developed. One of 
the most striking peculiarities of this particular 
plant and its corps of workers is that many have 
been promoted along all the steps of advancement, 
and are now working their ninth, tenth, eleventh, 
and even twentieth year in the employ of this 

In 1S34 Mr. Henry Brewer established a harness 
manufactory in Cortland and built up a satisfac- 
tory trade in that line. The principles of thrift, 
coupled with earnest, faithful devotion to busi- 
ness, enabled Mr. Brewer to lay the foundation 
for a manufacturing plant that is the subject of 
this sketch. 

ter Mr. Brewer and Mr. Murray acquired the great- 
er part of Mr. Brown's interest in the property. ■ 

To-day this company is in the midst of their 
busiest year and season. They aim always to give 
the best of goods as to quality, style and finish. 
The best business treatment as to deliveries, court- 
eous, painstaking and untiring efforts in meeting 
their customers' demands is as fundamental with 
them as the old saying, that "Honesty is the best 

The younger men in the organization are push- 
ing every energy to make the closest of business 
competitions still leave a little balance on the 
right side of the ledger. All are alive to the most 
improved methods, and from office to garret sys- 
tem, energy and wide-awake business push are 
characteristic peculiarities of this hustlingfactory. 

The present policy is to make few articles, each 
first-class in every respect, and to day this compa- 
ny's principal lines include: Steel and leather-cov- 
ered bow sockets, weldless top joints and forged 
shifting rails. In these lines their capacity is the 
greatest of any factory in the world. Their 
smaller lines comprise carriage top trimmings, box 
loops and bicycle hubs. 

In short, what is true of so many of the 
successful business enterprises of this, as other 



When the time came for the son, Edward H., to 
decide whether his life and education should be in 
the professional or business lines, the influence of 
his father's enterprises decided the young man to 
become first a partner and afterward proprietor in 
the harness business. 

High class harness was the first chief line to be 
attempted. Success came through earnest effort. 
Soon was established the Cortland Box Loop Co. , 
with a specialt}- of superior pressed loops and 
cheeked winkers. This was again successful, and 
bow sockets were added to the line. 

When a new company, a co partnership, com- 
posed of Mr. E. H. Brewer and Mr. David H. Brown 
was formed, styled The Cortland Harness & Car- 
riage Goods Co. This company built the present 
plant. All the previous lines were continued and 
top joints and shifting rails were added. 

The carriage builders' accessories becoming the 
greater department, the company name became 
The Cortland Carriage Goods Co., and in 1S97 was 

At the time of incorporation Mr. Brewer had 
planned to spend the greater part of his year at 
his Florida home, " The Palms," at Winter Park, 
and Mr. A. J. Murray entered the company to be- 
come treasurer and general manager, and a year la- 

cities, is that the dominating influence of one such 
man as Mr. Edward H. Brewer, assisted by well- 
chosen, loyal and helpful assistants, have built up 
a successful business by the most untiring devo- 
tion to every one of the principles of thrift and 
business success, and the practice of the truest 
principles of duty to one's best life efforts. 

Cortland in Senatorial Districts. — When the 
county was first erected, by an act dated April 17, 
ibij, Cortland was classed in the Western senato- 
rial district, there being four districts at that time, 
viz.: Eastern, Middle, Western and Southern. 
Under the second constitution of the state Cort- 
land was in the Sixth district, there being only 
eight. Under the constitution of 1846 this county 
was placed with Broome and Tioga in the 23d dis- 
trict. By an act of the legislature dated April 13, 
1857, the district was reconstructed so as to attach 
Cortland to Chenango and Madison, but on April 
25, 1866, it wasset into the 22d district with Onon- 
daga county, where it remained until .-Vpril 30, 
1892, when, together with Broome, Chenango, 
Delaware and Tioga counties, it was made a part 
of the 25th district. By the constitution of 1894 
it, together with Broome and Tioga counties, was 
made to constitute the present district, the 38th. 





iHyatt, Photos.) 


■ — »w^^ 

Tyler & Smith are successors to the "Model 
Clothing Co.," which founded the business where 
the firm is now located, No. 49 Main street, on 
Aug. 12, 1S9S. The store was then opened under 
the personal charge of Mr. R. F. Smith. On Aug. 
12, 1S99, Mr. Fred J. Tyler and Mr. Smith organ- 
ized the above named firm and bought out the 
"Model Clothing Co." Both are young men thor- 
oughly acquaintL-d with the business, and fully 
competent to conduct it on modern, up-to-date 
lines. It is strictly a one-price house, carrying a 
full line of clothing of the best and latest styles, 
men's furnishing goods, hats and caps. The 
clothing retailed by Tyler & Smith bears plain 
labels, and represents the output of the leading 
manufacturers of this country. The hats and caps 
are bought direct from the 
manufacturers, all hats sold 
by this firm being manufac- 
tured at Bethel, Conn., ex- 
pressly for their trade. The 
underwear and other articles 
of furnishings are bought di- 
rect from the mills in case 
lots, thereby giving the trade 
the beneiit of the jobbers' 
profits. During the current 
year these gentlemen insti- 
tuted a custom tailoring de- 
partment, which they placed 
in charge of Mr. Kdward Du- 
chett, an experienced cutter, 
and that department has 
startedoff with a most prom- 
ising outlook, many orders 
having been taken lor high- 
priced custom suits before 
the work-rooms were ready 
for occupancy. Mr. R. F. 
Smith is a practical clothier, 
having previous to coming 
to Cortland been associated 
with the manufacture of 
clothing for a number of 
years. During the period of 
'97 and '98 he was engaged in ^l. 
the retail of clothing at Ak- 
ron, N. Y., for himself, hav- 
ing for one year previous Harris, Plioto. 

conducted a business for the ' ' Model Cloth- 
ing Co." at Newark, N. Y. He is a Mason 
and an Odd Fellow. Mr. Fred J. Tyler pre- 
vious to becoming interested in this business 
was a clerk with Tanner Brothers, and also 
with Geo. P. Yager. He was born in Virgil, 
and is a graduate of the Dryden academy. 
He is a member of Vesta lodge, I. O. O. F., 
and Tioughnioga club. 

High Mountains of the World.— Mt. Ev- 
erest (highest in theHinialayas), Thibet, 29,- 
002 feet; Sorato, (highest in America,) Boli- 
via, 21,284; Illimani, Bolivia, 21,145; Chim- 
borazo, P^cuador, 21,422; Hindoo-Koosh, Af- 
ghanistan, 20,600; Demavend, (highest in El- 
l)urz mountains,) Persia, 20,000; Catopaxi 
(highest volcano in the world), Ecuador, 19,- 
496; Antisana, Ecuador, 19, 150; St. Elias, (high- 
est in North America) Alaska, 17,850; Po- 
pocatapetl, (volcano,) Mexico, 17,540; Mt. 
Roa, (highest in Oceanica,) Hawaii, 16,000; 
Mt. Brown, (highest in the Rockies,) Brit. 
America, 15,900; Mont Blanc, (highest in the 
European Alps,) Savoy. 15.732; Mt. Rosa, Sa- 
vo}', 15,150; limit of perpetual snow at the 
Equator, 15,207; Pichinca, p;cuador, 15,924; 
Mt. Whitney, California, 14,887; Mt. Fair- 
weather, .\laska, 14,500; Mt. Shasta, Califor- 
nia, 14,442; Mt. Ranier, Washington, 14,444; Long's 
Peak, (Rockies, ) Colorado, 14,271; Mt. Ararat, Ar- 
menia, 14,320; Pike's Peak, Colorado, 14,216; Mt. 
Ophir, Sumatra, 13,800; Fremont's Peak, Wyom- 
ing, 13,570; Mt. St. Helens, Washington, 13,400; 
Peak of Teneriffe, Canaries, 12,182; Miltzin, (high- 
est of Atlas,) Morocco, 11,500; Mt. Hood, Oregon, 
11,225; Mt. Lebanon, Syria, 10,533; Mt. Perda, 
(highest of Pyrenees.) France, 10,950; Mt. -Etna, 
(volcano, (Sicilv, 10,835; Monte Corno, (highest of 
Appeniues,) Naples, 9,523; Snerhattan, Norway, 
8,115; Pindus, Greece, 7,677; Mt. Sinai, Arabia, 
6,541; Black Mountain, North Carolina, 6,760; Mt. 
Washington, (highest in White mountains,) New 
Hampshire, 6,285; Mt. Marcy, (highest in Adiron- 
dacks). New York, 5,402; Mt. Hecla, (volcano,) Ice- 






land, 5,104; Whiteface, 
(Adi rondacks,) New 
York, 4,871; Ben Nevis, 
(highest in Great Britain, 1 
Scotland, 4,406; Mans- 
field, (highest in Green 
moiinlains,) \'trniont, 
4,2So; Peaks of Otter, Vir- 
ginia, 4,260; Mt. Vesuvi- 
us, Naples, 4,253; Round 
Top, (highest in the Cats- 
kills, ) New York, 3,804. 

The State Legislature 

consists of a senate with 
fifty members and an 
assembly with 150 mem- 
bers. Both houses are re- 
quired Ijy the constitution 
to meet annually on the 
first Wednesday in Janu 
ary, the legislative term 
and political year to begin 
January i. The senators 
serve two years and the 
assemblymen one year. 
No restriction is placed 
on the duration of the an- 
nual sessions. The annu- 
al salary of senators and 
assemblymen is the same, 

|i,50o, with an extra allowance often cents a mile 
going to and returning from the capitol over "the 
most usual route" once during the session. No 
member of the legislature shall receive a civil ap- 
pointment of any character, except that by an 
omission to embrace within the constitutional 
prohibition the words "from a state commission 
ordepartment," a loop-hole has been left by w"hich 
members of the legislature are almost constantly 
drawing salaries from the state for acting as 
"attorneys" for various state legislative commis- 
sions or committees which they, themselves, caused 
to be created. The constitutional convention of 

Hyatt, Photo. 

[For Portrait, Residence and .Sketch, see P. 39.] 


1894 undoubtedly intended to prohibit any legis- 
lator from drawing two salaries from the state. 
Holding a civil or military office under the United 
States, or any office under a city government, 
within 100 days of election, disqualifies the party 
for election to the legislature. A majority of 
either house constitutes a quorum for doing busi- 
ness, except on the final passage of bills carrying 
appropriations, creating debt or imposing a tax, 
when it is necessary for three-fifths to be present, 
and has the exclusive right to make its own rules 
and be the judge of the elections, returns and 
qualifications of its own members. Either house 
has the right to close its 
doors against the public 
and may at any time shut 
out the whole or any part 
of the press from getting 
the proceedings. Neither 
house can adjourn more 
than two days without the 
consent of the other. For 
any speech or debate the 
members shall not lie ques- 
tioned by any outsider ; 
and all members are ex- 
empt from arrest. 

District Attorneys. — 

Augustus. \. Donnelly, 
1819 ; Edward C. Reed, 
1827 ; Wm. H. Shankland, 
iS36;Horatio Ballard, 1S42; 
Augustus S. Ballard, 1847; 
R. Holland Duell, 1850; 
Edward C. Reed, 1856 ; 
Abram P. Smith, 1856; Geo. 
B. Jones. 1859; A. D. Wat- 
ers. 1S65; Riley Champlin, 
1870; Lewis Bouton, 1S70; 
B. T. Wright, 1S74; B. A. 
Benedict, 1876; I. H. Pal- 
mer, 1S82; Horace L. Bron- 
son. 18S6; Jerome Squires, 
1892; Miles E. Burlingame, 
1895; Edwin Duffey, 1898. 



Hyatt. Photo. F. H. MARICLE. 

F. H. riaricle, proprietor of the larj;e livery 
barns and hitching stables on North Main street, 
near the Cortland House, purchased the business 
Oct. I, 1897, of T. H. Youngs. It is one of the 
largest and best located barns in the village, hav- 
ing a capacity for hitching from 100 to 125 horses. 
When Mr. Maricle took the business he equipped 
it with an entirely new lot of vehicles and his own 
stock. P'rom eight to ten horses are kept busy in 
the livery department while as many are hoarded. 
The accommodations are up to the retjuirements 
of a large business, there being accommodations 
in the livery and boarding stables for thirty 
horses. Mr. Maricle was born in Marathon, Jan. 
14, 1864, and attended school in that village. Until 
twelve years of age he lived on a farm, his father 
being a farmer, but in 1876 
entered the employ of the 
McGraws in McGraw, work- 
ing in the corset factory, 
where he remained until 
18SS, when he went to Can- 
ada and was employed for 
some years in the large 
wholesale and retail cloth- 
ing house of W. E. Sanford 
& Co. in Toronto and Ham- 
ilton. Returning to the 
states, he again went to Mc- 
Graw, where he remained 
two years. He is a member 
of the John L Lewis lodge, 
I. O. O. F. In March, 18S7, 
he married Carrie Totman 
of JIcGraw. 

The Old Carding Mill was 

erected in 181 5 by David Mc- 
Clure, and it is supposed 
was used about two or three 
years as a nail factory [see 
"Early Industries," p. 93] 
In 181S Moses Hopkins ad- 
vertised that he had "two 
new carding machines ready Harris, Photo. 

for operation in Mr. Higday's shops, a little east 
of the red mills. ' ' This building was purchased by 
Horace Dibble in 1832 or '33, and has since been 
used by him and his sons for cloth dressing and 
wool carding, being the only cloth dressing estab- 
lishment in existence in late years in this section 
of the country, though operated on a small scale, 
about what one man can keep doing. 

Decisive Battles of History. — Marathon, B. 
C, 490, Athenians defeated the Persians ; Syr.\- 
CUSE, B. C, 413, Syracusans defeated the 
Athenians; Arbei,-\, B. C, 331, Macedonians and 
Greeks defeated the Persians ; Met.\urus, B. C., 
207, Romans defeated the Carthagenians ; 
Philii'PI, B. C, 42, Octavius and Antony de- 
feated Brutus and Cassius ; AcTiUM (sea) B. C, 
31, the Roman imperialists under Octavius de- 
feated the naval forces of Antony and Cleopatra; 
LuTZEN, 1632, which gave religious liberty to Ger- 
many ; Chalons, 451, confederates defeated the 
Huns ; TouRS, 732, Christians defeated the Sara- 
cens; H.\STINGS, 1066, William, the Conqueror, 
commanding the Normans defeated the English ; 
Defeat of the Spanish Armada in the English 
channel by the English in 1588 ; Blenheim, 1704, 
English under Marlborough defeated the French 
and Bavarians under Marshal Tallard ; Pultowa, 
1709, Peter the Great, of Russia, defeated Charles 
XII of. Sweden; vSar.atog.a.. 1777, victory of Gates 
over Burgoyne ; Valmy, 1792, Prussians, Aus- 
trians and Hessians under the Duke of Brunswick 
defeated an attempt to invade France, by the 
French under Duniouriez ; Waterloo, 1815, 
Russians, Austrians, Prussians and English under 
Duke of Wellington defeated the French under 
Napoleon ; Trafalgar (sea) 1H05, English under 
Lord Nelson defeated the French and Spanish; 
Appomattox, 1S65, the Union armies under.Grant 
defeated the Confederates under Lee; Manila, 
189S, (sea) the American warvessels under Dewey 
sunk the Spanish fleet under Admiral Montojo. 

Getting Popular. — Why are bald headed men 
getting more popular with the ladies ? ' ' Because, ' ' 
replied a Cortland lady, " the condition of the poll 
indicates that the fortunate gentlemen have already 
been subdued." 




Paul T. Carpenter, M. D., began the practice 
of medicine in Cortland in July 1897 in the new 
Samson building, where he was located for six 
months. When Dr. H. S. Braman removed from 
Cuyler to Homer, Dr. Carpenter picked up his 
practice in the former village and being the only 
physician within the radius of five and a half 
miles he had the opportunity for a wide range of 
practice which was of value to a young physician. 
In Sept. 1S9S, Dr. Carpenter returned to Cortland, 
being induced to take that step by reason of the 
urgent request of friends, and located in his 
present oiSce, corner of Main street and Clinton 
avenue, over Sager & Jennings' pharmacy. He 
was born in Groton, Tompkins Co., July 30, 1869, 
and attended school in the old Groton academy, 
the district school at Cortland and the Cortland 
Normal school. When 18 j-ears of age he entered 
the employ of Sager & Jennings, where he re- 
mained four years when he entered the Syracuse 
Medical college, where he studied two years. 
Following this he obtained a position in the Balti- 
more City hospital, where he had an experience 
in medical and surgical practice and then entered 
the Baltimore Medical college, where he was 
graduated .\pril 17, 1S94, returning to New York 
State and taking a successful examination in the 
University of the State of New York. At the 
completion of his first year of study in medicine 
he went before the state board of pharmacy and 
passed an examination which entitles him to prac- 
tice pharmacy iti the state of New York. He was 
married Aug 10, 1S99, to Miss Lena Rose Tubbs of 
Cortland. He is a member of Beta Theta Pi fra- 
ternity of the Syracuse university and was leader 
of the Glee Banjo and Mandolin club of the uni- 

Henry S. Edson, M.D., was born in Otego, Ot- 
sego Co., N. Y., in 1S35, his father being a farmer. 
His grandfather. Dr. Benjamin Edson, was born 
in Connecticut, served in the war of the Revolu- 
tion, and, when peace had been restored, retired 
to the practice of his profession. Dr. Henry S. 
Edson attended district schools and in 1S56 he be- 
gan attendance at Cooperstown seminary and in 
after vears received instruction in Delaware Lit- 

Butler, Photo. HENRY S. EDSON. M. D. 


erary institute under the principalship of the late 
Dr. Kerr. Subsequently he attended Fort Plain 
seminary under Dr. Bannister. Some fifteen years 
were spent largely in teaching in the public 
schools of Michigan, Pennsylvania, and New 
York. After filling the position of principal of 
Renovo graded school and .serving as one of the 
faculty of Dickinson seminary at Williamsport, 
Pa., he began reading medicine with his brother, 
Dr. Benj. Edson of Brooklyn, N. Y. Having at- 
tended lectures at the University of Vermont and 
at LTnion college, he graduated at the Albany 
Medical college in the class of '77. In 1892 he 
married Miss .\lta N. Terry of his native county 
and two girls, Sarah Ella, aged six, and Clara 
Belle, aged three, have signified their approval. 
Dr. Edson has now enjoyed an increasing practice 
in Cortland for twenty years. 

New York State Schools. — This state expends 
more money annually for educational purposes 
than any other state in the union. The records 
of the school year, i897-'8 show: Number of 
school districts in the cities, 888 and in the towns 
(country and village), 10,864; total, 11,752; the 
total number of school houses was 11,883. The 
total valuation of school property in the cities 
was $56,012,562 and in the towns 1:15,819,949. 
Expended for teachers' salaries in the cities, |io,- 
273,987.43, in the towns, f4. 882,290.51. Number 
of children who attended in the cities during the 
year, 691,543 and in towns 477,451; average daily 
attendance in the cities, 508,412 and in the towns 
319,240. There were 585 private schools in the 
cities and 316 in the towns; 68,041 children at- 
tending in the cities and 13,407 in the towns. The 
whole number of licensed teachers employed 160 
davs or more during the year, in the cities was 
I3,'8i9and in the towns 15,511. The state ex- 
pended from the free school fund for the support 
and maintenance of Normal schools 1293,544.70 
and from the general fund for additions, improve- 
ments, etc., $94,428.07. The instruction of Indian 
youth cost Ji ",,152.88 and that of the blind and 
deaf and dumb, $247,376.48. The total expendi- 
ture for educational purposes was $29,515,935.64. 



II, .\l. LANh;. (Hyatt, Photos.) A. E. BL'CK. 

Buck & Lane have been engaged as a firm in 
the liardware business at No. 104 Main street since 
January, 1891, at which time Mr. H. M. Lane 
bought the interest of Mr. George C. Hubbard, of 
the firm of Buck & Hubbard. The business was 
established more than fifty years ago, and has 
passed through the hands of different parties down 
to the time it came into the possession of the pres- 
ent owners. It was originally conducted on Port 
Watson street, in connection with a foundry, by 
A. & S. D. Freer, but several years later the two 
enterprises wereseparated. April i, 1S61, Norman 
Chaml)erlain and H. F. Benton, under the firm 
name of Chamberlain & Benton, bought out the 
Freers. Later, Mr. Benton selling his interest to 
Allen B. Smith, the firm became Chamberlain & 
Smith. Afterwards the 
business was conducted 
by the different firms of 
Chamberlain & Slafter. 
H. Cordenio Smith and C. 

5 Chamberlain. Early in 
iSSo Newkirk & Hulbert 
became owners, and three 
years later the business 
was moved from Port 
Watson to Main street. In 
1884 Mr. Newkirk died, 
and on Dec. 15 of that 
year the firm was reor- 
ganized as Hulbert, Buck 

6 Hubbard, Mr. Hulbert 
retiring in November, 
lS,S6, and the business 
after that being conduct- 
ed by the firm of Buck S; 
Hubbard until the retire- 
ment of the latter in favor 
of Mr. Lane. This is the 
largest hardware store in 
the village, comprising as 
it does four floors and a 
basement. The floor sur- 
facein eacliis2i xgofeet. 
The upper floor is used 
for general storage pur- 
poses, while the third 

floor is the workshop for doing all branches 
of repairing and new work, such as plumbing, 
steam and water heating, furnace, stove and 
tin-work. On the second floor is the show 
room for stoves. The first floor is devoted to 
their large stock of general hardware, bicycles, 
mill and machinery supplies, and houselurnish- 
ing goods. In the basement are iron and lead 
pipe, plumbers' supplies, bar steel, glass and 
nails. Mr. A. E. Buck, the senior member of 
the firm, was born in Lysander, Onondaga 
count}', on Feb. 27, 1S49. His parents moved 
to Marcellus while he was in early childhood, 
and it was there, in 1S67, that he began to learn 
the tinsmith's trade with White & Smith, where 
he w'as employed three years. Then he worked 
in Syracuse until coming to Cortland April 11, 
1S71, he entered the employ of Newkirk cS: 
Smith, later working in Oswego and again in 
Syracuse, returning to Cortland in 1876. From 
1877 to 1879 he was engaged in the coal busi- 
ness under the firm name of W. C. May & Co., 
afterwards clerking for Kellogg & Place and 
Newkirk & Hulbert, remaining with the latter 
firm until he went into business as a member of 
the firm of Hulbert, Buck 6t Hubbard. He was 
married to Ella D. May of Cortland, Dec. i, 1875. 
Heisa memberof the Masonic lodge and the A. 
O. U. W. Mr. H. M. Lane was born in Belmont, 
Allegany county, Aug. 2, 1S55, and during the 
early years of his childhood was brought up on a 
farm in the town of Friendship. When i8yearsold 
he entered the First National bank at Friendship, 
N. Y. , as assistant bookkeeper. A year later he 
went into the banking office of Hoyt & Lewis at 
Wellsville, N. Y., where his services continued a 
little over seven years. In Jan., 1882, he returned 
to the First National bank at Friendship, where 
he held the position of assistant cashier for two 
and a half years, moving to Cortland in 18S7 and 
entering into co-partnership with his brother-in- 
law, F;imer M. Williams, the two conducting a 
boot and shoe business under the firm name of 
Williams & Lane until Oct., 1890. The January 
following his retirement from that business Mr. 
Lane went into partnership with Mr. Buck. He 
was married Oct. 9. 1884, to Elma L. Williams of 

Harris, Photo. 




Coon Brothers went into the bakery business 
at their present location Sept. 10, 1894, succeed- 
ing Dowd & Chaffee, who had conducted the 
business during that year, they having bought 
out Cobb & Perkins in January, 1S94. The firm 
consists of Dellazon Coon and his brother, Edwin 
B. Coon. The tnisiness comprises all kinds of 
bakestuffs sold at wholesale and retail, this firm 
supplying the grocers in Cortland and adjacent 
villages with everything that their trade demands 
in that line. They handle fruit in the season and 
manufacture home made confectionery, consisting 
principally of pan and brittle goods, which is sold 
to a certain extent by wholesale as well as at re- 

the screen works where they were employed for 
a few years and then went into the bakery busi- 
ness. The former was married Oct. 13, 1887, to 
Fanny L. Weaver of DeRuyter, He is a member 
of the Masonic lodge of this village and E. B. 
Coon is a member of Vesta lodge, I. O. O. F. 

The Old nilitia flourished in Cortland county as 
early as iSiS, and even before this county was 
erected. In 1796 Solon, Cincinnatus and Virgil, 
then in Onondaga county, contributed men to the 
standing army of .A.merican freemen, which was a 
simple militia organization kept together by peri- 
odical trainings. AsaDanforthwasthe command- 
ing officer. In 1818 the 36th Brigade embraced the 

Views by Harris. 

(An Interior View of the Store). 

di<:ll.vzon COON. 

I'ortraits by Hyatt. 

tail. To supply the trade they have worked 
up in the bakery line, two sets of bakers are em- 
ployed, one for night and the other for day work. 
The building comprises a depth of over a hun- 
dred feet, including the store in the front and the 
work shop and ovens in the rear. It is located at 
No. 14 Court street, but a few doors from Main 
street, in the heart of the business section of 
the village and is in every respect as to ap- 
pointments, equipments and conveniences, mod- 
ern and complete. Mr. Dellazon Coon was 
born in the town of Cuyler, Cortland county, 
July 6, 1S64. Mr. Edwin B. Coon was born in the 
same town Feb. 6, 1870. Both gentlemen came 
to Cortland about twelve years ago and went into 

58th Regiment.which was commanded by Col. Mar- 
tin Phelps, with headquarters at Homer, and the 4th 
Regiment, commanded by Col. Elijah Wheeler, 
whose headquarters were in the town of Solon. In 
1833 is a record of the 67th Regiment. Col. Judah 
Pierce, and in 1853 the 52d Regiment, Col. O. M. 
Welch. About 1825 Roswell Randall commanded 
the 58th Regiment. Amongothercommanderswere 
Gen. Daniel Miller, Col. Eleazer May, Col. William 
Squires and Col. Eli C. Dickinson. A troopof cav- 
alry was commanded by Joshua Ballard, a com- 
pany of grenadiers by Hezekiah Roberts, and a 
company of heavy artillery with brass ordinance 
bv Benajah Tubbs. The parades of these com- 
mands were usually in Homer. 



L. S. CllAMKR. (Hyatt, Photos.) W. K. HOLLISTER, 

Cramer & Hollister, hardware dealers, 
plumbers aud steam fitters at No. 19 Railroad 
street, succeeded the firm of Cramer & Mellon, 
Jan. I, 1896. Cramer & Mellon, who were suc- 
cessors of Seaman & Cramer, did business at the 
same place for about two and a half years and the 
latter, who were there about a year and a half, 
bought out H. T. Hollister who had then been in 
the same store about four years but who had pre- 
viously carried on the business on Orchard street. 
Cramer & Hollister branched out into all kinds 
of metal work to a greater extent than either of 
the two latter preceding firms. This has been the 
case especially in plumbing, steam and hot water 
fitting. I-'rom time to time they have done sev- 
eral large jobs in Cortland and vicinity in fitting 
up buildings with steam and hot water heating 
apparatus, notably The Wallace Wall Paper Co. 's 
factory, besides several 
other large jobs in this vil- 
lage. The hardware busi- 
ness proper is carried on in 
a store 24 X So feet, with the 
shop in the rear where all 
kinds of general jobbing is 
done, while the fitting and 
cutting of pipes for plumb- 
ingantl heating jobs is done 
in the basement, where a 
large stock for those pur- 
poses is kept. The firm also 
occupies the second floor of 
the building, which is used 
for thestoringof stoves and 
a surplus of everything in 
the tin and hardware line; 
also for the display of stoves 
and plumbinggoods. From 
6 to 10 men are emploj-ed 
by the firm in the shop and 
outside work. The hard- 
ware part of the business 
includeseverything carried 
in that line of trade, par- j 
ticularly stovesand ranges, 
among which is a full line 
of Summit ranges, guaran- Hyatt. Photo. 

teed by the firm to be one of the best in the 
market. Mr. Cramer, the senior member of 
the firm, devotes his personal attention to 
the finances and the store business, while 
Mr. Hollister has personal charge of the 
plumbing, heating and contract work. Law- 
rence S. Cramer, the son of Henry V. Cra- 
mer, was born in Lafayette, Onondaga Co., 
N. Y., Aug 24, 1S4.S. His early years were 
spent on the farm with his father, during 
which time he attended the common school 
until about sixteen years of age, aud then the 
Onondaga Valley academy and Syracuse 
schools, .\fter leaving home he was for some 
time employed as clerk in the general store 
of Stephen Headson at Dewitt Center, N. Y., 
after which he was for 15 years in the em- 
ploy of the Syracuse & Bingbamton Rail- 
road Co. as station agent and telegraph ope- 
rator. From the employ of the railroad 
company he moved to Cortland and was for 
two years previous to engaging in the hard- 
ware business, employed as bookkeeper and 
collector. He was married to Anna V. Palmer 
Sept 16. 1875, and thev have two daughters. 
May B. and Edith V. ' Mr. W, K. Hollister, 
son of Harvey D, Hollister, was born in the 
town of Truxton, Cortland Co., Feb. 13, 1870. 
At 15 years of age he entered the employ of 
his brother, H. T. Hollister, in Cortland, to learn the 
plumbing and tinning trades, where he continued 
to work for the different firms, who have succeeded 
to this business as already above mentioned, un- 
til the time he formed the co-partnership with 
Mr. Cramer. He has received instruction at a 
trade school where sanitary plumbing is taught, 
so that the work he performs is of the best from a 
sanitary standpoint. He married Miss Maude L. 
Loucks. of Cortland, March 2, 1S98. Theyhaveone 
daughter, Lillian Harriet. He is a member of the 
John L. Lewis Lodge of Odd F'ellows, No. 587. 

Members of Assembly from Cortland Co. — 

During the period of ninety years Cortland has 
been a county, only fifteen members have each 
served two terms and four members three terms 
each. Those who have served three terms are 
William Trowbridge, 1S11-13, Samuel G. Hath- 




away, i8i4,'i5and 'iS.John 
Miller, 1816, 'I7and20. and 
Rufus T. Peck, i889-'9i. 
There have been two con- 
tests for seats, both unsuc- 
cessful, the first when J. B. 
Phelps contested the seat 
which was awarded to Jo- ^^ 
siah Hart in 1S25, and the !^7!? 
other when Lewis Riggs 
contested the seat given to 
Chauncey Keep in 1S36. 
Cortland had only one rep- 
resentative in iSio-'22, two 
in i823-'46, and one since 
1846. The full list of mem- 
bers to and including 1900 
are as follows : Ephraim 
Fish, iSio; William Trow- 
bridge, 1811-13; Wm. Hal- 
lo ry, 181 4; Samuel G. 
Hathaway, 1S14-15, '18; 
Joshua Ballard, 1S16; John 
Miller, i8i6, ' 17 '20; Joseph 
Reynolds, 1819; John Os- 
born, iS20-'2i; DauielSher- 
wood, 1822, '23; John Gil- 
lett, 1823; Wm. Barto, Jr., 
1824; Matthias Cook, 1824; 

James Chatterton, 1S25; Jo- Hyatt, Photo. INTERIOR OF CRAMER & HOLLISTER'S STORE, 
siah Hart (contested by J. 

B. Phelps), 1825; Augustus Donnelly, 1S26; John 
Lynde, 1826; Cephas Comstock, 1827, '36; Nathan 
Dayton, 1827, '28; John L. Boyd, 1828; Abraham 
Carley, 1S29; Gideon Curtiss, 1829; Chaunce}' 
Keep, 1S30, '36 (contested by Lewis Riggs); 
Henry Stephens, 1830; Fredus Howard, 1831; 
Charles Richardson, 1831; .Andrew Dickson, 1832; 
Jonathan L. Woods, 1S32; Enos S. Halbert, 1833; 
David Mathews, 1S33; Stephen Bogardus, 1S34; 
Oliver Kingman, 1S34; Aaron Brown, 1835; Barak 
Niles, 1835; Josiah Hine, 1837; John Thomas, 
1S37; David Mathews, 1S38; John Osgood, 1S3S; 
George S. Green, 1S39; George Isaacs, 1839; Wil- 

AN (ILD RO.M.\N .\l;( II.— ;.\ViiEKE Is Ix.- 

liam Barnes, 1840; Jabez B. Phelps, 1840; Nathan 
Heaton, 1S41; Lovel G. Mitkels, 1841; Jesse Ives, 
1S42; Oren Stimson, 1.S42; Harry McGraw, 1843; 
George N. Miles, 1843; Piatt F. Grow, 1844; John 
Kingman, 1844; George J. J. Barber, 1845; John 
Pierce, 2nd, 1845; Amos Graves, 1846; John Miller, 
1846; Timoth}' Green, 1847: James Comstock, 
1848; Ira Skeel, 1849; Lewis Kingsley, 1850; Alvan 
Kellogg, 1S51; George W. Bradford, 1852; .\shbel 
B. Patterson, 1853; Perrin H. McGraw, 1854; John 
H. Knapp, 1S55; George I. Kingman, 1856; Joseph 
Atwater, 1S57; Nathan Bouten, 1S58; .Arthur 
Holmes, 1859; John A. McVean, 1860; Loammi 
Kinne}', 1S61; Thos. Barry, 1862; Henry B. Van 
Hoesen, 1S63; Benj. F.Tillinghast, 1864; Dann C. 
Squires, 1865, '72; Stephen Patrick, 1S66; Hora- 
tio Ballard, 1S67; Raymond P. Babcock, 1868; 
Hiram Whitmarsh, 1869; Charles Foster, 1S70; 
Henry S. Randall. 187 1; Geo. W. Phillips, 1873, 
'74; Daniel E. Whitmore, 1S75; Judson C. Nel- 
son, 1876, '83; Delos McGraw, I877; Orris U. 
Kellogg, 187S; George H. Arnold, 1879; Samuel 
A. Childs, 1880; Albiirtis A. Carley, 1881, '82; A. 
Judson Kneeland, 1884; Harlan P. Andrews, 1S85; 
Milfred I\I. Brown, 1SS6; Wavland D. Tisdale, 
1887, '88; Rufus T. Peck, 1889, '90, '91; James H. 
Tripp, 1892, '93; Benjamin F. Lee, 1S94; Wilbur 
Holmes, 1895; Franklin P. Saunders, 1S96, '97; 
D. W. VanHoesen, 1.S9S; Geo. S. Sands, 1899, 1900. 

Colonial Governors of New York.— Adrian 

Joris, term began 1623; Cornelius Jacobzen, May, 
1624; Wm. Verhulst, 1625; Peter Minnit, May 4, 
1626; Wonter Van Twiller, .\pril, 1633; William 
Kieft, March 28, 163S; PetrusStuyvesant, May 11, 
1647; Richard Nicolls, Sept. 8, 1664; Francis 
Lovelace, .\ug. 17, 1668 ; Cornells Evertse, Jr., 
Aug. 12, 1673 ; Anthony Colve, Sept. 19. 1673 ; Ed- 
mond Andros, Nov. 10, 1674 ; Anthony Brock- 
holies, commander-in-chief, Nov. 16. 1677 ; Jan. 
13, 1681 ; Sir Edmond Andros, Knt., Aug. 7, 
167S; Aug. II, 1688; Thomas Dongan, Aug. 27, 
1683 ; Francis Nicholson, lieutenant-governor, 
Oct. 9, 1688 ; Jacob Leisler, June 3, 1689 ; Henry 
Sloughter,* March 19, 1691; Richard Ingoldesby, 
commander-in-chief, July 26, 1695 ; lieutenant- 
governor. May 9, 1709, lieutenant-governor, June 
I, 1709 ; Benj. Fletcher. .\ug. 30, 1692 ; Earl of 






H.irrowfdl'hotu. ALBERT ALLEX. 
Bellomont, April 13, 1698; July 24,1700; John Nau- 
fan, lieutenant-governor, May 17, 1699; May 19. 
1701; Col.Wm. Smith, Col. Abraham DePeysterand 
Col. Peter Schuyler, (administrators of the state 
o-overnment on the death of the Earl of Bellomont 
and absence of the lieutenant-governor). May 5 
to May 19, 1701 ; Lord Cornbury, May 3, 1702 ; 
Lord Lovelace, Dec. 18, 170S ; Peter Schuyler, 
president, Mav 6, 1709 ; May 25, 1709; July 21, 
1719- Gerardus Beekman, president, April 10, 
1710;' Robert Hunter, June 14, 1710; Wm. Burnet, 
Sept.' 17, 1720 ; John Montgomerie, April 15, 1728 ; 
Rip Van Dam, president, July i, 1731 ; William 
Cosby, Aug. I, 1732 ; George Clarke, president, 
March 10, 1736 ; lie'utenant-governor, Oct. 30, 1736 ; 
George Clinton, Sept. 2, 1743 ; Sir Danvers Os- 
borne, Bart., Oct. 10, 1753 ; James DeLancey, lieu- 
tenant-governor, Oct. 12, 
1755; lieutenant-governor, 
June 3,1757; Sir Charles 
Hardy, Knt., Sept. 3, 1755; 
Cadwallader Coldeu, pres- 
ident, .\ug. 4, 1760; lieuten- 
ant-governor, .\ug. 8, 1761; 
lieutenant-governor, Nov. 
iS, 1761; lieutenant-gover- 
nor, June 28, 1763; lieuten- 
ant-governor, Sept. 12, 1769; 
lieutenant-governor. April 
7, 1774; Robert Monckton, 
Oct. 26, 1761, June 14, 176:'; 
Sir Henry Moore, Bart 
Nov. 13, 1765; Earl of Dun 
more, Oct. 19, 1770; 'W'il 
Ham Tryon, July 9, 1771 
June 28, 1775; James Rob- 
ertson, (military governor 
during the war not recog- 
nized by the state), March 
23, 1780; .A-udrew Elliott, 
(acting military governor 
duringthe war ), lieutenant- 
governor, April 17, 1783; 
Peter Van Brugh Living- 
ston, May 23, 1775. Provin- 
cial Congress (rulers)— Na- 
thaniel Woodhull, presi- 
dent protem, Aug. 28, 1775, 

Dec. 5, 1775 ; Abraham Vates, Jr., president, pro 
tem, Nov. 2, 1775, president pro tem, .\ug. 10, 1776, 
president pro tem, .'Vug. 28, 1776; John Harding, 
president pro tem, Dec. 16, 1775; Peter Living- 
ston, Sept. 26, 1776; Abraham Ten Broeck, ;\Iarch 
6, 1777; Leonard Gansevoort, president pro tem, 
April 18, 1777; Pierre Van Cortlandt, president 
council safety. Ma}- 14, 1777. 

*Tliis governor's name is down to this day used asa term of 
reproach in tljesiuglecounty of Schoharie, whose forefathers 
claimed to have been treated vilely by him. To apply the term 
"a Sloughter'' in that county is regarded asa heinous insult. 

The Kremlin was opened as a first-class hotel by 
Wickwire Brothers, who had recently purchased 
the property, about three years ago, and was 
placed under the management of Lyman Cams. 
On May i, 1899, the property was sold to Mr. Albert 
.\llen, who at once took possession and now con- 
ducts the hotel on a strictly high class order. It 
is three stories high, and has thirty rooms at the 
disposal of guests. The furnishings are compara- 
tively new and of the most approved class, includ- 
ing velvet carpets, pretty chamber suits, etc. It 
is located on Court street, but a few doors from 
Main street, and a few steps from the trolley line, 
which leads hence directly to both railroad sta- 
tions, the house being the nearest to the Lacka- 
wanna station of all the hotels. Mr. Allen is the 
purchasing agent for the Manhattan Beach hotel, 
and is familiar with the best manner of conduct- 
ing a hotel. He also has charge of the Sunny 
Side Plantation in Arkansas, belonging to the 
.\ustin Corbiu estate, where he spends a part of 
the winters. He is an experienced executive offi- 
cer in the operation of railroads and a practical 
railroadman. He is high in the order of Masonry, 
being a Shriner and a Sir Knight. Mr. .Allen was 
born in New York in October, 1S37, and for fifteen 
vears was a passenger conductor on the Morris and 
Essex railroad. In 1S77 he was made the superin- 
tendent of the Syracuse and Chenango Valley 
railroad, and in 18S7 he moved to Elmira, being 
then the superintendent of the E., C. and N. rail- 
road. In March, 18S9, he moved to Cortland, 
where he has since resided. The Kremlin is a 
very popular house, and under Mr. .Allen's man- 
agement it has been his aim to improve the ac- 
commodations in every way. He was married to 
Jennie Kenyon of Earlville Jan. 11, 1.S.S2. 

Sr-'' CTtTTB- 

i. iHi II 1 II ;i 


Harris, Photo. 




George Edwin Butler bought out George I. 
Pruden's gallery, corner of Main and Railroad 
streets, May 17, 1893, and has since been conduct- 
ing the business at the same place. The gallery 
is complete for all sorts of photographic work, in- 
cluding the large as well as the small, in which 
Mr. Butler is proficient. He can turn out the best 
high grade productions, and does a great deal of 
work in pastels, crayons, etc. Mr. Butler did con- 
siderable work for the "Grip's" Historical Sou- 
venir of Cortland, and his pictures are among the 
ver)' best in the book In crayon productions he 
had made a special!}', turning out a class of that 
line of pictures which are equal to the very best 
produced anywhere. Mr. Butler was born in Al- 

marked the termination of the war. Eight hun- 
dred men were enlisted in Cortland county and at 
the same time about five hundred troops formed 
into five companies, were recruited in Otsego 
county, leaving Cherry Valley for Albany early in 
January. When the two bodies were marshaled 
into one phalanx the governor made N. W. Green 
of Cortland, colonel, and the regiment was or- 
dered to New York, taking their departure from 
Albany on Jan. 17, 1S62. They were in liarracks in 
New York three days, theu on Riker's Island, 
East River, until they left for Philadelphia, where 
they arrived Jan. 30, 1862, reaching Washington 
Feb I, at midnight, and going into camp at 
Meridian Hill, where they remained until the 24th, 

Butler, Photos. 


bion, Orleans county, Feb. 28, 1863. On Dec. 8, 
1S80, Mr. Butler went into the gallery of Amos 
Belden, where he was employed until the spring 
of 1886, when he went into the Curtiss gallery at 
Syracuse, where he remained for seven years, 
thence coming to Cortland and going into busi- 
ness here as first stated. Mr Butler married Fan- 
nie Wall of Albion, Oct, 20, 1886. He is a mem- 
ber of the V'esta lodge, I. O. O. F., and of the 
Excelsior Hook and Ladder Co. 

The 76th Regiment was mustered in at Albany 
December, 1.^61, and served with marked gallantry 
throughout the war, being mustered out along in 
1865 after Appomattox and after participating in 
the grand review of troops at Washington, which 

when the}' occupied Forts DeRussey, Massachu- 
setts, Totten and Slemmer. Col. Green was sent 
home on charges preferred by the officers and 
Lieut. -Col. Shaul was placed in command. On 
May 21, the regiment was ordered to Fredericks- 
burg and assigned to Brig. -Gen. Abner Double- 
day's brigade — the 2nd, of the First Division, First 
Corps, Army of Potomac. On July 2 Col. Will- 
iam P. Wainwright was assigned to command the 
regiment. On the 21st of August the regiment, 
in the fight at Rappahannock Station, Va., was 
for the first time under fire. Ou Aug. 28 the reg- 
iment played a most thrilling part of the drama in 
the battle of Gainesville, where they lost ten 
killed, seventy-two wounded and eighteen miss- 
ing. During the next two days the regiment par- 



Hyatt. Photo. EDWIN DUFFEY, District Attorney. 

ticipatedin continuous mauoeuvering and fighting 
at second Bull Run and South Mountain. In the 
blood}' battle of Gettysburg RlajorGrover, then in 
command of the regiment was killed and Capt. 
John E. Cook, who took his place, performed his 
duty faithfully. In that battle it lost, killed and 
wounded eighteen officers and one hundred fifty- 
one men. Captain S. M. Byram was for a time in 
command, in September, 1863, when operating on 
the Rappahannock and again at North .\nna in 
May, 1S64, and along during subsequent opera- 
tions until in the fight in front of Petersburg June 
18 he received a severe wound and did not again 
rejoin the regiment. The last report of the 76th 
as an organization, then containing only a hand- 
ful of the men who enlisted in Cortland in '61, 
was on Jan. 15, 1S65, when it was commanded by 
Capt. E. B. Cochrane. The battles of the 76th 
were: Rappahannock, Aug. 21, 1862 ; Warrenton, 
Aug. 26; Gainesville, Aug. 

28 ; Second Bull Run, Aug. 

29 and3o; South Mountain, 
Sept. 14; .'Vntictam, Sept. 
17; Snicker's Gap, Nov. i- 
3; Fredericksburg, Dec. 12- 
13; Chancellorville, May i~ 
5, 1S63; Gettv'sburg, July i- 
4; Mine Run, Nov. 27; 
Wilderness, May 5-6, 1864; 
Laurel Hill, May 8; Spott- 
.sylvania. May 12; North 
Anna, May 24; Tolopotomy 
Creek, June I ; Cold Harbor, 
June 3-5; Petersburg, June 
18; Weldon Railroad. .\ug. 
18-21; Poplar Grove Church, 
Sept. 30; First Hatchers' 
Run, Oct. 28; Hicksford 
Raid, Dec. 6-12; Seconal 
Hatchers' Run, Feb. 6, 18'--, 
Five Forks, April i: Appc^ 
mattox, April 9. When thi 
76th started for Washing- 
ton its organization was as 
follows: Field and StaffOlli- 
cers — Colonel, N.W.Green 
of Cortland; lieutenant-col- 

onel, John D. Shaul of Springfield, Otsego Co.; 
Major Charles E. Livingston of New York City; 
surgeon, J. C. Nelson of Truxton; assistant surgeon, 
George W. Metcalfe of Otsego Co.; chaplain, H. 
.Stone Richardson of New York Mills; adjutaut. He- 
man I". Robinson of Cortland; quartermaster, .\. P. 
Smith of Cortland; quartermaster sergeant. Albert 
J. Jarvis of Cortland; commissary sergeant, William 
Storrs of .\llegan)'. 

Lnic Officers ('apt. 1st I>ieut. :ind Lieut. 

Co. .\— A. .1. Grover C. H. George H. W. Pierce 
" B -Oscar C. Fo.x C. 1). Crandall W. S. Wolcott 
" C— G. . I. Crittenden E. H. Weaver M. P. Marsh 
" D— C. I^. Watrous E. D.VanSlvck 
" E— Wm. H. Powell J. H. Kallard 8. M. Powell 
" F—.Tolni F.Barnard E. A. Mead W.W.Green 

" G--Wm. Lansing Aaron Sagcr J. L. Goddard 
" H— Amos L. Swan M. B.Cleveland Robt. Storev 
" I— .John E.Cook H. A. Blodgett R. Williams 
" K-John W. Young C. A. Watkins C. M. Gaylord 

Edwin Duffey, the talented district attorney of 
Cortland county, was born in Buffalo, March 14, 
1868. He received his preparatory college educa- 
tion in the Cortland Normal school, and was grad- 
uated with a brilliant record from Amherst col- 
lege in 1890. In the autumn of the same year he 
entered the Columbia Law school, and was grad- 
uated as one of the men conspicuously strong in 
the Class of 1893. In the same year he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in New York coimty,and at the 
close of the same year began the practice of law 
in the village of Cortland. His professional suc- 
cess was immediate, and in 1897 he was elected 
district attorney of Cortland county. As the pros- 
ecuting officer of the county, he has shown him- 
self fearless and conscientious in the discharge of 
every duty. In July, 1897, he became a partner of 
Henry A. Dickinson, and still is a member of the 
firm of Dickinson & DufTey. Mr. Duffey is a man 
of unquestioned integrity of character, is endowed 
with rare gifts as a speaker, and with equal gifts 
as a scholar. He has an inherent honesty of char- 
acter, which begets trust and confidence and com- 
mands respect. He is the very essence of loyalty 
alike to his friends and his convictions. As an 
advocate he is untiring, fearless, zealous and ag- 
gressive. As a counselor he is calm, dispassion- 
ate, fair-minded and conscientious. 





1 he Manufacturers of Cortland employ in the 
aggregate about 3,000 people and pay thousands 
of dollars in taxes and insurance. Many towns 
and cities in this state which profess to be great 
manufacturing centers do not begin to offer as 
large an array of flourishing, substantial indus- 
tries as can be pointed out in this village. Very 
rarely will one find among somany manufacturing 
institutions as large, well lighted and well ven- 
tilated shops, with high rooms, as good sanitary 
arrangements and as clean and imposing struc- 
tures as are to be found here. Most of the insti- 
tutions, too, have been built up from a small be- 
ginning. The wages generally paid in the Cort- 
land shops will bear comparison with what the 
shop help earn in other places. While the an- 

The Cortland Wagon Co. 
The Cortland Carriage Goods Co. 
The H. M. Whitney Wagon Co. 
The Cortland Screen Door and Window Co. 
The Ellis Omnibus and Cab Co. 
The Cortland Forging Co. 
The Cortland Foundrv and Machine Co. 
D. F. Wallace Wall Paper Co. 
W. H. Newton Carriage Works. 
Wallace & Houck Machine Shop. 
Cooper Bros.' Foundry and Machine Shops. 
The Gillette Skirt Manufacturing Co. 
Keator & Wells Machine Works. 
Cately-Ettling Anti Rattler (wagon attachment) 

L. S. Hayes Chair Factory. 

Butler, Photo. IHK LITERARY CLUB. L.See sk.. page 33. 

Miss Hendrick, Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Reese. Mrs. Higgins, Miss Roe, Mrs. Bard well. Miss Booth. Jlrs. Van Hoesen, 

LMrs. Johnson, Miss Hubbard, Mrs. Apgar. 
Miss Cornelia Adams, Mrs. Henry, Miss fioodrich, Mrs. .Jayne, Mrs. Beach, Mrs. Messenger, Mrs. Walro«>. Miss 

LMinerva Adams, Mrs. Collins, Mrs. Cornish, Mrs. Kickard. 
Miss Kirby, .Mrs. Walrad. Mrs. Hughes. Miss Stephens, Mrs. Sornl>erger, Mrs. Hendrick, Mrs. Mudge, Miss Gale. 

L^Irs. Chambers, Mrs. Nash. 
■ Mrs. Twiss, Miss Force, Mrs. Foote. 
[N. B.— Upper line is key to tlie names of the ladies ou the piazza; next, to those standing in front and sitting 
on upper portico step: third, those occupying front chairs and lower portico steps; fourth, to those seated on 
the ground.] 

nual disbursements of the manufacturers is no 
small item, but is of considerable importance to 
the tradesmen of the village, the latter do not by 
any means depend upon the revenues from that 
one source as is too often the case in manufactur- 
ing towns. They draw a large trade from the sur- 
rounding country, not alone from the farming 
community but from the villages that lie contig- 
uous to and within an hour's ride from Cortland. 
The class of products turned out by the industry 
of Cortland people vary, although Cortland is 
known outside almost wholly — by the general 
public — as the manufacturing center for wagons. 
The list of manufacturers is as follows ; 
Wickwire Bros., wire cloth. 


Mrs. G. T. Chatterton Skirt Manufacturer. 

Palmer & Co. Skirt Manufacturers. 

Cortland Welding Compound. 

Wickwire Roller Mills. 

F. H. Cobb & Co. Manufacturers of Confection- 

T. H. Holcomb, M. Quinn, and C. F. Ander- 
son, Manufacturers of Cigars. 

The Rosary Society was organized about i.SSo. 
The present officers are ; President, Miss Mary 
Morris ; treasurer. Rev. John J. McLoghlin. The 
society is divided into fifteen circles. Each cir- 
cle has a leader and fifteen members. The society 
isbenevolent to its members and assists in furnish- 
ing necessaries for the church. 



Hyatt, Photo. DORR C. SMITH. 

The Cortland House, a modern four-story brick 
structure, surmounted by mansard roof and tower, 
located at the junction of North Main street and 
Groton avenue, was erected in 1884 by Delos Ban- 
der at a cost of #55,000, and opened to the public 
Jan. 27, 18S5. Main street south of Groton ave- 
nue jogs at the hotel corner, and the office 
windows and balcony command an unobstructed 
view of the thoroughfare south of the hotel, the 
business section of the village. The hotel, with 
fifty-six commercial rooms, wide ranging halls, a 
corner office and lobby 
looking upon both streets 
through high, broad win- 
dows; modern plumbing, 
steam heat, electric lights 
and perfect sanitary con- 
veniences, is complete in 
accommodations and of 
as high a standard as is 
required of first-class ho- 
tels. Ithasa froutage on 
Main street of 1 1 1 feet 
and on Groton avenue of 
73 feet. The billiard room 
adjoining the office has an 
entrance on Groton ave- 
nue. The old Cortland 
House, erected in 1829 by 
Danforth Merrick, was a 
landmark known far and 
wide. It was nearly 
square, standing four sto- 
ries high, with a balconj* 
enclosing two sides of the 
building at each floor. 
Mr. Bauderpurchasedthe 
property in April, 186S, 
and in i882-'3 expended 
$19,000 in enlarging and 
improving it. On the 
morning of Nov. 28, iS8^, 
the building was dc 
stroyed by fire Isee " Bi.L; 
Fire of 'S3," page 105), 
and in a couple of hours' 
time an historic edifice, 
which had stood for more Borrowed Photo, 

than half a century, was left in smoking ruins. On 
July I, 1895, the Cortland House was leased by 
Dorr C. Smith, the present proprietor, who married 
Nellie A., the daughter of Delos Bauder, June 19, 
1878. Mr. Bauder then retired from active business 
life, after a successful hotel careerof twenty-seven 
vears on one spot. Mr. Smith began the stud}' of 
law with .\. P. Smith in 1871, and on Jan. 8, 1875, 
he was admitted to the bar at .Albany. He prac- 
ticed in Cortland until he assumed the proprietor- 
ship of the Cortland House. He was born in Mo- 
ravia, May 9, 1851, and received his early educa- 
tion at the Geneva academv. 

County Judges and Surrogates. — These were 
separate offices up to 1S47, since which time they 
have been united. Surrogates — John McWhorter, 
term began 1808; Mead Merrill, iSio; Luther F. 
Stephens, 1811 ; John McWhorter, 1815 ; Adin 
Webb, 1S16; Jabez B. Phelps, 1823 ; Charles W. 
Lvude, 182S; Townsend Ross, 1832 ; Anthony Freer, 
1836; Adin Webb, 1840; Anthony Freer, 1844. 
County Judges — John Keep, 1810; William Mal- 
lory, 1823 ; Joseph Reynolds, 1S33 ; Henry Steph- 
ens, 1S38 ; Daniel Hawks, 1847 : Lewis Kingsley, 
i.'<5i ; R. Holland Duell, 1855; Stephen Brewer, 
1S59; Hiram Craudall, 1N59; AbramP. Smith, Dec. 
5, 1867, elected to fill vacancy; Stratton S. Knox, 
1S84; Joseph E. Egglestou, 1890. 

A. S. Burgess, one of the leading merchants of 
this village, began business in Cortland on Sept. 
II, 1SS4, when he and D. H. Bingham started a 
clothing store in the Garrison block. After three 
years Burgess & Bingham leased the store in the 
four-story brick block at the corner of Main and 
Railroad streets, where they carried on business 
until the fall of 1S93, when the firm was dissolved, 
Mr. Bingham retiring from all connection with 
the business and Mr. Burgess continuing to carry 
it on, as will be shown, on a larger and more ex- 




tensive scale. About a month prior to the disso- 
lution the farm bought this property, the most 
centrally located in the business section of the 
village. In 1895, when it became plain that more 
room would be required to accommodate the grow- 
ing business, Mr. Burgess purchased Mr. Bing- 
ham's interest in the building, and the following 
year built in the rear a four-stor}' addition, mak- 
ing the store nearly a third larger, providing a 
ground store area of 25 x 105 feet, and giving an ad- 

play of trunks and overcoats in the basement, which 
is finished up with steel ceilings and side walls, 
and is as well lighted as the first floor. On 
April I, 1897, Mr. Burgess opened a clothing store 
in the thriving village of Marathon, under the 
management of J. G. Barnes, which not only car- 
ries the same line of goods as the Cortland store, 
but in addition thereto a full stock of women and 
misses' shoes. On Dec. i, 1S97, he established a 
general clothing store in the Clark block. Homer, 

Harris and Butler. Photos. 


[See sk. p. 14t>. 

ditional entrance as well as an ample rear light 
from Railroad street. With so much extra room 
at his disposal, Mr. Burgess increased the scope of 
his business by putting in men's and boj-s' shoes, 
so that he is able to outfit men and boys from head 
to foot, giving them liberal range in making selec- 
tions from ready-to-wear and made-to-order cloth- 
ing, a full assortment of gentlemen's furnishings, 
hats, caps, trunks, traveling bags and dress suit 
cases. There are 2,ooosquare feet of room forthedis- 

which is being successfully conducted bj' J. B. 
Latimer, along the same lines as the other two 
stores. Mr. Burgess was born in Solon, Cortland 
county, N. Y., May 31, 1S63, and his first experi- 
ence in trade was that of a salesman for W. S. 
Peck, Brother & Co. of Syracuse, N. Y. He held 
that position for three years and then came to 
Cortland to establish the business in which he has 
achieved marked success. On Feb. 9, 1893, he was 
married to Miss Minnie F. Mager of this village. 





(Hyatt, Plioto.) EDWARD KEATOR, 

The First National Bank, one of the solid iu- 
stittUions of Cortland, was established in lS6;^, 
with Thomas Keator, president, Rufus Ed- 
wards, vice-president, and E. P. Slafter, 
cashier. Thomas Keator continued presi- 
dent of the bank until his death, June 25, 
1879, and in the January following he was 
succeeded by Samuel Keator, who held the 
office until January, 18S9, when Edward 
Keator, the present incumbent, took the 
office. Edward P. Slafter held the office 
of cashier until January, 1870, and was suc- 
ceeded by William H. Crane in January, 
1873. Fitz Boynton, who followed Mr. 
Crane, held office until Oct. 30, 1.SS2, when 
Edward Keator was elected and continued 
in office until he was elected president, and 
was succeeded as cashier by Edward Alley, 
the present incumbent. Mr. Edward Kea- 
tor was born in Delaware county, and was 
educated at the Quaker school at Union 
Springs and at the Clavrack Training 
School of Columbia county. He served 
an apprenticeship in the Cortland Demo- 
crat, and from there was advanced to a po- 
sition in the bank of which his father was 
then president, and with which institution 
he has been connected for thirty years, of 
which time he acted as cashier from 1S82 
to 18S9, and as president from the latter 
year to the present time. Mr. Keator is a 
member of the Masonic order. In 18S9 he 
married Hattie, daughter of James Jones, 
formerly cashier of the Wyoming Bank of 
Wilkesbarre, Pa. Mr. Alle}' was born in 
Moravia, Feb. 24, 1864, and received his 
education at that place. May 12, 1884, he 
came to work in the First National Bank at 
Cortland as bookkeeper, and continued as 
such until elected cashier in January, 1889. 
At the sametimehe was made village treas- 
urer. November 10, iSgg.he was appointed 
supervisor to fill the vacancy caused by the 
resignation of D. F. Wallace, and his term 
will not expire until November, 1901. He 
is an active Republican, and serves as in- 
spector of election. On Sept. 7, 1886, he 
married Miss Elizabeth Newkirk of Cort- 

land. The First National Bank, the oldest 
national bank in Cortland county, was among 
the first organized in the United States, being 
No. 226 on the list at Washington. It has en- 
joyed thirty-six years of uninterrupted pros- 
perity, and has accumulated a surplus equal 
to its capital. It has one of the best safe de- 
posit vaults in Central New York, separate 
from the bank vault, and boxes for the safe 
deposit of valuables, rented at reasonable 
rales. Present directorsofthebankare: Hon. 
A. A. Carley, Hon. O. U. Kellogg, Hon. The- 
odore H. Wickwire, Charles F. Brown, C. W. 
Stoker, Edward Keator, Samuel Keator, C. F. 
Wickwire, Edward Alley, R. B. Smith, Hec- 
tor Cowan, E. M. Hulbert and R. Purvis. The 
officers are: Edward Keator, president; T. H. 
Wickwire, vice-president, and FIdward .\lley, 
cashier. The last statement to the Comp- 
troller of the Currency shows the following 
healthy condition of the institution: 


Loans and Discounts S3G6.1tj4 42 

U. S. Bonds, 4 per cent 31,2.50 00 

Five Per Cent. Fund 1,40(; 2.5 

.Stocks, Bonds and Mortgages— 262,041 84 

Banking House - _ .32,000 00 

Cash and due from banks 142,4:% 5:5 

$83.5,299 04 

Capital Stock $125,000 00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits, net- 120.987 69 

Circulating Notes 28,125 00 

Deposits and due banks 561.186 35 

Total--- .¥83.5,2i)9 04 




Early Lawyers. — Many men who have attained 
more or less prominence here and elsewhere were 
members of the Cortland County bar. Victor 
Birdseye was a member of the Constitutional con- 
vention of iS2i,of Congress, of the .Assembly and 
of the Senate. Henry Stephens was a judge of 
Common Pleas and an assemblyman. Hispartner, 
Oliver Wiswell was an assistant judge of that 
court. Among the best known Cortland county 
lawyers was Thomas J. Oakley, an attorne)- -gen- 
eral and a prominent member of Congress. Elisha 
Williams was a leader in the state Assembly. Sam- 
uel Nelson was a delegate to the Constitutional 
convention of 1821, a Monroe presidential elector, 
a circuit judge in the Eighth Judicial district, a 
justice of the Supreme Court and afterwards of the 
United States, and a member of the Constitutional 
convention of 1S46. Judge H. Gray attained 
prominence, in 1S36 as a member of Congress, in 
1846 as circuit judge, and for many years as a Su- 
preme Court judge. Judge Ira Harris, who subse- 
quently obtained distinction as a lawyer at Albany, 
spent his boyhood days and first studied law in 
Cortland countj- . He was a Member of Assembly, 
a state and United States senator and Justice of 
the Supreme Court. Nathan Dayton and Joseph 
Reynolds occupied the bench in the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas. The latter also filled the positions of 
Presidential Elector, Congressman and Member of 
Assembly. William Henry Shankland was a Su- 
preme Court Justice and while in that position was 
one of those who, as the constitution then pro- 
vided, were selected to form the Court of Appeals 
bench. Horatio Ballard, also a distinguished law- 
yer, was a delegate to the two national con- 
ventions that nominated Polk and Buchanan, re- 
spectively. He was Secretarj- of State, a Member 
of Assembly and a delegate to the Constitutional 
convention of 1867. Henry S. Randall attained 
prominence as the author of the life of Thomas 
Jefferson. He served as Secretary of State and 
Member of Assembly, elected to both offices on 
the Democratic ticket. R. H. Duell was one of 
the more recent members of the Cortland County 
bar who attained distinction. He was a Member 
of Congress and afterwards a commissioner of 

Han-is, Photo. THE FIRST NAT'L BANK. 

Harris, Photo. 


patents. A. P. Smith held 
theoffice of county judge 
and surrogate for sixteen 
consecutive j'ears, and 
was a lawyer of great 

The 1 85th Regiment, 
mustered in Sept. 22, 1864, 
at Syracuse, included 
Co.'s E. F and G from 
Cortland, respectively 
officered as follows: E — 
Capt., Robert P. Bush; 1st 
Lieut., Herbert C. Rora- 
paugh; 2d Lieut., Pem- 
broke Pierce. F — Capt., 
John W. Strowbridge; ist 
Lieut., Andrew J. Lyman; 
2d Lieut., Harrison Giv- 
ens. G— Capt., A. H. Bar- 
ber; 1st Lieut., Hiram 
Clark; 2d Lieut., Daniel 
Minier. In a week after 
being mustered in the 
regiment was in the 
breastworks in front of 
Petersburg, and was as- 
signed to the First Brig- 
ade, First Division, Fifth 
Corps — Gen. Warren, 
Corps commander, Gen. 
Charles Griffin, Division, 
and Gen. Sickels, Brig- 



ade commander. The regiment took an import- 
ant part in many engagements around Petersburg 
and Richmond, and after the surrenderor Lee was 
detailed to take charge of rebel prisoners. The 
iSsth were mustered out May 30, 1865, at Wash- 

The Cortland Door and Window Screen Co. 

was organized in the spring of 1S87 by the pres- 
ent company, of which W. J. Greenman is the 
president and E. M. Hulbert the secretary. The 
plant, which is as complete for the manufacture 
of these products as any in the United States, in- 
cludes a two-story building 45 x 200 feet, which 
encloses the office, the shipping department and 
storehouse, a wing 45 x 75 feet for the storage of 
manufactured goods, a main structure 50 x 200 feet 
in which the products are manufactured, with a 
wing 50 X 75 feet containing the wood-working de- 
partment where the frames are constructed. The 
finishing department is in a building 30 x 60 feet, 
and there is a separate boiler and engine house 

United States Senators from New York 

Philip Schuyler, Albany, and Rufus King, New 
York, elected July 16, 17S9; Aaron Burr, New York, 
(vice Schuyler), Jan. 19, 1791 ; John Lawrence, 
Queens Co., (vice Burr), Nov. 9, 1796; Philip 
Schuyler, Albany, (2nd term vice Burr), Jan. 24, 
1797; John Schloss Hobart, Huntington, (vice 
Schuyler), Jan. 11, 179S ; William North, Schenec- 
tady Co., (vice Hobart resigned ), May 17, 179S ; 
James Watson, New York, (vice North resigned), 
Aug. 17, 1798 ; Gouverneur Morris, Morrisania, 
(vice Watson), April 3, 1800; John Armstrong, 
Rhinebeck, (vice Lawrence), Nov. 6, 1800, re- 
elected Jan. 27, 1801 ; DeWitt Clinton, Newtown, 
(vice Armstrong, resigned), Feb. 9, 1802; Theo- 
dorus Bailey, Poughkeepsie, (vice Morris), Feb. i, 
1803; John Armstrong, Rhinebeck, (vice Clinton 
resigned), December, 1S03 ; John Smith, Brook- 
haven, (vice Armstrong), Feb. 4, 1804; John Arm- 
strong, Rhinebeck, (vice Bailey resigned), Feb. 4, 
1804; Samuel L. Mitchell, New York, (vice Arm- 
strong, resigned), Nov. g, iSo;; John Smith, Brook- 

Harris, Photo. 


40 X 50 feet. The machinery is driven with 200- 
horse power, which also furnishes heat and runs 
the dynamos which light the buildings. The ca- 
pacity of the plant is 1,000 screen doors and 2,400 
screen windows daily. The machinery includes 
twelve slitting saws and one gang saw, besides the 
required number of smaller machines necessary to 
work up the woodintodesired lengths and patterns 
for frames, upon which the wire screen is securely 
and neatly fastened. The several buildings are 
connected so as to afford the best conveniences for 
handling the raw material and manufactured pro- 
ducts. From the shipping room the goods are 
loaded into cars, which are run alongside upon 
a branch railway, and shipped to jobbers all over 
the United States. The company uses its own 
patents. The success of this enterprise, which is 
recognized by those who handle its products, is 
due altogether to the joint effortsof Messrs. Green- 
man and Hulbert, who from a small beginning in 
manufacturing screen doors and windows, have 
extended the trade all over the country and made 
permanent an industry which gives employment 
to a large number of Cortland people, and adds 
very materially to the prosperity of the village. 

haven, (re-elected), Feb. 3, 1807; Obadiah Ger- 
man, Norwich, (vice Mitchell), Feb. 7, 1S09 ; Rufus 
King, Jamaica, (vice Smith), Feb. 2, 1S13; Nathan 
Sanford, New York, (vice German), Feb. 7, .1815 ; 
Rufus King, Jamaica, (re-elected), Jan. 8, 1S20 ; 
Martin Van Buren, Columbia Co., (vice Sanford), 
Feb. 6, 1821 ; Nathan Sanford, New York, (vice 
King resigned), Jan. 14, 1S26; Martin Van Buren, 
(re-elected); Feb. 6, 1827 ; Charles E. Dudley, Al- 
bany, (vice Van Buren resigned), Jan. 15,1829; 
William L. Marcy, Albany (vice Sanford), Feb. i, 
1831 ; Silas Wright, Jr., St. Lawrence Co., (vice 
Marcy, resigned), Jan. 4, 1S33; Nathaniel P. Tall- 
madge, Poughkeepsie, (vice Dudley), Feb. 5, 1833 ; 
Silas Wright, Jr., (re-elected) Feb. 7, 1837 ; 
Nathaniel P. Tallmadge, (re-elected), Jan. 14, 
1840; Silas Wright, Jr., (re-elected), Feb. 7, 1S43 ; 
Henry A. Foster, Rome, (vice Wright resigned 1, 
Nov, 30, 1844; Daniels. Dickinson, Binghamton, 
(vice Tallmadge resigned), Nov. 30, 1S44; again to 
fill vacancy Jan. 18, 1845; John A. Dix, Albany, 
(vice Foster), Jan. 18, 1845; Daniel S. Dickinson, 
(re-elected), Feb. 4, 1S45 ; William H. Seward, 
Auburn, (vice Dix), F^eb. 6, 1849; re-elected Feb. 
6, 1855; Hamilton Fish, New York, (vice Dick- 



inson), March 19, 1S51; 
Preston King, Ogdeus- 
burg, i vice Fish), Feb. 3, 
1857; Ira Harris, Albany, 
(vice Seward), Feb. 5, 
1S61; Edwin D. Morgan, 
New York, (vice King), 
Feb. 3, '63; Roscoe Conk- 
ling, Utica (vice Harris), 
Jan. 16, 1867 — re-elected 
Jan. 22, 1S73 — re-elected 
Jan. 22, 1879; Reuben E. 
Fenton, Jamestown, (vice 
Morgan), Jan. 20, 1869; 
Francis Kernan, Utica, 
(vice Fenton), Jan. 21, 
1875; Thomas C. Piatt, 
Owego, (vice Kernan), 
Jan. 20, 18S1; Warner Mil- 
ler, Herkimer, (vice 
Piatt, resigned ), July 16, 
18S1; Elbridge G. Lap- 
ham, Canandaigua, (vice 
Conkling, resigned ), July 
22, 18S1: \Vm. M. Evarts, 
NewYork,(vice Lapham), 
Jan. 20, 1SS5; F'rank His- 
cock, Syracuse, (vice Mil- 
ler), Jan. 20, 18S7; David 
B. Hill, Elmira, (vice 
Evarts), Jan. 21, 1891; Edward Murphy, jr., Troy, 
( viceHiscock), Ja-n. 17,1892; Thos. C. Piatt, Owe- 
go, ( vice Hill), Jan. 20, 1S97; Chaunce3-M. Depew, 
New York, (vice Murphy), Jan. 20, 1S99. 

The 157th Regiment was mustered in Sept. 19, 
1862, at Hamilton, Madison Co., for three years. 
Companies C, D, E, H and K were from Cortland 
county, and the remainder were from Madison 
county, except about thirty who were from Che- 
nango county. The regiment arrived in Albany 
Sept. 26, 1862, where they were presented with a 
stand of colors, and reached New York that even- 
ing. The regiment was moved from Washington 
to Fairfax Court House and assigned to the First 
Brigade, Third Division, Eleventh Corps. Gen. 
Franz Sigel was the corps commander and Gen. 

Photo by Harris. 

V .., II „g«i i-i« TriTTTWr 

Photo by Harris 



Carl Schurz the Division commander. The regi- 
ment later joined Burnside's army and spent 
Christmas and a part of January in front of Fred- 
ericksburg and was then ordered into winter 
quarters at Oakland farm. But early in February 
another move was made and during the following 
spring, until the engagement at Chaucellorsville, 
the regiment was most of the time on the march. 
In that fight over a hundred men were killed, 
wounded or captured. "The Bloody Roll Call," 
following the first day's fight at Gettysburg proves 
that the 157th was in the thick of that fight : " Co. 
A, six privates, one corporal, one sergeant ; Co. B, 
five privates, one corporal ; Co. C, six privates, one 
corporal, one sergeant; Co. D, six privates, one 
corporal, one sergeant ; Co. E, two privates ; Co. 
F, five privates, two corporals, one sergeant ; Co. 
G, seven privates, two corpo- 
rals; Co. I, two corporals — 
Total, 51." On Aug. 12 the 
regiment was landed on Fol- 
ly Island off Charleston, S. 
C. In April, 1864, the regi- 
ment received a stand of col- 
ors presented by the citizens 
of Cortland county. Soon 
afterwards the regiment was 
moved to Florida, six com- 
panies being located at F"er- 
nandina and the balance at 
Picolata. On June 15, the 
command was at Hilton 
Head, and on July 5 partici- 
pated in an engagement near 
Charleston. In the fight at 
Hovey Hill, shortly after, 
the 157th and the 56th were 
in action side by side. Early 
in 1865 the regiment did gar- 
rison duty and constituted 
part of an expedition which 
occupied their time until 
mustered out, July 10, 1S65, 
and precipitated them into 
several sharp engagements. 
The regiment left for the 
front organized as follows: 
Regimental officers, Colonel, 



Hyatt, Photo, CHARLES F. BROWN. 

P. P. Brown, Jr.; Leuteiiaut-ColoueL Geo. Arrow- 
smith; Major, J. C, Carmichael; Quarter-Master, 
P. H. McGraw; Surgeon, H. C. Hendrick; Assistant 
Surgeons, G. M. Crawe, F. D. Beebe; Adjutant, O. 
E. Messinger; Sergeant-Major, B. S. Fitch; Ouar- 
ter-Master-Sergeant, C. O. Newton; Commissary- 
Sergeant, A. W, Kingsbury; Drum-Major, Andrew 

Line Officers 1st Lieut. 2nd Lieut. 

Co. A— Capt. J. H. .Smith G, R. Seaton J. L. I'almer 
•■ B-Capt. T. J. Rauflall .J. C. Ware C. H. VanSlyke 
" t'— Capt. Frank Place J. A. Coffin .Job D. Potter 
" U-Capt. W.O.Dunbar S. Z.Miner L. E. Stillman 
■' E— Capt. B.B.Andrews J. K. Backus B. F, .Tones 
" F— Capt. J. R. Stone W.A.Stone S. Wick wire 
'• G-Capt. A. Tuttle W. D. Bailey H, Frank 

" H— Capt, Wn^, Beck Buck Geort^e Adams 

"• 1— Capt, W, Bellinger T, W. Priest Wm, Snider 
" K— Capt, N, M, Daniels Wni. Barnum L, O. Kinney 

C. F. Brown, the drug- 
gist at No. 53 Main street, 
has been in that business 
in Cortland, where he 
started in trade, since 
1881, when in company 
with M. M. Maybury he 
bought out C. H. Brad- 
ford, who was then en- 
gaged in the drug trade 
in the store now occupied 
by Hopkins, the grocer, 
on the west side of Main 
street. Brown & M a y- 
bury, the new firm, were 
in partnership until the 
spring of 1S93, when the 
former purchased Mr. 
Maybury's interest, aud 
since then conducted the 
business alone in a man- 
ner that has made it one 
of the most successful 
stores in town. After Mr. 
Bradford's retirement and 
the firm had taken the 
business, they remained 
at the old place about 
three months, and then 
decided to change their photo by Hyatt. 

location to the opposite side of the street. So they 
moved into the store which is now occupied by G. 
H. Ames, taking one side only, leavingtheother to 
be taken by J. C. Gray, jeweler. A year later the 
firm found their quarters too much cramped for 
the business they were doing. There was not an 
empty store to be had in town, and they adopted 
an expedient not commonly attempted,— that of 
buying out a man's business for the purpose of 
getting the store he occupied. E. H. Bates was 
running a grocery at Mr. Brown's present quar- 
ters. Brown & Maybury struck a bargain for his 
entire lot of goods, and in sixty days closed 
out at retail over the counters without advertis- 
ing or putting it up at auction. Then what 
had been a grocery became a drug store, with am- 
ple conveniences aud plenty of room. The .store 
has since been remodeled and an increased ca- 
pacity has been obtained by taking possession of 
the third floor. The additional floor has proven 
indispensable for two reasons. It is used for the 
fitting and sale of trusses, which is one of the 
specialties of the business, and is a valuable place 
for keeping the fine, high-priced powdered drugs, 
which are used largely in tinctures and fluid ex- 
tracts that enter into physicians' prescriptions. 
They are very sensitive to heat and cannot be kept 
as well in the temperature that is required to make 
the store comfortable. The prescription depart- 
ment is a decided feature of C. "F. Brown's 
store, and it is understood to be as complete as 
that of any pharmacy outside of the large cities. 
The paints handled by this house are among the 
very best ready-mixed on the market, and include 
a large supply of everything for house use, build- 
ers and carriage manufacturers. Mr. C. F. Brown 
was born in Homer, Jan. 14, 1S58, aud he went to 
school at the Homer and the Cortland academies 
and at the Cortland Normal school. He is a grad- 
uate of the Intermediate department, and was a 
pupil three years in the Academic department of 
the latter institution. Upon leaving school he en- 
tered into a clerkship for G. W. Bradford and con- 
tinued seven years in his emplo)', where he learned 
the profession of pharmacist. He was married to 
Sara, the daughter of Samuel Keator, who at the 
time was president of the First National Bank, on 




Nov. 22, 1883. Mr. Brown is an active member 
and trustee of the First Baptist church, and is 
prominent as a member of the local Masonic order 
and the Odd Fellows, he at present being a senior 
warden in the Masonic lodge, and a director 
in the First National Bank. He is the senior 
member of the school board, and has been active 
in the development of the present most excellent 
system of public schools. He was on the board 
which constructed the Central school building, 
filling a vacancy by appointment received from 
the board. Since then he has retained member- 

William L. Marcy (Rensselaer), Nov. 7, 1832 ; 
William H. Seward (Cayuga), Nov. 7, 1S38 ; Will- 
iam C. Bouck (Schoharie), Nov. 8, 1842; Silas 
Wright (St. Lawrence), Nov. 5, 1S44; John Young 
(Livingston), Nov. 3, 1846; Hamilton Fish, (New 
York), Nov. 7, 1848; Washington Hunt (Niagara), 
Nov. 5, 1S50; Horatio Seymour (Oneida), Nov. 2, 
1852; Nov. 4, 1862; Myron H. Clark (Ontario), 
Nov. 7, 1854 ; John A. King (Queens), Nov. 4, 1856; 
Edwin D. Morgan (New York), Nov. 2, 1S58 ; 
Reuben E. Fenton (Chautauqua), Nov. 8, 1S64 ; 
John T. Hoffman (New York), Nov. 3, 1868 ; John 

ship on the board by virtue of lieing three times 

Qovernors of New York. — George Clinton 
(Ulster Co.), elected July 9, 1776; April, 1801 ; 
John Jay (New York), April, 1795 ; Morgan Lewis 
(Dutchess), April, 1804; Daniel D. Tompkins 
(Richmond), April, 1807 ; John Taylor Lieut. -Gov. 
(Albany), March, 1817; DeWitt Clinton (New 
York), November, 1817; Nov. 8, 1824; Joseph C. 
Yates (Schenectady), Nov. 6, 1822; Nathaniel 
Pitcher, Lieut. -Gov. (Washington), Feb. 11, 1S28 ; 
Martin Van Buren (Columbia), Nov. 5, 182S; Enos 
T. Throop, Lieut.-Gov. (Cayuga), March 12, 1829 ; 


A. Dix (New York), Nov. 5, 1872 ; Samuel J. Til- 

den (New York), Nov. 3, 1874 ; Lucius Robinson 
(Chemung), Nov. 7, 1876 ; AlonzoB. Cornell (New 
York), Nov. 4, 1S79; Grover Cleveland* (Erie), Nov. 
7, 1882; David B. Hill (Chemung), Lieut-Gov., Jan. 
6, 18S5 ; elected November, 1885 and re-elected 
November, 18SS; Roswell P. Flower (New York), 
Nov. 3, 1891 ; Levi P. Morton (Dutchess), Nov. 6, 
1S94; Frank S. Black (Rensselaer), Nov. 3, 1896; 
Theodore Roosevelt (Queens), Nov. 8, 1898. 

*Only New York governor elected to and occu- 
pving the Presidenti.1l chair before the expiration 
oi" his term as governor. 



The Church of St. Mary of the Vale, situated 

on North Main street, opposite Madison avenue, 
was erected in iS68. The rapid growth of the in- 
creasing population of Cortland finally necessi- 
tated the enlargement of the then towerless edi- 
fice, and in 1S7S it was greatly increased in size by 
the addition of a transcept with two spacious ves- 
tries attached thereto, and the raising of a hand- 
some tower and spire. The latter was partially 
destroyed by fire in the fall of 1898, and was re- 
built in a more imposing manner under the super- 
vision of Architect Russell of Syracuse. The 
church, which compares favorably with the most 
pretentious house of worship in a parish of this 
size, stands as a monument to the taste of the 

Butler, Photo. 


architect and the credit of Mr. Harrison, the 
builder. The walls are of dark red brick, with 
light colored trimmings. The auditorium has a 
seating capacity of 920, while the membership 
numbers more than 2,000. The grounds, which 
are neatly cared for, were enlarged in 1899 by the 
purchase of an adjoining tract 50 by 70 feet, from 
Mrs. Butler. A new organ was placed in the 
church in 1896 at a cost of f 3, 000, Barnes & Howry 
of Utica being the builders. In addition to the 
high altar erected in 1S88, two side altars, the 
gifts of the Sodalities, have since been added. 
Other members of the parish, whose names have 
been published from the pulpit, have donated 
statuar)', beautiful crucifi-xes, two magnificent can- 
delabras and other necessary furnishings, thus 

beautifying the sanctuary and making it as nearly 
worthy of the continuous abode of the Blessed 
Sacrament as is possible by means of human skill 
and taste. Besides, a beautiful set of Stations 
was placed in the church a few years ago and sol- 
emnly blessed by Rt. Rev. P. A. Ludden, Bishop 
of Syracuse. The first Catholic church building 
in Cortland was a small wooden structure, erected 
on Port Watson street in 1S55. Father Callen was 
then ministering to the spiritual wants of the 
Catholics in this village. No definite and detailed 
record of the church of that period is at hand, 
but it is known that it was not until 1864, when 
Rev. Father Coleman located in Cortland, that the 
Catholic church here had a resident pastor, it 
alwaj-s having been attend- 
ed from Norwich. Rev. 
Father Coleman was suc- 
ceeded in the fall of iS67by 
the Very Rev. B. F. Mc- 
Loghlin. His first assistant 
was Rev. Father Thomas 
McLoghlin, who was with 
him from 1S77 to 1S84, and 
who is now the pastor of 
the Church of Our Lady of 
Angels at Whitehall. He 
was succeeded by Rev. J. J. 
McLoghlin, who continued 
as assistant pastor until the 
death of the Very Rev. B. 
F. McLoghlin, which oc- 
curred Nov. 21, 1 888, when 
he became the pastor, a 
post he has since so ably 
and satisfactorily occupied 
greatly to the spiritual ad- 
vantage of his parishioners 
and with eminent credit to 
himself. Both of the Very 
Rev. B. 1'. McLoghlin's as- 
sistants were his nephews. 
He was a man of dignified, 
yet kindly bearing, whose 
many virtues shone in his 
every act and word. "Fath- 
er Mack," hewasfamiliarly 
called, gave him no of- 
fence, as he encouraged a 
feeling of close and pleas- 
ant relations between him- 
self and his parishioners, 
without surrendering any 
of his dignity, that en- 
deared him to them all. His 
affable manner and priestly 
character made him a wide 
circle of admirers through- 
out the community at 
large. He was ordained at 
Mount St. ilary's, and his 
first pastorate was at Keese- 
ville, a small Adirondack village a few miles dis- 
tant from the shore of Lake Champlain. During 
twenty years he ministered to a large parish at 
Little Falls, and from there he went to Syra- 
cuse to take charge of St. John's church, now 
the cathedral. His third and last parish was at 
Cortland. He died in his seventy-first year — 
his fortieth in priesthood — and his remains now 
repose in an hermetically sealed tomb in a sightly 
knolIatSt. Mary'scemetery, guarded by amoulded 
granite shaft surmounted by across, the holy em- 
blem toward which he guided the footsteps of his 
people. It w-as during his spiritual rule that the 
Catholics of Cortland constructed their handsome 
church, but it was after his death when they built 
the imposing parochial residence which stands on 



the opposite side of Main 
street, a short distance 
south of the church. Soon 
after he assumed charge 
of the parish he started 
the movement for a new 
house of worship, select- 
ing the site with that rare 
perception and good 
judgment which marked 
all of his efforts in behalf 
of the congregation. 
Midst some difficulties he 
persevered, supported by 
the loyalt}' of his people, 
and after ten years of hard 
labor he and his flock 
were rewarded by sub- 
stantial fruit of their toil, 
— a church which is an 
architectural ornament to 
the main street of the vil- 
lage. The parochial res- 
idence, constructed in 
1891 under Father John's 
direction, is an imposing, 
handsome brick struc- 
ture. And now the soci- 
ety is practically out of 
debt. In 1S90 forty-five 

acres were purchased for a new cemetery. Thirty 
acres were artistically laid out and were consecrated 
by Rt. Rev. Bishop Luddeu of Syracuse, Oct. 25, 
1891. The church is blessed with two Sodalities, 
the Rosary, the Altar society, the C. M. B. A. and 
other flourishing societies, each of which, with a 
large active membership, is doing very much to- 
ward promoting the welfare of the church. 

Rev. John J. McLoghlin, who has greatly en- 
deared himself to his people, and who is very pop- 
ular among all classes of people in Cortland, was 
born in Ireland in 1856, and was educated for the 
priesthood in the College of the Immaculate Con- 
ception at Summer Hill, Athlone, where he was 
graduated in 1S77. Upon coming to the United 
States he entered the University of Niagara, where 
he passed his examinations in October, and was 
ordained a priest Dec. 27, 1881, at the Cathedral of 
the Immaculate Conception, Albany, N. Y. He 

Butler, Photo. 



Butler, Photo. 



first went to Oswego as the assistant of Rev. Father 
Griffa, where he remained until 1884, when he 
came to Cortland as the assistant of his uncle. 

St. Mary's Church Choir is an organization 
with a history for a score of years of considerable 
interest, but its remarkable growth and efficiency 
have been made during the past three years un- 
der the capable leadership of Frank 'W. Lanigan 
and who has been ably assisted by his wife as or- 
ganist. Mr. Lanigan has been a member of the 
choir for sixteen years, and so his familiarity with 
sacred music naturally entitled him to the posi- 
tion of leader ; but in addition to experience he 
has shown rare tact and executive power. Un- 
der his leadership the choir has increased from 
eleven to thirty-one members; they have learned 
more than twenty complete masses, the ones re- 
cently mastered being Marzo's, Rosewig's in F, 
Le Jeal's, Millard's in C, 
^ and Gounod's; their Ves- 
pers include the Gregorian, 
Fiske's, Lejeal's. and Rose- 
wig's. Asan illustration of 
practical business, it is 
worth stating that under 
the auspices of this choir 
"The Merry Milkmaids" 
was presented two even- 
ings, spring 'gS, from which 
they realized J200 to be ex- 
pended for music. Follow- 
ing are the members of the 
choir: Soprano, Margaret 
B. Lanigan, Mary Dowd, 
.\nna Burns, Mrs. Daniel 
Kernan, Ella Dexter, Kit- 
tie Ganiell, Katherine Lit- 
tleton, .Augusta Crossman, 
Nora Littleton, Agnes Mou- 
rin, Elizabeth Byrnes, 
Frances Mourin, Josie 
Lynch; alto, Elizabeth 
O'Connell, Mary Constan- 
tine, Katherine Walsh, Jo- 
sie Sullivan, Katherine Col- 
igan, Nora Hennessy; 




. J 

W!tk*^ ^ ^ i 

K" '*'* 

Butler, Photo. 


[See sk. p. 155. 

Gentlemen (left to right)— John Grant. .Tohn P. Lanigan. James Walsh. 'William Walsh, Charles B. Dowd, F. W. 
Lanif'an director, James Beha, Charles M(-Evoy, James Schermerhorn, John F. Byrnes. Joseph P. McGuire. 

Ladies (upper row)— Katharine Coligan, Katherine Gamell, Mrs. D. Keruan, Kitty ■\Valsh. Margaret B. Lanigan, 
Mary Constantine, Augusta Crossman, Elizabeth Byrnes. ,.,._., 

Ladies (second row)— Anna Burns, Mrs. F. W. Lanigan, organist, Josie Sulliyan, Katherme Littleton. 

Ladies (lower row)— Agnes Moran, Nora Littleton. Frances Moran, Elizabeth O'Conuell. 

tenor, Frank W. Lanigan, John F. Byrnes, Joseph 
McGuire, John Walsh, Charles F. McEvoy, James 
Schermerhorn ; bass, John Lanigan, James 'Walsh, 
William Walsh, John Grant, James A. Beha, 
Charles B. Dowd. 

O. W. Walter, the vyell-known dealer in pianos, 
organs and musicalinstruments of all description, 
also the latest and most popular compositions, 
vocal and instrumental, is located in the Cortland 
House block at No. 6 Groton avenue. Mr. Walter 
caters to the best trade and handles the popular, 

as well as the high grade instruments. He is the 
sole agent for Cortland county for main- of the 
leading makes of pianos and organs, included 
among which are Ives & Pond, Shoninger, Behning 
and Capen and the Carpenter and Hamilton or- 
gans. He is undoubtedly, through his activity 
and push, extending his trade through the villages 
and country adjoining Cortland to the extent that 
he is admitted to be the leader in his line in this 
county. O. W. Walter established the business in 
1892 at 25 North Main street and two years ago 
moved tohispresent loca- 
tion. He has had twenty 

^* — I years' experience and was 

m first in business for hira- 

"^^"^^ self at Whitney Point, 

Harris, Photo. 


where he was located for 
six years. He was born 
at Newark 'Valley, Tioga 
Co., June 21, 1S55, and 
was married to Miss Jen- 
nie Bishop of Newark 
■Valley in June, iSSi. He 
is a member of 'Vesta 
lodge, I. O. O. F. 

The Young Ladies' 
Sodality of St. Mary's 
church was organized 
September 19, 1880, by 
Rev. Thos. McLoghlin, 
with a membership of 
about twentj'-five, with 
Miss Kate Feore, presi- 
dent and Miss Eliza John- 
son, secretary and treas- 
urer. The society meets 
semi-monthly, and now 
has an active membership 
of fifty. The oflficers now 
are; Miss Mary F. Dowd, 
president, and Miss Lou- 
ise Martin, secretary and 



rirs. J. T. Davern & Co. have conducted 
the ladies' furnishing and millinery business 
in their present location, No. 8 Main street, 
for the past seven years. This firm was for 
the seven years prior to that time in the 
Churchill building on North Main street, 
they having moved their business from the 
old Samson block into that building as soon 
as it was finished and ready for occupancy. 
Mrs. Davern is a practical milliner and ladies' 
furnisher, who hashade.xperiencein the best 
stores in Syracuse, having been connected 
with N. Peters & Son on Clinton street, the 
New York store on Genesee street and other 
establishments. When she began trade in 
Cortland it was in the old Samson block, 
where she started exclusively in the millin- 
ery line. Mrs. Davern's taste and skill soon 
became well known in Cortland and vicin- 
ity, with the result that her millinery trade- 
not only grew beyond the accommodations 
in the old block, but the ladies came to her 
for assistance and advice in the matter of la- 
dies' furnishings, which led the firm to in- 
crease the scope of the business by putting in 
all kinds of ready-to-wear clothing for the ladies. 
The store where the business is now being con- 
ducted is 28 X 90 feet with abasement done off for 
a stock room, and a workshop. The extent of the 
business is shown in the fact that this firm in the 
busy seasons employs clerks and work ladies, 
twenty assistants, including the best that can be 
had, those who have had the teaching and experi- 
ence of the best city millinery establishments. 
Mrs, Davern gives her personal attention to the 
millinery department, while Mr. J. T. Davern does 
all of the buying and has charge of the financial 
part of thebusiness. 

Altar Society of St. Mary's.— In all Catholic 
churches the altar receives special care. This 
gives opportunities to the piously disposed who 
have leisure to keep the linen coverings immac- 
ulate, the candelabra whether brass, silver, or 
gold polished to the last degree and the flowers 

Hyatt, Photo. 


Harris, Photo. JIRS. J. T. DAVERN & CO.'S STORE. 

freshly arranged according to the best taste. Any 
amount of money may be expended on the fine 
linens and the beautiful laces which are often in- 
terwoven with gold and silver threads and jewels. 
The floral decorations vary from beautiful violets 
and other wild flowers gathered for the purpose 
by little children to the most expensive hothouse 
roses. In order that this work may be carried on 
with the necessary system, societies are formed 
whose members are pledged to the work. The 
Altar society of St. Mary's of the Vale was or- 
ganized about 1S80 by Rev. Thomas McLoghlin, 
who was assistant pastor at that time. The soci- 
ety is now composed of over sixty members. The 
officers for the present year are : President, Mrs. 
P. H. Dowd ; vice-president. Mrs. D. Kernan ; 
secretary and treasurer. Miss Elizabeth Quinlan. 
In the War of '61 Cortland county lost by 
death on the field 233 men and raised by issuing 
bonds to pay bounties ^610,070. Three companies, 
E, F and G, respectively, 
commanded by Capts. 
Robert P. Bush, John 
W. Strowbridge and Al- 
bert H. Barber, went to 
the front with the iSsth 
regiment, mustered into 
service Sept. 22, 1S64, 
and mustered out June 
10,1865. Martin C. Clark 
commanded a companj- 
which joined the 23d 
regiment at Elmira, 
mustered in May 16, 
1861. Eight hundred 
men were recruited in 
Cortland in December, 
1S61, who went out from 
Albany with the 76th 
regiment, commanded 
by Col. N. W. Green of 
this village. .\t the same 
time Cortland sent Cap- 
tain Andrew W. McNett 
with a company in the 
93d and Captain J. V. 
White with another 
company in the 3d N. 
V. Artillery. The 157th 



F. J. PECK, Cashier. (Hyatt, Photo.) S. S. KNOX, Pres't, 

was raised chiefly in Cortland county and mus- 
tered into service at Hamilton, Madison Co., Sept. 
19, 1S62. [See history of the 76th, 157th and 
185th regiments on other pages.] 

The National Bank of Cortland was organized 
as a national Ijauk May 13, 1S75, it having previ- 
ously been conducted for .six years as a state bank. 
On Feb. 4, 1S69, Articles of Association were sub- 
scribed to by several shareholders establishing a 
state bank, to be known as The Bank of Cortland, 
with a capital stock of ,yioo,ooo, which was organ- 
ized with the following officers and directors: 
James S. Squires, president; James A. Schermer- 
horn, vice-president; B. B. Woodworth, cashier 
and teller; F. H. Hibbard, 
S. E. Welch, Samuel vSea- 
ger, C. C. Taylor, Lucius 
Babcock, William H. 
Shankland, H. P. Good- 
rich, Horatio Ballard, Je- 
rome Hulbert, J. C. Pom- 
eroy, S. R. Hunter, A. B. 
Lamont. At a meeting 
held on May 13, 1875, it 
was voted to reorganize as 
a national bank under the 
name of The National 
Bank of Cortland, with a 
capital of $100,000. The 
first officers and directors 
were : James S. Squires, 
president; B. B. Wood- 
worth, cashier; E.M. Hul- 
bert, A. B. Lamont, Sam- 
uel Seager, S. R. Hunter, 
G. L. Cole, S. E. Welch, 
Wesley Hooker, Martin 
Merrick, G. N. Copeland, 
O. A. Kinney and Hamil- Harris, Photo. 

ton Putnam. Mr. Squires was succeeded by 
Mr. Wesley Hooker as president of the bank 
in January, 18S4, Mr. Hooker retiring from 
that position in January, 1S97, when Mr. 
Stratton S. Knox waselected to succeed him. 
Mr. Woodworth acted as cashier until suc- 
ceeded by Mr. Charles E. Selover, in Jan- 
uary, 1877, who in turn was succeeded by- 
Mr. F. J. Peck in August, 1889. In the fall 
of 1888 the capital stock was increased to 
;f 1 25,000. The total dividends paid to the 
stockholders of The National Bank of Cort- 
land since its reorganization as a national 
bank, or during the period of twenty-five 
years, amount in the aggregate to I203,- 
112.50. During this time there have been ac- 
cumulated as a surplus, including undivid- 
ed profits, 167,726.50. The bank has steadily 
grown in business, the last statement to the 
comptroller— January , 1900 — showing the de- 
posits to have amounted to 1391,641.45; its 
loans and discounts, the largest of any Cort- 
land bank, were $450,825.18. The officers 
and directors are; Stratton S. Knox, presi- 
dent; L. J. Fitzgerald, vice-president; Ed- 
ward H. Brewer, Chas. W. Collins, H. M. Kellogg 
and W. I. Perkins of Cortland; H. C. Hendrick of 
McGraw; B. F. Taylor, G. J. Mager, F. H. Cobb and 
C. F. Thompson of Cortland; Peter D. Muller of 
Truxton; B. R. Corning of Cincinnatus; William 
Martin and Frank J. Peck, of Cortland. The 
cashier is Mr. F. J. Peck and the assistant cash- 
ier, Mr. Henry L. Peckham. 

Stratton S. Knox, president of the bank, has 
practiced law with success in Cortland for nearly 
twenty-five years. His special line is in office, 
real estate, surrogate and reference practice, and 
in settling up estates. He occupied the office of 
county judge and surrogate, to which he was 
elected on the Democratic ticket in 1SS3, for a 
term of six years. In 1S95 he was retained by The 




National Bank of Cortland as attorney, and has 
ever since taken charge of its legal affairs, being 
electfd president of the bank in 1897. Judge Knox 
was one of the most active citizens in securing for 
Cortland a system of modern sewers, which was 
the result of an agitation started previous to 1S92, 
in which year a board of commissioners was cre- 
ated to carry the project into effect. He received 
the appointment as one of the lioardand was made 
its president, a position he has since occupied. 
While the judge has given no considerable time 
to politics, he is recognized as a firm Democrat, 
who has seen more or less service in party con- 
ventions and at the polls. He was born in the 
town of Colesville, Broome Co., Feb. 5, 1845. His 
early schooling was obtained in the district school 
and the Windsor academy. Later he spent part 

ment was laid. He is a member of the Masonic 
lodge and chapter, and has occupied the post of 
Master of the lodge during the period of five years. 
Mr. F. J. Peck was born in Aurora, Province of 
Ontario, Canada, March 15, 1864. When he was 
about a vear old his parents came to Cortland 
countv and located in Solon. His father, Rufus 
T. Peck, is well known in politics, because of the 
fact that he was member of assembly three years, 
18S9, '90 and '91, and as a candidate for state sen- 
ator from this district in 1895 he lost his seat after 
a spirited contest, which attracted general atten- 
tion. From Jan. i, 1S70, to Dec. 31, 1S75, inclu- 
sive, (two terms) he served as school com- 
missioner, second district. Mr. F. J. Peck 
was ten years of age when his home was trans- 
ferred to Cortland. He was a pupil in the Normal 

Harris, Photo. 


of his time teaching school and getting a higher 
education. In 1S69 he came to Cortland, and two 
years later was graduated at the Normal school. 
In the fall of 187 1 he entered upon an optional 
course at the Wesleyan University at Middletown, 
Ct., and the following year entered the law office 
of M. M. Waters, in Cortland, where he pursued 
the study of law until admitted to the bar at the 
General term in Schenectady, N. Y., September, 
1875. Before the close of the year he had entered 
into partnership with Mr. Waters, which continued 
until the latter located in Syracuse, in 18S1. Judge 
Knox was married to Myra W., the daughter of 
M. M. Waters, Dec. 25, 1873. During the years of 
iS95-'6 and '7 he was village attorney. It was 
during his term that the question of modern pave- 
ments came before the people, and before he had 
retired from that office the Railroad street pave- 

school, and upon leaving that institution he went 
into The National Bank of Cortland (in 1S82) as 
bookkeeper. Step by step, his faithful services 
have been recognized by promotion, until finally 
he was made cashier. He was married to Annie 
L. Keator of Cortland June 10, 1S94. 

The Cortland County Farmers' Club was or- 
ganized Feb. 13, 1878. John D. Barber, Allen B. Ben- 
ham, T. Mason Loring, A. P. Rowlev, A. D. Blod- 
gett, Dwight H. Hitchcock, Jas. M. Smith, Charles 
Copeland and Charles H. Price were active in keep- 
ing up an interest in this club in the beginning, and 
manv well-known speakers and practical farmers 
have given time to the discussion of pertinent topics 
before the club, among whom were Prof. Roberts and 
Prof. Law of Cornell, Hon. Harris Lewis, once tlie 
president of the State Dairymen's association, Mr. 
Powell of Syracuse, Hon. B. F.Tillinghast, Prof. J. 
H. Hoose and Prof. James M. Milne. 

Harris, Photos. VIEWS OF THE MESSENGER HOUSE. [See sk., P. llU. 

The Parlors. O. L. Ingraham, Prop'r. The Offlue. 

View from Port Watson and Main Sts. ?/'.^»'f? y"V,"8,^°?-.?"- 

The Dining Room. Main Hall, Parlor i loor. 




LSeesk., P. 98 

Hyatt, Photo. 

Miss Elizabeth Turner, Miss Mead, Mrs. Blodgett, Miss Mary White, Mrs. Booth. 

Mrs. Benedict, Mrs. Walsh, Mrs. McDowell. Miss ,\llen. Miss Fitzgerald, Miss McGraw, Miss Stone. 

Mrs. .Mcilraw. .Mrs. Osgood, Mrs. Cole, .Mrs. Smith. Miss Hinman, Jliss Brown. 

Miss Edith Turner, Mis> Corni-liH White, Mrs. Graham, :Mrs. .Tarvis, Miss Haltjert. Mrs. Hollenbeck, Mrs. Ames. 

ABSENT— Mrs. Kinnev. .Miss McCuUoch, Mrs. Stilson, Mrs. Van Hoesen, Miss Van Hoesen, Mrs. Webb. 

The Messenger House, standing at the corner 
of Port Watson and Main streets, on a site which 
has held a hotel for nearly a centurj-, is known 
from Maine to California as the "Commercial 
Han's Home " and its proprietor, " Ollie " Ingra- 
ham, is as well known and famous as the house. 
The Eagle Tavern was thefirststructure tooccupy 
this corner. It was built in iSiS by Martin Luce 
and flourished until 1S62 when it burned. In 1864, 
the Messenger House, built by H. J. Messenger, 
was opened to the public and has always been a 
haven of refuge for the tired and weary traveler. 
Originally it was a three-stor\' structure with large, 
well-lighted commodious rooms. Mr. Messenger 
conducted the house for 
several years when it 
passed into the hands of 
William Copeland, who 
found it necessary to add 
another story to the build- 
ing in order to meet the 
demands of the increased 
business. The hotel was 
rented to R. M. Smith, 
upon whose retirement 
James A. Barry, a famous 
hotel keeper, known to 
almost every traveling 
man throughout the 
country, became its pro- 
prietor. Mr. Barry gave 
way to William Chad- 
bourne, who was in pos- 
session when Mr, Ingra- 
ham purchased the prop- 
erty, ten years ago. O. 
L. lugraham, or "Ollie," 
as he is familiarly called, 
is a born hotel man , and he 
haswon forhimself ahost 
of friends by his geni- 
al, wholesouled manner. 
He was born in Dolge- 
ville,N.Y., fifty-one years 
ago, and made his first ap- Hyatt, Photo. 


pearance in this village when quite a young man, 
but left here to engage in the cigar business in 
Syracuse, as a member of the firm of Nodine & In- 
graham, and was the traveling representative of 
the firm, and his knowledge of the wants of the 
traveling man stood him in good stead when he em- 
barked in the hotel business. His present resi- 
dence in Cortland began fifteen years ago, when he 
became the proprietor of the European restaurant 
in Court street. He left there to become engaged 
in the drug business, and for several years ran the 
City Drug store. .\l\ this time he had his eye on 
the Messenger House, and when the opportunity 
presented itself he purchased the property. As a 


[See sk., P. 162. 



Harris, Photo. ROBERT PURVIS. [See sk., P. 1(». 

caterer to the wauts of the traveling public he found 
the vocation for which nature had titted him, and 
although the house was known far and wide as a 
model of its kind, he has even added to its reputa- 
tion. Nothing is lacking to add to the comforts of 
his guests. The rooms, about 75 in number, are kept 
scrupulously clean, the linen white and snowy, and 
the beds soft and comfortable. The house is 
lighted throughout by gas and electricity. There 
is nothing which appeals more to a guest than the 
table. The viands are well cooked and the deli- 
cacies of the season appear on the tables and this 
department of the hotel has done much toward 
building up and sustaining its name. Experienced 
help is employed throughout the house and the 
very best service possible 
is given. Mr. Ingraham 
is a hard working and 
painstaking landlord. 

N. B. — There is no ho- 
tel — and I have been at 
most all of them, having 
traveled over the state for 
twenty-five years — which 
sets a better table, except- 
ing only those in the 
large cities of the state. — 

The Poor Account in 

Cortland county is never 
very heavy. Very little 
extreme poverty exists. 
The county supported for 
the fiscal 3'ear of 1899, 
forty males and twenty- 
two females in the alms- 
house, their period of 
maintenance aggregating 
13,409 days, at a total cost 
of 1:3,057.27, or an ap- 
proximate cost of 23 
cents per day. 

The Y. M. C. A. — On the second and third floors 
of the Standard Building, at the corner of Main, 
Port Watson, and Tompkins streets, are located 
the rooms now occupied by the Cortland Young 
Men's Christian association. On March 17, 186S, 
a work was begun in the association's name that 
was carried on under the policy often adopted by 
the supporters of the early organization. Rooms 
were secured in the Schermerhorn block, consist- 
ing of a parlor and a reading room, open evenings 
only. In Ma}', 18SS, the present association was 
incorporated under the laws of this state, and be- 
gan a definite work for men by men under the 
leadership of Mr. A. C. Howe, who was the first 
general secretary. In October Mr. A. C. Howe left 
for further study, and has since done excellent 
work in the physical department for associations 
in New York city. W. A. Kling took up the work 
in the fall of '88, and succeeded in bringing the 
association into general favor with the townspeo- 
ple, and enlisted the largest number of members 
ever secured. Early in 'gi Mr. Kling accepted a 
call to Colorado, where he built up the Pueblo as- 
sociation. He is now the state secretary of Ohio, 
with general supervision of the entire state. Mr. 
F. A. Ingraham took up the work Mr. Kling had 
left here, and did heroic work in carrying the as- 
sociation through financial difficulties. Ill-health 
laid Mr. Ingraham aside from active work for a 
time, but in '93 he became the general secretary of 
the Watertown association, where he remained 
until he entered the ministry in '98. Mr. J. H. 
Osterhout was called to succeed Mr. Ingraham, 
and faithfully served until his call to Catskill, in 
October, '96. His successor, K. K. Armstrong, has 
since served as general secretary. The rooms oc- 
cupied by this organization are as well adapted for 
association work as rented rooms can be. The 
reading room and library is 25 x 65, with seven 
outside windows giving excellent lighting. There 
is annually over j2o<i worth of first-class reading 
matter on the tables. Opening off the reading 
room is the recreation room, 24 x 32, with games 
of skill for the use of any who have a spare hour. 
A comfortable parlor, furnisheil by the auxiliary, 
completes the association's rooms on the second 
floor. In the fall of '89 John W. Plant, now on 

Harris, Photo. 




the staff of the House of the Good Shepherd at 
Syracuse, gave the first instruction in the physical 
department, and turned out a winning team at 
the Central New York Y. M. C. A. meet held at 
Ithaca the following spring. Excellent class work 
marked the record of Dr. Plant's successors: Mr. 
W. J. Helmer, now of Lorain, Ohio; Mr. Haskell, 
• of Utica; Mr. F. W. Higgins, of Watertown; Mr. 
A. B. Wraught, now of Meridan, Ct., who carried 
on the work until the coming in 'gS of the present 
instructor, Mr. A. R. Mosher, of Oberlin college. 
With Mr. Mosher's coming new energy was in- 
fused in all branches of gymnasium work. Vic- 
torious teams represented the Y. M. C. A. in base 
ball, foot ball, basket ball, handball, and in relay 
races. Field days are held early in the summer, 
with a creditable showing in some twenty events. 
A bicj'cle club, a camera club, a summer camp for 
the boys are now permanent features of the 
•work. On the third floor, in a space 43 x 90, 
are located the gymnasium, bath rooms, dressing 
rooms and physical director's office. Starting in 
'89 with less than 500 square feet of floor space, 
the present gymnasium covers over 2,800 square 
feet. The floor is of best Georgia pine, entirely 
free from posts and all obstructions, and is as well 
adapted for association work as any in the state. 
The remodeling has just been completed at a cost 
of |6oo. With this valuable adjunct a larger mem- 
bership and an era of increasing prosperity is con- 
fidently expected, resulting in making a perma- 
nent, suitable home for the association, a positive 
necessity in the near future. The work is planned 
to be carried on along all the lines of approved 
association policy, and is under the able manage- 
ment of the following fifteen active members, who, 
with the village pastors, comprise the governing 
board of directors: Prof J. E. Banta, president; 
O. A. Kinney, vice-president; A. B. Nelson, treas- 
urer; W. Kellev, recording secretary; Dr. F. W. 
Higgins, B. L. Webb, T. H. Wickwirei J. W. Keese, 
W. H. Newton, M. B. Filzinger, Dr. F. D. Reese, 
E. D. Elodgett, Dr. F. J. Cheney, Prof. W. A. Cor- 
nish, D. Wesson, executive committee; F. K.Arm- 
strong, general secretary; .\. R. Mosher, physical 

Harris, Photo. 


Hyatt. Photo. F. D. REESE, M. D. [See sk., P. Kit. 

Robert Purvis came to the county of Cortland 
in 1830, when he was about five years old. His 
father located on a farm in Harford, where he died 
in 1863, and on which Mr. Purvis lived for fifty- 
seven years. After the death of his father he con- 
tinued to work and improve the farm, engaging 
largely in raising cattle and sheep, and some 3'ears 
later he became one of the pioneers of Cortland 
county in raising potatoes, devoting considerable 
acreage to that purpose. During the period of a 
half century in which he engaged in farming, he 
acquired additional lands, so that with a nucleus 
of 154 acres to begin with he has increased his 
farm holdings to a total of nearly 750 acres. Mr. 
Purvis was one of the original stockholders in The 
First National bank, and is at present one of the 
directors, a position he 
has held in that institu- 
tion for the past thirty- 
years. He is also a direct- 
orin the Ten Counties In- 
surance Co., with which 
he has been identified 
many years. For the past 
twelve years he has in- 
vested largely in railroad 
stocks, with considerable 
profit to himself In 1887 
he located in Cortland, 
not afterwards engaging 
in any active business 
pursuits, but devoting all 
of his time to the care of 
liis farming interests. Mr. 
Purvis was born in the 
town of Exeter, Otsego 
county, October 20, 1825, 
on the farm where his 
father first located upou 
coming to this county. 
While a resident of Har- 
|;~] ford he served as snper- 
s I visor, town school super- 
^^ intendent, commi-sioner 
of highways and inspect- 
or of elections. In 1881 




he was married to Jennie M., the daughter of Na- 
thaniel Bouton, Jr., of Marathon, who was born 
in Marathon in 1842. Mr. Purvis' father, Andrew 
Purvis, was born in Scotland, and came to America 
in 1.S09. In 1812 he married Nancy Hale in Attle- 
boro, Mass., where he carried on a weaving estab- 
lishment. In 1822 he moved to Exeter, Otsego 
county, and in 1S30 to Harford, Cortland count}-. 
Mr. Robert Purvis is the only one of their seven 
children who is living. 

Frank DeWitt Reese, M. D., whose office and 
residence are at 16 Tompkins street, was born at 
Sherburne, Chenango county, N. Y., July 8, 1S5S, 
and moved with his parents to Earlville in 1865. 
In 1873 he entered the Hamilton public schools, 
but in 1877 circumstances 
found him the sole sup- 
port of the family, and the 
same year he moved to 
Sherburne and for a time 
carried on a small farm. 
In 1879 he removed to 
Waterville, where he en- 
gaged in business success- 
fully. This was only the 
means to an end, for he 
had fully decided to study 
medicine. He employed 
private tutors, also studied 
in the office of Dr. Geo. 
.\lleu preparatory to en- 
tering a medical college. 
In 1882 he entered the 
Long Island College hos- 
pital in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
from which, three years 
later — June 3, 1885 — he 
took his degree in medi- 
cine. Duringhis last year 
in the college he was ap- 
pointed an assistant to the 
professors in the clinics, 
in operative surgery and 
gynecology. He also took 
a special practical course 
in physical diagnosis with 
Profs. Armour and West Hiuris, Photo. 

in the wards of the Long Island hospital. In 
.\ugust, 1S85, Dr. Reese came to Cortland and 
opened an office in the Squires building, where he 
remained five years. In 1889 he purchased a va- 
cant lot of C. E. Rowley, and a year later erected 
a pleasant residence, his present home. Since be- 
ginning active practice Dr Reese has taken post- 
graduate work in the New York Post-Graduate 
Medical school, attending in 1S93, '97 and '99, 
keeping abreast of the latest discoveries in medi- 
cal science. He is an active and deeply interested 
member of the Cortland County Medical society, 
of which he was president from June, 'goto '91, 
and is now their delegate to the New York State 
Medical society. Dr. Reese is a member of the 
surgical staff of the Cortland hospital. He is 
also a member of the New York State Medical as- 
sociation, and was elected vice president from this 
district in October, 1898, and served as president 
of the Third District branch until November, 1899. 
He is one of the constituent members of the Cort- 
land Science club. 

Theodore Stevenson was born in the city of 
Troy, N. Y. At an early age he came to Cortland 
and liegan soliciting fire insurance. Four months 
later he established an agency, locating in an office 
with Judge Crandall over The First National bank. 
In 1876 he moved into his present office. No. 22^4 
Main street. He represented the Phoenix JIutual 
Life, the Five Farm Builders and the Westchester 
Fire Insurance companies, the latter with whicli 
he has ever since been identified. In 18S4 he took 
the Equitable Life, with which company he has 
since continued, and in which he has written an 
aggregate of over a million dollars. Through this 
agency over two hundred thousand dollars in 
losses has been paid. He soon added the accident 
branch of the .lUna Life Insurance company. He 
now also represents the Frankfort-American Insur- 
ance company, one of the strongest writingboiler 
and employers' liability insurance, and doubly so 
by having the old "Frankfort" of Germany as a 
backer. In 1880 he erected a neat two-story 
dwelling house on Groton avenue, and the follow- 




ing year a fine three-story mansard roof dwelling 
on Church street for his family residence. This 
was supplied with all the modern improvements, 
also being the first house in Cortland furnished 
with steam heating. He also purchased a lot on 
Clinton avenue, on which he erected three Chau- 
tauqua cottages and two large double houses. In 
18S2 he purchased a tract of village land and laid 
out the following streets: Hubbard, Garfield, Pom- 
eroy, Crandall, Franklin and Excelsior; also ex- 
tending Elm street from Pomeroy to River street. 
He built four houses, three of them double, on 
Hubbard street; two large four-gable double houses 
on Elm street; three houses of twenty-two rooms 
each on Pomeroy street, one on Crandall street, 
the three-story building, 40 x 100 feet in dimen- 
sions, with large wing in rear, for the Excelsior 
Top Co., and parallel to the latter; in 1SS3, a 
three-story block, 75 x 225 feet, all set in solid ma- 
son work foundations and constructed in the most 
substantial manner, occupied by the Howe Stove 
Co., of which he was the president. In iSSy, on 
the opposite side of Elm street, he contracted to 
erect a three-story brick and frame building, 150 x 
200 feet, for the Carriage Top and Rail Co., of 
which he was president for five years. Later he 
laid out Stevenson street, extending from Groton 
avenue to Prospect street, over the hill. During 
the eighties he served as a village trustee, and was 
president of the Cortland Desk Co. In i88g he 
erected a brick block 50 x 72 feet, known as the 
"Stevenson Block." Up to 1S90 Mr. Stevenson 
had erected ninety-nine buildings, not including 
the three factories and block mentioned above. 

Dr. Charles Oepew Vernooy was born in 
Ulster County, N. Y., February 16, 186S, and re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools. 
After attending the Normal school in 1S85 he 
taught school four years in Ulster count}-, ailer 
which he entered the University of Syracuse, Col- 
lege of Medicine, conducting his studies there from 
1S89 to 1.S92. He graduated with honors in June, 
1892, securing second prize in class honors and 
study. In July, '92, he first located for the prac- 

Butler, Photo. 


Butler, Photo. C. D. VERNOOY. M. D. 

tice of medicine in Enfield, Tompkins county, and 
soon grew into a large and extensive practice. 
There he remained until 189S, when he came to 
this village and located on Port Watson street. 
November 3, 1892, he married Miss Mary L. An- 
derson of Seneca Co., by whom were three chil- 
dren, Lester Carlton, Helen Elizabeth and .Stew- 
art Anderson Vernooy. Since his residence here 
Dr. Vernooy has built for himself an enviable 
practice and is considered a practitioner of ability 
among the medical fraternity. He is a member 
of the Cortland County Medical Society and also 
a member of the Masonic lodge. 

Sheriffs. — Asahel Miner, April 8, 1808; William 
Mallory, June9, iSoS; Joshua Ballard, .\pril 3. iSio; 
Billy Trowbridge, March 25, 1814; William Stew- 
art, March 2, 1815; Noah R. Smith, Feb. 13, 1819; 
Moses Hopkins, Feb. 12, 
1821; David Cloye, 1822; 
Adin Webb, 1S28; Wm. 
.'Andrews, 1831; Gilmore 
Kinney, 1834; E. W. Edg- 
comb, 1837; Alanson Car- 
ley, 1840; Christian Etz, 
1843; Geo. Ross, 1846; J. 
C. Pomeroy, 1S49; Fred- 
erick Ives, 1852; John S. 
Samson, 1855; Silas Bald- 
win, 185S; Frederick Ives, 
1861; N. H.Haynes, 1S64; 
Isaac W. Brown, 1S67; 
John D. Benton, 1870; N 
H. Hayues, 1874; Harlow 
G. Borthwick, 1877; Ger- 
ret S. Van Hoesen, 1880; 
H. G. Borthwick, 1883; 
Gerret S. Van Hoesen, 
1S86; Harlow G. Borth- 
wick, 1889; John Miller. 
1892; Adam Hil singer, 
1S95; Arthur E. Brain - 
ard, 189S. 



Warren. Tanner & Co. took 

possession of the large double store 
in the Hopkins block — their pres- 
ent quarters — in April, 1S92. This 
enterprise dates back to some time 
before or during the sixties, when 
the proprietors were Wells & Mills, 
who were located iu the building 
owned by Geo. N. Copeland and 
James A. Schermerhorn at the time 
that Mr. George L- Warren came 
into the firm. This was about 1S69. 
G. N. Copeland & Co. were then 
doing business in the store now oc- 
cupied by C. F. Brown, and Wells 
& Mills were in the adjacent store 
on the north. In March, 1872, Mr. 
J. E. Tanner purchased the interest 
of Mr. Mills and the firm of Mills 
& Warren was changed to that of 
Warren & Tanner. In iSSo, when 
the Schermerhorn block was com- 
pleted, the firm moved into the new 
building, occupying the first store 
north of their old (juarters. Mr. 
E. L. Pierce, the third member of 
the firm of Warren, Tanner & Co., 
who was at the time a clerk in the 
store, was admitted as a partner 
in Februar\-, 1889. The business 
was of course considerably enlarged when it was 
moved into the Hopkins .block, where twice as 
much floor space was secured, giving a double 
store, 50 X 90 feet, with a basement of the same 
dimensions. The business comprises every line of 
goods included in a general dry goods trade with 
ample space for window and counter display, and 
a broad double entrance. There are also included 
everything in carpets, rugs and tapestries, ladies' 
and children's wear and gentlemen's furnishing 
goods. The attention given to customers by a 
large corps of courteous and obliging clerks is 
greatly facilitated by the use of the cash carrier 
system. The store is well lighted, ventilated and 
heated. In the basement are displayed the 
cheaper line of carpets, also mattings, rugs, cur- 
tains and oil cloths as well as duplicates of the 
stock iu the store overhead. Mr. George L. War- 
ren was born in McGrawville, Feb. 3, 1839- After 
attending the old Central New York college at 
that place he (in 1S59) entered upon a clerkship 
of two years in the general store of P. H. McGraw- 
& Co. He was then a bookkeeper in James S. 
Squires' store in Cortland until he enlisted in the 

Hyatt, Photos. E.L.PIERCE. G. L. W.\RREN. 


157th Xew York Volunteers, Aug. 21, 1862, as 
private, serving with his company and regiment 
until mustered out Aug. i, 1S65, and obtaining, 
successively by promotion, the rank of second and 
first lieutenants and finalh' captain. From May 
to September, 1863, he served, in detached service, 
on the staff of Gen. Schinnielpfening in the .\rmy 
of the Potomac through the engagements at Fred- 
ericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettj'sburg, af- 
terwards being with his regiment in the depart- 
ment of the South, at Folly Island, the seige of 
Charleston, Fort Wagner, in a Florida campaign; 
in 1864 at Hilton Head, S. C, and in the fight on 
James Island. He was later assigned to the staff" 
of Gen. Gilmour and afterwards on duty in the 
commissary department at Fort Pulaski, Ga., and 
was present at the raising of the old flag over 
Sumter. After his discharge from service in Syra- 
cuse he returned to Cortland and for two years and 
a half was bookkeeper and teller in the First Na- 
tional bank. In 1875 he was married to Miss Mary 
Stevens of Cortland. He is a 32nd degree Mason 
and has held most of the offices in the local or- 
ganizations of that fraternity. He hasone daugh- 

Hyatt. Plioto 




ter, Mrs. J. W. .^ngell. Mr. James E. Tauner was 
born at Blodgett Mills, May 30, 1.S41, and was ed- 
ucated in the common schools and the old Cort- 
land academy. His father was a wool carder and 
cloth dresser. When sixteen \ ears old Mr. J. E. 
Tanner became a clerk with Edwin and Lucius 
Darby at Greene, Chenango county, where he re- 
mained two years, then came to Cortland and en- 
tered the business of G. N. Copeland & Co., as 
the representative of Mr. James A. .Schermer- 
horn's interests. A few years later he bought out 
the interest of LeRoy Cole and became an active 
partner, selling out, however, when he accepted 
the position of bookkeeper in the H. J. Messen- 
ger bank, where he was employed two years. At 
one time he owned a half interest in the Corne- 
lius Kinney tannery at Port Watson. He was 
married to Sophronia A., the daughter of G. N. 
Copeland, March 13, 1866, and they have one 
daughter, K. Louise Tanner. He is an active 
member of the First Baptist church. 

County Clerks. — John Ballard, April .S, 180S; 
Reuben Washburn, April 3, 1810; John Ballard, 
March 4, 1811; Mead Merrill, April 2, 1813; Wm. 
Mallory, March 2, 1815; Joshua Ballard, July 7, 
I819; Matthias Cook, Feb. 14, 1821; Samuel Hotch- 
kiss, 1S22; Oriu .Stimpson, 1834; Gideon C. Bab- 
cock, 1840; Samuel Hotchkiss. jr., 184^; Rufus A. 
Reed, 1849; AUis W. Ogden, 185S; DeWitt C. Mc- 
Graw, 1861; Frank Place, 1867; W. S. Maycnm- 
ber, 1876 ; Howard J. Harrington. 1879; R- W. 
Bourne, 1882; Wm. H. Morgan, 18S5; Hubert T. 
Bushnell, i8.S8; Stephen K.Jones, 1891: Ephraim 
C. Palmer, 1894; Hubert T. I5uslinell, 1897. 

Harris, Photo 


H>att, Photo. CLARENrK TIFFT. 

Clarence Tifft, the barber at No. 84 Railroad 
street, opened the shop on July 8, 1899, where he 
began business in a small way. By attention to 
the wants of his customers, giving them excellent 
service, he has steadily increased his pat- 
ronage until in the course of six months 
he has business enough to keep him con- 
stantly busy. In the meantime he has 
from time to time increased the conven- 
iences in the shop until it is one of the 
best in the trade in town. Mr. Tifft. born 
in Millville, Rensselaer county, Aug. 16, 
1874, began at the trade in the shop of 
his brother, Eugene Tifft, at Little Falls, 
where he learned the trade, and after- 
wards worked in some of the best shops 
in New York and Albanv. 


Member of Assembly — Geo. S. Sands, 
Cortland, N. Y. 

County Judge and Surrogate — Joseph 
E. Egglestou, Cortland, N. Y. 

Surrogate's Clerk — H. L. De Clercq, 
Cortland, X. Y. 

District Attorney — EdwinDufFey, Cort- 
land, N. Y. 

Sheriff — Arthur E. Brainard, Cortland, 
N. Y. 

Under Sheriff— Frank M. Hazard, Scott, 
N. Y. 

County Clerk — Hubert T. Bushnell, 
Cortland, N. Y. 

Deputy County Clerk — .Stephen K. 
Jones, Cortland, N. Y. 

CountyTreasurer — William H. Foster, 
Homer, N. Y. 

Superintendent of the Poor — Mills G. 
Frisbie, Homer, N. Y. 

School Couimissioners — Luke J. Mc- 
Evoy, Cortland, N.Y.; Katherine E. Cobb, 
Homer, X. Y. 

Coroners — Marion R. Smith, McGraw- 
ville, N. Y.; William J. Moore, Cortland, 
N. Y.; John E. Leonard. Harford. N. Y. ; 
Frank H. Green, Homer, N. Y. 

Sealer of Weights and Measures — A. 
W. Babcock, Scott, N. Y. 

1 68 


Butler, Photo. 


n.B. Filzinger, the candy merchant, is located 
at 14 North Main street, to which place he moved 
from 23 '4 North Main street in 1895. Mr. Fil- 
zinger was born at South Danby, Tompkins 
county, March iS, 1875, and came to Cortland in 
1882, where he attended the Normal school. Upon 
leaving school he worked for Cobb & Perkins, 
staying with that firm seven years, and there 
learned the trade of candy making. Before fin- 
ally locating here he worked at his trade for six- 
months in Jamestown Mr. Filzinger carries a 
full line of choice candies and has connected with 
his store a milk depot disposing of the entire 
product of a dairy farm. He has installed a sep- 
arator for separating the cream he uses and also 
makes a fine line of fancy butter. He has for the 
trade buttermilk, sweet 
milk and sweet cream. 
In the manufacture of ice 
cream, in which he does a 
large business, he uses 
only sweet cream. He 
furnishes a large amount 
of cream to parties and 
social gatherings, and for 
soda fountains. 

County Calendar, 
1900 — Generai,: As- 
sessment rolls complete, 
Aug. I ; Assessors meet to 
hear complaints, Aug. 21; 
Assessment rolls for pub- 
lic inspection. Sept 1-15 
Town board designates 
polling places, Sept. 4 
Election notices deliv 
ered to town clerks, Sept 
I; General election, Nov 
6; Town board meets to 
audit accounts, Nov. 8 
Board of Supervisors 
meet in annual session, 
Nov. 12; Board of Super- 
visors meet as board of 
canvassers, Nov. 13; Ac- 
counts to be presented to 
the Board of Supervisors, Harris, Photo. 

not later than Nov. 15; Erroneous assessments, 
claims, to be presented to Board of Supervisors, 
not later than Nov. 15. Supreme Court, trial and 
special term: Jan. 29, Sewell, p. j.; May 7, Forbes, 
p j.; Oct. 15, Lyon, p. j. CoiNTv Court; Jury 
term, March 19, Sept. 17, Dec. 10; Law term, July 10. 

Regents of the State [Appointed for Life]— 
Officers: Anson Judd Upson, Glens Falls, app. 
Feb. II, 1874, chancellor ; William Croswell Doane, 
Albanj-, app. Feb. 10, 1892, vice-chancellor. Re- 
gents : Martin I. Townsend, Troy, April 24, 1873 ; 
Chauncey M. Depew, New York, Jan. 31, 1877; 
Charles E. Fitch, Rochester, Jan. 31, 1877 ; Orris H. 
Warren, Buffalo, April 11, 1878; Whitelaw Reid, 
New York, Jan. 17, 1878; William H. Watson, 
Utica, Feb. 2, 1881 ; Henry E. Turner, Lowvillc, 
Feb. 2, 1881 ; St. Clair McKelway, Brooklyn, Jan. 
10, 18S3 ; Hamilton Harris, Albany, March iS, 1885 ; 
Daniel Beach, Watkins, March 18, 1SS5 ; Carroll E. 
Smith, Syracuse, Jan. 24, 1SS8 ; Pliny T. Sexton, 
Palmj-ra, April 15, 1890; T. Guilford Smith, Buf- 
falo. April 15, 1890; Lewis A. Stimson, New York, 
April 10, 1893 ; Sylvester Malone, Brooklyn, March 
29. 1S94; Albert Vander \'eer, .\lbany, Feb. 13, 
1S95 ; Chester S. Lord, Brooklyn, Jan. 20, 1897 ; 
Members ex-officio : Governor, lieutenant-gover- 
nor, secretary of state and superintendent of pub- 
lic instruction. 

Death Penalty. — The first capital punishment 
inflicted in Cortland county secured as its victim 
Patrick O'Donohue, who murdered ;\Irs. Jane .Vnn 
Kinney of Truxton. He was hung in the court 
house in Cortland on Sept. 2, 1853, just one year 
to a day after the crime was committed. Kinney 
was led to believe that Mrs. Kinne}' was harbor- 
ing his daughter Elizabeth, ten years old. Mrs. 
Kinney and her daughter was passing O'Dono- 
hue's house when he tired upon them, wounding 
the elder lad}-. Then he reversed his gun and 
clubbed her to death. O'Donohue gave himself 
np to the authorities and was tried in the follow- 
ing July. On August 3 the jury rendered the ver- 
dict, which doomed him to die. Schuyler Crip- 
pen was the presiding judge. R Holland Duell. 
district attorney, was assisted in the prosecution 
by General Nye. 




Qeorge H. Ames commenced his career in the 

boot and shoe business in the Democrat building 
on Railroad street in 1S91 and continued there un- 
til Feb. 17, 1893, when he removed to the corner 
of Railroad and Main streets where he stayed un- 
til April I, 1899, when he occupied his present lo- 
cation at 51 Main street. Mr. Ames has had re- 
markable success in hisbusiness. He was born on 
a farm in Broome county, May 7, i860, and re- 
mained there acquiring his education at Whitney's 
Point academy. After leaving school he spent 
one year in Utah with an engineering corps and 
on his return clerked in a store at Whitney's Point, 
being four years with Birdsall & King. He then 
came to Cortland and was employed in the store 
of F. N. Harrington X: Co., where he stayed for 
four years when he went out with another en- 
gineering corps, this time going to Old Mexico 
where he was occupied in active field service in 
the construction and location of railroads for 
three years. He is a member of the John L. 
Lewis lodge, No. 5.S7, I. O. O. F., and the Cort- 
land Encampment and Canton Cortland. Feb- 
ruarv 10, 1891, he married Jliss Rose H. Johnson 
of Speedsville, N. Y., and the}- have three chil- 
dren, Robert Johnson Ames, born April 26, 1S93 ; 
George Chester, born Jan. 14, 1895, and Frederick 
Willard, born Feb. i, 1898. Mr. Ames is one of 
Cortland's most progressive citizens and has earned 
for himself the respect and esteem of all. 

Shepard W. Cately was one of the pioneer car- 
riage and wagon makers in this state, and an in- 
ventor of prominence in the trade. He obtained 
many patents and many of his inventions were 
patented by others. Resourceful in skill and con- 
ception, he was constantly perfecting improve- 
ments, many of which were used without the pro- 
tection of the patent office. He was also a thor- 
ough, practical machinist, who could correct a 
disordered piece of machinery anywhere. Many 
of the leading wagon manufacturers of this state 
were at one time emplo}'ed in his shops at Tully, 
where for twenty-eight years he carried on wagon 
manufacturing on what was then a large scale. 
From there the best known builders were scattered 
far and wide, and their shops to-day stand among 
the largest in the world. Mr. Cately was born in 

Hyatt. Photo. 

G. H. AMES. 

Hyatt, Photo. 


the town of Preble, Cortland county, IMarch 24, 
1815. His education was obtained in the district 
schools of Preble and the Truxton academy. Then 
he taught district school in Cortland and Onon- 
daga counties, and was inspector of schools both 
at Tully and Brookfield, Oneida couut3^ In the 
meantime he studied for the law until ill-health 
forced him to give it up; and then he went into 
the wagon-making shop of his brother-in-law, the 
late John DeLancey Denison, at Brookfielil, and a 
short time after (in 1837) the two entered into co- 
partnership to carry on wagon-making under the 
firm name of Denison & Cately. The latter was 
the general salesman of the firm, but his mechan- 
ical genius was ever bus}-, and the business reaped 
the fruit thereof in many handy improvements 
which he made in vehicles from time to time. 
Their business was the 
manufacture and sale of 
wagons, carriages and 
sleighs; and at that time 
it embraced the making 
of all of the several parts 
of a vehicle by hand and 
in the same plant. The 
buggies of that time were 
as heavy as the platform 
wagon of to-day, and had 
wooden axletrees and 
wrought iron skeins and 
linch pins. Elliptic 
springs were just coming 
into use. All the iron 
work was forged out of 
Swedish bars. Thus was 
ushered in a new era in 
wagon-making which, 
during the time of Mr. 
Cately, completely revo- 
lutionized the trade. Den- 
ison & Cately were exten- 
sive dealers in carriage 
and draft horses, the 
matching, training and 
marketing of which was 
the special care of Mr. 
Cately, who during his 



Hyatt, Photo, 

.S. \V. CATELY. ISee sk., P. Itifi. 

early life developed remarkable fondness for fine 
horses and excellent judgment as to their qualities. 
In 184S the works were moved to Tully, itbeingthe 
conviction of Mr. Cately that better railroad fa- 
cilities were needed. There they expanded and 
kept abreast with improvement, until finally they 
had a reputation second to none in the country. 
When the war of '6i-'5 broke out Mr. Cately went 
to Washington and secured the contract for the 
construction of sixty wagons for the government 
for army train service, which were to be made 
and delivered in New York in sixty days. It was 
a big undertaking, but all of the mechanics that 
could be found were kept at work early and late, 
and the contract was fulfilled to the letter. Mr. 
Cately also furnished the ijovernnient with large 
numbers of horses which he purchased in this 
state and Canada. In 1S76 he stopped manufac- 
turing and came to Cortland as a salesman for 
Fitzgerald & Kinney, wagon manufacturers. This 
position he held for years, later acting as sales- 
man in another branch of the business for Mitch- 
ell & Lewis of Racine, Wis. Advancing 3'ears 
and poor health finally compelled him to retire 
from active physical labor, but he continued to 
exercise his inventive ingenuity, with the result 
that he perfected and patented after his retirement 
from the position of salesman eleven different in- 
ventions on vehicle attachments. In company 
with his daughter, Mrs. Alice M. Ettling, he turned 
his attention to getting his inventions into general 
use, father and daughter forming a co-partnership 
and together carrying on the manufacture of car- 
riage specialties, notably the buggy prop spring 
and lever, until his death, which occurred at his 
home in Cortland, Dec. iS, iSgS, in his S4th year, 
"Of Mr. Cately's long and busy sojourn in Brook- 
field," writes an old acquaintance, "it is highly 
proper to say that, notwithstanding the varied and 
exacting duties of his business, he still found time 
to bestow proper attention on social and society 
matters, and by his ease of manner and constancy 
became a favorite, if not a leader therein. He was 
also a born reformer, and when anti-slavery truths 
began to find utterance with thinking and pro- 
gressive men, he was among the first in his com- 

munity to espouse the then unpopular cause, thus 
ranking as a pioneer in moral reform as well as in 
his chosen business. His zeal and firmness as an 
Aljolitionalist in local work and in liberal contri- 
butions to the cause were well known and highly 
appreciated by leaders in the great moral revolu- 
tion whose ultimate success he survived to wit- 
ness." It may be added thathishome was always 
open to the colored champions of their own race, 
who in those stirring times came north to plead 
the cause of their brethren. 

Mrs. Alice fl. Ettling, the proprietor of the 
patents known as the Cately Carriage Attach- 
ments, which she became interested in manu- 
facturing and promoting in 18S8, has been the only 
lady exhibitor for the past ten years at the annual 
conventions of The Carriage Builders' National 
association aswellasat those of the Dealers' asso- 
ciation as long as the latter have been meeting in 
annual gatherings. Mrs. Ettling is very widely 
and favorably known in the carriage trade of this 
country as an active, shrewd and enterprising bus- 
iness woman who took up her father's inventions, 
furnished the capital for perfecting and manu- 
facturing them and personally placed them on the 
market. By reason of the energy and business 
tact which she displayed in exhibiting these in- 
ventions she succeeded in getting the two princi- 
pal ones, the buggy prop spring and the lever by 
which buggy tops are raised and lowered into the 
hands of the builders so that they are in use all 
over the world. Her first success was at the To- 
ronto exposition in 1889 where she leased the Can- 
ada patent on the buggy prop spring and in 1893 
she was rewarded at the World's fair with a medal 
and diploma on both of those patents, also re- 
ceiving a special diploma as a reward of merit by 
the lady board of managers to S. W. Cately as in- 
ventor and Alice M. Ettling for making a success 
of the exhibit. Many of the largest manufacturers 
m the country are adopting these attachments 
which have become standard articles in the man- 
ufacture of carriage tops. 

Hyatt, Photo. MRS. ALICE M. ETTLING. 



The Prudential Life agency was estab- 
lished in Cortland in 1.S89. Geo. Charron, 
the present manager ot the local office, 
took possession June 20, 1S9S, succeeding 
E. F. Coe. Mr. Charron came he/e from 
Syracuse, having received the appointment 
of assistant superintendent and manager 
of the Cortland office, Cortland being a 
branch of the Syracuse district, taking in 
Cortland and vicinity. The Prudential has 
a large number of policies issued through 
this office in force at the present time, and 
the business has increased from year to 
3-ear, until it has become known as one of 
the sound and substantial business ven- 
tures of Cortland. The company's plans 
enter the homes of the people in all walks 
of life, there being the Industrial, which 
insures all healthy lives from two years to 
seventy years of age, and the Ordinary, 
which issues policies on lives from twenty 
to sixty years of age for I500 to 
There has been a very large increase in 
this branch, which to-day controls quite a 
large percentage of the ordinary insurance 
in Cortland. The company enjoys the con- 
fidence of the people, being always just 
and upright in itsdealings with the public. 
Geo. Charron was born in Cohoes, N. Y., 
Feb. 10, 1867, and was employed as a mill 
operator until July, 1S.S9, when he entered 
the service of the Metropolitan Life Insur- 
ance Co. in the Troy district. He was trans- 
ferred to .Auburn, N. V., in 1S92, and was 
made an acting superintendent. He was 
sent to Geneva in 1895, and resigned in 1.^96. 
He afterwards accepted a similar position 
with the Western and Southern Life at Day- 
ton, Ohio, which he also resigned. He took 
charge of a Prudential agency in Syracuse 
Sept, 14, 1.S96, and was promoted to assistant su- 
perintendent Jan. I, 1.S97. He married Miss Eliz- 
abeth Hickey of Aurora, N. Y., Oct. 20, 1S9S. Wm. 
Kennedy, one of the local agents for this com- 
panj-, was born in Cortland, June 20, I.S53, and 
received his education at the Normal school. At 
the age of 15 years he entered the employ of the 



(Hyatt and Harris Photos.) 

T. E. Kennedy. 
Evan Evans. 

Hyatt, Photu. 


D., L. &W. railroad, where he remained four years. 
For two years he was employed as an engineer for 
the Cortland Wagon Co. and Hayes Chair Co. He 
served as orderly at the state capitol at Albany 
under Gov. Cleveland in 1S.S3, '.S+ and '85, and oc- 
cupied the place of assistant postmaster under Jas. 
F. Maybury from iS-^ to 1890, inclusive. On ilay 
last entered the local of- 
fice of the Prudential 
company, and has con- 
ducted the business for 
the village of Cortland ; 
also a fire insurance 
agency, Empire Hall 
block, over 26 Main 
St. He is a prominent 
member of the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians and 
the Catholic Mutual Ben- 
efit association, and an 
exempt and honorary 
member of the Emerald 
Hose Co. Evan Evans, 
another well known agent 
for this company, was 
born in Bricon, South 
Wales, July 24, 1.S62, and 
came to thiscountryjune 
4, 1S.S6, when he entered 
a grocery at Waler- 
ville, N. Y., as clerk. He 
worked three vears for 
W. C. Stiles & Co., chair 
fitting factory at Warren, 
Ohio, and went from 
there to the Pacific coast. 
He spent the years from 
1SS9 to '91 in California;. 


Hyatt, Phuto. 


was ill Warren Co., iS9i-'93, and spent 1S96 in 
Waterville, N. Y. He came to Cortland in June. 
iSgg. He married Miss Anna J. Jones of Erie- 
ville, Madison county, June 29, ifS98. Thomas E. 
Kennedy, the third local agent, was born in Cort- 
land, May 22, i.Syi, and worked for the Wickwire 
Bros, for fourteen years. He afterward entered 
the grocery store of D. L. Warden, and after a year 
became a partner and purchased Mr. Warden's 
interests upon his retirement from the firm. In 
May, 1898. he entered the employ of the Pruden- 
tial company, and has never regretted this step. 
He married Miss Carrie E. Ryan, June 13. 1894. 
He is a member of the Ancient Order of Hiber- 
nians and also a member of the Catholic Mutual 
Benefit association. 

J. B. Kellogg bought out the interest of vS. E 

Curtis in the dry gooi 
Curtis, March i, 1898. 
This firm succeeded F. N. 
Chapin in 18S9, and at 
that time and ever since 
the business has been con- 
ducted in the same place, 
the large store over the 
portals of which hangs 
Mr. Kellogg's sign. 
While the Imsiness is that 
of a general line of dry 
goods, Mr. Kellogg's spe- 
cialties are dress goods, 
table linen, hosiery and a 
large line of domestics. 
An active and obliging 
corps of clerks attend 
promptly to the wants of 
the patrons. The main 
floor is 24 X 120 feet. The 
second floor over the ad- 
jacent store, with an open- 
ing into Mr. Kellogg's 
store, is wholly occupied 
by him. The second story 
front is devoted to ladies' 
cloaks and jackets and 
tailor-made suits, while 
the middle room is occu- 

s business of Kellogg & 

pied with a stock of linoleums and oilcloths, and 
the rear with carpets, draperies and mattings. On 
the second floor, directly over the store, are 
the window shades and hosiery department and 
the surplus stock room. The basement is used 
for underwear, cotton batting, carpet warp, etc. 
Mr. Kellogg was born in the town of Taylor, 
Cortland county, Dec. 12, 1849, and was a pupil 
in the Cincinnatus academy. On March i, 1S70, 
he was married to Rosa Dell Gladding, and on 
June I, 1871, they moved to Kansas, where Mr. 
Kellogg took up a claim and followed agricul- 
ture until 1874, when he returned to Taylor and 
in company with Albert Clark went into mer- 
cantile pursuit, the two opening a general store 
under the firm name of Kellogg cS: Clark. In 
the spring of 1884 they sold out, and at the elec- 
tion in the fall of that year Mr. Kellogg was 
elected county treasurer for the term of three 
years, beginning Jan. i, 18S5. He moved to Cort- 
land and engaged as a clerk with Rockwell Bros., 
who were then in the dry goods business in Mr. 
Kellogg's present store, making that place the 
county treasurer's office. At the end of his term 
he spent a year as treasurer of the Cortland Cor- 
set Co., and the following year as their traveling 
salesman. He severed his connection with that 
company to go into business with Mr. Curtis. Mr. 
Kellogg is an active Republican, and devotes some 
of his time in helping bis party at the polls. 
While a resident of Taylor he served as town clerk 
and collector for several years. He is a member 
of the Methodist church. 

Normal Schools of the State. — Albany, opened 
1S44, William J. Milne, president; Oswego, 1863, 
I. B. Poucher, principal; Brockport, 1867, D. Eu- 
gene Smith; Fredonia, 1868, Francis B. Palmer; 
Cortland, 1869, Francis J. Cheney; Potsdam, 1869, 
Thomas B. Stowell; Buffalo, 1S71, James M. Cas- 
sety; Geneseo, i87i,John M. Milne; New Paltz, 
18S6, Frank S. Capen; Oneonta, 1889, Percy L. 
Bugbee; Plattsburg, 1890, Ci. K. Hawkins; Jamai- 
ca, 1897, A. C. McLachlan. 

Harris, I'lioto. 




Courts in this couutry 
at the time the county 
came into existence were 
Common Pleas, Chance- 
ry, Court of Probate, 
Court for the Trial of Im- 
peachments and the Cor- 
rection of Errors and oth- 
ers long since abolished 
or merged in those of the 
present day. The consti- 
tution of 1S46 divided the 
latter, creating a Court of 
Appeals, which was reor- 
ganized by the convention 
of i.S67-t), making it the 
court of the highest resort 
to-day. In 1870 and con- 
tinuing to 1S75 was the 
Commission of Appeals, 
with which was connect- 
ed Judge Gray, a member 
of the Cortland bar. At 
the time the history of 
Cortland county began 
the Supreme Court of this 
state consisted of five jus- 
tices, who held four terms 
a year, two in Albany and 
two in New York. Just Hyatt. Photo, 
before the separation of 
Cortland and Onondaga counties the state was 
divided into four districts, but after the constitu- 
tion of 1S21, the present numerical division, 
eight districts went into effect. In 1.S45 the new 
constitution abolished the Court of Chancery, 
giving its powers to the Supreme Court. During 
the eighteenth century the Court of Common 
Pleas consisted of a first judge, assisted by two or 
more associates, all appointed by the governor. 
The constitution of 1846 abolished this court and 
created the County Court and Court of Sessions. 
The office of Surrogate was separate from that of 
county judge until the adoption of the constitu- 
tion of 1S46 which united them in this and other 
counties of the state where the population did not 
exceed 40,000. Until 1823, appeals from judg- 
ments of the surrogates lay with the Court of Pro- 



bate. The list of judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas followed by those of the County Court and 
Surrogates, in this county, are found on page 146. 
The constitution of 1894 elevated the Supreme 
Court in rank and created the Appellate Division 
of the Supreme Court, thus relieving the Court of 
Appeals of a large volume of work, the new court 
being required to deal with questions of fact and 
the Court of Appeals being confined to questions 
of law. Cortland is in the Sixth Judicial district 
of which the Supreme Court justices are: Charles 
Parker, Oswego, term expires (Dec. 31) igoi ; 
David L. Follett, Norwich, 1902 ; Burr Mattice,. 
Oneonta, 1905 ; Gerrett A. Forbes, Canastota,. 
1901 ; Walter L. Smith, Elmira, 1902 ; George F. 
Lyon, Binghamton. 1909. 
Birth of Republican Party, Cortland. — The 
call for its organization in 
Cortland Co. was issued 
July 20, 1855, and result- 
ed in a meeting in the 
court house August 15. 
"Those electors of the 
county of Cortland who 
are opposed to extension 
of slavery over the territo- 
ry of the United States," 
read the call, "and to the 
reception into the Union 
or annexation of states, 
territories or countries 
where slavery already ex- 
ists, and are in favor of 
forming a new party for 
the defence of freedom 
against the encroach- 
ments of the slave power, 
are requested to meet in 
convention," etc. .\t the 
first general election fol- 
lowing the party elected, 
among others, P. H. Mc- 
Graw, state senator, R.H. 
Duell, member of con- 
gress, J. H. JlcVean, mem- 
ber of assembly, and Geo. 
B. Jones, district attor- 



Butler, Photo. 


The Second National Bank of Cortland was 
organized in 18S2, opening its doors for business 
in what is now the Brunswick Hotel building on 
December 4 of that year, and continuing in that 
place until Jan. i, 1SS6. Messrs. Fitz Boynton 
and J. S. Bull were the two who were most 
prominent in organizing the bank. The first 
officers elected were: Fitz Boynton, president; 
L. J. F^itzgerald, vice-president; J. Seaman 
Bull, cashier. The rest of the directors were: 
■Geo. W. Bliss, Harrison Wells, Emmet A. P'ish, 
Henry F. Benton, Geo. C. Hubbard, James R. 
Schermerhorn, William B. Stoppard, John D. 
Schermerhorn, M. Stanley Bierce, Benjamin L. 
Webb, David F. Wallace, Marcus H. McGraw. 
Of this list only three are members of the pres- 
ent board, Messrs. Benton, Fitzgerald and Fish. 
The present convenient quarters of the bank, 
-which were opened to the public, as above 
■stated, Jan. i, 1886, were erected by the bank 
in 1885. The lot upon which the building 
stands, 54 x 150 feet, was purchased of the Hi- 
ram Crandall estate. The structure is ver^- 
pretty and substantial, being three stories high, 
with mansard roof, and costing about 130,000. 
The ground floor is occupied by the bank and 
M. A. Case's dry goods store, the second floor 
by offices, and the third floor lodge rooms. The 
capital was and is at present $100,000. Mr. Hec- 
tor Cowan succeeded Mr. Fitz Boynton as pres- 
ident in February, 1895, and in January, 1900, 
-was succeeded by Mr. George J. Mager, thepres- 
■ent incumbent. Mr. E. D. Barker took the 
position of cashier in January, 18S5, Mr. Bull 
retiring. Mr. Barker was succeeded by Mr. 
Herbert L. Smith, the present cashier, in Janu- 
■ary, 1898. During February, 1895, this bank 
withstood a severe run of several days, meeting 
•every obligation without closing its doors. 
Since that period it has steadily gained in 
strength and public confidence, and is each 
year increasing its business and adding sub- 
■stantial amounts to its surplus account. The 
following are the present officers and directors. 
They are among the wealthy and substantial 
business men of Cortland: George J, Mager, 
president; Emmet A. Fish, vice-president; 

Herbert L.Smith, cashier; 
Henry A. Dickinson, at- 
torney; Theodore Wick- 
wire of Wickwire Bros.; 
Henry F. Benton, presi- 
dent of the Benton Lum- 
ber Co.; Hector Cow- 
an, a retired capitalist; 
Ernest M. Hulbert, secre- 
tary of the Cortland Door 
and Window Screen Co.; 
Hon. J. E. F^ggleston, 
county judge and surro- 
gate; Edwin Duftey, dis- 
trict attorney; Hon. Law- 
rence J. Fitzgerald, pres- 
ident of the Cortland 
Wagon Co.; Curtis L. 
Kinney, president of the 
George Fitts of McLean, 
N. Y. 

Mr. Mager is by birth 
Alsacian-French. having 
been born near the city of 
Strasbourg, France, on 
May 8, 1837. He received 
a common school educa- 
tion in both French and 
German in his native 
town, and in 1S52 came to America with his par- 
ents, brothers and sisters. Thej- settled in Lewis 
county, in this state, where Mr. Mager assisted 

Butler, Photo 


Key to Group (beginning at the top and runnin;; left to 
right)— Miss Anna Burns. Ralph Finch, W. H. Brown, Mrs. 
Maud Wood, Miss .Anna Hoffman, Mrs. Nellie Butterfleld, 
Mrs. Frankie Brown, Mias Maggie Hayes. 



his father clearing land and farming. Sub- 
sequently he was apprenticed to the shoe- 
maker's trade, and after working at that 
business for nearly four years was employed 
as clerk and bookkeeper in a dry goods store 
in Lowville, N. Y. In 1867 he started in the 
dry goods and grocery business under the 
firm name of Stoddard & Mager at Low- 
ville, and in 1S83 he came to Cortland and 
bought out Fish & Walrad. He immedi- 
ately associated himself with Mr. C. P. Wal- 
rad aud continued in the same line of busi- 
ness under the firm name of Mager & Wal- 
rad, subsequently Mager & Stoker, and later 
G. J. Mager & Co., until 1S97, when he re- 
tired from mercantile pursuits. The inte- 
rim between his retirement and elevation 
to the responsible position of president ol 
the Second National Bank of Cortland, N. 
Y., was occupied by him in the settlement 
of the estate of the late Benton B. Jones. 
Mr. Mager is far advanced in Masonry, be- 
ing a Royal Arch Mason and a Knights Tem- 
plar. On March 5, 1867, he was married to 
Florilla B., (deceased) daughter of Willam 
Howell of Lowville, N. Y. He is interested 
in agricultural matters, being a life member 
of the New York State Agricultural society, 
and isaprominent memberof the Episcopal 
church. Progressive and public-spirited, he 
has engaged in several public ventures, in- 
cluding the Cortland Opera House and the Cort- 
land & Homer Railroad Co., and is a zealous sup- 
porter of liberal education, being a member of 
the Cortland Board of Education. 

Herbert L. Smith, the cashier, was born in North 
Adams, Mass., Dec. 23, 1867, and in 1872 his par- 
ents located in Cortland. He was educated at the 
Cortland Normal school, and the day he left school, 
in January, 1886, he entered The Second National 

Harris, Photo. 



Cashier. (Butler, Photos.) President. 

bank as messenger. Since then he has been con- 
nected steadily with that institution, performing 
the several duties assigned him until made the 
cashier. In the meantime he had obtained a share- 
holders' interest and became a director at the 
time he was made cashier. In 1892 he started 
the Champion Milk Cooler Co., and in 1S97 be- 
came sole proprietor of the business, which is in 
Railroad street. He was married to .Adeline C, 
the daughter of A. H. Bennett, cash- 
ier of the Homer National bank, on 
Sept. 14, 1893. He is a member of 
the Tioughnioga and Science clubs. 

Early Turnpikes. — The old state 
road was cut through Cortland coun- 
ty, crossingthe towns of Willet, Mar- 
athon and Virgil, in 1794. It extended 
from Oxford, Chenango Co., to Lud- 
lowville, Cayuga Co. In 1806 a road 
was opened from Cortland to Virgil 
to connect with the first named. Then 
a road was opened from Port Watson 
to Solon. In 1807 the Salina & Che- 
nango Turnpike Co. was organized 
to build a road from Binghamton 
north. In iSii a road was laid out 
from Manlius to Truxton. The Cort- 
land & Seneca Turnpike Co. was in- 
corporated in 1812 to build a road 
from Homer to Ithaca. The Fifth 
(ireat Western Turnpike Road Co. 
was incorporated in March, 1814, to 
run a road from Homer through Trux- 
ton into Locke, Cayuga Co. In April 
of the same year the Homer & Cay- 
uga Turnpike Road Co. was incorpo- 
rated to build from Homer through 
Cortland village to intersect with the 
Fifth Great Western Turnpike. In 
.April, 1816, the Homer & Geneva 
Turnpike Co. was incorporated to 
run from Homer through Dryden to 
Genoa. In March, 1S17, the Homer 
& Elbridge Turnpike Road Co. was 
incorporated to maintain a turnpike 
from Homer through Scott, Spafford 




(Buller, Pliiitds.) 

and Skaiieateles to Elbridge. In 1815 a turnpike 
from Homer through Cortland and Dryden to Ithaca 
was contemplated. A movement was started in 1S16 
for a road through Cincinuatus, Solon, Truxton, 
FabiusaudPompey, and in iSigfor a turnpike from 
Cortland through Virgil Corners and on to Owego. 
During the same year the Onondaga and Chenango 
Turnpike Co was organized. In 1824 theOnondaga 
^ Cortland Turnpike Co. was chartered. In the 
same year a road was designed from Canastota to 
Cincinnatus. and in 1S25 fromCamiilus to Port Wat- 
son. The old Syracuse and Cortland stage road was 
constructed in i849-'5i,and the time of passenger 
coaches each way was six hours. 

W. W. Bennett opened his present plumbing 
and heating stores at 37 and 39 Railroad street in 
September, 1S95, and his business has steadily 
.grown until to-day he is considered one of the 
leading business men of this village. Mr. Ben- 
nett was born in the town 
Of Cortlandville March 
24, 1865, and attended the 
McGrawville schools, aft- 
erwards taking a course 
at the Eastman Business 
college. He commenced 
his present line of bu,si- 
ness as a bookkeeper in 
1S90, and continued as 
such until he went into 
business for himself five 
years afterward. Besides 
his plumbing department 
he handles high grade 
heating ranges, stoves, 
furnaces and bicycles, 
and gives employment to 
a large number of men 
the year around, besides 
manufacturing a dairy 
specialty, which keep a 
number of skilled work- 
men in employment. 
Nov. 14, 1S89, he married 
Agnes Ackerman of Che- 
nango Forks, and one Harris, Photo 

son, (ilenn W., was born to ihem in Decem- 
ber, 1890. Mrs. Bennett died 29, 1S97, 
and one year later he married his present 
wife, Mary D. Lovell of Cortland. 

Early Railroad Projects.— The Salina & 
PortWat.son Railroad Co. was^incorporated in 
1S29, the charter permitting the propulsion 
of cars by steam or animal power. In the 
spring of 1836, agitation was revived to se- 
cure a railroad, resulting in the incorporation 
of the .Syracuse, Cortland ^S; Binghamton 
Railroad Co. The same year an incorporation 
was effected to construct a railroad between 
Cortland and Owego. It was not until the 
completion of the Syracuse & Binghamton 
railroad, opened for traffic Oct. iS, 1854, that 
anythin,g was done in railroad construction 
in this county. Oreat enthusiasm was aroused 
in 1865 over the prospect of a Midland con- 
nection direct from .\uburn. Four years later 
the Ithaca S: Cortland Railroad Co. was 
formed and a road completed between those 
villages — now a part of the Lehigh Valley 
system — which wasopened in i872andevent- 
ually extended to Klmira. A charter for the 
rtica, Chenango .!<: Cortland Railroad Co., 
dated April 9, 1870, was obtained, intending 
to operate a road to connect with the DeRuyter & 
Norwich branch of the old Midland (New York, 
Ontario 6t Western I railroad which was then operat- 
ing but has since been abandoned. P. H.McGraw 
w-as the active spirit in that enterprise. Cortland- 
ville voted to bond forf 150,000, Solon, $44,000, Cin- 
cinnatus, 145,500, and Taylor, |2o,ooo. Eighteen 
miles were graded and culverts and bridges con- 
structed, but the company, by reason of ditliculties 
of an unusual nature, and the panic of i873-'4, was 
forced tosuspend. Sixteen miles of the route is now 
occupied by the Erie & Central New York rail- 

Erection of Towns. — Homer, March 5, 1794; 
Solon, March 9, 1798; Cincinnatus and Virgil, 
April 3, 1S04; Preble and Truxton, April 8, iSoS; 
Scott, April 14, 1S15; Marathon, Freetown and 
Willett, April 21, 1818; Cortlandville, April 11, 
1829; Lapeer and Harford, May 2, 1845; Taylor, 
December 5, 1849; Cuyler, November iS, 1858. 




Hon. Franklin Pierce 5aunders, one of the 

most proniiuent of those engaged in the cattle 
business in this county, occupies a high standard 
among the people of this village. Besides a busi- 
ness man of marked ability, he is a factor in local 
politics and a man whose counsel is solicited when 
any question of importance comes up for the con- 
sideration of the public. He was born in Fabius, 
Onondaga county, F'eb. 27, 1849, and educated at 
the De Ruyter and Cazenovia seminaries. Being 
of an inquiring nature, he pursued his studies 
after he left school and fully equipped himself for 
his fight against the world. He first engaged in 
the nursery business, and started his career with 
Smith & Powell in Syracuse, where he spent the 
years 1873 and '74. During the years 1875 and '76 
he was with Elwanger & Barry of Mount Hope, 
Monroe county. During iS77-'9, inclusive, he 
dealt in nursery supplies on his own account, both 
jobbing and retailing, and largelj* extended his 
field of trade by sending out several agents. In 
the meantime he purchased a large tract of wood- 
land in Solon, and in January, 1S79. began lum- 
bering, a business which he carried on quite ex- 
tensively for four years. On Sept. 22, 1S79. he 
married Miss Hattie L. Peck of Solon, and to them 
have been born one son and four daughters. 
During the time he was lumbering he started in 
the live stock business. This was in 1880. When 
he had finished the lumber job he turned his at- 
tention wholly to live stock, and until the past 
eight years he shipped largely to Xew York and 
Philadelphia markets, but since then has carried 
it on principally in a local way. He owns several 
large farms, and is equipped in every way to carry 
on his enormous business. Mr. Saunders has 
played a prominent part in the politics of this 
county. A staunch Republican, he is the only one 
of that political faith who has represented the 
town of Truxton in the board of supervisors dur- 
ing the past forty years. He was in the board 
from 1S87 to 1S90, inclusive, when he refused a re- 
election. He removed to this village in 1892, and 
in 1895 he was nominated and elected to the as- 
sembly, and was returned to that body the follow- 
ing year. .-Vs a business man, he stands among 
the foremost for honesty- and integrity, and has 
made an enviable reputation for himself in this 

Butler. Photo. 


Harris, Photo. 


Practicing Lawyers [see "Cortland County 
Bar," page 178]. — Cortland, with her 10,000 
population now numbers thirty-five practicing 
attorneys, or one "limb of the law," to every 2855-7 
of her inhabitants. There are a number who are 
practicing their profession elsewhere with more or 
less success, among whom are Chief Justice of the 
Court of Appeals of the .State of Xew York .-Xlton B. 
Parker, and Byron .'\. Benedict, at one time district 
attorney, who, while maintaining his home in Cort- 
land, and his social relations here, has by far the 
greater part of his practice in Syracuse. Those 
practicing in Cortland now are: Lewis Bouton, of 
the firm of Bouton & Champlin ; Edmund C. 
Alger, the present clerk for the town of Cortland- 
ville ; Horace L. Bronson, formerly district attor- 
ney; Riley Champlin; CharlesV. Coon, once the su- 
perintendent of the pub- 
lic schools of Cortland; 
John Courtney, Jr., and 
Thomas E. Courtney, his 
younger brother and law 
partner; William C. Crom- 
bie, formerly village clerk; 
Rowland L. Davis, police 
justice and partner of ex- 
District Attorney Horace 
L. Bronson; Henry A.. 
Dickinson, partner to the 
present district attorney, 
Edwin Duffey ; James 
Dougherty; Thomas H. 
Dowd, a former clerk for 
the town of Cortlandville 
several terms; Edwin Duf- 
fey, the district attorney 
for Cortland county and 
the successor of the late 
Judge A. P. Smith as law 
partner of Henr^- Dickin- 
son; Joseph E. Eggleston, 
the present county judge 
and surrogate, twice elect- 
ed to that office on the Re- 
publican ticket, and now- 
serving his twelfth year; 
Lyman H. Gallagher; 




Butlei', Photo. 


Frederick Hatch, who has filled the position of 
village clerk for many years; Lucian P. HoUeu- 
beck ; George B. Jones, the oldest member of the 
Cortland county bar in active practice ; Orris U. 
Kellogg, the owner of valuable farms in Cortland 
county and large herds of thoroughbred cattle, and 
an ex-Democratic member of assemljly ; Stratton 
S. Knox, formerly county judge and surrogate, 
having been elected on the Democratic ticket ; 
William J. Mantanye ; Enos E. Mellon, formerly 
police justice of Cortland; Nathan L. Miller, the 
present chairman of the Republican county com- 
mittee; Irving H. Palmer, attorney for the Erie & 
Central N. Y. railway, and at one time elected dis- 
trict attorney on the Democratic ticket ; George S. 
Sands, once chairman of the Republican county 
committee and twice elected on the Republican 
ticket to the assembly; John W. Suggett, who has a 
large practice in the Federal courts ; William D. 
Tuttle ; David W. Van Hoesen, once Democratic 
member of assembly and law partner of Attorney 
O. U. Kellogg; Benjamin T. Wright, once district 

Benjamin F. Taylor. — No man in Cortland is 
more prized and esteemed by a large circle of 
friends than Benjamin F. Taylor, the public spir- 
ited superintendent of the Cortland Water Works 
company. He was born in New York City and at 
an early age moved into Tompkins county, N. Y. 
At the outbreak of the war of the rebellion he en- 
listed as a private and was promoted to a corporal 
in the 76th Regiment of N. Y. S. V. He was in 
active service for nearly four years, during which 
time his abounding good nature and rich and rare 
good fellowship are well remembered. 

At the close of the war he returned to Cortland 
and for many years was known as the popular and 
successful proprietor of Taylor's hotel and restau- 
rant. In 1S70 he married Sarah Van Rensselaer. 
He has been a member of Grover Post, No. 28, G. 
A. R. from its organization. He is a director in 
the National bank of Cortland and was one of the 
projectors of the excellent water system of Cort- 
land and has been superintendent of the company 
for a number of years past. Mr. Taylor has been 
prominent in all the public improvements in Cort- 

land and largely identified with its growth. His 
kindly deeds, his unobtrusive and almost secretive 
charities, are as characteristic as are his intense 
hatred of shams, his warm sympathies and his 
positive convictions. 

Cortland County Bar [See " Early Lawyers," 
P. 149 ] — Among those first admitted to practice 
at the Court of Common Pleas was Daniel Gott, 
then of Pompey, whose application was sworn to 
before "S. Nelson, Com." in 1S19, John Keep 
was the first judge of Common Pleas and held the 
position thirteen years. He was not, however, a 
lawyer, but seems to have been appointed (iSio) 
for the reason that he had held the office of Justice 
of the Peace several years and was considered best 
fitted for the position. The first attorney's oath, 
in the handwriting of Samuel Hotchkiss, wassub- 
scrilied to by H. Gray and dated Dec. 31, 1823. 
In the county archives is a musty roll of yellow 
ragged paper which contains about 150 signatures 
to the official oaths of all the attorneys of the 
Court of Common Pleas connected with the Cort- 
land county bar, beginning in the spring of 1S08 
and continuing for forty years. Among thenum- 
ber were Townsend Ross, an assistant judge, Vic- 
tor Birdseye, a delegate to the constitutional con- 
vention of 1S21, Glen Cuyler, Roswell Randall, 
Henry Stephens, Oliver Wiswell, Elisha Will- 
iams, Thomas J. Oakley, Samuel Nelson, a circuit 
judge, Daniel Gott, Edward C. Reed, Nathan Day- 
ton, Joseph Reynolds, William Henry Shankland, 
Horatio Ballard, Barak Niles, Lewis Kingsley, 
Henry S. Randall, Robert O. Reynolds, Roswell 
K. Bourne, A. L. Ballard, James A. Schermerhorn. 
In later years the names of R. H. Duell, George 
B. Jones, Amos L. Kenney, Oliver Porter, Na- 
thaniel C. Moak, M. M. Waters and A. P. Smith 

Butlci-, Photo. B. F. TAYLOR'S BLOCK. 




added lustre and dignity 
to the practice of law in 
the courts of the state. 
The bar of the county has 
also been honored by the 
admission of Ira L. Lit- 
tle, George A. Hulbert, 
John S. Barber, William 
H. Warren, Frank M. 
Benjamin, A. Judson 
Kneeland, Henry D. Wa- 
ters, Wm. P.Robinson, 
James T. Steele, Franklin 
Pierce, John O'Donnell, 
W. J. Van Auken, A. S. 
Knight, E. F. Stone, R. 
T. Peck, E. D. Croslev, H. 
L. Gleason, G. E. Tarbell, 
J. E. Winslow, B. B.Jones, 
Wm. H.Clark. Some are 
not living, others are in 
other vocations. 

*For reference to Cort- 
land city members of the 
bar, see "Practicing Law- 
yers of Cortland," on 
page 177. 

Homer and Cortland Qas Light Co. was estab- 
lished in i860, but the works burned out and were 
rebuilt in 1890. The fullest capacity of manu- 
facture is 25,000,000 cubic feet. At the time of 
this writing it is the intention of the company to 
enlarge the plant. The officers — President, W. T. 
Morris ; secretary and treasurer, W. W. Miller ; 
superintendent, W. S. Barker. 

Cortland Water Works Co. was established in 
1884. The pumphouse is located on Otter Creek 
which is fed by springs, from which is 
•obtained an ine.xhaustable supply of pure water. 
The capacity of the two pumps is 3,000,000 
gallons daily and the pressure is 75 pounds to the 
square inch. Seventeen miles of pipes convey the 

riilt^ F fflM M iMiiuiiiiiiiiliilM 

Harris, Photo. 

Hyatt, Photo. 



water through all parts of the village. The of- 
ficers : President, T. H. Wickwire ; vice-president, 
L. J. Fitzgerald ; secretary, treasurer and mana- 
ger, Benjamin F. Taylor ; directors, W. H. Newton, 
E. H. Brewer, F. J. Peck, C. F. Wickwire, J. P. 

State Off icers.— Governor, Theodore Roosevelt, 
Oyster Bay; Lieutenant-Governor, Timothy L. 
Woodruff, Brooklyn; Secretary of State, John T. 
McDouough, Albany; Comptroller, William J. 
Morgan, Buffalo; Treasurer, John P. Jaeckel, Au- 
burn; Attorney-General, John C. Davies, Camden; 
State Engineer and Surveyor, Edward A. Bond, 
Watertown; Superintendentof Public Instruction, 
Charles R. Skinner, Watertown; Superintendent 
of Public Works, John W. Partridge, Brooklyn; 
Superintendent of Insur- 
ance, Francis Hendricks, 
Syracuse ; Superinteud- 
i lit of Banks, Fred'k D. 
Kilburn, Malone; Super- 
intendentof Prisons, Cor- 
nelius V. Collins, Troy; 
Commissioner of Agri- 
culture, Chas. A.Wieting, 
Cobleskill; State Histori- 
an, Hugh Hastings, New 
York; Factory Inspector, 
Daniel O'Leary, Glens 
Falls; Labor Commission- 
er, John McMackin, New 
York; Commissioner of 
I";xcise, Henry H. Lyman, 
( )swego; Inspector of Gas 
metres, Jastrow Alexan- 
der, New York; Commis- 
sioner of Meteorological 
I'.ureau, Simeon Smith, 
Itliaca; Superintendentof 
Weights and Measures, 
Lewis Bass, Albany; Com- 
missioner New Capitol, 
Geo. Lewis Heins, New 
York; Superintendentof 
Public Buildings, Harry 
H. Bender, Albany. 



Hyatt, Phuto. 


Charles E. Van Brocklin, National Bank Ex- 
aminer, although not a native of Cortland, has 
made this village his home since Feb. i, iS86, 
when he vifent into business here. A year ago he 
erected one of the prettiest and latest style of 
dwellings on North Main street, which, being colo- 
nial in stvle, presents an attractive and imposing 
appearance from the thoroughfare. Occupying 
the position he does, Mr. Van Brocklin is called 
away from home a great deal, nevertheless he 
never loses sight of the interests 
which give promise of materially 
benefitting the village. Mr. Van 
Brocklin was born in the town of 
Pompey, Onondaga county, N. Y., 
onOct. i8, 1861. His early school- 
ing was obtained in the district 
school at Pompey Hill, and later 
in "Pompey Academy," afterwards 
receiving a higher education in the 
Cortland Normal school. When he 
decided to make Cortland his per- 
manent place of residence, he 
bought from S. A. Williams a half 
interest in the business of H. H. 
Pudney & Co., hatters and men's 
outfitters, and svibsequently, on 
April I, 1S.S8, he purchased the 
other half, the business after that 
being conducted under the name of 
C. E. Van Brocklin until Feb. i, 
1895, when he disposed of the busi- 
ness entirely, in order to give him 
the necessary time to attend to the 
exacting dutiesof hisposition. He 
had received the appointment of 
United States National Bank Ex- 
aminer for the southern district of 
New York state the preceding year, 
1894, and had at once entered upon 
its duties. On Feb. 24, 1886, he was 
married to Anna M., the daughter 
of Dr. H. T. Dana, a prominent 
Cortland physician. Hyatt, Photo. 

State Commissions, how chosen, term and 
salaries. — Ail of the following are appointed by the 
Governor and confirmed by the Senate: He.\i.TH — 
Six members; term, three years; no salary; ex- 
penses of all limited to I500 a year; Secretary of 
State, State Engineer and health officer Port of New 
York, members ex-officio. Charitip;s — Eleven; 
eight 3-ears; |io per day actual attendance and ex- 
penses; aggregate annual salaries limited tof4,ooo. 
Prisons — Eight; eight years; |io per day each for 
actual attendance and expenses; total salaries per 
annum limited to f4, 000 Railroad — Three; five 
years; |S,ooo and expenses, paid by the railroads. 
Court of Claims — Three ; six years ; $5,000 
and expenses not to exceed #500. Tax — Three; 
$2,500 and $500 for expenses. Fisheries, Game 
and — Five; five years; President, |3,ooo, 
others 12,500 and $800 for expenses. Mediation 
AND Arbitration — Three; three years; |;3,oooand 
expenses. Civil Service — Three; serve at pleas- 
ure of Governor; $2, 000. Pharm.-^cy — Named by 
New York ,State Pharmaceutical Association; fi\-e; 
five years; no salary; expenses paid by fees for 
license. Ar,RicULTi"R.\L Station at Geneva — 
Ten; three years; no salary. Niagara Reser- 
vation — Five; five years; no salary. Statutory 
Revision — Three during pleasure of Governor; 
$3,000. Soldiers' and Sailors' Home, Bath — 
Nine; three years; no salary; Governor and Attor- 
ney General members ex-officio. Lunacy — Three; 
six years; President, a physician, $7,500, a lawyer. 
$5,000, and a layman, $3,000; $1,200 each for ex- 
penses. Quarantine — Three; threeyears; $2,500. 

State Land Board. — The Lieutenant-Governor, 
Speaker of the Assembly, Secretary of State, 
Comptroller, State Treasurer, .\ttorney General 
and State Engineer are empowered to grant the 
waste and unappropriated lands to private use, 
excepting forest lands. 




Henry T. Dana, M. D., was the youngest son 
and child of Hon. SardisDana of Madison county, 
N. Y., who represented his district in the legisla- 
ture, was a member of the constitutional conven- 
tion of 1S46, and was also county judge. Dr. Dana 
was educated in the local schools and at Cazeno 
via seminary. He began the study of medicine in 
the office of' Dr. H. P. Mead of Morrisville, N, Y., 
completing his medical studies prior to graduation 
with Dr. James H. Armsby of .Albany, N. Y., the 
distinguished professor ol anatomy in the .\lbany 
Medical college, from which institution Dr. Dana 
graduated in 1S63. The doctor first located in 
Tully, N. v., atonce assuming a large and arduous 
practice. His health becoming impaired, he re- 
moved to Chicago, residing there three years, when 
he returned to this state, locating in Cortland in 
1S72. Since that time he has continuously prac- 
ticed his profession in the latter place. He was 
altogether nineteen years examining surgeon for 
pensions; was president of the board on its forma- 
tion, a position he held during all the years of his 
subsequent service. He became a member of the 
Cortland Count}' Medical society on locating in 
Cortland, and has served as its president at differ- 
ent times. He is a member of the New York State 
Medical society, and local surgeon for the Lehigh 
Valley Railroad Co., a memlierof the Lehigh Val- 
ley Association of Railway .'-lurgeons and the New 
York State Association of Railway Surgeons. He 
has been for many years medical examiner for 
man}' of the leading life insurance companies. 
His practice has been large, and of late years much 
of his time has been occupied as a consultant. 
Dr. Dana early became interested in Masonry. 
He has served the craft as worshipful master, 
high priest, eminent commander, district deputy 
grand master, and was one of the special commit- 
tee that selected the site for the Masonic Home at 
Utica. Himself and wife became members of the 
Presbyterian church of Cortland during the pas- 
torate of Dr. Street. Dr. Dana married Miss Eliz- 
abeth M. Van Bergen, of Tully, N. Y. Four chil- 
dren came to them, two only surviving the period 
of infancy, the elder being the wife of Mr. Charles 
E. Van Brocklin of Cortland, and the younger of 
ilr. George L.Barnard of Syracuse, N. Y. 

Hyatt, Plioto. 


Hyutt. Phot.j. HKNKV T. liAXA. ,\1. L>. 

The Cortland Opera House, constructed of dark 
red brick, is an ornamental structure on Groton 
avenue, adjoining the Cortland House, a building 
used exclusively for a theater and having a broad 
ground floor entrance, connecting with a trans- 
verse lobby with an inside vestibule. The seating 
capacity is 1,000, and the parquet and dress circle 
are fitted with folding opera chairs. On each side 
of the stage is a single canopied private box, en- 
tered from the parquet. There is one balcon}- con- 
necting the proscenium arch at both ends with an 
open family circle enclosed by a rail. An alley 
between the opera house and the hotel affords ad- 
mission to the stage entrances, which may also be 
used for exits in case of 
fire. The proscenium 
opening is square, being 
30-ft. high and 30-ft. wide. 
The greatest distance 
from the footlights across 
the stage is 35 feet, and 
the distance between the 
side walls is 64 feet. Be- 
tween the stage and fly- 
girders is 44 feet, and 
from the floor to the 
grooves overhead is 16 
feet. The area of the 
building is 67x112. Its 
cost was f 43, 000. A stock 
company built and own 
the opera house, which 
was opened in May, 1SS5. 
At the present writing it 
is leased to an amusement 
firm, who employ William 
Wallace as the local man- 
ager. The officers of the 
company are: President, 
Edward Keator; Vice- 
President, Alex Mahan; 
Secretary, H. M. Kellogg; 
Treasurer, Thomas F. 
Bray ton. 




(Hyatt, Photo.) Sec. and Treas. 


(Harris, Photo.) PresidenI 

The Cortland Savings Bank was incorporated 
by a special act of the state legislature on April 13. 
1866, which provided that "William R. Randall, 
Hiram J. Messenger, Thomas Keator, Jedediah 
Barber, George W. Bradford, Perrin H. McGraw, 
Henry Stephens, PVederick Hyde, Horatio Bal- 
lard, Henry S. Randall, R. Holland Duell, Hiram 
Crandall, Horace P. Goodrich, James W. Sturte- 
vant, Alphonzo Stone, Silas Blanchard, Raymond 
P. Babcock, Nathan Smith, Daniel E. Whitmore, 
Stephen Patrick, and their successors shall be and 
they are hereby constituted, a body corporate and 
politic, by the name of the 'Cortland Savings 
Bank,' to be located in 
the village of Cortland, 
in the county of Cortland, 
New York, "etc. The first 
permanent officers elect- 
ed were: President, Wm. 
R. Randall; vice-presi- 
dents, Henry Stephens, 
Geo. W. Bradford; treas- 
urer, Wm. R. Randall ; 
secretary, S. E. Welch; 
attorney, R. H. Duell ; 
auditing committee, |. 
W. Sturtevant, P. H. Mc- 
Graw, Stephen Patrick. 
The bank opened for busi- 
ness on Sept. 25, i856, on 
the second floor of tin 
building it now occupies, 
under the immediate 
charge of Mr. Calvin P. 
Walrad, who succeeded 
Mr. vS. E. Welch as its sec- 
retary, at a meeting of the 
trustees, held Sept. ;,, 
1S66. Mr. Morgan L. 
Webb was elected secre- 
tary of the bank Jan. II, 
1869, succeedingMr. Wal- 
rad. Onjuly 13, i874,Mr. 
Wm. R. Randall resigned 
as president, and was suc- 
ceeded by Mr. Henry S. 
Randall, who held the of- 
fice until his death, when Harris, Photo. 

he was succeeded by Dr. Frederick Hyde. On 

Jan. 10, 1881, Mr. Morgan L. Webb was elected 
both secretary and treasurer, the two offices be- 
ing united until Jan. 13, 1883, when Mr. Ben- 
jamin L. Webb was elected secretary, the office 
of treasurer being retained by Mr. Morgan L. 
Webb until his death in 1.S84, when he was 
succeeded by Mr. Calvin P. Walrad. Dr. Hyde 
retained the office of president until his deaths 
in 1887, when Judge R. H. Duell was elected to 
fill the vacancy, retaining it until his death, in 
1S91. when the office was filled by the election 
of Mr. Calvin P. Walrad. At the annual meet- 
ing in 1S92 the offices of secretary and treasurer 
were again united, being filled by the election 
of Mr. Benj. L. Webb. In 1S75 the charters of 
the various Savings Banks in the state were 
made uniform as to their " rights, powers and 
privileges," and during the same year the office 
of the bank was moved into the quarters it now 
occupies. Starting from almost nothing in 
1866, the bank assets have grown to nearly one 
and three-quarter millions of dollars. Onjan.i, 
igtxi, the report to the Banking department 
of that date showed deposits amounting to 
$1,640,077.94, other liabilities $119.19, and sur- 
plus 1103,264.44; total assets, $1,743,461.57; 
number of depositors, 6,757. Its present offi- 
cers and trustees are as follows: President, 
Calvin P. Walrad: vice-presidents, Stratton S. 
Knox, Marcus H. McGraw; secretary and treas- 
urer, Benjamin L. Webb; attorney, Lewis Bouton; 
trustees, Calvin P. Walrad, Benjamin L. Webb, 
Marcus H. McGraw, Lewis Bouton, Stratton S. 
Knox, John D. F. Woolston, Eliot L. Stone, Hubert 
T. Bushnell, Marvin R. Wood, Hiram D. Corey, 
Frank P. Hakes, Peter D. Muller,Geo. S. Sands. 

Commissioners of Canal Fund. — This body 
comprises the Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of 
State, Comptroller, State Treasurer and Attorney 
General. As the name implies, it controls the 
canal fund. 




R. F. Smith. Herbert Boswortli. H. Hopkins. A.D.Wallace. E. Per Lee. 

James Kelley. Treas. Joho Murphy, Sec'y. JI. E. .Sarvay 
Lewis Graves. ilorris Brotherton. 

P. 107. 

Valuable Services. — The people of Cortland are 
under greater obligations to Dr. J. M. Milne than 
perhaps many appreciate. Always progressive, 
public-spirited and unselfishly devoted to the in- 
terests of the community, Dr. Milne was quick to 
see the benefits which an artistic, high class, le- 
gitimate historical souvenir would secure for a vil- 
lage like Cortland. Therefore, the publisher— as 
well as the public — is greatly indebted to Dr. 
Milne for the encourage- 
ment he gave to the pro- 
ject, as well as for the in- 
dispensable and valuable 
services which he ren- 
dered in compiling this 
publication. We trust and 
believe the people of 
Cortland will always be 
proud of this souvenir, 
and that when the ap- 
proaching century has 
passed into history this 
publication will continue 
to be the living reflex of 
the people who at the 
most important period in 
the affairs of the village 
responded to the propo- 
sition by which is made 
known to the world at 
large the rapid strides be- 
ing made by Cortland at 
this time in growth and 
commercial spirit. 

.\, ,^. Brown, Pies. Matthew RtiflT. 

State Canvassers. —This board is constituted 
by the Secretary of .State, Comptroller, Attorney- 
General, State Treasurer and State Engineer. It 
is required by law to convene on or before Dec. 15, 
following a general election, and within forty daj'S 
after a special election, and canvass the returns. 
Three constitute a quorum, and where a quorum is 
not present the Mayor and Recorder of the city 
of Albany may be required to attend. 




Butler. I'liolos. .luHX A. KENNEDY. 

John A. Kennedy, the custom tailor over Jew- 
ett's jewelry store, went into the business in the 
same place on April i, i8g6, bringing to Cortland 
■with him an experience gained by steady and close 
application to the practical part of the business 
under the in.structiou of some of the leading men 
in that line both in Cortland and in other places. 
The class of customers which go into his shop de- 
mand first class work and during the three years 
he has been in the business for himself he has 
made it his sole purpose to give satisfaction in 
every respect. Many people who dress well, dis- 
playing taste in the cut and pattern of their gar- 
ments, arethose who have 
found the man most in- 
terested and seemingly 
best adapted to under- 
stand their wants in the 
tailorshop. Mr. Kennedy 
wasborn in Cortland Feb. 
13, 186S, and attended the 
schools of this village. 
For several years he 
worked in Wickwire's 
shops, but in 1S8S started 
in with E.J. Mattice, now 
of Albany, to learn the 
trade of custom tailoring, 
afterwards being em- 
ployed for about four 
years by I Whiteson in 
this village, .\fter work- 
ing for Benson in Roch- 
ester for some time, he 
returned to Cortland to go 
into business for himself 
He is a member of the 
A. O. H., the C. M. B. 
A., and the Knights of 
Columbu.s. In 1S93 he 
was married to Marv 
Murphy of Cortland, 

John Weber, manufacturer of ladies' 
tailor made suits, learned merchant tailoring 
under the instruction of his father who had 
followed that calling all his life, who himself 
had worked under the best masters of that 
trade in ^Munich, Bavaria, where his fathers 
had worked before him and who was at the 
lime of his son's apprenticeship, in 1883, in 
the business in Rochester. The latter af- 
terward worked in Buffalo, returning to 
Rochester a year later to enter the emplo}- 
of W. E. Williams, subsequently going with 
Ross Bros, at Oakfield. In 1892 he came to 
Cortland, first being employed by Daehler 
and afterward by Harrington. In 1S93 he 
married Miss B. T. Murray and returned to 
Rochester, six months later locating with 
Frank Moran at Watkins. He came back to 
Cortland in 1896, and was in the employ of 
Graham. On Oct. i, 1S99, he started the 
business he has since so well carried on in 
the place where he is now located, occupy- 
ing jointly with Mr. Kennedy the shop and 
salesroom over Jewell's jewelry store. He 
manufactures the latest styles of ladies' coats 
and skirts and guarantees them to fit. He 
is a member of the voung men's Athletic 
lOHN WEBER. ^lu), of Rochester. 

Judges, Court of Appeals— Those who have 
honored the Court of Appeals bench of this state: 
Freeborn G. Jewett, Onondaga county; Greene C. 
Bronson, New York; Chas. H. Ruggles, Dutchess; 
.\ddison Gardner. Monroe, elected June 7, 1S47; 
Samuel A. Foote, Ontario, appointed vice Bronson, 
resigned, .^pril 11, 1S51; .\lex. S.Johnson, Oneida, 
elected Nov. 4. 1851; Hiram Deuio, Oneida, app. 
vice Jewett, resigned — elected June 23, 1853, for 
balance of term, re-elected 1S57; George F. Coni- 
stock, Onondaga, elected vice Ruggles, resigned, 
Nov. 6, 1S55; Samuel L. Selden, Monroe, elected 
Nov. 6, 1855; Henry E. Davies, New Vork, elected 
Nov. 8, 1858; William B. Wright, Sullivan, elected 
Nov. 5, 1861; Henry R. Selden, Monroe, app. vice 




5. L. Selden, resigned, July i, 1862— elected Nov. 

3, 1863; John K. Porter, Albany, app. vice H. R. 
Selden, resigned, Jan. 2, 1S65 — elected Nov. 7, 
1865; Ward Hunt, Oneida, elected Nov. 7, 1S65; 
Martin Grover, Allegany, elected Nov. 5, 1S67; 
Lewis B. WoodruflF, New York, app. vice Porter, 
resigned, Jan. 4, 1868; Charles Mason, JIadison, 
app. vice Wright, deceased, Jan. 20, 1S6S; Robert 
Earl, Herkimer, elected Nov. 2, 1S69— Chief Justice 

Jan. 25, 1S92; John A. Lott, Kings, elected Nov. 2, 
1869. Under the Constitution of 1S69 the follow- 
ing have been ChiefJustices; Sauford E. Church, 
Orleans, May 17, 1870; Chas. J. Folger, app, vice 
Church, deceased. May 20, 1880— elected Nov. 2, 
iSSo; Charles Andrews, Onondaga, app. vice Fol- 
ger, resigned, Nov. 19, 1S81 — Nov. 7, 1892; Wm. 
C. Ruger, Onondaga, Nov. 7, 1S82; Alton B. Par- 
ker, Ulster, Nov. 2, 1897. As.S0Cl.\'rE.s; William F. 
Allen, Oswego, Martin Grover, Allegany, Rufus 
W. Peckham, Albany, Charles J. b'olger, Ontario, 
Charles A. Rapallo, New York and Charles An- 
drews, Onondaga, May 17, 1870; Alex. S. Johnson, 
Oneida, app. vice Peckham, deceased, Dec. 29, 
1S73; Theodore Miller, Columbia, Nov. 3, 1S74; 
Robert Earl, Herkimer, app. vice Grover, deceased, 
Nov. 5, 1875 — elected Nov. 7, 1876 — re-elected Nov. 

4, 1890; Samuel Hand, Albany, app. vice Allen, 
deceased, June 10, 1S7S; George F. Danforth, Mon- 
roe, Nov. 5, 1S78; Francis M. Finch, Tompkins, 
app. vice Folger, chosen chief judge May 25, 1880 
—elected Nov. S, 18S1; Benj. F. Tracey, Kings, 
app. vice Andrews, chosen chief judge Dec. 8, 
iSSi; Rufus W. Peckham, Albany, Nov. 2, 1SS6; 
John Clinton Giray, New York, app. vice Rapallo, 
deceased, Jan. 25, 1888 — elected full term Nov., 
18SS; Denis O'Brien, Jefferson, Nov. 5, 1889; Isaac 
H. Maynard, Delaware, app. vice Earl, chosen 
chief judge Jan. 20, 1892; Edward T. Bartlett, 
New York, Nov. 7, 1893; Albert Haight, Erie, Nov. 

6, 1894, 

Present Court of Appeals (terms expire) — Chief: 
Alton B.Parker, Ulster, Dec. 31, 1911. ASSOCIATES: 
John Clinton Gray, New York, Dec. 31, 1902; 
Denis O'Brien, Jefferson, Dec. 31, 1903; Edward T. 
Bartlett, New York, Dec. 31, 1908; Albert Haight, 
Erie, Dec. 31, 1909; Celora E. Martin, Broome, 
Dec. 31, 1909; Irving G. Vann, Onondaga, app. 
vice Peckham, resigned, Dec. 31, 1910. 

Harris. Photo. 


Harris. Photo. 

YAGER'S FAIR STORE. [See sk. and View Homer Store, P. M\. 

Qeorge P. Yager, proprietor of the Fair store 
at No. loS Main street, started in business for 
himselfin Cortland withJ.G. Marshall, at the place 
where he has since carried on a considerable trade, 
in Feb., 1S92. Along in the early eighties a man 
named Harris started the FairStore in the Squires 
block. About three or four years later G. Bligh, 
who is now in business in Oneonta, bought out 
Mr. Harris and about 18S7 or '88 moved the store 
into its present quarters, where a furniture busi- 
ness had up to that time been carried on. It next 
changed hands when Yager & Marshall purchased 
the store. This firm finding a good opening iu 
Homer started a branch Fair store in that village 
in 1895. In July, 1897, Mr. Marshall retired from 
the Ci>rtland business and a short time after sold 
his interest in the Homer 
store to Mr. Crandall. 
Since the firm of Yager & 
Marshall took the busi- 
ness it has increased to 
al)out three times its for- 
mer size, both in the vol- 
umeof stock and amount 
of business. This has re- 
quired an enlargement of 
quarters, to meet which it 
was necessary to obtain 
additional floors, so that 
as the business now stands 
Mr. Yager occupies, in ad- 
dition to the main store, 
25 X 100 feet, the base- 
ment and the two upper 
lloors and a part of the 
Ni-cond floor over an ad- 
joining store. The staple 
line handled by Mr. "Ya- 
■j^er consists of crockery, 
lamps, china and earthern 
ware and all kinds of 
house furnishing goods. 
During the holiday sea- 
son Mr. Yager deals quite 
extensively in holiday 
goods of all sorts, includ- 
ing a large variety of toys. 

1 86 


He also does a considerable business in picture 
framing. Amongolherlinesof goods carried in this 
store is gentlemen's and ladies' furnishing goods, 
including hosiery and underwear. Mr. Yager was 
born in McConnnellsville, Oneida Co., Dec. 20, 
1863. His parents moved to Cortland when he 
was quite youuif and he was educated in the Cort- 
land schools. After leaving school he entered the 
dry goods store of Fish & Walrad, who about a 
year later sold out and Mr. Yager accepted a po- 
sition in the dry goods store of Tanner Bros., and 
eight years later went into business for himself 
He was married to R. Mildred Williamson of 
Moravia, June 1 1, 1S90. 

Julia H. Spalding, n. D., who has the dis- 
tinction of Ijeing a successful lady physician with 
a flattering practice, and 
who stands high in the ho- 
meopathy school, is the 
daughter of Dr. W. W. Kin- 
ney, of Rome, Pa. She was 
born at Sheshequin, Brad- 
ford Co., Pa., and obtained 
her medical education at 
the Hahnemann, the 
F6undling home, and the 
Chicago Homeopathic col- 
leges and hospitals, having 
been graduated from the 
latter institution in 1S77. 
Her first field of practice 
was in Rome, Pa. On Jan. 
10. 1SS3, she came to Cort- 
land. She is a member of 
the Medico Chirurgical so- 
ciety of Central New York 
and the American Institute 
of Homeopathy. She had 
the advantage of consider- 
able hospital practice and 
instruction in the Cook 
County Hospital at Chica- 
go, where she remained one 
year. Her special line of 
practice is in chronic dis- 
eases. On Oct. 14, 1S63, 
she was married to Edgar Butler, Plioto. 

E. Spalding, by whom she had one child, Grace L. , 
born June 8, iS56, the wife of Charles H. Miller, 
bookkeeper for Cooper Bros. Their only child. 
Earl Spalding Miller, was born Sept. 27, 189S. 

Patriotic Banquet of '21. — It is an interesting 
fact that Cortland gave voice to a protest against 
the inhumanity of slavery in the South at a bau- 
<]uet held by the First Methodist church congre- 
gation on the occasion of the laying of the corner- 
stone of the church edifice as early as July 4, 1S21. 
The Rev. Charles Lane Rice (on page 37), in his 
very interesting sketch of the history of that so- 
ciety, has referred to the event. But Franklin 
Pierce Saunders has placed in our hands a little 
volume which gives the list of toasts offered on 
that occasion. The stirring patriotism which 
prevailed among the Methodists at that time is 
shown by reference to this list, among which were 
the following: "Rei.ii'.ioi;.sToler.^tion;" "Amer- 
ica — the Home of the Emigrant and the Asylum of 
Exile;" "Our Coiintrv"; " " The Memory of 
THE He;roes who have Fallen in Achieving and 
Defending the Independence of their Country ; " 
"The Immortal Wa.shington and his Com- 
patriots ;" "The SiRviviNG Patriots of Both 
Wars;" "The Union;" "Our Gallant 
Army;" "Our Gallant Navy;" "South 
America — The Standard of Liberty now Waving 
on the Ramparts ofits Citadel ; " " Slavery— The 
Darkest Spot on the American Escutcheon ;" 
"The Dough Faces oethe Northern States, 
Who Sacrificed Principle to Southern Influence 
and made Slavery Constitutional in Missouri ; " 
"The P'riends ok Liberty, Wherever they may 
be Found." These were only part of the toasts 
given at that Independence Day spread in Nathan 
Luce's tavern. Our authority does not state who 
responded to them. "After dinner," says this 
account, " the ladies withdrew, and the cloth be- 
ing removed Gen. S. G. Hathaway presiding as 
president and Col. Roswell Randall as vice-presi- 
dent, the toasts were drank under the discharge 
of cannon and the hearty cheers of the company 
at the table." 




Henry B. Hubbard started in business in Cort- 
land in March, 1867, when in company with Amasa 
Givens he became one of the members of the firm 
of J. S. Squires & Co., each of the two gentlemen 
buying a one-quarter interest in the large business 
in what is now the Martin block, which James S. 
Squires was then carrying on. They occupied a 
double store and employed a large force of clerks, 
doing a general merchandise business, with a trade 
coming in from miles around. Mr. Givens was at 
that time a clerk with Mr. Squires and Mr. Hub- 
bard was a clerk for Sturtevant, Dowd & Co., 

Harris, Photo. H. B. HL'BB.\RI)'.S STOKE. 

where he had been emploj'ed since coming to Cort- 
land for about three years. The firm of J. S. 
Squires 6c Co. continued unchanged until March, 
1S72, when Messrs. Givens and Hubbard bought 
Mr. Squires' interest. But in July, 1873, Givens 
& Hubbard admitted E. D. 
Webb to the business as 
the owner of a third inter- 
est and the firm of Givens, 
Hubbard &' Co. were 
among the leading busi- 
ness firms until January, 
1878, when they disposed 
of the business to Floyd 
Chamberlain , who came to 
Cortland fromUtica. From 
that time until April, 1881, 
when Mr. Hubbard began 
his present business in 
groceries and crockery- in 
the Hubbard block, he 
was temporarily out of 
trade. This building, a 
substantial three-story 
brick structure, 25x90 
feet, was built by Givens & 
Hubbard in the summer of 
1873, °° ^ P'°' °f ground 
which they purchased of 
Henrj- S. Randall. The 
following January, after 
Mr. Webb became a part- 
ner, the firm moved across 
the street into this block. 
Dropping some of the 
lines which they had pre- 
viouslv carried, this firm 

Harris, Photo. HEXRY B. HL'BBARD. 

confined their business after that more strictly to 
dry goods and carpets. Mr. Hubbard carries a large 
line of groceries and crockery ware. He is the sole 
owner of the block, having purchased Mr. Givens' 
interest Feb. i, 1891. .^s among the oldest active 
business men in Cortland heis widelj-and favorably 
known. His career spans the period in which Cort- 
land has stepped from a small rural village into the 
rank of a city; from the era of turf and gravel paths 
and mud ruts to asphalt pavementsand liroad stone 
walks. Mr. Hubbard is a prominent member of the 
Episcopal church, and has served as warden and 
treasurer for nearly thirty years. He was born in 
the town of Cortlaudville, .iVpril 24, 1837, and was 
educated in thedistrictschoolsandtheCortlaudville 
academy. In May 22, 1854. he began a clerkship 

Harris, Plioto. 


1 88 





PAUL DR?:XLER. (Hyatt, Photus.i W. H. TIFFT. 

with Leauder Fitts at McLean, where he remained 
seven years, and then accepted a similar position 
with D. B. Marsh & Co. of the same place. On Oct. 
3, iS6i, he married Julia B. Robinson of Cortland- 
ville, and in April, 1S64, they located in Cortland. 

Drexler & Tifft opened the barber shop in the 
Samson building on Groton avenue, on Jan. 15, 
190Q. It is entirely a new stand and is ati exceed- 
ingly convenient location for the business, being 
only two doors off from Main street and directly 
opposite the Cortland House and the Opera House. 
It is one of a few ground floor 
shops in Cortland, and during the 
short time it has been opened a 
large patronage has been acquired 
by reason of the fact that Messrs. 
Drexler & TiiTt are skilled in their 
trade, attentive to the demands of 
their customers and are popular 
w'ith all classes. From time to 
time they are making improve- 
ments, with the viewof making the 
shop as complete in appointments 
as any first-class shop in the coun- 
try. There is no reason why this 
should not become the leading 
shop in Cortland, enjoying as the 
proprietors do the good will and 
custom of many of the best class of 
patrons. Henry Paul Drexler was 
born in Chemnitz, Saxony, Aug. 
13, 1S71, where he became appren- 
ticed to his father and learned not 
only the trade of a barber, but to 
manufacture wigs. In 1.S91 Paul 
came to this country and located in 
Chicago, where he remained until 
1894, when he came to Cortland. 
After being employed by different 
barbers he bought out the shop in 
the Beaudry building of Hiram 
Banks, which he occupied until he 
formed the present business con- 
nection. He was married to Jo- 
hanna Louisa Sacher of Cortland, HariU, Photo. 

May 23. 1895. William V. Tifft was born in 
Williamstown, Mass., March 26, 1865, and 
learned the barber's trade when he was sixteen 
years old, and worked in the large shops in Trov 
until 1886, when he opened a shop on Pawling 
avenue, afterwardscarrying on the business for 
himself until he came to Cortland. In June, 
18S4, he was married to Josephine Christian. 
In 1898 he came to Cortland, and was employed 
in various shops until he started the present 
business with Mr. Dre.Kler. 

Speakers, House of Representatives. — 

Frederick .\. Muhlenburgh, Pa., ist, 3d Cong.; 
Jonathan Trumbull, Ct., 2d Cong.; Jonathan 
Dayton, N. J., 4th, 5lh Cong.; Theodore Sedg- 
wick, Mass., 6th Cong.; Nathan Macon, N.C., 
7th, 8th, 9th Cong.; Joseph B. Varnum, Mass., 
loth, nth Cong.; Henry Clay, Ky., I2th-i6th, 
18th Cong.; Philip P. Barbour, Va., lythCong.; 
John W. Taylor, N. Y., 19th Cong.; Andrew 
Stephenson, Va., 2oth-2ist Cong.; James K. 
Polk, Tenn., 24th-25th Cong.; Robert M. T. ■ 
Hunter, Va., 26th Cong.; John White, Ky., 
27th Cong.; John W. Jones, Va., 2Sth Cong.; 
John W. Davis, Ind., 29th Cong.; Robert C. 
Winthrop, Mass., 30th Cong.; Howell Cobb, 
Ga., 31st Cong.; Linn Boyd, Ky., 32d-33dCong.; 
NathanielP. Banks, Jr., Mass., 34th Cong.; Jas. 
Orr, S. C, 35th Cong.; William Pennington, 
J., 36th Cong.; Galusha A. Grow. Pa.. 37th 

Cong.; Schuyler Colfax, Ind., 3Sth-4oth Cong.; 

James G. Blaine, Me., 4ist-43d Cong.; Michael C. 

Kerr. Ind., 44th Cong.; Samuel J. Randall, Pa., 

45th-46th Cong,; J.Warren Kiefer, O., 47th Cong.; 

John G. Carlisle, Ky., 48th-5oth Cong.; Thomas 

B. Reed, Me., 51st, 54th, 55th Cong. ; Charles F. 

Crisp, Ga., 52d-53d Cong. 

The Trustees of State Buildings are the Gov- 
ernor, Lieutenant-Governor and Speaker of the 





The Cortland Howe Ventilating Stove Co. — 

This company was organized in Cortland in the 
summer of 1SS7 for the manufacture of stoves and 
ranges, and especially of the Howe Ventilating 
stove, which was also at that time being manu- 
factured by a company at Fulton, N. Y. It im- 
mediately bought the plant of the Sanford Fork 
and Tool Co., corner Elm and Franklin streets in 
the village of Cortland, where its foundry is now 
located, expecting to start business there, but soon 
after bought out the Fulton company, and, during 
the years 1S87 and 18S8, operated the foundry at 
that place. In the latter part of iSSS, the business 
was moved to Cortland, where a large addition to 
the Fork andTool Co.'sbuildingshad been erected 
for use as a foundr\-. Since that time the opera- 
tions of the company have been carried on at this 
place. In 1S93 a large storehouse, 65 by 175 feet in 
size, was built by the company adjoining the Le- 
high Valley tracks on Railroad street. The 
foundry is also located on this railroad, with 

ards, professor of mechanical engineering, Yale 
University, New Haven, Conn., and author of the 
articleon "Warmingand Ventilation of Buildings," 
in Johnson's Cyclopedia ; E. A. Fuertes, professor 
of civil engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, 
N. Y. ; director of New York State Meteorological 
bureau, etc.; H. S. Carhart, professor of physics, 
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich.; H. W. 
Harding, professor of physics, Lehigh Universit}-, 
Bethlehem, Pa.; Leverett Mears, professor of 
physics, Williams college, Williamstown, Mass.;H. 
D. Didama, M. D., LL. D., dean of college of medi- 
cine, Syracuse university, Syracuse, N. Y., ex- 
president New York State Medical society and 
New York State Medical association, etc.; JohnO. 
Roe, M. D., ex-president of the American Laryn- 
gological association ; ex-president New York State 
Medical society ; corresponding member of the 
Societe Francaise D'Otologie, de Laryngologie et 
de Rhinologie, member of the British Medical as- 
sociation, of the American Climatological asso- 

Borrowed Cut. 


"Stand. Ind. Ed. 

switches running along both foundry and store- 
house furnishing facilities for receiving supplies and 
shipping goods. 

The Cortland Howe Ventilator, the specialty in 
the line of stoves manufactured by this companv, 
has probably as high and wide a reputation as any 
product of Cortland factories. It is a ventilating 
stove, which not only warms but purifies the air in 
the house where it is placed, taking fresh air from 
outside, warming it and passing it into the house 
and also removing through the chimney cold and 
foul air from alongthe floor. Ithas been adopted 
by the United States government, and is in use in 
forts from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It has re- 
ceived highest awards, medals, and diplomas as 
follows : International Expositions at Chicago, San 
Francisco, .\tlanta, Nashville, Omaha ; Gold 
Medal, Mechanic's Fair, Boston ; Longstreth 
Medal, Franklin Institute, Philadelphia ; besides 
thirty F'irst-premiums. 

Among the distinguished scientific men who 
have tested it and testified to its merits are the 
following : Prof. Romyn Hitchcock, Smithsonian 
Institution, Washington, D. C. ; Charles B. Rich- 

ciation, of the American Medical association, etc.; 
W. J. Waggener, professor of physics, Colorado 
State university, Boulder, Colo.; S. T. Morelandv 
professor of natural philosophy, Washington and 
Lee university, Lexington, Va.; Benj. J. Sloan, 
(West Point ), professor of physics. South Caro- 
lina college, Columbia, S. C; A. E. Menke. pro- 
fessor of chemistry, Arkansas Industrial univers- 
ity, Fayetteville, Ark.; Col. M. H. Crump, pro- 
fessor of natural science, Ogden college, Bowling 
Green, Ky. 

Besides being the best heating stove and the 
only really successful ventilating stove on the 
market, it is also the handsomest from an artistic 

Its sale increased in 1899 more than fifty per 
cent over the preceeding year. 

This company was the only Cortland company 
having an exhibit and receiving an award at the 
Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 1S93, ^^d i^ 
the only one which will have an exhibit at the 
Paris Exposition this year. 

Besides the Ventilator, the companj- manufac- 
tures a line of ranges which received the highest 



Hyatt, Photos. G. F. RE.^UDRY. 


awards at the Atlanta and Omaha International 
Expositions — the only ones where they have been 
exhibited — and for which it is claimed that they 
are the best working and most economical ranges 
on the market. The company also manufactures 
a variety of cheaper heating stoves for wood and 
coal, and does quite a liusiness in nickel plating 
and miscellaneous foundry work, aside from the 
manufacture of stoves. 

Its foundry is located on the trolley line of the 
Cortland & Homer Traction Co., as well as on the 
Lehigh Valley railroad, making it easy of access 
from all parts of the villages. 

The present manager of the company is Will- 
iam H. Clark, with Levi Butler as superintendent. 

Smith & Beaudry formed 
a co-partnership in 1897, and 
succeeded to a part of the 
t)usiness that had been es- 
tablished by G. F. Beaudry 
in 1SS6. The firm at once 
enlarged upon the lines that 
had formed a part of Mr. 
Beaudry's stock in trade, in- 
troducing new goods and a 
greater variety of suppliesin 
one direction and dropping 
certain classes of merchan- 
dise in another. In fact a di- 
vision in the original lines 
was made, Smith & Beaudry 
taking up the book, station- 
ery and wall paper trade, and 
Mr. Beaudry continuing to 
carry on in the adjoining 
store the cigar, tobacco and 
bicycle lines. Smith & Beau- 
dry's wall paper and sta- 
tionery business proved a 
success from the start, and 
during 1899 it more than 
doubled that of the previous 
year, so that in order to 
make room for the rapidly 
increasing business the firm 
was forced to close out its Hyatt, Photo. 

soda water and confectionery trade. The 
store in which Smith & Beaudry carry on 
business is at No. 73 Main street, one of the 
two stores on the ground floor of the Beau- 
dry block. The stock of this firm com- 
prises all lines of publications, including 
standard works, novels, periodicals and 
newspapers, school and office supplies, 
everything in stationery, text books, blank 
books, camerasand amateurphotographers' 
supplies, art goods and pictures, picture 
frames and picture and room mouldings. It 
is a large store, 25 x 100 feet. In the 
rear is the wall paper department, the firm 
making a special feature of this line by hav- 
ing the exclusive local agency of the pro- 
ducts of the Wallace Wall Paper Co. O. C. 
Smith was born in Otisco, Onondaga county, 
N. v., .\ug. 12, 1S46. Coming to Cortland 
in the fall of 1S63, he obtained a clerkship 
in the drug store of Dr. T. C. Pomeroy, 
which he held until the fall of 1864, when 
he enlisted in the i.S5th regiment. When 
that regiment returned home, in June, 1S65, 
he was transferred to the Duryea Zouaves, 
being mustered out of service the following 
.\ugust. After his return home he was with 
Dr. Pomeroy a ^-ear, afterwards with Niver 
cS: Crane at McLean two years, and then 
with Wallace & Mahan, continuing with 
the latter, and subsequently with D. F. Wal- 
lace, until in 1890 he was admitted to the business 
as one of three partners, D. F. Wallace and W. G. 
McKinney being his partners. Subsequently he 
traveled for Janeway & Carpenter of New Bruns- 
wick, N. J., and in July, 1899, he became a travel- 
ing representative of the Wallace Wall Paper Co. 
of Cortland, in which he has a partnership inter- 
est. He was married to Maria C. Per Lee of Mc- 
Lean in 1S70. G. F. Beaudrj- was born in Hague, 
Warren county, Sept. 5, 1861. When he was at 
an early age his parents moved to Cortland, where 
he was educated in the public and the Normal 
schools. In 1S79 1'^ started a small business in 
news, tobacco and fruit, where James Kelley is 
now doing business, and four years later moved to 




larger quarters in an ad- 
jacent store. In 1S85 he 
bought the site of the 
Beaudry block and erect- 
ed a handsome brick and 
stone structure, three sto- 
ries high and 27 x 100 
feet in area. In the spring 
of 1SS6 he moved into the 
building and enlarged the 
business. In 1S92 he add- 
ed safety bicycles, and 
to-day is a large dealer 
in that line. In March, 
1883, he wedded Harriet 
Jones of Baldwinsville. 
They have five children — 
Harriet, \yi years old; 
Fred, 9 years; Leon, 7; 
Ida, 11; and May, 14. 
The two boys and Ida and 
May are expert riders on 
the wheel, Fred and Leon 
Iiaving made a national 
reputation as fancy and 
trick riders. 

A. D. Wallace, one of the best known land- 
lords in the county, succeeded Burns Linderman 
as part owner of the Brunswick in 1S89, the hotel 
having for ten years previous to that time been 
conducted by Linderman & Wallace, the latter, 
W. A. Wallace, being a brother of the present pro- 
prietor, Wallace Bros, were proprietors of the 
hotel from 18S9 to 1893, when W. \. Wallace re- 
tired. Since then A. D. Wallace alone has run 
the hotel, and he has demonstrated that he under- 

Hyatt, Photo. 


stands fully how to cater to the wants of the pub- 
lic in a manner that is satisfactory to all classes. 
As a caterer he has brought the Brunswick into 
vogue for supper parties, luncheons and game din- 
ners. The accompanying engraving of the hotel 
does not do full justice to the accommodations 
that this house affords. Upon entering, one is 
surprised at the amount of room provided for ho- 
tel and especially dining purposes. The main en- 
trance opens into the public room and office with 

Harris. Photo. 




Hyatt, Photo. NATHAN L. .MILLER. 

bar in the rear. The cafe has a separate entrance 
and is connected in the rear with a hall opening 
into the private dining rooms. The hotel dining 
room and ladies' parlors are on the second floor, 
all very comfortably furnished and under the di- 
rect personal charge of Mrs. Wallace, who pos- 
sesses equal tact and skill with her husband in 
providing culinary service for the guests of the 
house. In every respect the interior arrange- 
ments are fully in keeping with the needs of a 
first-class hotel. Mr. Wallace is prominent in the 
Masonic order, being a Knights Templar and a 
member of Central City Ancient Accepted Scot- 
ish rite, 32nd degree. Among the fraternity of 
Elks he is widely known, beinga member of Syra- 
cuse lodge. No. 31. In local politics he is an ag- 
gressive and earnest partisan along party lines 
without the induction of offensive personalities 
and in the matter of public advancement enter- 
tains broad guaged views. Mr. Wallace was born 
in Auburn and came to Cortland in 1872, being 
employed in a machine and cooperage shop here 
five years. From 1877 to 1881 he was employed 
by the Cortland Wagon Co., with the exception of 
one year, when he was in South America promot- 
ing railroad interests. In 1881 he went to Auburn 
where for four years he was employed b}- the E. 
D. Clapp Wagon Co. of that city. On Feb. 14, 
18S2, he was married to Emma Hodson of Cort 
land. From Auburn he went to Springville where 
for two years he was employed by the O'Neill 
Wagon Co. He was afterwards foreman of the 
wood department of the Watertown Spring Wagon 
Works. Mr. Wallace was president of tlie Cort- 
land Athletic association during 1897 '99 inclu- 
sive, and is one of the strongest ol Cortland's sup- 
porters of athletic sports. 

Courteous Public Officers. — A great deal of 
valuable information contained in this Souvenir 
was obtained through the kindness of County 
Clerk Hubert T. Bushnell and his deputy, Stephen 
K. Jones, and the village clerk, F. H. Hatch, who 
placed at " Grip's" disposal the records of their 
offices and personally aided him in looking up 

Dougherty & Miller, who are among the best 
known of the younger members of the Cortland 
County bar, formed the co-partnership in iS94and 
opened a suite of oftices in the Second National 
bank building where they have since been located. 
Both gentlemen are prominent in the local po- 
litical field, Mr. Miller being chairman of the Re- 
publican committee and Mr. Dougherty one of the 
principal counselors in the Democratic party. 
Mr. James Dougherty was born in Solon, Cortland 
county, April 28, 1859, and was educated at the 
Cortland Normal school and Cazenovia seminary. 
He entered upon the study of law with Hiram 
Crandall in Cortland in 1879. At the time he was 
admitted to the bar, which was at Ithaca, Ma\- 5, 
1S83, he was studying in the office of Bouton & 
Champlin, Cortland. He began practice in Cort- 
land and at the time he formed the present busi- 
ness connection had secured a profitable busi- 
ness. F'rom 1881 to 1887 he represented Solon 
on the board of supervisors. He was also for three 
years clerk of the board. He is one of the found- 
ers of the local branch of the Knights of Colum- 
bus. Nathan L. Miller was born in Solon, Oct. 10, 
1868, and was educated at the Normal school where 
he was graduated. In 1890 he entered the office of 
Smith & Dickinson where he studied law until 
1893 when he was admitted to practice at the spring 
examination in Syracuse. In the fall of that year 
he was elected school commissioner for the first 
district of Cortland county and held the office for 
six years. In the fall of iSgShe was chosen chair- 
man of the Republican county committee. On 
Nov. 23, l8g6, he was married to Elizabeth Dav- 
ern of Marathon. 

The Canal Board comprises the Comptroller, 
State Treasurer, Attorney General, State Engineer 
and Superintendent of Public Works. It has su- 
pervisory authority over the canals and isrequired 
to pass upon all expenditures. 

H.valt. I'huto 

,I.\.MES 1)01'(tHERTV. 



Horace L. Bronson was born in the town of 
Virgil, Cortland Co., N. Y., in 1S52. He is the 
senior member of the law firm of Bronson 6c 
Davis. He attended the Homer academy and was 
graduated from the classical course in 1873. He 
entered the law school at -Albany, N. Y., and was 
graduated from that institution in 1S75. Mr. 
Bronson was elected district attorney of Cortland 
county in 1885, and was re-elected in 18SS. At 
the expiration of his term of office in 1891 he re- 
sumed the general practice of law. In 1S97 he 
formed a partnership with Rowland L. Davis un- 
der the firm name of Bronson & Davis, which is 
known as one of the strongest law firms of our 
Cortland county bar. Their offices are located at 
6, 7 and S Burgess block. Mr. Bronson is a Re- 
publican in politics and has been several times 
chairman and secretary of the Republican county 
commitee. He is also largely interested in farm- 
ing and stock raising, having 400 acres of land 
upon which he has a large drove of thoroughbred 
Holstein stock in which he takes great pride. He 
and his family spend a goodly portion of the sum- 
mer months at his Little York farm, one of the 
bestequipped of Cortland county'smany fine stock 

Rowland L. Davis was born at Dryden, Tomp- 
kins Co., N. Y., July 10, 1871. He is the son of 
Major Lucius and Harriet L. Davis. In 1880 they 
moved to McLean, where Mr. Davis attended 
school at the academy, and in 1S90, he entered the 
State Normal and Training school at Cortland. In 
1892, '93 and '94 he was engaged in the profession 
of teaching, and in the two latter years was prin- 
cipal of the Chenango Forks academy in Broome 
county. Subsequently he returned to the Nor- 
mal, graduating in Tune, 1896. While in the Nor- 
mal he was a member of the Young Men's De- 
batingclub, now the Delphic Fraternity. The fol- 
lowing September, he entered the Cornell College 
of Law, graduating there in June, 1S97, with the 
degree of LL. B., having completed a two years' 
course in one year. On July 6, 1897, Mr. Davis 
was admitted to the bar at .\lbany, and soon after 
formed a partnership with Horace L. Bronson of 
Cortland, for the practice of law, under the firm 



name of Bronson & Davis, a partnership which 
still exists, their oiBces being Nos. 6, 7 and 8 
Burgess block. In JIarch, 1S99, he was elected 
police justice of Cortland village, on the Repub- 
lican ticket, by a plurality of one hundred, over 
Charles V. Coon, Democrat, and Charles S. Bull, 
Independent Republican. Mr. Davis has taken 
an active interest in politics, and for the past two 
years has been secretary of the Republican county 
committee. Socially, he belongs to:McLean lodge, 
No. 328, Knights of Pythias. Cortland lodge, No. 
351, A. O. U. W., Cortiandville lodge, No. 470, F. ■ 
& A. M. 

Taxes and Valuations, Cortland Co., 1899.— 

Total assessed acreage, 312,086.27-400 ; total town 
tax, 568,178.26; total county, 132,607.19; state for 
schools, 19,823.26; state for canals, 55,093.54; state, 
general, $16,200.34. The following were assessed 
valuations : 

Real Estate. Personal. 

Cincinnatus ---I 292,905 J 30,650 00 

Cortiandville-- 6,390,640 767,127 31 

Cuyler 389.372 19,35000 

Freetown 273,556 13,81500 

Harford 275,785 20,775 00 

Homer 1,741,415 223,315 00 

Lapeer 231,233 10,85000 

JIarathon 725,150 143,00000 

Preble 422,890 47,05000 

Scott . 246,500 25,65000 

Solon _-_ 236,385 5.15000 

Taylor 211,845 I3.375 co 

Truxton 396,015 23,400 00 

Virgil 407,577 21,65000 

Willet 249,718 37,97000 

Total 112,490,986 «1, 403, 127 31 

State Board of Equalization.— It is constituted 
b\' the Lieutenant-Governor, Secretarv of State, 
Comptroller, State Treasurer, Attorney-General, 
Speaker of the Assembly, State Engineer and State 
Tax Commissioners. They are charged with the 
duty of equalizing the state tax among the several 
counties of the state, and fixing the amount of 
assessment on real and personal property on which 
the state tax is levied. 



lIVHtt. I'll. 


Delos Bauder, who was proprietor of the Cort- 
land House for about twenty-seven years, was born 
in the town of Oppenheim, Fulton county, Sept. 
'8> 1835- Until 27 years of age he remained on the 
farm. In the spring of 1862 he bought a hotel at 
Brockett's Bridge (now Dolgeville) and it was 
there that a successful hotel career of thirty-three 
years began. When in his 23d year, Oct. 14. 1S57, 
he was married to Lucy Clark of Manheim, Herki- 
mer Co., who died Dec. 13, 1892, and during that 
year he worked for his father for |i 12. After that 
lie rented the farm for four years. He conducted 
the Brockett's Bridge hotel four years, going to 
Adams, Jefferson Co., in the spring of 1866, where 
he bought a hotel which he conducted two years. 
In the summers of '64 and '65 he spent eight 
months each at sea, mackeral and codfishing, to 
recuperate his healtli. While prospecting for 
anotiier location in which to go into business Mr. 
Bauder heard from Dan Baker, an old Cortland 
boy, that John Wheeler, the proprietor of the 
Cortland House, desired 
to sell out. Mr. Bauder 
reached Cortland that 
night a perfect stranger, 
with the money in his 
pocket. The next day he 
bought the hotel and re- 
turned for his family, com- 
ing back to Cortland 
about the middle of April 
and taking possession the 
28th of the month. The 
hotel was run down and 
Mr. Bauder proceeded at 
once to put it in order, 
buying f2,ooo worth of 
furniture in Syracuse and 
generally titling up the 
house iu good shape. In 
August, I S82, he began re- 
pairing the old Cortland 
House, building new on 
Groton avenue a brick 
Ijuildiug four stories 
liigh, 45 feet front and 91 1 
feet deep, and containing 
two stores, which he fur- 

nished entirely new. That year he fitted the house 
throughout with steam, the first hotel in Cortland 
to have steam heat. This work was all finished in 
the winter — early in 'S3. When that work was fin- 
ished he had then laid out f 19.000 on the house, in- 
cluding besides what has been mentioned, chande- 
liers, 1,600 yardsof carpet, new furniture, etc. That 
year, Nov. 28, the hotel was burned down entirely, 
the fire originating in the Barber block. A severe 
blow it must have been, coming so quickly after 
all of these expenditures. [For an account of the 
fire see page 105.] .^pril i, 1884, Mr. Bauder broke 
ground for the new hotel — the present Cortland 
House — and on Jan. 28, 18S5, the place was opened 
to the public for business. The construction of a 
hotel of the dimensions, and after the elaborate 
plans that were involved in this house, was a mat- 
ter of considerable interest to Cortland people as 
a house of that imposing character was in those 
days regarded as a wonder for a place the size of 
Cortland. In November, 18S9, Lyman P. Rogers 
took possession of the hotel on a lease of ten 
years, but a year and ten months later he died 
and Mr. Bauder again took charge, conducting the 
hotel down to June I, 1895, when Mr. Dorr C. 
Smith, the present landlord, assumed proprietor- 
ship of the business and Mr. Bauder retired from 
active business life. In the spring of 1890 Mr. 
Bander bought the property where he now resides. 
No. 32 Lincoln avenue, and fitted it over in first- 
class style. Mr. Bauder is a 32nd degree Mason, 
being a memberof the Consistory of Syracuse and 
of the Yiyara Mystic Shrine of I'tica. On April 
15, i8g6, he was married to Mrs. Mary E. Wood of 
Greene, N. Y. 

The State Senate, by an an amendment to the 
Constitution of 1S94, was made to consist of fifty 
members, which is entirely changed by an elec- 
tion every two (the even) years. The districts 
must consist of contiguous territory, and no county 
can be divided except when it is entitled to more 
than one senator. Under the first constitution the 
senate consisted of twenty-four members, appor- 
tioned among four districts, who were bv lot di- 
vided into four classes, so that the terms of six 
should expire each year. The census of 1793, by 
authority of a constitutional provision, enlarged 
the senate to forty-three. In 1801 the number was 
reduced to 32, which prevailed until the Constitu- 
tion of 1894 was adopted. [See List of Senators, 
1900, on page 208.] 

Borroweil I'lmto. Hl'INS OF CORTLAND HOU.SK. ISee sk., "Big Fire 'S-V I'. 105. 



The Agricultural So= 
ciety was first formed at 
a meeting held at Hop- 
kins' Hotel, March 30, 
iSiS. On Oct. I, 183S, at 
a meeting held in the 
court house to reorganize 
the society, John Miller 
was chosen president, Jo- 
seph Rej-nolds and Peter 
Walrad, vice-presidents, 
Rufus Boies, treasurer, 
and Paris Barber, secre- 
tary-. The first fair was 
held at the Eagle Tavern, 
and afterwards for a time 
at that place or at the 
court house. Finally 
grounds were secured in 
Homer, which were used 
until 1857, when the pres- 
ent grounds between the 
two villages were ob- 
tained, and the fairs have 
been held there ever 
since. The enclosed 
grounds comprise 25 
acres, and the buildings 

are built in a modern and substantial manner, A 
splendid half-mile track is the scene of many in- 
teresting trials of speed at the annual fairs. The 
grand stand was erected at an expense of $4,500. 
There are large buildings for the display of ex- 
hibits and good stabling accommodations. The 
annual fairsare very popular and largely attended. 
Twenty thousand people are said to have attended 
in 1899. F. H. Searsof Cortland is president, Geo. 
P. Squires of Marathon, vice-president, W. J. 
Greenman of Cortland, secretary, andC. F. Brown 
of Cortland, treasurer. 

First Settlers in Several Towns.— Homer, 


Amos Todd and Joseph Beebe, 1791; Cortlandville, 
John Miller, 1792; Virgil, Joseph Chaplin, 1792; 
Marathon, Dr. Japheth Hunt, 1794; Cineinnatus, 
Thaddeus Rockwell, 1793; Truxton, Samuel C. 
Benedict, 1793; Cuyler, Nathaniel Potter, Christo- 
pher Whitne}', David Morse, Benj. Brown, 1794; 
Preble, James Cravath, John Gill, 1796; Scott, Pe- 
leg Eabcock, Samuel and Asa Howard, 1799; So- 
lon, Roderick Beebe, Johnson Bingham, 1794; 
Freetown. Cyrus Sanders, 1795; Taylor, Ezra Rock- 
well, 1793; Willet, Ebenezer Crittenden, 1797; Har- 
ford, Dorastus De Wolf, 1803; Lapeer, Primus 
Grant, (colored), 1799. 


Erected by Danforth Merrick, 1829— Burned Nov. 28, 1H83. [See " Big Fire of '.S3," P. 10.5. 1 




fi\' ..^^ST^^L '^^^'^ 


^t^YT- ' 

J^Bk&i i 

Hyatt, Pholo. 


TheCortland Standard —The Cortland County 
Standard was established in June, 1S67, by Frank 
G. Kinney. It was a 4-page, 8-column paper, set 
in long primer, brevier and nonpareil type. The 
office was at first where the Garrison block now 
stands, but after a short time was moved to the 
third story of the Moore block where the Orris Hose 
rooms now are. The machinery of the office con- 
sisted of a Taylor press, turned by hand, for 
newspaper work, and one small Gordon job press. 
In May, 1872, Wesley Hooker purchased the 
paper, and also purchased and combined with it 
the Cortland Journal, under the name of the Cort- 
land Standard and Journal, putin steam power, 
and a new half medium Gordon j ob press and a con - 
siderable amount of new type and material, and 
enlarged the paper to 9 columns to the page. 
April I, 1S76, the paper was purchased by William 
H. Clark, Mr. Hooker retiring on account of ill 
health. The name of the paper was soon after 
changed to the Cortland Standard, the word 
"Journal" being dropped. Jan. i, 1879, the office 
was moved to the Mahan building on Courtstreet, 
where the first cylinder job press was put in. 
March i, 18S3, the office was again moved to its 
present quarters in the Standard building. Sept. 
10, 1SS5, the form of the paper was changed to 
eight pages, seven columns to the page, its pres- 
ent size. May 10, 1892, the Wkkklv Standard 
changed into the semi-weekly, the two papers each 
week of the same size with the former weekly 
being furnished at the same price of $2.00 a year. 

March 8, 1892, the first number of the Daily 
Evening Standard was issued by the firm of 
Clark & Blodgett, composed of William H. Clark 
and Edward D. lilodgett, which continued till the 
organization of the Cortland Standard Printing Co., 
.Aug. 14. 1S93, which is composed of I\Ir. Clark, 
president ; Mr. Blodgett, secretary and treasurer; 
and Mr. H. G. Joy, who has been for eighteen 
years the capable, efficient and popular foreman 
of the job department. The EvENiNC, Standard 
was issued first as a 4-page, 7-column paper, and 
was changed May 25, 1892, to its present form of 

8 pages, 6 columns to the page. July 12, 1S92, 
the Cortland Daily Journal was purchased and 
mergedintothe Evening Standard. In January, 
1895, the Cortland County Sentinel, published at 
McGrawville by F. J. Berggreu, was purchased, 
the office, material, machinery, etc., moved to the 
St.\nd,ard office and the publication of the paper 
continued as practically a weekly edition of The 
St.and.\rd. It was afterwards enlarged to S 
pages, 56 columns, in which form it continues to 
be published under the old name. 

The Standard office, both as a newspaper and 
jobbing establishment, is now one of the largest 
and best equipped to be found in any place of the 
size of Cortland in the I'nited States. It occupies 
6,500 square feet of ffoor space on the basement, 
first and third ffoors of the Standard building and 
gives employment to twenty-seven persons. The 
daily, semi-weekly and weekly editions of the 
paper are printed on a Cox Duplex Perfecting 
press, feeding from a roll and capable of turning 
out 5.000 complete papers, printed, folded, pasted 
and trimmed per hour. The combined average 
circulation of the three editions is now nearly 
6,000 copies. This circulation in proportion to the 
population of the county — wdiich is less than 29,- 
01x5 — is probably the largest enjoyed by any 
country newspaper in the state of New York, if 
not in the I'nited States. 

In the ST-Andard'.s job department are three 
cylinder job presses, one of them a large 37 x 52- 
inch bed, four roller, two revolution, double-ink- 
ingHubermachine, capable ofdoingthe very finest 
of book and cut work at a high rate of speed. It 
is on this press that this Souvenir was printed. 
There are, besides these presses, four Gordon job- 
bers and a very full equipment of type, material, 
etc. A lo-horse power Otto gas engine furnishes 
the power for the establishment, and both gasand 
electricity are provided for lighting. 

The daily, semi-weekly and weekly editions of 
The STAND.'iRD speak for themselves as to their 
character as newspapers. This Souvenir of Cort- 
land, printed entirely in the Standard job rooms, 
shows the kind of work whichthey are constantly 
turning out. 

Hyatt, Photo. EDWARD D. BLODGETT. 



The Ancient Order 
United Workmen was 

organized 31 years ago 
with a little band of thir- 
teen members. The or- 
ganization has grown un- 
til to-day it counts in 
round numbers its mem- 
bership at three hundred 
and ninety thousand, 
(390,000), and in that 
time the homes that have 
been protected, the mill- 
ions that have been dis- 
bursed, have been raised 
by the simple and silent 
contributions made, 
month by month, by its 
members; and in all this 
land, from the rocky 
shores of Maine to the 
golden sands of Califor- 
nia, from the everglades 
of Florida to the snows of 
British Columbia, there is 
not a member of the Or- 
der who will say to-day he 

is one penny the poorer because of the contributions 
that he has made to the protection which has been 
given to widows and orphans. Jlonth by month 
they have made their contributions, paying day by- 
day, paying simply for entertainment for a night 
and day, just what it has cost and nothing more. 
The organization has continued on in its grand 
career, meeting every emergency and standing 
to-day I after thirty-one years of existence) as it 
stood on the day of its birth, the first and fore- 
most organization for the protection of the home 
that exists in our land. The members of this or- 
ganization are bound together by solemn obliga- 

Hyatt. Photos. 

Business Office. Editorial Rooms. 


tions taken around the altar of the Order, that the 
promises made one to the other shall be kept and 
fulfilled. No better security can be given than 
the pledged honor of an honest man. The juris- 
diction of New York is only one of twenty-seven 
jurisdictions that are working to-day upon a plan 
that is based not upon sentiment, but upon cold cal- 
culation of an accomplished Actuary. Cortland 
Lodge, No. 351, is one of 440 lodges in the State 
of New York. This lodge was organized thirteen 
years ago with a membership of forty-five. Wm. 
Pearson was its first presiding officer. Of its orig- 
inal forty- five, twenty-five are still remaining, five 
of whom have passed on 
over the river, and their 
families have received the 
protection promised by 
the Order. There has 
come to these homes the 
sum of ^, which in 
each instance has been 
gratefully received. To- 
day we have 107 mem- 
bers, whose homes are 
protected by this great 
Order. The age limits of 
membership being be- 
tween i<S and 45, it can 
readily be seen that the 
A. O. U. W. is a young 
men's order, as none oth- 
er can gain membership 
therein. The present offi- 
cers of Cortland Lodge 
are: P. M. W.. Harry 
Swan; M. W., Jason P. 
Bump; Foreman, R. L. 
Davis; Overseer, Fred 
Bowker; Recorder, C. W. 
Saunders; Financier, H. 
H. Pomerov; Receiver, 
H. J. Baker;'Guide, H. C. 
Wilcox; J. W., W. W. 
Williams; O. W., Paul C. 
Nelson; D.D., W.J. Bun- 
ney; Trustees, J. H. Tur- 
ner, JI. E. Sarvav and G. 
F. Richards. The bal- 
ance of its membership is 
composed of professional, 
mercantile, manufactu- 
turers, mechanics, con- 


tractors, and in fact all classes — all those who are 
by a proper medical examiner and an intelligent 
investigating committee pronounced worthy of 
admission. Finally, among the many fraternal 
organizations which exist in this city, there is none 
more worthy of the respect and consideration of 
its citizens than the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, composed as it is of over one hundred 

angu?, 61,496; Cayuga, 64,460; Chautau(|ua, 78,748; 
Chemung, 48,810; Chenango, 37,616; Clinton, 46,- 
418; Columbia, 44,812; Cortland, 28. 289; Delaware, 
45,237; Dutchess, 78,140; Erie, 344,703: Essex. 32,- 
S47; Franklin, 40.960; Fulton, 38,504; Genesee, 33,- 
491 ; Greene, 31,666; Hamilton, 4.450; Herkimer,47,- 
340; Jefferson, 69,897; Kings, 988,077; Lewis, 30,215; 
Livingston, 36,843; Madison, 41,031; Monroe, 197.- 

Hyatt, Photos. 


members, and embracing among its number many 
of our most inlluential and respected citizens. 

Population of Counties, 1892. — [This was the 
last official State Census. The Constitution of 
1894 provides that an enumeration shall be taken 
in the months of May and June, 1905, and in the 
same months every tenth year thereafter] : Albany, 
167,526; Allegany, 49,950; Broome, 63,670; Cattar- 

053; Montgomery, 46,074; New York, 1,795.840; 
Niagara, 64,321; Oneida, 123,669; Onondaga, 151,- 
530; Ontario, 48,282; Orange, 95,500; Orleans, 30,- 
77S; Oswego, 70,730; Otsego, 50,255; Putnam, 14,- 
165; Oueens, 130,007; Rensselaer, 129,257; Rich- 
mond, 52,906; Rockland, 33 208; St. Lawrence, 86,- 
663; Saratoga, 56,645; Schenectady, 34,031; Scho- 
harie, 28,769; Schuvler, 16,791; Seneca, 26,363; 
Steuben, 80,336; Suffolk, 62,990; Sullivan, 30,529; 



Tioga, 29,597; Tompkins, 35,055; Ulster, 87,269; 
Warreu, 28,479; ^VashiIlgto^, 46,193; Wayne, 49.- 
345; Westchester, 147,830; Wyoming, 30,967; Yates, 

The Oldest Dental Office in Cortland.— Dr 

Levi R. Gleason came to Cortland in about 1850 
or '52, and opened the first dental office here, and 
this office has for the past fifty years stood at the 
head of the dental profession in this section. In 
i860 Dr. F. O. Hyatt purchased the business of 
Dr. Gleason, andsix years afterhe took Dr. George 
L. Holden as a partner under the firm name of 
Hyatt & Holden, which lasted until the death of 
Dr. Holden, in 1S77. The year following Dr. G. 
H. Smith, who had been a student in this office in 
1S71 and 1872, came to Cortland and formed a co- 
partnership with Dr. Hyatt. Ten years later. Dr. 
Hyatt retiring from business. Dr. Smith became 
the owner of the office, and has since that time 
spared no money or time to give his patients the 
best that can be had in his line. Dr. George H. 
Smith was born in McGrawville, N. Y., on July 
24, 1S52. He was married to Mary A. Bouton, Dec. 
7, 1880. They have one sou, Frank Hyatt Smith, 
eleven years of age. 

The Cortland Conservatory of Music was es- 
tablished in 1896. The enterprise was successful 
from the start, and a large uumberof students were 
registered the first year, not alone from Cortland, 
but from man\- of the surrounding towns. Now 
the institution is solidly established, and is one of 
the most flourishing schools of music in Central 
New York. The Conservatory of Music is located 
at No 9 '2 Court street. Thefoundersof the school 
were: A. E. Darbv, B. L- Bentlev, as musical di 

Hyatt, Photo. 



Charles R. Lord, Lillie E. Bunn. Cashier. Charles F. Sarson, 

Reporter. Harlem G. .Joy, Foreman. Canvasser and Collector. 

Marion L. Weatherwax, Charles H. White, 

Subscription Clerk. Bookkeeper and Collector. 

rectors, and A. Mahan, business director. The 
members of the faculty the first year were: A. E. 
Darby, teacher of Violin, Theory and Orchestra; B. 
L. Bentley, Piano, Organ and Clavier; Clara Grace 
Mc Kinstry, Voice Culture ; Marie Gundlach 
Weeks, Banjo, Mandolin and Guitar; Fred I. Gra- 
ham, Band Instruments; 
Mrs. Grace E. Hubbard, 
Elocution and Phvsical 
Culture; Mary S. Black- 
mer. German; Anna W. 
Blackmer, French and 
Italian; W. R. Luis, Pi- 
anoTuning. The second 
year George Oscar Bowen 
took charge of the Vocal 
department, and an Art 
departmeut was opened, 
with Miss Erva Roice as 
principal. Mr. Thomas 
Nichols took charge of 
the small instrument de- 
partment, in placeof Miss 
Gundlach Weeks in 189S, 
the third year, and Mr. 
Bowen purchased the in- 
terest of A. Mahan in the 
Conservatory, and has 
since that time conducted 
the business affairs, as 
well as having charge of 
the Vocal department. 
The present faculty is: A. 
E. Darby, Mus. B., Syra- 
cuse University, 1S96. Vi- 
olin, Theory, Orchestra, 
Ensemble; B. L. Bentley, 
Mus. B., Syracuse Univer- 
sity, 1897, Piano, Organ, 
Theory. Clavier; George 
Oscar Bowen, Voice, Cho- 
rus, Solfeggio; George C. 
Murphv, I3anjo, Mando- 
lin, Guitar; Fred I. Gra- 
ham, Flute, Saxophone. 
Clarionet, Band Instru- 
ments; Instructor in Elo- 
cution and Phvsical Cul- 



Hyatt, Pliotos, 

A. E. 


[See sk 

tiire, to be announced; Miss 
ern Languages; L. J. Higgins, 
emy of Fine Arts, Painting and 
Drawing. F'rom the start the 
Conservatory of Music has 
been a pronounced success, 
far beyond the fondest expec- 
tations of the founders, and 
each year has seen an increase 
in the number of students, and 
a very apparent advancement 
in the grade of work accom- 
plished by them. The influ- 
ence for good that it has had 
upon the communit}- is of in- 
estimable value. In June, 
1899, the board of trustees of 
Syracuse University passed an 
act appointing this school 
gymnasium or preparatory 
school of music to the Music 
Department of the Fine Arts 
College of the university. 
This acknowledgment of their 
esteem by advanced education 
for the work done by the Con- 
servatory is considered a high 
honor l)y the directors. At the 
close of this year's work in 
June the first graduating ex- 
ercises will take place. The 
closing concerts take place 
June 1S-19-20, and the gradu- 
ating class concert June 21. 
Mr. A. E. Darl.-y was born in 
Cortland in 1.S65. At the age 
of two years his home was re- 
moved to Homer, where he re- 
ceived his preliminary educa- 
tion, graduating from the Ho- 
mer Academy in '83. In 1886 
he entered Sj'racuse Univer- 
sity as a special student under 
the instruction of the late Dr. 
Scliultze, the founder of the 
Boston Mendelssohn Ouin- 
tetteClub. The same year Mr. 
Darby began his work in Cort- 

Mattie Briggs, Mod- 
Philadelphia Acad- 

land as violin instructor, and in 1892 he 

entered Syracuse University as a regu- 
larstudent, receiving thedegreeof Mus. 
B. from that institution in '96. In his 
Sophomore year Mr. Darby was elected 

leader of the Banjo and Mandolin Club, 
a position which he held throughout his 
course. While at Syracuse he also re- 
ceived thorougli orchestra drill under 
Prof. Conrad L. Becker and Prof. 
Kuenzlein. Since the establishment of 
the Conservatory Mr. Darby has had 
charge of a Symphony orchestra in con- 
nection with the institution, and also is 
» leader of the Opera House orchestra. 

ML^^^ ^Ii". Darby has also the classes in The- 
^nj^B ory, having received two years' instruc- 
1:^/^^^ tion under Percy Goetschius, the au- 
^^^^^^ thor of the celebrated work, "Material 
Used in Musical Composition," and four 
vears under Prof. Bearwald of Syracuse 
University. Burt Legrand Beutley, Mus. 
j B. , was born in Dryden, N. Y., Sept. 23, 

j 1868. His musical career began by 

^^^^R "picking out" little pieces on an old 
tBHIBI nielodion, and also playing marches for 
the classes in the school. At fifteen 
years of age he moved to Homer, and 
two or three years later was made or- 
ganist in the old Baptist church in that 
village, which position he held for two years, dur- 
ing which time he studied pipe organ in the Syra- 

P. Iil9. 


1. A. B. Corwin. .Tolj Printer. L'. H. Gray .Toy. Souvenir Pressman. 3. Ben.ia- 
inin E. Ross, Newspaper Prerssninn. 4. E. K. \'an \Voriner, .I<ib Printer. 5. Earl 
E. .'\fkinson. ,Iol) Printer, li. M. B. Smith. Job Printer. 7. F. A. Duiui, Adverlip- 
iiiu' Compositor. 8. F. W. Wing, .lob Printer, ii. L. B. Ritteuhouse. .lanitor. 1(J. 
Koliert I'lii'Ips, Apprentice. 11. F. .T. Doiiegan. Make-up. \2. Lena M. Rindge. 
I'roof Reader. Kt. Lizzie Haben, .Job Compositor. 14. Minnie A. I.osee. Compos- 
itor. Li. .\lice .Sheridan. Compositor. IH. 'I'essie E. Dwyer. Compositor. 17. Em- 
ma A. Moore. Compositor. IS. Anna M. Haben. Compositor. 111. Mildred Foote, 
Compositor. 20. Zora A. Fowler, Compositor, il. Katherine Garvey, Compositor. 


cuse University. With his earnings in the shop he 
paid for his musical education, occupying the 
evenings; in studying and practicing. Over ten 
years ago Mr. Bentley accepted the position of 
organist in the First Baptist church of Cortland, 
and later director of music, coming here directly 
from Homer. In 1S93 he entered the Syracuse 
University to take a complete course in music and 
kindred studies, and four years later was gradu- 
ated with honors, and received the degree of Bach- 
elor of Music. For graduation he placed the cel- 
ebrated Sonata in C minor, by Guilmant, on the 
magnificent organ in Crouse Hall. He also con- 
ducted a large ladies' chorus, who sang his grad- 
uating composition, " 'Twas On a Bank of Daisies 
Sweet." George Oscar Bowen, the principal of 
the Vocal Department and Business Director of 
the Conservatory, was born near Bingliamton, N. 
v., in 1S73. At the age of aixteen he removed to 
Binghamton and commenced the study of music. 
For five years he studied with a local teacher, Mrs. 
.\lex. Bro%vn, to whom he feels he owes much of 
his success as a singer and teacher. At seventeen 
he was soloist of the First Baptist Church Quartet 
Choir, where he remained one year, leaving to 
take a similar position in the Centenary JI. E. 
church, and after three months went to Trinity 
Memorial church ( Episcopal ). Here he remained 
for more than six years as soloist, resigning to 
take a more lucrative position at Park Presbyte- 
rian church, Syracuse. N. Y. In 1S94 Mr. Bowen 
studied under Frederick A. Bristol of New York 
city at Martha Vineyard, and in 1S95 began study 
with Dr. Jules Jordan of Providence, R. I., one of 
the most celelirated teachers of the East. He has 
lieen under Dr. Jordan's tuition each year until 
last summer, when he went to Chautauijua, N. Y., 
to study voice and teachers' training under J. 
Harry Wheeler of New York city, and sight sing- 
ing under Lyman S. Leason of Philadelphia. Be- 
sides his work in the Conservatory of Music, he is 
Musical Director of the Cortland Opera Co., Cort- 
land Choral Society, and the Chorus Choir of the 
First Methodist church in this place. 

Yager & Crandall, proprietors of the Fair store 
in the Brockway block. Homer, succeeded the 
firm of Yager & Marshall on July 4, 189S, to the 
business which was then being carried on in the 
Hakes block. South Main street. In October, 
1S95, Mr. Wm. G. Crandall, who takes full control 
of the business, came to Homer as the manager of 
Yager & Marshall's store, which at that time was 
opened up as an entire new business at the corner 
•of Main and James streets. The business was so 
well managed as to make what was originally in- 
tended as a holiday business, a permanent Homer 

Borrowed Photo. 


W. G. Crandall. Crockery Department 

branch store. Trade increased to that extent that 
more room was required and in April, 1897, the 
store was moved into the Hakes block. On 
March i, 1899, Yager & Crandall, finding that 
still more room was a necessity, and securing the 
lease of the large store in the Brockway block oc- 
cupied by them at present, moved into their new- 
quarters. This gives them the use of three floors 
which are fully stocked with all variety of goods 
that are useful for house furnishings and ladies' 
and gentlemen 'swear, including drv' goods, which 
was added after moving into the Brockway block, 
underwear and hosiery, which are amongthe lead- 
ing lines, crockery, lamps, tinware and a variety of 
other lines too numerous to mention. Mr. Cran- 
dall was born in Georgetown, Madison county, 
Jan. 2, 1876, and in May, 1S95, was graduated 
from Lowell's Business college in Binghamton, 
coming from there to Cortland and iu the fall of 
the same year entering the store of Yager & 
Marshall in that village as cashier, which position 
he held until he was seut to Homer to carry on a 
holidav' trade, which resulted, however, in locat- 
ing there permanently. Mr. Crandall is a mem- 
ber of several societies and is actively identified 
with the Homer Baptist church. 

Dr. F. O. Hyatt was born 
Sept. 14, 1829, at Otego, Ot- 
sego Co., N. Y. He was the 
son of Lewis and Electa 
Stewart Hyatt. He started 
out for himself at an early- 
age. He w-as a bright stu- 
dent and had many varied 
talents, as a musician and 
artist. He went into the 
watch and jewelry business 
at Honesdale, Pa., and a lit- 
tle later located at Towanda, 
I'a., where he studied dentis- 
try under Drs. Mcintosh and 
L. B. Hyatt. He became 
proficient in this line and 
remained at Towanda until 
lS4,S, when he removed to 
Marathon, N. Y., where he 
follow-ed his profession six 



(Photos by Harris and Butler.) 

P. I1.\I<E.^ 

years. He married Julia E. Bouton of Marathon, N. 
Y., May 17, 1S56, andin 1S58 settled in Cortland, 
where he enjoyed the best of prosperity, and still 
found time to follow his aesthetic tastes. His land- 
scapes and portrait work gained flattering recogni- 
tion from competent critics and brought remunera- 
tive returns. Besides pain ting many valuable pieces 
he found time to instruct pupils. In the fire on 
the corner of West Court and Main streets, May 
24, 1884, Dr. Hyatt lost one hundred and fifty 
choice paintings. The doctor was a great lover of 
music and spent much time in its study. He or- 
ganized, and was leader of a band, and later of an 
orchestra. In civic affairs he was alert, fearless 
and incorruptible. He served five years in the 
volunteer fire department of Cortland, a part of 
the time as its head. Of a nervous teniperment, 
he was ever active beyond his strength. They 
builttheirpleasant home at 
182 Main street in 1864. Dr. 
Hyatt died Sept. 23, 1895, at 
the age of 66 years. 

Davis, Jenkins & Hakes 
is an insurance firm com- 
posed of Lewis Davis, Har- 
ley P. Davis, Henrj' I. Jen- 
kins and Frank P. Hakes, 
who succeeded the firm of 
L. Davis& Son, Jan. i , 1894. 
They have built up a desir- 
able Ijusiness by strict lion- y 
esty and attention to busi- 
ness, and do an extended 
business, spreading out tn 
all adjoining counties. If 
you wish for an Accident, 
Life, Health, Fire, Casuali 
ty, Liability or P'idelitv 
policy, call on them. Henry 
I. Jenkins was born in St. 
Lawrence county in 1859, 
where he was engaged in 
the furniture and undertak- 
ing business until 1890, 
when he turned his atten- Butler. Photo. 

tion to life insurance, representing the Trav- 
eler's Insurance Co. of Hartford, which com- 
pany the aljove firm represents iu all its de- 
partments. Mr. Jenkins is an Odd Fellow, 
belongingto Vesta lodge. No. 255. Another 
growing feature in thebusincssis the Fidelitv 
and Surety branch. They represent the U. 
S. Fidelity and Guarantee Co. of Baltimore, 
and issue bonds of all kinds, including ad- 
ministrator, executor, and for all offices of 
trust. Lewis Davis was born at Marathon, 
Cortland Co., in 1S21. Until 1885 he wasen- 
gaged in contracting and building. He has 
been a resident of Cortland for forty years. 
Harley P. Davis was born in 1869 in Cort- 
land and hasalwayslived there. He engaged 
in the Insurance business in March, 1885, 
under the firm name of L. Davis & Son. On 
January, 1894, Henry I. Jenkins and I'rank 
P. Hakes were admitted to the firm under the 
above title. He is an Odd I'ellow, being a 
member of \'esta lodge. No. 255, and also a 
member of the Cortland fire department, of 
which he was elected chief engineer, Jan. i, 
1900. Frank P. Hakes, the junior member 
of this firm, was born at Pitcher, Chenango 
Co., N. Y., Dec. 6, 1S52. He lived there until 
Jan. I, 1894, when he removed to Cortland. 
He was engaged in the mercantile business 
twenty years at his old home. In 1883 he 
was elected supervisor of the town of Pitcher 
and re-elected ten succeeding years, and 
was supervisor when he removed from the county. 
He was chairman of the Chenango county boani 
of supervisors for two terms, being chosen chair- 
man in 1S90 and again in 1891. He is a member of 
the Masonic societies of Cortland, being the pres- 
ent Master of Cortlandville lodge. No. 470, Past 
Commander of Cortland Commandery, and Past 
High Priest of Cortland Chapter. He is also a 
member of John L. Lewis lodge, I. O. O. F. He 
is also president of the Tioughnioga club and one 
of the trustees of the Cortland Savings bank. 

Earliest Schools in Cortland County The 

first in Homer was opened in 1798. In other towns 
the earliest schools were as follows: Cincinnatus, 
1797; Marathon, 1803; Preble, 1801; Scott, 1803; 
Solon, 1804; Truxton, 1799; Taylor, iSio; Har- 
ford, 1806. 




Wickwire Brothers. — The largest and most 
prosperous manufacturing industry in Cortland 
to-day is the wire industry of Wickwire Bros., es- 
tablished in 1873 and incorporated in 1S92. The 
business was fairly commenced in 1874, on Main 
street, in the rear of the hardware store on the 
site now occupied by H. M. Kellogg. It was con- 
tinued there in connection with the hardware busi- 
ness until the spring of 1876, when the hardware 
was disposed of and the entire attention of Messrs. 
C. F. and T. H. Wickwire was given to the wire 
business alone. The industry at first included only 
the manufacture of wire cloth and wire goods, but 
in 1881 the drawing of fine wire was begun in the 
large brick building which was erected on land 
purchased of Mr. W. R. Randall, just south of the 
theu Elmira, Cortland and Northern railroad, now 
the Lehigh Valley, on Main street, and which 
forms part of the present immense plant. In 1884 
the wire-weaving and wire goods department was 
also moved down to this location and there estab- 
lished. The plant has steadily increased in size 
from the outset, until now it includesa main build- 
ing 387 feet by 45 along the L. V. railroad, and 190 

ings contain six and one-half acres of floor space. 
The lot on which the plant stands includes 
nearly nine acres. Only three acres were pur- 
chased in 1880, when the erection of the wire mill 
was begun. The works employ on an average six 
hundred hands, with a pay-roll of about $6,500 a 
week the year round. Though various kinds of 
wire-cloth are manufactured, the largest productis 
cloth suited for door and window screens, which 
is made of steel wire, either painted or galvanized. 
A special brand of wire-cloth known as "Wick- 
wire Bronze Cloth" is also manufactured, be- 
sides cloth for sieves, riddles and other wire-cloth 
goods. In wire goods, the concern manufactures 
coal sieves, corn poppers, dish covers, and other 
household specialties, all in variousstyles. Poul- 
try nettings are now one of the leading lines man- 
ufactured by the company, and, like all its other 
goods, rank as the best on the market. Wickwire 
Brothers were the first concern in the world to 
manufacture wire-cloth for window screens with 
two selvedges for all widths, also the first to man- 
ufacture wire-cloth from hard drawn steel wire. 

Borrowed Cut. 


X 45 on Main street, comprising three stories and a 
basement, and built of brick. Besides the main 
building, there is a box shop and sieve building 
45 X 80 feet, also boiler houses and engine rooms 
connected on the rear; a paint tower 32 x 60 feet, 
seven stories high; wire mill 300 x 90 feet, two sto- 
ries and basement; annealing and cleaning houses, 
consisting of two circvilar buildings, 60 feet in di- 
ameter. The cut accompanying this article show- 
ing the above described buildings includes less 
than half the present plant, and shows only those 
buildings erected down to the 3-ear 1895. During 
the last four years the company has gone into the 
manufacture of poultry uettings on an immense 
scale, and the size of the plant has been more than 
doubled, in order to provide facilities for this work, 
as well as for the increased demand for other pro- 
ducts. The various buildings now making up the 
works are so located that no one photograph could 
begin to show them all. Only a bird's- eye- view, such 
as the one of the works in 1895, from which the ac- 
companying cut is taken, could give any idea of 
the present plant, and the drawing which was be- 
ing made was not completed in time for this Sou- 
venir. Some idea of the size of the plant, how- 
ever, may be formed from the fact that the build- 

The company claims to have the best e(|uipped 
factory and largest capacity for manufacturing 
goods in its line in the United States, and proba- 
bly in the world. The machinery used in weav- 
ing, spooling, painting and finishing wire-cloth 
has all been invented by members of the company. 
During recent years the works have been running 
a considerable portion of the time day and night, 
and they are to-day the greatest factor in the pros- 
perity of Cortland. The corporate name of the 
company is "Wickwire Brothers," and the pres- 
sent officers are: C. F. Wickwire, president; T. H. 
Wickwire, secretary and treasurer; and .\. F. 
Stilson, superintendent. 

The Indians who, anterior to the settlement of 
the whites in this county, made the valleys and 
uplands their hunting grounds, are said to have 
been the Lenapes and the Mingoes. Tradition re- 
lates that the only Indian settlement within the 
bounds of the present county was that of the Le- 
napes. and was located on the Tioughuioga river 
at the mouth of Cold Brook, in the village of Ho- 
mer. It was destroyed by a baud of Mingoes. 



Cooper Bros, foundry and machine works stand 
on the site of the old Nelson Spencer paper mill 
which was erected about 1S23. The original build- 
ings — or at least one of them, stood as late as 
down to Nov. 26, 1S95, when Cooper Bros, were 
cleaned out by fire. The latter then rebuilt on a 
larger scale and to accommodate a growing in- 
dustry, so that since then their buildings have 
been as modern and substantial as those of any of 
the manufacturers in Cortland. The main build- 
ing laying north and south parallel with the course 
of the stream which furnishes the water power, 
the Tioughnioga, is So x 230 feet. It is crowned 
with a broad, sloping roof, low eaves and high 
centre, and is floored in brick. Alongside on the 
east, resting on the stream, is the power house 40 
feet square, and on the side toward the village are 
the store houses and stables. Messrs. Cooper 
have constructed ver^' pretty residences facing 
River street, directly in front of the works, and 
taken altogether they have considerably built up 
that edge of the town, a section of the village 
which is most favorable for residential or indus- 
trial development. In February, i8Sr, the Messrs. 

ness. When on the night, or morning of the con- 
flagration they made a search of the ruins, not a 
piece of anything that was connected with the 
plant that was combustible could be found. Not 
a stick large enough to kindle a bonfire. The 
patterns— a loss barely possible of being esti- 
mated — were consumed and the work of months 
and years was no longer available. But, Messrs. 
Cooper set to work and constructed new buildings. 
And in just one year to a day from the time of the 
fire they opened the gates and set the machinery 
in the new and commodious buildings in motion. 
In rebuilding, they designed single story struc- 
tures. Money and time are wasted where men 
have to carry loads up and down stairs. Thus 
they reasoned and who will dispute the proposi- 
tion? They have plenty of land and can expand 
horizontally to greater advantage than vertically. 
The buildings are well lighted and ventilated. 
They are not charred or begrimed with grease and 
smoke. They are kept bright with paint. Elec- 
tricity is used for lighting the buildings and the 
power obtained from the river runs the dynamos 
as well as the machinery. The power house is 


^ if II 



Harris. rhiHn. 


Coopers came down from the farm and bought the 
buildings and sixteen acres of ground. The old 
paper mill had long, prior to that time, become an 
oil mill. As they found it, there was a main 
structure two and a half stories, 40 x So, with a 
lean-to or addition, 24 x 32. Later a building 
30 X 60 to be used for a foundry was constructed. 
All were destroyed by the fire of that November 
morning, 1895. The real value of the property of 
course lay in the water power which the Cooper 
Bros, rely upon wholly and which rarely fails 
them. .\u old house, which had been moved up 
against the shops, the Coopers tore down. In June, 
1S81, they took possession and set three men at 
work — themselves and another. There was plenty 
of room then. They proceeded to build anything 
and everything in the line of machiner}-, or parts 
of machinery. Methods were somewhat crude as 
compared with the present time. Machinists in 
the past twenty years have made rapid strides in 
developing means of construction. But Cooper 
Bros, took hold, as men who succeed always do, 
and (dollar-upon-dollar, job-after-job), built up a 
big paying machine jobbing and repairing busi- 

equipped with four turbine wheels. During the 
time Messrs. Cooper have occupied this plant they 
have supplied 200 flour mills with parts of ma- 
chinery which were wholly constructed and many 
times designed in these shops. Anything in the 
general line of work that may be called for at a 
foundry and machine works can be done here ; 
any pattern that may be desired can be made 
upon order, even the principal involved in the de- 
sign being supplied, if desired, for Cooper Bros. 
are ingenious. Among other things they supply 
shafting, hangers, pulleys, couplings, belting, null 
supplies, milling machines or die sinkers and foot 
hammers. The Spencer paper mill is an historic 
enterprise, which is more fully described in "The 
Early Industries," on page 93. The site of the 
plant is on the west bank of the Tioughnioga 
thirty rods below the point where the east and 
west branches unite. It is plain that the water 
power, with a head from both of those streams, is 
sufficient for a considerable manufacturing plant. 
Mr. Lester Cooper was born Sept. 26, 1.S42, and 
George F. Cooper, Feb. 22, 1853. Their native 
place was Smithville, Chenango Co. In i860 the 



family, the parents with 
their two boys, moved in- 
to the town of Cortland- 
ville, settling upon a farm 
on the Truxton road 
north-east of Cortland. 
The two boys in 1877 
started a machine shop in 
a small way upon this 
farm. With them time 
and money were cheap, 
and jobbing for the farm- 
ers became lucrative. 
Four years' experience of 
that sort fitted them for 
building up the business 
they have since done. 
Lester Cooper and Libbie 
E. Hayes of Cortland were 
married .September 26, 
1S71. George F. Coojier 
and Emma J. Graham of 
Cortland were married 
February 28, 1S78. 

Butler, Plioto. 



BY C. .S. M.^RTIN. 

When Edward Noyes Westcott gave to the 
printer " Dave Harum " he made both himself 
and Cortland county famous, for no histor}' of 
this section will ever be complete unless mention 
in some manner is made of this typical dweller of 
central New York, who lived and breathed in real 
life in the person of David Hannuni of Homer, 
who is known by hundreds of people here and 
readily recognized, although Westcott tried to dis- 
guise him in his book, by picturing him as un- 
couth and unacquainted with the uses of society, 
and by giving him uncultured dialect, none of 
which characteristics were his. 

Homer, which Westcott has represented as 
Homeville, is one of the prettiest villages in the 

Mrs. P. K. Barker. Photo. [" Buxtou Hill," in "David Harum. "1 would do when grown up 

Tioughnioga Valley. With its three thousand in- 
habitants, it nestles among the high hills which 
protect it from the cold winds in winter. A land- 
scape gardener must have been engaged to lay it 
out. Its streets are wide and on either side stand 
shade trees of gigantic proportions forming an 
arch of green in the summer months when the 
foilage is in full bloom. The residents of Homer 
comprise very largely people in easy circumstances 
or those who are possessed of a great abundance. 
It is a cultured community and for years has been 
the seat of high class academic teachings. While 
many characteristics of David Hannum are recog- 
nized in " David Harum " there are those having 
lived in Homer all their lives who deny that West- 
cott has to any extent reproduced all sides of the 
man's character. 

As Homeville is supposed to represent 
Homer, so Buxtou Hill is considered to be 
a synonum of Truxton, the road to which, 
represented as " Harum's " favorite drive, 
is picturesque and pretty. 

David Hannnm's only connection with a 
bank was that of a depositor in his palmy 
days, and a seeker of favors when adversity 
overtook him. He was a horse trader and 
patent rights man, shrewd, and, so long as 
he confined himself to that line of trading, 
successful. It was when he had accumulated 
a comfortable fortune and turned to land 
speculation that he lost everything. He 
might have cleaned up his reality at a big 
margin, but he indulgedin visions of greater 
promise, and he went out with the bottom 
of the land boom. Broad acres were turned 
into hay fields, and when the New York hay 
buyers, who had contracted for the hay, 
failed, and prices went down, he was left in 
the lurch. He saw his land go, piece after 
piece, under the hammer. But he contin- 
ued to keep up appearances. He kept to 
the very last a stable filled with fine horses. 
Between horses and children he divided his 
affections. More especially had he turned 
his attention to children because of the mem - 
ory of a lost darling, a boy, the fruit of the 
second marriage, upon whom he had doted, 
who at 9 years of age, was laid in the grave. 
He had always told of great things this boy 

Dave was mar- 



Permission Harris. Photo. 

[Sold by Cortland Siieciallies Co.] 

ried twice. By his first wife, Charlotte Hitchcock, 
to whom he was married when 40 years old, there 
was born a girl, who died when she was 12 years old. 
Then, a few years later the mother died, and the 
loss of both was a deep affliction. Some years 
later when he felt the need of a helping hand, Dave 
Hannum married Lois Babcock. She was a cousin 
of the mother of Edward Noyes Westcott, the 
author of "David Harum." Then came the birth 
of the son in whom the father's affections were 
centered. The death of the wife and mother oc- 
curred after that of the sou aud Hannum's cup of 
sorrow overflowed. 

From that time his life gradually approached 
its close in the darkest shadow of worldly afflic- 
tion. The hero of that imaginary Christmas 
mortgage episode in which "David Harum" de- 
stroyed the last evidence of indebtedness which 
he held against the penniless widow and then 
begged that in lieu of that debt he should 
be permitted to retain the silver dime which her 
late husband had given him when he was a boy, 
lost none of his geniality during his severest trials. 
He watched his possessions taken from him one at 
a time without a murmur or a word of protest. He 
was forced into poverty, fighting every inch of 
ground, but retaining to the last all of the traits 
and characteristics of Dave Hannum of early life 
and above all his inherent good nature There 
were in the midst of his darkest hours many flashes 
of humor that have often since been told with a 
relish. When he was in funds nobody found it 
difficult to collect from him a debt. Toward the 
last when he had to live on the lining of an empty 
purse he now and then found an expedient to turn 
away a creditor. A |ioo bill to which he tena- 
ciously clung, was often returned unbroken by a 
dunning creditor who couldn't change it. And it 
finally became a rare joke which Dave's cronies 
hugely enjoyed. But, alas! one day that f 100 cer- 
tificate suddenly, to Dave's chagrin and amaze- 
ment, changed ownership. The change, some- 
thing like fgS in small silver coin, was poured out 
of a shot bag and counted out piece by piece — 
and one creditor went away satisfied. The laugh 
that went up from the crowd sunning themselves 

in front of the Mansion House found quick re- 
sponse in Dave's invitation to step inside anil have 

" Do others or they'll do you.anddo them fust," 
is undoubtedly one oi Dave Hannum's sayings, 
generally applied by himself to correct unfavor- 
able impressions some one may have obtained 
where Dave had got the best of a horse trade. It 
was the trait by which Dave unquestionably made 
a fortune. He began on that line when as a voung- 
ster he shook the old farm, and, leaving Deacon 
Zelates Hannum to mourn a wayward son, started 
out for an itinerant stove dealer to peddle stoves. 
When Dave returned after the load was sold it 
was with a much better team of horses than that 
with which he had started. So it may well be im- 
agined that he was not required to answer for his 
audacity in trading his employer's team. It gave 
him confidence in his aljility to trade horses at the 
same time pursuing the "commission job " in 
stoves and making it pay. Dave was just a year 
cutting eye-teeth on a commission. Then be 
turned his talents wholly to his own credit. His 
conversational powers were equal to the best in 
that section at least. Consequently patent rights, 
such as churns, hay forks — many people in Ho- 
mer are still living who regret Hannum and the 
hay fork — dish washers and innumerable etceteras, 
flashed across his orbit at times with the bril- 
liancy and number of November shooting stars. 
As an illustration: He took dinner with Will 
Smith, between Cortland and Homer, one day. 
There he saw a dish washer. The country had 
been sold with it. He looked up the owner of the 
"rights," bought him out, and then went out and, 
as he said, caught "another" sucker. He never 
barred "fakes." He was one of the original own- 
ers of the Cardiff giant, and it is said eventually 
cleared up out of it after buying out his 
partners and taking it down East. 

His natural bent was for trades and deals of 
that character, and when after acquiring a com- 
fortable fortune, as had been said, he turned his 
attention to investments in land and flunked, 

Harris. Photo. IKli FIXX, 

["Dick Larrabee," in *' David Harum,"! 



few of his best acquaintances were surprised. 
More than all other things, except the death of 
his children, which grieved Dave Hannum, was to 
see his horses go. Westcott represents " Harum's " 
factotum as Dick Larrabee, who assisted him out 
of many a scrape. It is probable that Ike Finn, 
a public cab driver of Cortland, with headquarters 
at the Messenger House, who was "chummy" 
with Dave Hannum, bestrepresents Dick Larrabee, 
if indeedhe wasnot actually selected by theauthor 
as the original of that character. Ike boasts of 
his relations with Dave Hannum, and.incidentalU-, 
speaks with pride of the time he drove Gov. Hill 
around Cortland in a four-in-hand of whites. 
Dave Hannum's last " pair" which he saved from 
the sheriff was a team of dapple greys which Ike 
drove out of the stable at midnight after Dave 
had locked up for the night and left turned loose 
out of reach of the sheriff. Dave finally sold 
the team and they were placed in a Cortland liv- 
ery stable where Dave often visited them out of the 
real love which he bore them. 

Village Pavements.— In 1896 Railroad street 
was paved with brick ; in 189S Main street with as- 
phalt, and in 1899 Tompkins and Port Watson 
streets and Lincoln avenue with asphalt. On 
March 30. 1896, an amendment to the village 
charter, kuown as the paving act, under the pro- 
visions of which the pavements were laid, became 
a law. It was drafted by Judge Stratton S. Knox 
and introduced into the legislature by F. P. Saun- 
ders, member from this county. It, in brief, pro- 
vided for assessing two-thirds of the cost of a pave- 
ment, after deducting that portion included in 
street crossings and intersections, upon the abut- 
ting property owners. The village paid the bal- 
ance and the entire cost of the pavement laid within 
the bounds of street intersections and crossings. 
The Traction Co., who occupy Main and a part of 
Railroad streets, was assessed a share of the cost 
of the pavement in those streets, as provided in the 
terms of its franchise, the amount assessed upon 
the company being credited wholly to the vil- 
lage. The authority for laying a street pavement 
rested wholly with the village trustees, except that 
none could be ordered unless asked for by a peti- 
tion signed by the owners of over one-half of the 
lineal feet of abutting property. 

The bonds issued to cover the unpaid share of 
the local assessment for all of the pavements ma- 
ture in ten years, one-tenth being payable each 
year. Series A, covering the cost of the village 



■fr.,- ■ 

Ik i I ill 

Dr. Braman Photo. 


[■'David Harum's 

Harris, flici", iilA) HOMER NATIONAL BANK. 
[SupiJOriitious Bank of "David Harum."] 

share of the Railroad street pavement, mature in 
1902 and 1903. Series A for the Main street pave- 
ment mature in several equal annual install- 
ments, viz: i907-'ii inclusive, and igis-'iS in- 
clusive. Inasmuch as the village could not at the 
same time very well take care of the same series 
issued for the cost of the pavements in Tompkins 
and Port 'Watson streets and Lincoln avenue with- 
out providing an unusual tax levy, it was decided 
to make them full term bonds, maturing in 1920, 
and thereby obtain advantage of high premiums. 
At the time of the issue of bonds for the pave- 
ments in Tompkins and Port Watson streets and 
Lincoln avenue, bids for which were opened March 
S, 1900, the total bonded indebtedness of the vil- 
lage, exclusive of that issue, was 1:133,720.51. 
The assessed valuation of the village in 1899 was 
upwards of six million dollars. 

The cost of the Railroad street brick pavement. 

which was laid from Maiii street to the main 

tracks at the crossing of the D., L. & W. R. R., 

was 120,940.10, of which the property owners' 

share was 111,295.99. The length of the 

pavement is 2,200 linear feet. 

The ;Main street asphalt pavement laid 
from near the intersection of East Main 
street to the Lehigh Valley railroad cross- 
ing, and about a mile in length, cost ;^75, 000, 
of which the property owners paid 142,751.- 
12, and the Traction Co. 110,873.33. 

The Tompkins street pavement (asphalt), 
extending from Main street to and including 
the front of the cemetery grounds, a distance 
of 2,500 linear feet, cost $28,450, the local 
property paying 117,393.36. 

The Port Watson street pavement (as- 
phalt), from Main street to the crossing of 
theD., L. & W. tracks, which is also 2,500 lin- 
ear feet, cost 125,150, of which the abutting 
property paid 115,222.77. 

The Lincoln avenue pavement (asphalt), 
cost 18,500. It extends from Main street to 
Homer avenue, 1,100 linear feet, and the 
properly owners' share was $5,552.83. 

What War Means. — The last two years 
' Res.] 41,375 men have been killed in battle. 



Harris. I*lioto. 

.1. H. TALMAIXiE. 

The Cortland Buggy Company are engaged in 
the wholesale manufacture of wagons, carriages, 
and sleighs at i6 aud iS Duane street. For the past 
nine years the business was carried on at 19 Port 
Watson street, but on Feb. 8, 1900, the place was 
burned out and the following week the shops on 
Duane street were opened for work. Twelve years 
ago the same parties .started the liusiness at Nos. 
27 and 29 Port Watson street, where it was carried 
on for three years. From the J. H. 
Tahnadge directed the affairs of the company, being 
then, as he is now, the general manager. He has 
lived in Cortland for nineteen or twenty years, and 
for five or six years prior to that time was a resi- 
dent of Marathon, having been born in Liberty, 
Sullivan Co. He first learned the trade of carriage 
painter and during the first few years he lived in 
Cortland was a contractor in different shops in the 
village. In the present business he is engaged in 
the manufacture of a general line of wagons which 
are sold to jobljers, and has a large city trade, for 
the reason that a specialty is made of the fine line 
of vehicles. 

State Senators, lOOO.— 

194] — 1st Dist. John L. Ha- 
vens; 2nd, James Norton; 
3d,ThoniasH. Cullen; 4th, 
David Floyd Davis; 5th, 
Michael J. Coffey; 6th, Wni. 
J. LaRoche; 7th, Patrick H. 
McCarren;8th, Henry Mar- 
shall; 9th, Joseph Wagner; 
loth, John Frances Ahearn; 
nth, Timothy D. Sullivan; 
I2th, Samuel'j. Foley;i3th, 
Bernard F. Martin ; 14th, 
Thomas F. Grady; 15th, N. 
A. Elsberg; i6th, Louis 
Muuzinger; 17th, Geo W. 
Plunk itt; i8th, Maurice 
Featherson; 19th, J. Ford; 
20th, Thos. F. Donnelly; 
2 1st, Richard H. Mitchell; 
22nd, Wm. J. Graney ; 23d, 
Louis F. Goodself; 24th, 
H. S. Ambler; 25th, Jacob 
Rice; 26th. W. L.Thornton; 

[See State Senate, page 

27th, HobartKrum; 28th, Rdgar T. Brackett; 29th. 
Curtis N. Douglass; 30th, Frank M. Boyce ; 31st, 
George Chahoon ; 32nd, George R. Maltby ; 33d, 
James D. F-eeter ; 34th, Henry J. Coggeshall ; 3Sth, 
Elon R. Brown ; 36th, Nevada N. Stranahan ; 37tb, 
Horace White; 38th, William E. Johnson ; 39th, 
Benj. Martin Wilcox ; 40th, Charles T.Willis ;'4ist, 
F. D. Shcruood;42nd, John Raines, 43d; Cornelius 
R. Parsons ; 44th, William W. .Armstrong; 45tb. T. 
K. F:ilsworth; 46th, I,. H. Humphrey; 47th. W. F. 
Mackey ; 48th, S. J. Ramsperger ; 49th, Geo. A. 
Davis; 50th, F. W. Higgins. 

Rev. Robert Clements of Cuba, N. Y., was on 
F^eb. 22, 1900, called to the pastorate of the Pres- 
byterian church of Cortland by a unanimous vote 
of the church and society. He has accepted the 
call and will enter upon his pastoral dutiesin Cort- 
land .April I He succeeds Rev. John Timothy 
Stone, who on March I went to Baltimore, Md., to 
accept the pastorate of the Brown Memorial Pres- 
byterian church, following Rev. Maltbie D. Bab- 
cock, D. 1)., called tothe Brick Presbyterian church 
of New York city. Mr. Clements was born in 
Schenectady, N. Y., thirty-five years ago. He was 
a graduate of Union college, at Schenectady, in 
1891, and of Auburn Theological seminary. Au- 
burn, N. Y., in 1894, where he was a classmate of 
his predecessor. Rev. Mr. Stone. Mr. Clements 
and Mr. Stone were two of the six honor men of 
the class on the commencement stage. Since 
graduation he has been the jiastor of the Presby- 
terian church in Cuba. He is unmarried. 

Union Street was laid out in 1865, according to 
Mr. H. B. Hubbard's best recollection, by Far- 
rington O. Hyatt and Orrin R. Robinson, who 
bought a strip of land lying south of the north 
line of the street and cut it up into building lots. 
All that tract was then pasture. This street was 
made four rods wide, wherein lies the beauty of 
the street. Reynolds avenue was not laid out un- 
til several years later. 

The County House, originally erected by John 
Keep with 18S acres of land, was purchased by the 
county in March, 1836, for $5,000. Subsequently 
a new structure was erected and in 1882 a building 
for the insane was constructed. 

The Population of Towns, Cortland county, in 
1810, was as follows: Homer, 2,975; Solon, 1,263; 
Virgil, 906; Cincinnatus, 1,525; Preble, 1,179; 
Truxton, 1,031. 



"Gbip'.s" Historical Soi-vknir. 

Ciii'VRiinrrED, 181W, "Grip." 




'" 'IcGRAW, N. 

Y., is a thriving industrial 
community five miles east of Cortland, 
and is the principal station on the E. 
& C. N. Y. R. R. It has many city con- 
veniences, including electric lights and an electric 
road. On account of a similarity of names the 

upon the name of the village, it still remains 
McGrawville. As the corporate limits include but 
a portion of the community, both names are used 
in this sketch as correct. Samuel McGraw, front 
whom the post-office and village take their name, 
was born in Plymouth, Vt., in 1772, and came to 
this county in iSoi, settling near Blodgett Mills. 

Holden & Tarbell, Photos. ANCIENT McGRAWVILLE. 

1. New York Central College, 186.3. 3. Main street-Flood ot 186"). «. Main street— Flood of 186:!. 
of Church Heights, 1863. .5. College Grounds from Main street, 186^3. 

4. Birdseye Vie^v 

posc-office department, April i, 1S9S, changed the 
name of this office from McGrawville to McGraw. 
For similar reasons the two railway companies, the 
United States Express Co., the AYestern Union Tel- 
egraph Co., and the Empire State Telephone Co. 
adopted the new name. The State Board of Re- 
gents changed the name of the school to The Mc- 
Graw Union School. No action having been taken 


In 1S06 he purchased a piece of land one mile in 
length, and containing 125 acres, for which he paid 
J500. This extended across Uot 79 North and South, 
and the east line was what is now South street. 
Upon his arrival here in 1S06 he built the tnrst log 
house on the site of Robert Clegg's residence, and 
in 1811 built the first frame house directly oppo- 
site. In 1S07 Jonathan Taylor bought for $109 


fiftv acres in the northeast corner of Lot 79, and 
in 1S13 the land between this and the main road, 
upon which he built a log honse, near where C. H. 
Waters now lives. In 1S09 William Hicks settled 
upon the farm now owned and occupied by his 
grandson, B. D. Hicks. In iSoi Meade Merrill, 
who was a Revolutionary soldier, settled upon Lot 
78, his militar}' tract being a mile square. He built 
a house where F. C. Welch's residence now stands, 
and in iSo6builtthe "Gambrel roof barn," which 

1822 he built the store now occupied by W. E. 
Miner, where at the time of his death, in 1S49, he 
was one of the three leading merchants in the 
county. In 1S34 Marcus, another sou of Samuel, 
built the A. J. Sweet store, with the Gilbertson 
store as a horse shed. In 1840 this was enclosed 
and P. Bacon Davis opened a hat store therein. 
In 1S35 Hiram (another son) and Ario Wilcox 
started a store where the shop of J. E. Seymour 
and Samuel Taylor is now located. It was about 
this time that Curtis L. Kinney started 
a tailor shop, and in 1S37 a general store 
where O. D. Perry is now located. In 
1843 Eli Smith opened a hardware store 
in the older portion of Dr. Hendrick's 
office building, which he later remodeled 
and in 1863 sold to Pliny W. Ayers and 
moved into the l)uilding now occupied by 
David Dodge as a residence, and which 
then stood where the handsome Shuler 
building now stands. 

It is impossible in this space to men- 
tion all the business men of the past and 
present, but at the present time the larg- 

k''^U |-1 

Harris, Photo. MARICLE i- .70HN80X 

Cxeorge H. Mariele. HoUaud t'. .lohnsoii. 

was for many years a noted landmark known all 
over the .state. While this barn was being shingled 
a total eclipse of the sun caused such darkness that 
the workmen were compelled to suspend work for 
more than two hours. Meade Merrill was a brother 
of John Merrill, who later settled on a portion of 
this tract, and father of Rensselaer Merrill. In 
1818 Harry McGraw, son of Samuel, bought some 
■goods of the Randalls in Cortland, and opened 
the first store in his father's old log cabin. In 


est dealers are Mariele & Johnson of the 
"Corner Store." This firm consists of 
George H. Mariele and Holland C.John- 
son, two young men who started in busi- 
ness in 1894, and have since built up an 
extensive trade. In 1S98 they purchased 
the building occupied by them, and now 
utilize two floors of their large double 
store, where the different departments of 
dry goods, boots and shoes, hatsand caps, 
groceries, crockery and wall paper are 
crowded to their extreme limit, and six 
salesmen are kept busy. Besides their 
store they are the proprietors of the coal 
and wood yards connected with the Cort- 
land & Homer Traction Co., and are the largest 
buyers of country produce in town. Mr. Mar- 
iele is village treasurer, member of the board of 
education, and leader of the Corset City Band. 
Mr. Johnson is treasurer of the board of educa- 
tion, and both are active Odd Fellows. 

The furniture and undertaking business, of which 
Lorenzo Parsons is proprietor, dates back to 1840, 
when James Sanderson had a cabinet shop and 
made coffins. Later Col. Alfred Green purchased 


a one-horse hearse, and was succeeded by R. B. 
Fletcher, who in 1864 sold out to R. H. Graves, from 
whose estate Mr. Parsons purchased the business 
in 1S86. Mr. Parsons is one of the leading fur- 
niture dealers and undertakers in the count)', and 
with one exception is the oldest established under- 
taker in the county. He occupies the large double 
store and basement in the Shuler building. He is 
a Republican, and has served six years as consta- 
ble and three as deputy sheriff. He has for sev- 
eral years been trustee of the Baptist church. 

In iSlo"Dea." Parke Morgan built a tannery on 
the bank of the creek where Dr. Hendrick's resi- 
dence now stands. The courseof the brook was soon 
changed to its present one and "Dea. " Asher Graves, 
who owned " Piety hill," built a tanner}' where 
G J. Staflford's store now is. This passed through 

now lives. It was in this house where about 1850 
Leander Palmer started in the jeweler's business. 
In 1836 Mr. Babcock sold his house and shop to 
Daniel A. Thompson and built the present resi- 
dence of A. P. Thompson, which he later also sold 
to Mr. Thompson. Daniel A. Thompson, who 
died in this house May 22, 1896, aged over one 
hundred years, was born in Chatham, N. Y., Feb. 
13, 1796, and learned the trade of blacksmith of 
John Merrill, who came from the same place in 18 15, 
and located on the present R. D. Brown farm, 
where, near an old well yet to be seen by the 
roadside, he built a shop. After he had finished 
his trade Mr. Thompson worked for a time with 
John Peake, who had a still near Maybury's mill, 
then settled upon the Thompson farm. Later be 
spent two years in Schuyler county and returning, 
bought the SamuelDoud farm, and in 
1836 the property of Mr. Babcock. 
In 1,838 he built a shop further south 
and erected the Empire block and 
later the shop where C. B. Gross is 
located. Dr. Hiram Brockway, who 
lived here in 1S30, and still earlier 
near the present farm of C. W. Ellis, 
is the first doctor of which a record 
can be found. While the village is 
unusually healthy, four physicians 
now have a lucrative practice in this 
and adjoining towns and the rich 
farming country for miles around. 

■% «- 

- ■ ■■•jt ;«**> *■ 


Lorenzo Parsons. 

many hands and in i860 became the property of 
H.D.Corey. It was destroyed by fire in iSSsandthe 
present building was erected by Mr. Corey. Soon 
after Harry McGraw started in the mercantile 
business he built an ashery where the Kelley 
shop is now located, and here potash and pearl- 
ash were made from wood ashes. These were 
put in barrels and drawn to Albany by teams, which 
returned with goods for the store. In 1834, 
Andrew Gross, who had previously had a cooper 
shop near Meldrim's mill, moved into the house 
where J. R. Rowe lives and worked for Mr. Mc- 
Graw. In 1835 he had a shop in the southwest 
corner of Mrs. G. R. Palmer's lot, and in 1844 
moved to the present farm of William Moore. 
The first village blacksmith was probably Avery 
D. Babcock, who had a shop where the Empire 
House now stands, and lived where Mrs. Gutchess 

The elder of these in service as well as 
years, is Dr. Henry C. Hendrick. He was born in 
Guilford, N. Y., in 1827. His ancestry on his 
father's side was from Holland, coming to Eng- 
land with William Prince of Orange. The first 
family emigrant to America was William Hen- 
drick, boru in England in 1 7 10, and settling a young 
man in Southington, Ct. Genealogy : Williams, 
William 4, Joel 3, Leontes 2, Henry C. i. His 
mother's name was Farnham. Herancestry came 
from England in 1695, settling at Ipswich, Mass. 
Generations in line, Ralph i, Ralph 2, Ralph 3, 
Nathaniel 4, Asa 5, P^liasph 6. his mother Zilpba 
7, the doctor 8. Ancestry on both sides in the 
Revolution. His great grandfather on his mother's 
side served in the "Lexington .Alarm List " in 
1775. The doctor was educated at Oxford Acad- 
emy and the Medical department of the Uni- 


Hyatt & Tooke, Photo. H. C. HENDRICK, M. D. 

versity of Michigan. He came here iu 1857 and 
has had a continuous practice since, except three 
years' service in the civil war as surgeon of the 
157th Regt. N. Y. Vol. with rank as Major and 
brevetted for meritorious services Lieut. -Col. Heis 
senior member of the Cortland County Medical so- 
ciety, a member of the State Medical and the 
American Medical associations. Several physi- 
cians have laid the foundations of success as stu- 
dents in his office. He has for a long time been 
elder in the Presbyterian church, is president of 
the U. S. Medical Examining board for pensions 
at Cortland, N. Y,, upon which he has served con- 
tinuously for sixteen years. He hasseveral times 
been post-commander in the G. A. R. of which he 
is a member, and has served as secretary of the 
Board of Education 
for sixteen years and 
eleven years as its 
president. He is a Re- 
publican in politics. 
The doctor and Mrs. 
Hendrick, who is the 
daughter of the late 
Hon. Harry McGraw', 
occupy the residence 
built by the latter in 
1S29, and which was 
entirely remodeled in 

Dr. M. R. Smith, 
who comes next in 
3'ears of practice, was 
born in Solon, N. Y., 
Jul}- 22, 1S55, and was 
educated in the dis- 
trict schools and the 
New York Central 
academy. After a 
course of study with 
Dr. H. A. Bolles ol 
Cortland and a year 
.spent in the Universi- 
ty of Pennsylvania, he 
graduated from the 
Eclectic Medical col- 
lege of New York in 

1879 and began practice in this village. This has 
been continuous since with the exception of the year 
18S9, in which year he graduated from the .Albany 
medical college. Dr. Smith has for the past seven 
years been health officer of the town of Cortland- 
ville and is serving his second term as coroner 
of Cortland county. He is a Republican and 
is Past Grand of the I. O. O. F. of which he 
is a member. He is a member of the Cort- 
land County Medical society and of the Ameri- 
can Medical association. Dr. and Mrs. Smith 
have a beautiful home on Washington street. 

Dr. Duane E. Ensign was born in Madison county 
in 1S59, and is of English descent. He was edu- 
cated in the Morrisville Union school, Cazenovia 
seminary and the Eclectic Medical Institute 
of Cincinnati, O. He has practiced here since 
1889. He is a Republican, a member of the lioard 
of education and village health officer. He is a 
member of both the State and Central Eclectic 
Medical societies, and is Past-Grand in the Odd 
Fellows, of which he is a member. He has for 
nine years been trustee of the Methodist church, 
of which Sunday-school he has been superintend- 
ent for the same time. 

Dr. Franklin H. Forshee was born in this 
village .\ugust 8, 1S66, and is the grandson of 
Isaac Forshee, one of the early pioneers, and 
who was one of the organizers of the Bap- 
tist church in 1828. Dr. Forshee received his 
education in the old academy and became a tele- 
graph operator. He studied medicine with Dr. 
Hendrick, with whom he has been associated un- 
der the firm name of Hendrick & Forshee since 
his graduation from the University of New York, 
in 1892. He is president of the Cortland County 
Medical society, and is a member of the village 
board of trustees. He is a Republican and a mem- 
ber of both the I. O. O. F. and P. of H., as well as 
a prominent member of the Presb\terian church. 

In 1S17 Lester Graves, who had settled here five 
years before, built a wagon shop where Fred D. 
Graves' residence now .stands. In theupperroom 
of this shop, which was destroyed by fire in 1S36, 
the early Presbyterians held their meetings. He 
laterbuilt a shop north of where the Corey building 
stands. In 1826 IsaacKinney startedawool-carding 




shop back of where C. F. Davenport now lives, and 
in 1.S27 married the daughter of Ezekial Lewis. 
The following year these two, Kinney and Lewis, 
built the old shop on Center street, which was de- 
molished in 1S99. In the east part of this build- 
ing the family of Mr. Lewis, who built looms, 
spinning wheels, etc., lived until 1S35, when he 
built the present residence of Jlrs. G. R. Palmer. 
Mr. Kinney, who conducted the business of card- 
ing wool and dressing "full cloth" in part of the 
building, built the house where Aaron Vedder 
lives in 1S31. The old stone mill, now owned by 
A. P. McGraw, was built in 1834 by R. G. Doud, 
Sr. Stillman Holden worked for Mr. Doud in 
1830. The first sawmill was uuilt by Samuel Mc- 
Graw on the present site of the T. P. Taylor box 
factor}-, in 1815, and in 1S20 Perry Saunders had a 
sawmill where the Meldrim mill now stands, and 
did carding and dressed cloth. In 1S2S, a post- 
office having been established here with Harry 
McGraw as postmaster, and a stage coach running 
between Cortland and Norwich, .Samuel McGraw, 
Jr. , opened a tavern where the Rogers House now 
stands in the older portion of the store now occu- 
pied by O. D. Perr\-. In 1837 he removed this to 
its present location and erected the present Rogers 
House, which he sold to Gilmore Kinney in 1S44. 
Samuel McGraw, Jr. . was an extensive cattle dealer 
and manufactured ship oars. These were of ash, 
forty feet long, and were placed on rafts, which 
were floated down the Tioughnioga and Susque- 
hanna rivers to a market on the sea coast. 

The history of the ;\IcGraw family and this 
place are closely identified. Upon the death of 
the pioneer, Samuel McGraw, who was the father of 
twelve children, in 1S35, his son Harry became the 
acknowledged head of the family, and was not only 
the leading merchant in 1818-1849, the first post- 
master in 1S27-49, and member of assembly in 
1S43, but was a leading spirit in all public matters. 
Upon his death, in 1S49, his son, Perrin H. Mc- 
Graw, became the acknowledged head of the fam- 
ih', succeeding his father as merchant and post- 
master, and being elected member of assembly in 
1S54. In 1859 he %vas elected as the first Republi- 
can senator from this county. For many years he 
and his brother, Hon. Delos McGraw, who was 




Harris, Plioto. 


Harris, Photo. M. R. SMITH, M. D. [See sk., P. 212. 

member of assembly in 1877, did the largest prod- 
uce business in this part of the state, amounting 
to more than a quarter of a million dollars annu- 
ally. No public improvement made during the 
active life of Hon. P. H. McGraw can be pointed 
to in which he was not interested. He was one of 
the founders, and during its entire existence, pres. 
ident of the New York Central academy. He was 
one of the originators and for years the president 
of the McGrawville Rural Cemetery association. 
He was the principal promoter and the first presi- 
dent of the U., C. & C. R. R., which was char- 
tered April 9, 1870, and which was completed to 
this place Sept. 18, 1S97, by N. A. Bundy, as The 
Erie & Central New York railway. Mr. McGraw 
was a leader in village, educational and church 
matters, having been el- 
der of the Presbyterian 
church for many vears. 
He was the founder of 
the industries which 
have made a rural com- 
munity into a prosper- 
ous manufacturing 
town. He died Oct. 16, 
1899, and all places of 
business were closed on 
the day of his funeral. 
Albert P. McGraw, 
the present head of 
the family, a young 
man, is president and 
treasurer of the A. P. 
McGraw Corset Co. He 
is a public spirited citi- 
zen, a staunch Repuljli- 
can and a prominent 
member of the Presbj'- 
terian church, of which 
he is a trustee, and of 
which Sunday-school he 
has been the superin- 
tendent for seventeen 
years. In 1830 there 
were but ten houses in 
the present village lim- 
its. These were: Sam- 



Hyatt, Photo. D. E. ENSIGN, M. D. LSee sk., P. :;i:;. 

uel McGraw, Sr., ou the now vacant lot west of 
George H. Maricle's residence; Samuel McGraw, 
Jr., in the hotel where the Rogers House 
stands; Harry McGraw, in Dr. Hendrick's pres- 
ent residence; Marcus McGraw, in the rear por- 
tion of the Lamont residence; Lester Graves, 
in the George Case house; Asher Graves, where 
D. L. Maine now lives; Dr. Brockwaj- and Spell- 
man Graves, in a house which then stood where 
W. P. Henry's residence now stands, and of 
which the ell of O. Cooper's residence formed a 
part; R. G. Doud, in the building now used as a 
barn by Dr. Hendrick, and which then stood 
lengthwise of the street where the Warren block 
now stands; Mrs. Rufus Graves, in the Miss King 
house, then owned by Harry Mci^raw; Jonathan 
Taylor, where C. H. Waters lives. In 1S27 Charles 
Withey lived on the L. D. Allen farm, Russell 
Cole on the C. O. Alger farm, Jerry Mott on the 
O. Bingham farm, James Boone on the W. J. Bu- 
chanan farm, Jacob Brown on the A. J. Sweet farm. 
Gen. Brockway on the Barker farm, Hiram Boone 
on the Joel Pritchard farm, Chauncey Kellogg on 
the W. L. Bean farm, and Luther Thompson on 
the Wellington farm. Johnson Bingham settled 
in the town of Solon in 1794, upon the farm 
where his grandson, Johnson G. Bingham, su- 
pervisor of that town, is now living. At that 
time there were but six families in the pres- 
ent limits of Cortland county. In 1S25 John 
Haskell lived on the William Shearer farm, and 
in 1S30 sold this to William Shearer and bought 
the Byron Phelps farm. Mr. Shearer had pre- 
viously lived upon the Fred Dunbar farm. About 
1820 Justice Boynton settled on the John Kenfield 
farm. In 1S27 Reuben Parsons built a log house 
near where J. A. Phelps lives and a sawmill near 
Wayne Palmer's residence. Later he built the 
house where Mrs. Louisa Parsons lives. Israel 
Palmer, who afterwards became the treasurer of 
the New York Central college, lived where E. L. 
Phelps now lives. Sprague Keene lived on the 
rear of J. A. Phelps' farm. Oct. 9. 1S27, Marvin 
Huntington, father of Miss A. F. Huntington, 
moved upon the C. D. Wa\ ; farm, and this same 
year William Case brought his wife and worldly 
possessions on an ox sled from Massachusetts and 
settled on the H. E. Phelps farm. About this 

time, Benjamin Phelps, whose father, Enos Phelps, 
had in iSoo located on the Frank Phelps farm 
near East Homer, bought the Myron Phelps farm. 
In 1.S36 Rensselaer Merrill built a saw mill near 
where Morton Boynton lives and opened the 
"north road." In 183S he built the residence of 
Dr. Ensign and in 1839, in which year William 
Holden worked for him. built the old red grist 
mill. Previous to this there was a grist mill near 
Maybury's mill which in 1822 was run by Eber 
Wilcox, who in 1S38 built the Myron Rowe house. 
In 1839 William Pike built the W. li. Pike house 
and Ira Baker the residence of A. H. Atkins. 
Among the early residents of South or Pine hill, 
as it was then called, were Elijah Phelps, who in 
1S25 lived on the A. R. Rowe farm, ElishaCoburn, 
Sr., a few rods east, John McGraw still further 
east, William McGraw, nearly opposite the Reakes 
farm, Zalmon Barnum near the L. Trippe farm 
house, and Isaac Forshee near the Eugene Russell 
farm. In 1S29 Walter G. Dye, a shoemaker from 
Truxton, bought twenty acres of land on Hicks 
hill and a bee was made to clear this and build a 
log house and barn for this, the first resident 
preacher. Among the old residents now living 
here are; Allen Russell, who was born on the A. 
J. Sweet farm in 1S24, whose family removed 
to the Webster Russell farm in 1826 and who 
came to this village in 1849 and built a rough 
board cabin where his present handsome residence 
now stands and where he has since lived; Stillman 
Holden, who was born in Massachusetts Feb. i, 
1810, and moved with his parents in 1822 upon the 
George Case farm, and in 1S66 to his present home 
in this village; John Haughton, who was born in 
Charleston, N. Y., April 17, i82i,andin i827came 
with his father, John Haughton, Sr. ,and settled ou 
the George Cass farm on the Solon road ; Thomas 
Rogers, who was born in Massachusetts in i8i2and 
came here April 11, 1834. He worked for .Samuel 
McGraw, Jr., for two years in a shop which he 
had just bought of a man by the name of Eaton 
and which stood where Lewis Warren's shop now 
stands. In 1836 he married a daughter of Sam- 
uel McGraw, Sr., built a shop in the bank near .A. 
L. Palmer's present residence and bought the 
original portion of G. H. Maricle's residence. In 

Harris, Photo. F. H. FOKSHRE, M. U. ISee sk., 1'. -'12. 



1844 Mr. Rogersbuilt the 
Robert Clegg house (Mr. 
Rogers died on the 9th 
da}- of March, 1900); Wni. 
Yager, who came here in 
I S37 and started a grocery 
in the Randall building, 
which had been built in 
1834 by Ira Roberts as a 
harness shop, and where 
J. B. Lamont, the father 
of ex-Secretary of War 
Daniel S. Lamont, started 
in business upon his arri- 
val in 1851 ; James A. 
Brooks, who came with 
his father, Seth 1). 
Brooks, in 1S36, and set- 
tled on the J, C. Tritch- 
ard farm, and who now 
lives in the old college 
farm house. The date of 
erection of the first school 
is uncertain, but the old 
log building which stood 
on the cornerof Dr. Hen- 
drick's present garden, 
was probably built as 
early as iSi i, and its suc- 
cessor, a frame building, 
on the corner of J. R. Rowe'syardin 1S20. Later 
a second schoolhouse was built where theentrance 
to the cemetery now is. In 1846 the two districts 
combined and built the Union school, now Grange 
hall, on Church street, where Prof. Jackson was 
the first principal. Aug. 16, 1867, it was voted to 
establish a Union free school and lease the New 
York Central academy for the academic depart- 
ment. The first board of education elected were: 
W. W. Alton, president ; H. C. Hendrick, secre- 
tary ; P. H. McGraw, J. C. Alger, E. N. Blackmer, 
H. D. Corey, Allen Russell, J. R. Holmes, C. L. 
Kinney. The first principal was Horace Stanton 
of Schenectady. Dec. I, 186S, it was voted to 
raise 52,200 to purchase the old college and to sell 
the old Union building and the South hill school- 
house. Aug. 26, 1884, it was voted to erect the 

Harris, Photu. 

Harris. PLoto. 



present handsome and modern structure in front 
of the old college building, which upon its com- 
pletion, was sold and demolished. The McGraw 
Union school is classed by the State Board of Re- 
gents as among the best. The present faculty are : 
Principal, Calvin F. Place ; Mrs. C. F. Placed Miss 
Claribel Warren, Miss Sylvia Smith, all excellent 
teachers. The present board of education are : 
W. J. Buchanan, president ; G. H. Maricle, B. H. 
Randall, W. H. Huntley, D. E. Ensign. W. P. 
Henry, the present clerk of the board, has served 
in that position for ten years. 

In 1869 the village of McGrawville was incorpo- 
rated, with Pierce Warren as president, Thomas B. 
Chaffee as trustee, and Will H. Tarble as clerk. 
The presidents since have been: 1870, O. A.Kin- 
ney; 1S71, William Lord; 1872,0. A.Kinney; 1873, 
I. V. Carr; 1874, Ransom 
Warren ; 1875, R. H. 
Graves; 1876, D. I. Brown- 
ell, Jr.; 1S77, C. D. Green- 
man ; 1878, N. L. Pierce; 
1879, William Lord; 1S80, 
J. R. Holmes; 1881, D. H. 
Stone; 1S82, R. H. Graves; 
188^, Geo. Brooks; 18S4, 
J. W. Cud worth; 1SS5, F. 
W. Perrott; 1886, Lewis 
Warren; 1887-8, Delos Mc- 
Graw; 1889-90, D. I. 
Brownell ; 1S91, G. W. 
Case; 1892-3-4. W. J. Bu- 
chanan; 1S95, N.W.Smith; 
1S96, F. C. Topping; 1S97. 
W. J. Buchanan; 1898-9, 
H. K. Alexander. The 
trustees have been elected 
as follows : 1870, Allen 
Russell. Eli Smith ; 1S71, 
John Kingman, R. H. 
Graves ; 1S72, L. C. War- 
ner, I. Y. Carr; 1873, Wm. 
Yager, Lucius McGraw, 
A. Phillips; 1S74, Wilson 
Bennett, Linus Castle; 
187,5, C. D. Peckham, Jo- 
seph Hinds; 1876, L. Cas- 
tle, W. A Carpenter; 1877, 




1. Principal C. F. Place. 2. Mrs. C. F. Place. 3. Miss Claribel Warreu 
4. Miss Sylvia Smith. [See sk., P. aib. 

A. J. Sweet, F. L. Royce; 1S7S. Lewis Warren, H. 
D.Corey; 1879, O- A. Kinney, C. L. Kinney, D. I. 
Brownell, Jr.; iSSo, F. J. Hobart, John Haughton. 
W. E. Pike; 1881, A. D. Kinnie, A. P. McGraw; 
1S82, E. A. McGraw, W. H. Huntley; 18S3, A. P. 
McGraw, C. T. Phillips; 1SS4, Charles L. Kinney, 
A. J. Sweet, R. H. Graves; 1885, E. H. Clark, N. 
W. Smith; 1886, Van Beckwith, Arza Cha- 
pin; 1S87, N. W. Smith, D. I. Brownell, 
Jr.; 1888, Elwyn C. Palmer. G. W. Case, 
H. T. Short; 1889, Lucius McGraw, H. T. 
Short; 1S90, F. C. Topping, W. Salisbury; 
1S91, L. F. Gee, W. P. Henry; 1892 W. 
J. Arner, J. R. Rowe, Samuel Doud, F. C. 
Topping; 1893, G. H. Maricle, H. C.John- 
son; 1894, Samuel Doud, F. C. Topping; 
1S95, Arza Chapiu, A. B. Rumsey ; 1896, 
M. L. Totmau, L. D. Gross; 1897, C. C. 
Hammond, O. Cooper; 189S, L. D. Gross, 
C. S. Hoag; 1899, F. H. Forshee, M. C, 
Bean. The present boardare: H. K. Al- 
exander, president; V. H. Forshee, M.C. 
Bean, A. A. Bortliwick, George R. Gard- 
ner, trustees. H. C. ChafTee is village 
clerk. A fire department was organized 
in 1S69, with R. H. Graves as chief. It 
•consistedof Excelsior Fire Co. Thiswas 
reorganized upon the completion of the 
handsome new village hall in 1894. This 
building is three stories and 40 x 60 feet 
in size. The present fire department con- 
sists of Active Fire Co., No. i, with P. 
W. Chaffee foreman; C. D. MclVraw, first 

assistant; E. D. Cross, second assist- 
ant; W. J. Buchanan, secretary and 
treasurer; B. H. Randall, financial 
secretary; and W. J. Buchanan Hose 
Co., No. I, with W. E. Miner, fore- 
man; S. K. Buell, first assistant; H. 
A. Masteu, second assistant; A. W. 
Chapin, secretary; Geo. Hoag, finan- 
cial secretary; H. C. Chaffee, treas- 
urer; E J. Humphries, C C. Ham- 
mond, George D. Pudney, trustees. 
This company was incorporated 
March 16, 1897, own their uniforms 
and hose cart, and have handsome 
rooms, including a gymnasium, on 
the first floor of the village hall. A 
post-office was established here in 
1S27, with Harry McGraw as post- 
master. Upon his death, in 1849, he 
was succeeded by the late Hon. P. H. 
McGraw, who was in turn followed 
by Leander Palmer, MosesG. Smith, 
Chas. A. Jones, Melvin C. Bingham, 
C. A.Jones (second time), and Mil- 
ford C. Bean. The present postmas- 
ter, B T. Burlingham, was the first 
Presidential appointment here, hav- 
mg been appointed by President Mc- 
Kiuley in 1897. He moved the office 
into the present commodious quar- 
ters, which were entirely remodeled 
for the purpose. In these model 
quarters he placed a new and mod- 
ern outfit of oak and bronze, built 
especially for him and in keeping 
with the growth of the place. Prior 
to Nov. 25, 1895, this office was sup- 
plied by stage from the Cortland 
office, but on that date an electric 
service was established between this 
office and Cortland of three mails 
dailv. April 9, 1898, this was super- 
sede'd by the E, & C. N. Y. R. R., 
which had been completed to Ciuciunatus. Since 
that time the service has been greatly improved, 
and now three mails are daily sent to and received 
from the D., L. & W. mail trains, besides three 
sent to and received from the Cortland post-oftice 
daily. Beside the regular train service, the elec- 
tric cars have recently been brought into service 

Burlingham. Photos. CORSET CITY BAND. 

1. A. W. Chapin, Drum Ma,ior. 2. Floyd Grant. 3. Bert Gutchess. 
■1. Bert Palmer. 5. Frank Tuffley. ti. R. B. Dibble. 7. D. M. Ham- 
mond, s. Byron Hopkins. SI. A. J. Ensign. 111. H. L. Chapin. 11. Chas. 
Sweet. 12. G. }l. Maricle, Leader. 13. E. F. Kinney. 14. Earl Healey. 
iri. Arthur McElheny. [Numbered from left to right.] 



for transferring the early 
morning mail from New 
York direct to this oiEce 
from the D., L. & W. sta- 
tion at Cortland. Mr. 
Burlingham is a notary 
public, and has for a num- 
ber of years been the ed- 
itor and manager of the 
Mc Graw departtnent of 
the Cortland Daily and 
Semi-Weekly Stand.ard 
and Cortland County 
Sentinel which have a 
branch office on the sec- 
ond floor of the post-office 
building. He is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian 
church. Assistant Post- 
master .A. W. Chapin is 
the drum major of the 
Corset City band, and is 
secretar}' of W. J. Bu- 
chanan Hose Co., of which 
both he and the postmas- 
ter are members. He is 
a member of the Baptist 
church. This was in 1849 
the seat of the New York 
Central college, the first 
school for the negro. The 
first faculty were: Rev. C. 
dent; L. H. Waters, C. 

Harris, Photo. 

P. O. Grosvenor, presi- 
L. Reason, Mrs. M. E. 
Harris and Mrs. Sophia Lathrop. Miss King had 
charge of a school for small negro children in 
rooms in the college farm house. The college 
buildings, consisting of the college, boarding hall 
and farm house, were built on a large farm divided 
by .\cademy (then College) street. Here white, 
black and red of both sexes came from all parts 
of the country, and male students were paid five 
cents and female three cents per hour for labor, 
and were charged one dollar per week for board. 
On the minutes of the College Debating society, 
under date of May 21, 1850 appears the following: 
"This was the last meeting of the society in the 
spring term, owing to the smallpox, which broke 

Harris. Photo. 



out in the college about this time, causing a dis- 
persion of a great portion of the students." The 
college opened again in September, 1S50, but never 
fully recovered. This, with lack of financial sup- 
port, together with the influence of friends of ri- 
val colleges, caused its doors to close in i860. 
This school was a famous one, and in every part 
of the country men and women who rose to na- 
tional fame could point to this college with pride 
as their alma mater. Such noted men as Wendell 
Phillips, Fred Douglass, Gerritt Smith and Hor- 
ace Greeley felt it an honor to address the stu- 
dents, and the latter gave fco to build the massive 
gates which guarded the main entrance to the col- 
lege building. After its death a private school 
was held in the building for a while, and at a pub- 
lic meeting held in the 
Baptist church Feb. 15, 
1 864, a stock company was 
formed to purchase the 
property of Gerritt Smith, 
who had become owner, 
for |5,5oo, and the New 
York Central academy 
was started with P. H. 
McGraw, president; Wil- 
son Bennett, C. L- Kin- 
ney, Chas. E. Rowe, Rev. 

0. L, Torry, Ira Watrous, 
J. B. Lamont, George L. 
Holden, Orric Bingham, 

1. D. Warner, Lucius 
Babcock, R. B. Fletcher, 
E. W. Phelps. I, Y. Carr. 
Wm. Pike, Oren King- 
man, G. W. Hicks, Rev. 
E. B. Fancher, H. Ham- 
ilton, W. W. Brown and 
Eli Smith, trustees. The 
first faculty were: Princi- 
pal, E. O.' Hovey; H. S. 
Putnam, J. D. Russell, I. 
D. Warner, Mary L. 
Steele, Miss G. G. Hall 
and Mrs. Kate M. Green- 
man. On account of the 
free school system intro- 



1 ^'lHr'^4HF 

^^^H ^'« s^^^^^^H ■ 

B^ *^s^B ^v^*^>^^^B 

^^^B^^^H^ c' i^E._Z^^^^H 

Harris. I'liolfjs. 


1. W. J. Buchanan. ~. W. E. Miner, Foreman. ;i. H. A. Masten. Second Assistant Foreman. 4. S. K. Bueil, First 
Assistant Foreman. 5. A. W. Cliapin, Secretary, tl. (t. S. Hoag. Financial Secretary. 7. H. C. Cliaffee, Treasurer, 
s. Leon Holmes. 9. E. F. Kinney. 10. F. .1. Chapin. 11. Floyd Pudney, lli. (i. D. Pudney. i;i. E. J. Humphries. 14. 
F. D. Graves. 15. F. D. Alkin.s." Hi. E. L. Chapin. 17. A. H. Bingham. Is. R. B. Dibble. 19. W. S. Kellev. M. J. C. 
Muir. 21. C. F. Place. 22. F. T. Spencer. 2:). Emmett Clegg. 24. F. L. Dunbar. 25. C. L. Beers. 2(1. A. .1. Ensign. 27 
F. B. Duntley. 28. F. L. Randall. 29. B. T. Burlingham. 30. A. H. Mudge. Jr. 



duced in this state soon afterward, the academy 
failed to be a financial success, and in 186S it was 
transferred to the Union School district. McGraw 
has fine shipping facilities. Beside the E. & C. N. 
Y. R. R., there is direct connection with the tracks 
of both the Lehigh Valley and D., L. & W. rail- 
roads at Cortland by the" C. & H. T. Co., which 
(besides fourteen trips daily between the two 
towns for passengers), runs a freight three times 
each day. 

Besides its railway facilities, the village has a 

Smith, then postmaster and tailor, in a small one- 
story building, which was the original part of 
the handsome Shuler building. As there was no 
railroad here at the time, this firm moved to Bridge- 
port, Conn., where they are now classed among 
the millionaires, and where Dr. I. D. Warner gave 
the Young Men's Christian Association of that 
city their magnificent building. Dr. L. C. War- 
ner gave $50,000 to Oberlin college. While War- 
ner Brothers started the business here it is to P. 
H. McGraw & Son (.Albert P. j and their success- 

Harris. Photos. 

1. Postmaster B. T. Burlingham. 
"Work Room. .'>. Exterior. 

. Assistant Postmaster A. W. Ciiapin. 

model livery, owned by F. G. Isaacs, where first- 
class rigs may beprocuredat alltimes. TheUniled 
States Express Co. have an office here, with Geo. 
B. Burchard as agent. E. Fancher Kinney is man- 
ager of the local office of the W. U. Telegraph Co. 
Maricle & Johnson are the managers of the office 
of the Empire State Telephone Co. A local tele- 
phone line connects the principal business places 
and residences. 

The first corset made in this part of the state was 
made here in 1S73 for Warner Bros., by Moses G. 

3. Interior View. i. A Portion of the 
[See sk.. P. x'lii. 

ors. The A. P. McGraw Corset Co., that the credit 
is due of building up the great industry which has 
given this the title of "The Corset City." Start- 
ing in 1S75 with two foot machines, they have at 
present two large model factory buildings erected 
by them, heated by steam and lighted by electric- 
ity. Thev utilize, in the manufacture of corsets, 
skirts and mackintoshes over 36,000 square feet 
of floor space, and their sales amount to about a 
quarter of a million dollars annually. Besides a 
large jobbing and retail trade, they have canvass- 



1. Kev. J. J. Cowles, Pastor of Presbyterian Church. 2. Rev. W. P. (iarrett. Pastor 
of Metliodist Church. 3. Re^-. A. Bergen Hrowe. l*astor of Baptist Church. 4. F. A. 
I'urrhas, Manager of Thomas P. Taylor Paper Bo.x Factory. ■">. H. K. Ale.xander, Pres- 
ident Village of McUrawville. ti. W. G. Purclias, Manager Central Paper Box Co. 

ers in every state in the Union, and have an in- 
creasing export trade. 

The paper box business was started here by 
The McGraw Corset Co. in iSgo, but upon the 
succession of the A. P. McGraw Corset Co. 
was disposed of. The Central Paper Box Co., 
with Walter G. Purcbas as manager, succeeding 
to the local and county trade. Re- 
stricted as they are, this firm employ in 
their factory on East Center street six- 
teen hands, and turn out about 3,000 
boxes daily. They occupy 7,000 square 
feet of floor space. In November, 1897, 
Thomas P. Taylor, a prominent manu- 
facturer of Bridgeport, Conn., and mayor 
of that city, started a paper box factory 
in the Corey building, with F. A. Pur- 
clias as manager. In the following year 
were compelled to seek larger quar 


ters and moved into their present fac- 
tory, which had Ijeen enlarged for their 
use. Here they have 15,000 square feet 
of well lighted floor space, where forty- 
five hands turn out daily 10,000 finished 
boxes for the eastern and middle states. 
Seller Bros, of Newark, N. J., have one 
of their milk stations here, which, under 
the management of James C. Muir, is 
of great benefit to the town and the 
surrounding farmers. I\Ir. Muir is also 
the manager of the Corset City base ball 
club. Of course the citizens point with 
pride to the Lamont residence, where 
Col. Daniel S. Lamont, ex-Secretary of 
War, passed his boyhood days, and 
where his mother still resides. On the 
soldiers' plot in the cemetery are four 
large mounted cannon, which were pre- 
-sented to the local G. A. R. by' the 

United States through 
Col. Lamont's influence 
while secretary of war. 

It is doubtful if any 
town of its size has three 
more prosperous church- 
es or three more able pas- 
tors. The Baptist church 
was organized in 1828 
from the Homer Baptist 
church, and the present 
edifice erected in 1830. 
This was extended and 
improved in 1867, and in 
1899 the building was 
completely renovated and 
new cathedral glass me- 
morial windows were 
placed in position. The 
pastors have been: W. G. 
Dye, 1S29-44; Wm. Holi- 
day, 1845-7; S. J. Decker, 
I 848-50, Alfred Bennett, 
I supply ) 1S5 i; L. W. 
Nichols, 1852-4; C. Darby, 
i'^55-6; Alvin Bailev,i857- 
61; J. P. Ash, 1862-4; J- 
D. Tucker, 1865-6; W. G. 
Dve, 1867-8; E. Savage, 
1869; L. P. Day, 1870-2; C. 
A. Stone, i8'73-7 ; S. N. 
Westcott, 1878-81 ; D. K. 
Smith, 1882; D. B. Grant, 
1883-6 ; W. W. Conner, 
1S87; S. H.White, 1888-9; 
J. E. Usher, 1890-2; N. S. 
Burd, 1S93-8. The present 
pastor. Rev. A. Bergen Browe, camein March, 1899. 
The Methodist church was organized in 1833 and 
erected the present edifice in 1834. This has since 
been completely renovated and in 1S9S handsome 
memorial windows of cathedral glass were placed 
in the church. The pastors have been : 1833, 
Morgan Ruger ; 1834, Reynolds; 1S35, 

BurliiiKham, Pliolo. B. H. K.\NUALL\S RESIDENCE. 


Kinney; 1836, Jesse Pomeroy ; 1837, Eben 

L- North ; 183S, Peter G. Bridgeman ; 1839, Daniel 
Fancher ; 1S40, P. G. Bridgeman; 1841, John 
Crawford; 1842, Henry Minard ; 1843, James 
Jameson ; 1844, Thomas Wire; 1845, William Cam- 
eron ; 1846-7, Charles D. Burrett ; 1848-9, William 
N. Pearne; 1850-1, Edwin G. Bush; 1852-3, Wes- 
ley H. Miller; '^[854-5, Thomas D. Wire; 1.S56, Will- 
iam N. Burr; 1.S57-8, Wesley Fox; 1S59, Charles 
T. Moss; 1860-r, Ira B. Hyde; 1862-3, David C. 
Ducher; 1864-5, Oren L. Torry; 1866-7]^ Samuel M. 
Fisk; 1S6.S-70, Warren D. Fox; 1871, Horace Har- 

that time having been held in a room over the 
wagon shop of Lester Graves. The church has, 
since its erection, been enlarged and renovated 
and stained glass windows put in position. The 
society is contemplating the erection of a new edi- 
fice during the coming year. The pastors have 
been : 1833-7, S. Smalley, Joseph R. Johnson; 
1838-9, Peleg R. Kinne; 1840-67, Ezra B. Fancher; 
1868-70, Edward H. Bates; 1S71-80, George Bay- 
less; 18S1, Charles K. Scoon ; 1882-5, John G. Blue, 
1886-8, Edwin H. Dickinson; :8S9-9i, Leslie R. 
Groves. The present pastor. Rev. J. J. Cowles, 


, T'W'-^tiry'r^- ,-vr- 

1. Hon. P. H. McGraw, Founder of tlie Works. 3. Residence of A. P. McGraw. 3. Warehouse and .Shipping De- 
partDient. 4. Factory. 5. A. P. McGraw, President and Trea.snrer. 

(Portraits by Hyatt. Factories by Harris. Residence by Burlinghani.) [See sk., P. ~'lli. 

ris; 1872-3, George C. Wood; 1S74, Richard Still- 
well; 1875-7, Anson D. Webster; 1878-80, Phineas 
H. Wiles; 1881-3, Major Z. Haskins; 1884-5, War- 
ren D. Fox; 1886-8, Anthony C. Smith; 1889-90, 
Joseph H. Zartman; 1891-5, Edward J. Brooker. 
The present pastor. Rev. W. P. Garrett, came in 
October, 1^96. The Presbyterian church was or- 
ganized March ii, 1833. at the residence of Lester 
Graves on Church street, now owned by George 
Case, with twenty-four members who came from 
the First Presbyterian church of Cortland. In 
1835 the present church edifice was erected and 
was dedicated Feb. 4, 1S36, the meetings up to 

came in Novemljer, 1S91. All three churches have 
handsome parsonages and prosperous auxiliary so- 
cieties. -"Vmong the prominent organizations are; 
the Corset City Band, who have recently pur- 
chased handsome new uniforms and of which G. 
H. Maricle is leader. 

William H. Tarble Post. 476, G. A. R, , which 
was organized April 25, 1884, with 2S charter mem- 
bers. The post now numbers 47 and meets in G. 
A. R. hall in the Warren building on Main street. 
The officers are: Commander. Mitchell Sanford; 
Senior Vice, J. R. Maybury; Junior Vice, D. B. 
Phelps; Adjutant, P. W. Chaffee; Quartermaster, 


Loomis; Pomona, Mrs. J. 
A. Phelps; Flora, Mrs. 
Chas. Humphries; L. A. 
S., Mrs. G. W. Case. 

McGrawyille Lodge, 
212, I. O. G. T., was or- 
ganized Nov. 5, i.SgS, and 
is in a flourishing condi- 
tion. They meet in G. A. 
R. hall, and the officers 
are: C. T., T. D. Goodell; 
P. C. T., E. J. Dunbar; 
\'.T., Sarah Maybury; S. 
J. T,, Mamie Maybury; 
Chaplain, J. .\. Brooks; 
Marshal, Eugene Olds; 
.Secretary, F. J. Loomis; 
Treasurer, Arthur Free- 
man; G., H. Olds; S. 
1 rancis Bean. The Past 
I liiefs are; George D. 
liailey, C. A. Hurd, Geo. 
Iloag, p;arl Dunliar, F. J. 
Loomis, T. D. Goodell. 

Star of the East, Re- 
bekah Lodge, 127, was in- 
stituted March 20, 1S91, 
and meet in Odd Fellows' 
hall. The officers are: N. 
G., Jane Totman; V. G., 
Hattie Phelps; P. G., Mary Carruthers; Secre- 
tary, JIary Sly; Financial Secretary, Belle Palmer; 
Treasurer, Mary Atkins; Chaplain, Triphena 
Chapin; Warden, Myrtle Underwood; Conductor, 
.\lthea Underwood; R. S. N. G., Blanche Coady; 
L. S. N. G., Zetteen Humphries; R. S. V. G., Ab- 
bie Jacobs; L. S. V. G., Stella Dunbar; R. A. S., 
Jessie Pritchard; L. A. S. Lillian Burditt; O. G., 
Lena Masten; I. G., Cora Maricle. 

The McGrawville Rural cemetery is one of the 
many beautiful scenes which surround this village. 
Here, amid winding paths, trees and shrubs, are 
many costly monuments; and here, on the soldiers' 
plot, stands the monument erected by the patriotic 
citizens in memory of the fallen heroes who went 
from here to fight for "God and Country." The 
lot is guarded by large mounted cannon. 

Harris. I'holo. THUS. P. TAYLOR PAPER BOX FAC.'TOKV. L^ee sk., P. 220, 

A. B Rumsey; Surgeon, W. P. Henry; Chaplain, 
H. C. Hendrick; O. of D., W. T. Burditt; O. ofG., 
Samuel Taylor. The past commanders are: N. W. 
Smith, H. E. Phelps, W. P. Henry, A. B. Rum- 
sey, P. W. Chaffee, H. C. Hendrick. 

McGrawville Lodge, 320, I. O. O. F., was insti- 
tuted May 4, 1888, and now has 117 members. 
They have elegant rooms on the third floor of the 
village hall. The present officers are: N. G., Ar- 
thur Norcott; V. G., W. L. Bean; Secretary, F. D. 
Graves; l'"inancial Secretary, W.J. Benjamin; Treas- 
urer, G. H. Maricle; Warden, C. C. Wilcox; R. S. 
N. G., Arza Chapin; L. S. N. G., C. B. Warren; R. 
S. V. G., W. E. Miner; L. S. V. G., Albert Dock- 
stater; R. S. S., C. D. Finch; L. S. S., Bvron Hop- 
kins; I. G., William Norcott; O. G., R. B. Dibble; 
Chaplain, O. Cooper; P. G., H. M. Dunbar. The 
Past Grands are: O. A. 
Kinney, Ephraim C. 
Palmer, C. B. Warren, 
Elwyn C. Palmer, John 
Haughton, W. J. Arner, 

C. M. Bean, F. J. Berg- 
gren, Arza Chapin, G. H. 
Maricle, P. W. ChaiTee, 

D. E. Ensign, A. E. Sey- 
mour, M. C. Bean, 1. J. 
Walker, C. B. Gross, A. R. 
Rowe, C. F. Davenport, 
Edward Shufelt. P. W. 
Chaffee of this lodge is 
Grand Worthy District 

McGrawville Grange, 
462, was organized Sept. 
30, 1882, and now has 
more than 2(X> memljers. 
They own their hall on 
Church street, and hold a 
successful annual fair. 
The officers are: Master, 
C. B. Hall; Overseer, W. 
O, King; Lecturer, W. L. 
Bean; Steward, Wesley 
Chrysler; Gate-keeper, J. 
H. Hill; Secretary, S. E. 
Wells; Treasurer, C. W. 
Travis; Ceres, Mrs. A. D. Harris, Photo. CENTRAL PAPER BOX CO. FACTORY. 

[See sk., P. 220. 

Burlingham and (.'liapin. Photos. 
1. Church Heights. 2. South Street. 
<i. Birdseye View, Looking Southwest. " 

.3. Birdseye View. Looliiag West. 
Elm Street. 8. Church Street. 

i. Main Street, a. Old Red firist Mill 




The village has no newspaper, but the A. P. 
McGraw Corset Co. have a job printing office in 
their factory, where three power presses are con- 
tinually running and three hands are employed. 
In the forties three papers were published here, 
the principal one being the McGrawville Express. 
In 1878 W. A. Huntington started the McGraw- 
ville Sentinei,, which was later puchased by Berg- 
gren Bros, and changed to the Cortland County 
Sentinel. It became the leading weekly paper 
in the county, and was sold to the St.\nd.\rd 
Printing Co. of the adjoining city of Cortland, who 
have since maintained a branch office here and 
publish it as the weekly edition of their daily and 
semi-weekly. The people here in this way get all 
the advantages of a daily paper, as a regular Mc- 
Graw department is maintained in all of these pub- 
lications, and no expense is spared, but telephone 
and electric cars are freely 
used for their news ser- 
vice. It was here that 
"Dan" Lamont received 
his education, and here 
he did his first newspaper 
work. The writer now 
has before him the first 
proof sheet corrected by 
the future editor of the 
Albany Arcus. It is the 
first page of Vol. i. No. 
I, of "The McGrawville 
Advertiser," Tarble ^; 
Lamont, publishers, and 
dated July 26, 1866. 

In the Express of 
Sept. 28, 1848, the firm of 
Kinney & McGraw ad- 
vertised leghorn hats for 
sale, Jas. Sanderson man- 
ufactured furniture and 
coffins in his shop on the 
Freetown road, McGraw 
& Green sold staple and 
fancy dry goods, George 
Pennoyer manufactured 
carriages at the old Les- 
ter Graves shop, M. & M. 
Webster made boots and Harris, Photo. 

shoes and run the tannery. Kinnev & 
^ Thompson also run a general store. 

Since writing the church notices, the Bap- 
tist and Jlethodist churches have been wired 
for electric lights, and as the Presbyterian 
has been so lighted for several years, all the 
churches are now lighted by electricitv. 

Of the town officers. Justice of the Peace 
.•\rthur A. Horthwick, Constable Charles Eu- 
son and Assessor W. H. Huntley reside here. 
There are three notaries public in the vil- 
lage, .\. P. McGraw, C. B. Warren and B. 
T. Burlingham. 

In reading this sketch it should be re- 
membered that until April 8, 180S, this vil- 
lage was in Onondaga county, and until 
1S29 part of the town of Homer. As there 
were no railroads in these early days, the 
pioneer settlers followed the streams, and 
lor this reason the valleys of the Tioughni- 
oga, East, Chenango andOtselic rivers were 
settled before this section in their midst. 

Many sketches of this place of undoubted 
value as history have been written. This 
rirticle has not been copied, but the data has 
been obtained by a careful study of old 
deeds, records and papers, and personal in- 
terviews with older residents, and is be- 
lieved to be as absolutely correct in every 
.\mong the prosperous organizations is the Twen- 
tieth Century club, composed of the most promi- 
nent ladies in town, and who meet at the residences 
of the members to discuss literary matters. 

In the sixties, R. Latting had a daguerreotype 
gallery here and in the eighties McGilvey & 
Thompson and Otto Wurs, respectively, had gal- 
leries here. The latter is now a leading photog- 
rapher in New York. While there is no profes- 
sional photographer here now, there are more ama- 
teurs than in any town of its size in this section. 
Some of them do fine work and have dark rooms 
and modern conveniences. Among the leading 
ones arc Rev. W. P. Garrett, H. K. Alexander, C. 
D. McGraw, L. L. Wellman, B. T. Burlingham, G. 
J. Stafford, George D. Pudney, F. D. Graves. J. P. 
White, C. D. Finch, Dr. F. H. Forshee. S. K. 
Bucll, Carl Hammond, Bruce Johnson, F. L. 

F. (i. ISA.A.('S' LIVERY. 




1. Chief Ent^ineer. H. [-*. Davis (Orris). 2. First Assistant Cliief, Daniel Reillv (Emers.ld). 'S. Second Assistant 
Chief, E. X. Sherwoorl iH. & Lj. i. .Secretary, H. Dell Hollister (Hitchcock), ."i. Treasurer. E. M. Eastman ( W. W.). 
t>. .Superintendent of Fire .\larm. .Tames F. Costello (^V. W.i. 7. Representative Board of Engineers. F. G. Christenat 
fW. Wj. 8 Representative Board of Engineers. Myron P. Crane (Orris). !t. Reiiresentative Board of Ensiineers. 1>. 
F. Waters (H. i- L.). 10. Representative Board of ?;nt,'ineers, E. Fitzgerald (Emeraldi. 11. Representative Board of 
Engineers, Stephen .S. Horton (Hitolicock). 

The Water Witch 5teamer and Hose Co. is 

the oldest company in the department, and at the 
organization of a fire department in Cortland vil- 
lage in the year 1854 was the only company organ- 
ized, which in fact constituted the entire depart- 
ment. On the 5th day of June, 1S54, the Board of 
Trustees met and appointed fifty citizens of the 
village to constitute a fire company, and on June 
14, at the Curtis House, the organization was per- 
fected by electing Edwin F. Gould, foreman; E. 
Gourley, first assistant foreman; J. C. Jarvis, sec- 
ond assistant foreman; Glen Cuyler, secretary. .\ 
committee on by-laws and uniforms was also ap- 
pointed. A long and complete set of by-laws, con- 

sisting of twenty-three articles, were duly adopted, 
and the name decided upon for the newly organ- 
ized company was the Water Witch Fire Co. At 
a meeting held on the 15th day of July, 1854, a 
new company was organized from the Water Witch 
Fire Co., which was called the Water Witch Hose 
Co., and these two companies constituted, for 
a long time, the entire fire department, and the 
two companies have so continued together under 
the name of the Water Witch Steamer & Hose Co. 
On Thursday afternoon, Nov. 16, 1854. the "Little 
Witch," a hand engine, which suggested the name 
Water Witch, together with its maker, a Mr. But- 
ton, arrived in Cortland, and was received by the 





board of trustees and firetnen amid great enthu- 
siasm and the ringing of bells. The " Witch " was 
immediately tested, and operated so successfully 
that it was unanimously agreed that it was 
indeed a veritable witch. This engine, or (as 
the boys called it) "machine," was the pride 
and admiration of the company, and they were 

Orris Hose Co. boasts of the honor of being 
founded by firemen who served in the first hose 
company organized in this village. The organ- 
izers of this company served under the name of 
Water Witch Hose until the year 187S, when they 
became incorporated under the name of "Orris 
Hose Co.", and since that time have been known 

UlltltT, I'hotos. WATKK WITl'H S. cV 11. CO., NO. 1. Lf^ee sk., P. liliS. 

1 W. H. (filbert. Foreman. 3. Harrv I'liillijiB, First Assistant Foreman. 3. Robert E. Allen, .Second Assistant 
Foreman. 4. HurdellHawkes. .5. C. E. Insjalls. 11. F. P. Mercliant. 7. C. L. V. Hicks. 8. E. E. Price. !t. F. L. Doughty. 
Ul. L. A. Aniolil. II. W. li. Potter. V2. .lames A. Smitli. Ki. C. P. Butler. U. H. E. Phelps, l.i. W. F. Harvey. IB. 
BertHalbert. IT. Edward E. Per Lee. is. E. H. Willsoa. lil. Fay Millen. 20. J. J. Chamberlin. 21. Edward Parmi- 
ter 22. Eniest .\1. Hoklen. 2:!. ('. L. Meade. 24. H. L. De C'lercii. 2.'i. C. V. Coon. 2tS. Lawrence Bristol. ' 27. E. J. 
Stillman. 28. A. . I. Barber. 2!i. B. Delavan. 30. .\. L. Smitli. 31. Dever Truman. 32. William Brown. ;):i. Harry 
Duncan. 34. Ralph Wright. 

ever ready to accept or issue challenges and try 
her powers and abilities with the hand engines 
from all the nearby towns, and almost every test 
proved her superiority. The present company 
consists of about forty members, with Mr. F. 
Christenat as the retiring foreman and Mr. W. H. 
Gilbert as the new incumbent. 

as one of the most efficient companies of the Cort- 
land fire department. Their parlors, located in the 
Moore block on Main street, are elegantly fur- 
nished and equipped, having all the essentials 
necessary for the entertainment and pleasure of 
the members and their guests. The officers for the 
year 1900 are: Foreman, A. W. Stevens; First As- 


sistant Foreman, James Farrell; Second Assistant 
Foreman, A. F. Sager; Secretary, A. J. White; 
Treasurer, Wm. Angell; Representative on Board 
of Engineers, M. P. Crane. 

Excelsior Hook & Ladder Co., No. 3, was or- 
ganized Dec. lo, 1S64. The firstotTicers were: Fore- 
man, Aaron Sager; Assistant, E. D. Mallery; Sec- 
retary, Charles W. Collins; Treasurer, W. W. Gale. 
Some time previous to this date the village had 
procured a truck and apparatus, which were looked 
after and operated by a committee appointed by 

great pride to the company. The present officers 
of the organization are as follows: President, J. W. 
Petrie; Foreman, H. L. Hartwell; First Assistant, 
.\. S. Filziuger; Second Assistant, R. E Caldwell; 
Secretary. N. F. Mather; Treasurer, H. J. Baker; 
Trustees', T. X. Leach, J. J. Glann, John H. Phelps. 

Emerald Hose Co., No. 4, was organized June 
5, 1S7S, with M. F. Cleary, foreman, and Edward Lu- 
ther, secretary, Irving H. Palmer being chief engi- 
neer. Thiscompany has won its full shareof honor 
and fame for the Cortland fire department. In 

Butler, Photos. 
1. A. Stevens, Foreman. 

. James A. Farrell, First Assistant Foreman 
man. 4. A. .T. White, Secretary, .i. WiUiain .\ngell. Treasurer, 
Sarvay. 9. G. H. Kennedy. 10. William Riley 
thur \Villian:is. 15. Charles Morris, 

[See sk., P. aai. 

3. A. F. Seager, Second Assistant Foi-e- 

William A. Wallace. 7. Dorr C. Sniitli. 8. M. E. 

U. Lawrence Dudley. VZ. X. .1. Peek. 13. ,T. M. Miller. U. Ar- 

II). Edward Ringer. IT. Charles Griffith, is. L.C. Tyler. 19. W. F. Seacord. 

20. D. J. Riley. 31. Harry Chapin. 22. John Giitchess. 2.3. H. B. Greenman. Jr. 24. Dr. Tompkins. 25. Harry Chaplin. 

the Village Fathers for that purpose. The truck 
at that time was stored in a barn belonging to W. 
R. Randall, but soon after the company was 
formed was placed in a shed built upon the north 
side of the old Fireman's Hall. The company be- 
came incorporated on the igth day of April, 1877. 
In the spring of 1894 the village purchased a new- 
and modern hook and ladder truck, and in 1S99 
bought a fine large team, both being a source of 

1878 it participated in the State Firemen's parade 
at Ithaca. As guests of the Auburn Fire depart- 
ment the Emeralds attended the State Firemen's 
parade at Auburn in 18S0, and carried off the high- 
est honors for excellence in drill. The Emeralds 
captured the State championship prize for the best 
running team the first time such prize was offered 
by the State Firemen's convention. They entered 
their running team in the contest at Buffalo, N. Y., 



for the championship of the United States and 
Canada and a prize of $300, and won the first prize 
in 43'2 seconds, distance 300 yards, with standard 
cut regulation hose. The Massachusetts gold and 
diamond badge, a trophy won at Syracuse, orna- 
ments the parlors of the Emerald Hose Co. The 

coupling full three threads, putting on pipe three 
full threads, standard cart, carrying 350 feet of 
rubber-lined linen hose, weighing i lb. to the foot, 
Cortland, N. Y., 1SS6." This company is the pos- 
sessor of the finest silver parade carriage in the 
world, and, of course, unfailingly wins the first 

Butler. I'hdtos. EXCELSIOR HOOK & LADDER CO., XO. 3. [See sk.. P. *'r. 

1. R. E. Caldwell. Foremnn. 2. E. A. Towiisend. First Assistant Foreman. 3. M. B. Filzlnger, Second Assistant 
Foreman. 4. .L W. Fetrie, President, a. N. F. Mather. Secretary, li. H. J. Baker, Treasurer. 7. Jolin H. Phelps. S. 
H. L. Hartwell. H. S. K. Jones. 10. George A. Loucks. ll.T.N.Leach. 12. P. J. Benjamin. 13. Ezra Puderbaugh. U. 
Frank B. Stockwell. 1.5. A. G. Bosivorth. Hi. 1. V. Johnson. 17. M. K. Harris. IS. O. A. Hammond. 111. B. H. Bos- 
worth. 20. Arthur A. Scud amore. 21. Verne Topping. 22. Bert Wright. 23. Fred Murray. 34. G. E. Butler. 2."). A. 
B. Filzinger. 26. J. J. Glann. 27. Henry Peek. 2S. C. H. Wilsey. 2!1. A. H. Foote. 30. Myron Tuttle. 31. Byron Tut- 
tle. 32. E. J. WarHeld. :«. Fred C. Slioals. 34. Frank Xorthrtip. 35. Charles Wright. 'M. Andrew Warwick. 

prize wherever exhibited. This company also owns 
the fine building which stands on the corner of 
Church and Railroad streets. This building rep- 
resents the pluck, push and business sagacity of 
the Emeralds. Starting without a single dollar to 
purchase even the lot on which the building 

Emerald's running teamhasheld the world's high- 
est record now for thirteen years. This record is 
in the New York Clipper of April, 1887, page 40, 
asfollows: "41V seconds, Emerald Hose Co. team, 
limited to 17 men, running 200 yards to hydrant, 
attaching hose, laying 300 feet of hose, breaking 



stands, they now owu, free from debt, the lot, 
building and all their furnishings. Among the 
races won by the Emeralds without straps or har- 
ness, but running simpU* as they would run to a 
fire, the following twelve races are given, with 
their official time: l — Quartermile, i.2oyi; 2 — 300 
yards, 52 sec; 3 — 300 j'ards, 47 sec; 4 — 300 yards, 
45 sec; 5 — 300 yards, 49^ sec; 6—300 yards, 45^2 
sec; 7 — 300 3-ards, 43^^ sec; S — 300 yards, 46 '4 
sec; 9 — 300 yards, 50 sec; 10—300 yards, 55 sec; 
II — 300 yards, 45 >^ sec; 12—300 yards, 4i.'4' sec 

which motion was carried unanimously. At a 
meeting of the village board of trustees, Sept. 12, 
iSSS, consent was given to the incorporation of 
Hitchcock Hose Co., No. 6, which act of incorpo- 
ration was recorded Sept. 21, i.SSS. From that 
time to the present the Hitchcock Co has sus- 
tained a creditable record. The original officers 
of the company were as follows: President, Chas. 
H. Drake; Vice-President, Floyd B. Hitchcock; 
Secretary. William Wood; Treasurer, F'red S. Ben- 
nett; Foreman, W. T. Linderman; First Assistant 

Butler, Photns. EMEKALD HOSE CO., XO. 4. [See View Hose House, P. aw.-sk. P. 227. 

1. EflwMi-d Dou'tl. Foreman. 2. Thomas Keriian. First Assistant Foreman. 3. Thomas Kane, Second Assistant 
Foreman. 4. M. F. Cleary, President. .">. .1. A. Ni.x, Seei-et.try. 6, Henry Corcoran, Treasurer. 7. ,1. F. Dowd. .h. M. 
^■. Lane. il. M. T. Roche. 10. B. H. JIoXifT. U. Franli Burns. 12. A. .J. Lucv. 1:5. T. .7. Murray. 14. George JleKane. 
!•">. .1. McAulitT. 16. .Tames Gaffney. 17. Emmett Cleary. 18. Thomas McAuliff. l!l. Patrick Dalton. 20. Morris Lane. 
21. Frank Kane. :22. .lames E. Dwyer. 2:!. .John Cnuch. 24. .Tohn D. Kiley. 2.5. Michael B. Burns. 2t). Wm. Meldrim. 

Hitchcock Hose Co., No. 6, was first organized 
as an independent company for the protection of 
the mammoth plant of the Hitchcock Manufac- 
turing Co., the original members being princi- 
pally employes in the shops of that company. The 
organization was effected June 8, 1S88. Within a 
week after the date of the formation, at a regular 
meeting of the bo'ird of engineers, a motion was 
made by John H. Phelps, of the Hook & Ladder 
Co., that Hitchcock Hose Co.. No. 6. become an 
active member of the Cortland fire department. 

Foreman, G. W. Schermerhorn; Second Assistant 
Foreman, A. J. McCready; Trustees, F. S. Bennett, 
F. B. Hitchcock, C. E. Reed; Representative on 
Board of Engineers, C. H. Drake. The first appa- 
ratus was kept in a small room connected with the 
Hitchcock Manufacturing Co. 's shops on the south 
side of Elm street, near the D., L. & W. tracks, 
and consisted of a two-wheel cart, drawn by a 
bay horse named " Billy," thegift to the company 
of 'Mrs. C. B Hitchcock, the Hitchcock Hose Co. 
having the honor of owning the first horse in the 




Cortland fire department. In the spring of 18S9, 
the building now occupied by the company was 
erected by the orgauization, to whom it still be- 
longs. The building is two stories in height, and 
stands on the north side of Elm street. The first 
floor is occupied by the apparatus, and at the rear 
is a stable for the use of the horse. The parlor 
and bunk rooms are on the second floor, the Hitch- 
cock Co. also ha\-ing the honor of inaugurating 
the bunker system. Late in the year 1SS9, the 
handsome hose wagon now used by the company 
was built at the expense of the village of Cort- 
land, which, with the harness and indicator, are 
the onlv portions of the entire system of the or 
ganization not owned by the company. Up to 

within three or four years past Hitchcock Hose 
Co. maintained one of the most efiicient drill 
teams in the state. Its record at conventions of 
the State Firemen's association, and the Central 
New York Volunteer Firemen's association, of 
which the Hitchcock Co. isa member, has been very 
complimentary to the eflicicncy of the team. This 
drill team has won prizes as follows: Eimira, first 
prize, 1SS9 — second prize, 1S91; Ithaca, first prize; 
Oswego, second prize. .\t Canton encampment, 
Syracuse, a Braxmar silver trumpet, valued at 
Jioo, was awarded the company for best appear- 
ing company in line. The present ofiicers of the 
company are: President. F.S.Bennett; Vice-Pres- 
ident, Charles Seaman; Secretary, H. Dell Hollis- 
ter; Treasurer, M. L. Withey; Financial Secretary, 
John Holmes; Foreman, Morris Brotherton; First 
Assistant Foreman. Charles Williamson: Second 
Assistant Foreman, Earl Cole; Trustees, S. S. Hor- 
ton. M. O'Brien. H. Dell Hollister; Representa- 
tive on Board of Engineers, \Vm. T. Lindemian. 

The Sewers. — In the spring of 1S93 the people 
of Cortland voted to expend ^70,000 for a system 
of sewers. The commissioners were C. F. Wick- 
wire, C. W. Collins, Hugh Duffey, F. H. Cobb and 
S. 8. Knox. Fred Hatch, the village clerk, served 
as clerk of the hoard. W. B. Laudrelh, the vil- 
lage engineer, made the surveys, and the commis- 
sioners laid out the system. The cost of the work. 
S5S.000, was defrayed by the issue of bonds draw- 
ing 4 per cent, interest, which were optional after 
ten years and not enforceable within twenty years. 
The system is the best that could be constructed, 
and fully answers all purposes. 

Butler, Phott.5. HITCHCOCK HOSE CO. XO. B. [See sk. P. 229. 

1. Maurice Brotherton, Foreman. 2. E. S. Cole, Second Assistant Foreman. 3. F. S. Bennett. President. 4. Eugene 
Tuttle. .5. M. O'Brien. 6. C. D. Seaman. 7. Howard Tattle. 8. John Luce. 9. S. L. Buck. W. Wallace Gardner. 11. 
Harrv Parks. 12. Fred DeMond. i:i. Charles fhorley. 14. Frank DeMond. 15. Harry Cole. lii. Ray Tanner. IT, 
E. L.'Cole. l.S .John Holmes. 19. ALtord Wright. 




In the introduction to this Souvenir, written by 
Dr. James M. Milne in October. 1S99, Cortland is 
declared to be a city in everything except name. 

While this work was being compiled the name 
was added. 

The City of Cortland was born March 16, 1900. 
the day Gov. Theodore Roosevelt signed Chapter 
160. Laws of 1900 — the city charter. 

The City of Cortland has a fairly estimated 
population of 10.000. It became a city with not a 
vacant house for rent. 

At the village charter election held March i-;. 

and seven natural channels of trade radiating 
from Cortland, the center of the state: with al- 
most three miles of completed asphalt and brick 
pavement: with sewer and light conveniences, per- 
fect water supply, uniformed policemen, five fire 
companies, trolley lines and six hotels. 

Dr. James M. Milne, who has been called the 
Father of the City Charter and G. J. Maycnmber. 
who more than any other man has supplied 
abundant activity in behalf of the charter vis- 
ited quite a number of cities and conducted a 
thorough and searching itquiry as to their expe- 
rience with their resnective charter-. There is 

Public Green. Looking North 1 Dr Braraan, Photoi. Main Street. Northeast (Fred Ford. Phoio). 

Main Street. South (Loaned bv Mrs. E. H. Knapp'. 
East HiUs from 'WaU Street 'Fred Ford. PhotO'. Main Srreei. Northwesi 'Thos. KuobeL PhotoL 

1900, the last under the old charter. 195S votes 
were cast. The usual estimate is one voter to 
five inhabitants — certainly not above that ratio. 

Among the thirty-five cities in the state of the 
third class, Cortland ranks twenty-ninth in popu- 
lation with the probabilitv of occupying the twen- 
ty-seventh position if an ofiicial census were taken 

In wealth and resources it ranks the twenty- 

This is its present numerical position. Pros- 
pectively it occupies an enviable place. Its topo- 
graphical advantages are very great, with a broad 
level and roomy territory upon which to expand 

not space here to give the result in detail of their 
vigorous and intelligent work. The fact that at 
the charter election in which the question of city 
or no city charter was made the issue the friends 
of the measure won by an overwhelming major- 
itv. after a full discussion on the platform and in 
the newspapers, proves that the labors of these 
two gentlemen met with generous approval from 
the public. 

Dr. Milne and Henry A. Dickinson then drafted 
a charter, counseled and advised by O. U. Kel- 
logg. D. W. Van Hoesen, N. L. Miller and mem- 
bers of the different departments and organiza- 
tions of the village. 



Oil Feb. 15 tbe Board of Trustees (see portraits, 
page 79), voted a resolution recommending the 
enactment of this charter by tbe legislature. 

On Feb. 16 a petition to the legislature for a 
charter was signed by all prominent manufac- 
turers except two, both of whom were in Florida, 

retary. Those who spoke in favor of the charter 
were O. U. Kellogg, 1). W. Van Hoesen, E. A. 
Alger, N. L. Miller, H. A. Dickinson and James 
M. Milne. Those who opposed a charter without 
referendum, or for other reasons, were Rev. J. L. 
Robertson, A.J. Murray, Prof. E. C. Cleaves, Dr. 

1. Dr. Braman's Residence (Dr. Bramaul. 2. Old Mill (Mrs. R. E. Wilmartli). :!. Earliest Tavern. Samson House 
(Dr. Braman). 4. Sautelle House (Windsor Hotel). .=.. Albany Street Bridge (Wilmartli). II. Baptist Church. 
7. James Street (Wilmartli). S. Mansion House (Wilmartli). fl. Calvary Episcopal Churcli (Wilmartli). 10. Homer 
from Heberd's Hill Wilmarthl. 11. Main Street from tbe (ii-een (Wilmarth), 13. Methodist Church ( Wilmarth). 13. 
Lower Dam ( Wilmarth). 14. Congrei;ational Church ( Wilmarth). 

all of the bankers except one, and most all of the 
business men. 

On Saturday evening, Feb. 24, a public meeting, 
called by the President of the village, was held at 
the Opera House. It was presided over by County 
Judge Joseph E. Eggleston, George J. Mager, sec- 

F. W. Higgins, I. H. Palmer and B. T. Wright. 
Tile meeting closed with a division of the house 
overwhelmingly favorable to the charter. 

It was eiidorsed by both the Republican and 
Democratic county and city organizations, and on 
Feb. 19 introduced in the Senate by Senator John- 



son, and in the Assembly 
by Geo. S. Sands. Both 
sides were heard by the 
Senate and Assembly- cit- 
ies committee on Feb. 27, 
and the next day the bill 
was handed down in both 
houses with a favorable 

Ou March 8 theAsseni 
bh- bill was passed in tlic 
lower house and snbsti 
tuted for the Senate bill 111 
the upper, reaching the 
Governor the next day. 
The vote in the Assembly 
was 139 ayes, o noes, and 
in the Senate 47 ayes, o 

The Governor gave a 
hearing March 16, and 
the same day signed the 
bill, havingheld the ques- 
tion open until after the 
village charter election, 
which was held Tuesday, 
March 13, and which de- 
clared by a vote of nearly 
two to one for the charter. 

On the evening of 
March 19 the village 
Board of Trustees met and organized as the Common Council of 

Mrs. WilmartJi, Photo. THE OLD ALBANY POST ROAD. 

Borrowed Cut. 


the city, and at such meeting ap- 
pointed two additional aldermen 
as required by the charter, thus 
completingthe Common Council. 

At a meeting March 22, the 
Mayor and Common Council ap- 
pointed the officers for 1900 re- 
quired in the act. 

At the date of going to press 
the following are the elective and 
appointive citv officers for 1900: 

Mayor— S. N. Holden. 

.\ld.,Ward i — Edward Yager. 

Aid., Ward 2— C. F.Thompson. 

Aid., Ward 3— A. E. Buck. 

Aid., Ward 4— E. D. Wood. 

Aid., Ward 5— William G. Mc- 

Aid., Ward 6 — Vernon Skeele. 

City Clerk— Fred Hatch. 

City Chamberlin — George J. 

City Judge— R. L. Davis. 

City .\ttorneys— Kellogg &Van 

City Physician — E. A. Didama, 
M. D. 

City Assessor — Eugene W. 

Commissioner of Charities — J. 
R. Schermerhorn. 

Board of Public Works— Strat- 
ton S. Knox, President; Ches- 
ter F. Wickwire, Hugh Duffev, 
Frank H. Cobb, Charles W. Col- 

Board of Education— F. D. 
Smith, President; C. F. Brown, 
A. W. Edgcomb, G. J. Mager, W. 
J. Greeunian, N. Jay Peck, Ed- 
ward Keator, F. P. Hakes, M. H. 

Superintendent of Schools — F. 
E. Smith, Secretarvof the Board. 

Board of Health— A. C. Wal- 
rad, President; D. C. Greenman, 
secretary; F. L. McDowell and 
Henry I. Relyea. 



Bentley, Photo. SCENE OX TIOI'GHNIOG.\-Fri) 
The Pressman on this Souvenir has shown ca- 
pability, good judi^ment and rare qualifications as 
a pressman. The best half-tone work requires 
special facilities. Mr. H. G. Joy, Jr., 23 years of 
age, has had five years' experience, one year as 
the chief pressman, but this is his first job requir- 
ing so much skill. This work he produced on a 
Huber two-revolution, four-roller, double-inking 
press, than which no better press is made for fine 
job work. It is a credit to the young man, who 
gives promise of a flattering future in the art of 
high class productions. 

Farther Lights So= 

c iety.— The Farther 
Lights society of the 
First Baptist church 
wasorganized.-^ug. 12, 
1898, by Miss Lizzie 
Hyatt of Boston, with 
a membership of four. 
Since that time it has 
steadily grown, until 
now it numbers 31 ac- 
tive members and one 
honorary member. It 
is a society for young 
ladies, and its object is 
for the support of wo- 
men and children on 
the foreign fields. The 
present oflicers are: 
President, Mrs. Jesse 
Bosworth; vice-presi- 
dent, Mrs. W. \V. Ben- 
nett; secretary, Miss 
Harriet Robinson; 
treasurer, Miss Jessa- 
mine Ellsworth. 

E r ra t a., — In the 
sketch of L. M. Loope, 
on page 131, he is rep- 
resented as a Democrat. He has always been one 
of the strongest of Prohibitionists, wath no imme- 
diate prospect of a change in his politics. 

Ishkoot Council, D. of P., was organized March 
14, 1900. The officers: Poc, Mrs. Mary Gleason; 
Winona, Mrs. Mary Summers; Prophet, .\lice 
Sheridan; Powhatlan, Ernest Summers; K. of R., 
Margaret Hayes; K. of W., Ellen Summers; C. of 
W., Ellen Woods; ist S., Anna Mellon; 2d S., 
Elizabeth O'Donnell; ist R., Tessie Dwver; 2d R., 
Mary Ready; G. of T., Miss B. Couch; G. of F., 
Maggie Garritv; ist C, Miss E. Noonan; 2d C, 
Miss L. Dillon; ist W., J. Kelly; 2d W., J. Sum- 
mers; y\ W., J. Harriott; 4th W., G. Gleason. 

M Pi.xE St. Bridge, Homer. 

Cortland Academy— Erected ISUL Demolished LSiiti. Homer Green. 18.')n. 

Homer Academy- Erected 1!<C9. Burned Jan. 17, lHn:i. Homer Academy— Erected 1803. 


[Abbreviations Indicate, viz :— b, build- 
ing ; p, portrait ; s. sketch ; v, \iew, 
ntr. interior ; r. residence. 

Where no Abljreviatiou is Used it Indi- 
cates a Sketch with Engravings on the 
Same Page if any Eng'sAcconii>any the 
Sketch. Figures indicate the page]. 

Adams, Cornelia. P145 
Adams, E Louise, pg- 
Adams, Minerva, P145 
Agr'l Society. 195 
Alexander, HK, p220 
Alger.Minnie, pS 
Allen. Albert, 142 
Allen. Harriet, pi6i 
Alley, Edward, 14S 
Ames,GH, 169 

mes,MrsGH, pi6i 
A O r W, 197 
Apgar,Mrs HJ, P145 
Argyle PI, V95 
Armitage.AW, P47 
Assembly list. 141' 
Athletic Ass'n, 107; p,bi83 
Atkinson, EE, p2oo 
Banquet of '21, 186 
Baptist church. Hirst, 5: v6— Y P S C E 7— 

Home Missions 20 — W F M C 19 — Baraca 

25 — Ladies" Aid 30— S S 14 — Farther 

Lights Society, 234 
Baptist ch. Memorial 31 — Sunday-school 

31 — Woman's P'oreign Mission 31 — 

Home Mission 31 — Farther Lights 31 — 

Phebe Helpers 31 
Bar,CortlandCo, 17H 
Barber, EL. p6o 
Barber, JS, 60 
Bardwell.Mrs Alice. PI45 
Battles, Historj', 136 
Bander, Delos, 194 
Beach, Mrs M, P145 
Beard & Peck, 66 
Beha.Jas. P156 
Benedict, Clara. P97 
Benedict, Mrs Clara, pioi 
Benjamin, PW. P75 
Benjamin, S M. 37 
Bennett,GW, P176 
Bennett. WW. 176 
Bennett. Mrs WW, P176 
Bentley,BL, 200 
Bentley.Mrs Anna, P78 
Bentley.Mary B. P97 
Bingham ^: Miller. 126: bi27 
Birdlebough, pg6 
Bishop, MariaW, p8 
Blodgett,ED. P196 
Blodgett.Mrs ED, pi6i 
Booth, Clara E, p8; 145 
Booth. Mrs WA, pi6i 
Booth. WM, pS 
Bosworth. Herbert, P1S3 
Bowen.GO. 201; p20O 
Bridges, Longest 130 
Bronson,HL, 193 
Brotherton. Morris, 9183 
Brown, AS, sr64; p64 46 183; b65 
Brown, Celia, pi6i 
Brown, CF^, s.ntri52: P152, 96 
Brown, Mrs Frankie. pi74 
Brown, WH, P174 
Buchanan. WJ Hose Co. 218 
Buck & Lane. 138 
Buell, CH. 47 
BulI.JS, ri44 

Burgess, AS, 146; b.ntr 147 
Burlingham.BT. P219 
Burns.Anna. P156. 174 
Burrows, ES, P90, S91 
Eushnell.HT, 71 
Butler, GE. 143 
ButterfieId,Mrs Nellie. P174 
Byrnes. Elizabeth, P156 
Byrnes.John F, P156 
Carding mill, 136 
Carlev.AA. pg6 
Carpenter.PT. 137 
Carriage Goods Co, 133 
Case, MA, 52 
Cately.SW. S169; pi70 
Cath ch, St Mary's, SV154; ntr 153 — Rosary 

145 — Sodality 156— Choir 155-, P156— .■\Uar 

157 — Ladies' Catholic Ben loi — C MBA 

103 — Parochial Res, V155 
Central Box Co, 220; V222 
Chambers. Mrs M A, P145 
Chapin.AW, P219 
Chaplin, H\V. pio2 
Charles St, vS2 
Chatteri^on.GT, 109 
Chenev.FJ, pS 
Church St, V48 
Cigar M Union, 27 
Clark,WH. p7, 196 
Clements, Rev Robt. 20S 
Clergy, Cortland, P94 

Clergy's Impressions — W H I'ouud 71 — J 
T Stone 75 — O A Houghton 104 — Amos 
Watkins 120 — G E T Stevenson 101 — US 
Milburn 31 — J C B Moyer44. 

Cobb & Co. 129 

Cobblestone Sch H, V63 

Cole, Mrs WR, pibi 

Cole. NettieE, P97 

Collins. MrsB. pr45 

Coligan.Katherine. P156 

Conable, LenaR, p97 

Cong ch SV.26— Y P S C E 61— Missions 
56— East Side Br 62 

Conser\-atory Music. 199 

Constantine.Mary, P156 

Contributors Souvenir. 112 

Coon Bros, 139 

Coou.EB. 139 

Coon.D, 139 

Cooper Bros, 204 

Corcoran. JH, pSo 

Cornish. WA, p8 

Cornish. MrsCWB, P145 

Correspondents, 47 

Corset City Band. 216 

Cortland Buggy C0.208 

Cortland Bus Inst, 70 

Cortland Canton. 85 

Cortland Chapter, 100 

Cortland City Charter and Officers. 231 

Cortland Commandery, 100 

Cortland County. 126 

Cortland Co. Med So, 35 

Cortland Desc. 2 

Cortland Eucmp. 84 

Cortland Krcc Towns. 176 

Cortland Histor\',3 

Cortland House (new(sbi46; (old) 195; 
ruins. VI94 

Cortland Senate Dist, 133 

Cortland Steam Lauud. 121 

Cortland Tax and Yal. 193 

Cortland in War, '61, 157 

Cortland Wagon Co, b 114: si 15; ntr,viiS-i2o 

Cortland Vill Council, P79 

Cortland Vill Presidents and Clerks, 89 

Cort'ville Lodge,F & A M, 99 

Cort'ville Organization, 113 

Cort'ville Sup, 127 

Corfville Clerks, 121 

Corwin.AB, p2oo 

County Bg, 83 

County Calendar, 16S 

Count\' Clerks. 167 

Co Clerk B'g (old)vi05, S78; (new)vio4; 583 

County Directorj'. 167 

County House. 208 

County Judges and Surr. 146 

County Seat Question, 130 

Court St, vS2, 3 

Courteous Officers. 192 

Court H and Jail. VI22 

Court H. first, 122 

Courtney. J, 107 

Courtney, TE, 107 

Court Appeals, Judges, 184 

Courts. 173 

Cowles, RevJJ, p22o 

Cramer & HoUister, sbi4o; ntr 141 

Cramer.LS. spi40 

Crandall.WG. sp20i 

Credit Where Due, 113 

Grossman, Augusta, P156 

Cudworth,JW, 43 

Currv.CM. pS 

Dakin.AW. 70 

Dana.DrHT, iSi 

Darby, AE, 200 

Davern N: Co. 157 

Davis, Eugene, s p47 

Davis.Jenkins & Hakes, 202 

Davis, RL. 193 

Dean,EO. 132 

Death Penalty, 16S 

Dental office, oldest, 199 

Democrat, 130 

Devo, IT, p7 

Didama.DrEA, 68 

Distances Around Globe, 125 

Dist Attornevs. list, 135 

D, L & W R'RSta, V25 


Door & Window Screen Co. 150 

Dougherty & Miller. 192 

Duwd. CB. P156 

Dowd. Edward, p75 

Dowd.Mar\-F. p75 

Drexler & TifFt, 1S8 

Duffey.Hugh, iiS; p7, Ii7;rii7 

Duffey, Edwin, 144 

Dunn, FA, p2oo 

Dunn,LillieE, P199 

Dwyer.Tessie, p2oo 

Earliest Industries. 93 

Earliest Landlords, 89 

Earliest Schools, 202 

Early Business Ventures, 122 

Early Lawyers. 149 

tiarly Racing, >>o 

Earlv Railroad Projects, 176 

Early Settlers, 81 

Earlv Turnpikes. 175 

E &C N Y R R Sta. V25 

Edgcomb.AW. pgo 

Edsou.DrHS, 137 

Editorial, 112 

Ellis Omn & Cab Co, 41 ; b4o 

Elm St, vS; 

Ensign. DE. 212; p2i4 

Eton Encampment, lOOF, 83 

Flpiscopal ch. Grace. s55~Vested Choir 63. 

—Young People's Society 69— St Agnes 

Guild 69 
Ettliug.AM, PS170; ri7i 
Errata, LMLoope, 234 
Fairchild,Mary Louise, P97 
Farmers' Club, 159 
Female Seminary, 121 
Filziuger.MB. 168 
Finch, Ralph, P174 
Fine Wire Drawers. 66 
Finn, Ike. p2o6 
Fire of '83. 105 
Fire of '84, 105 
Fire Department. 225-230 
First Nat Bank, s ntr 148; b ntr 1-19 
Fitzgerald. LJ. 117; rii6; p7. 116 
Fitzgerald, Maud, pioi 
Flanagan. Anne, P97 
Foote.Mildred. p2uu 
Foote.MrsLM, pi45 
Force. Marguerite, P145 
Forrest, Lulu^L p97 
Forshee,JH. 212; p2i4 
Fortnightly Club, 98; pi6i 
Fowler.Zora, p2ou 
Gale.F;ila. pS.145 
GaUisha, Fanny. pg7 
Gamell. Katheriue, P156 
Garritt,WP, p222 
tiarrity.EllaC, P97 
Garvey, Katharine, p200 
Gas Co, 179 
George, AnnaC, p97 
Gillette Skirt Co, 57 
Gladding & Brown. 121 
Goodhue, Marion, p8 
Gooding. SN, p8o 
Goodrich, Mary,pi45 
Goodyear, DrMiles. 35 
Governors. Colonial NY, 141 
Governors. NV, 153 
Graham, MrsFL, pi6i 
Grange, 62 
Grant, John, P156 
Grant st, V34 
Graves. Lewis, P183 
Graves, MabelL, P97 
Greenbush st. V71 
Greenman,WJ. p*^.6; ri5i 
Griffin.HeleuE, pS 
Groton ave, V30 
Grover Post.G A R. 48 
Grover Relief Corps, 49 
Haben.Anna, p2ou 
Habeu. Lizzie, p2()o 
Halbert, Carrie, spi27; P127.161 
Hannum, David, 205: p2o6; r207 
Harris, FL. 42 
Hayes, Maggie. pi74 
Haymaker^, S9 
Hendrick.HC, 212 
Htrudrick.Mary F, p8, 145 
Hendrick.MrsL, pi45 . 
Henry MrsF. pi45 
Higgins.FW. 33 
Higgins.Mrs Kittie, P145 
Hiuman.Miss, pi6i 
Historical Souvenir, no 
Hoflman.Anna. pi 74 
Holden,SN, 102; p79 
Holdeii & Co. 102 
Hollenbeck.MrsGP, pi6i 
Hollister Bros, no 
Homeopathic Soc, 68 
Homer Views. 231-234 
Homer ave, V34 
Homer Nai Bank, b207 
Hopkins, f;j, P46 
Hopkins, H, P183 
Hospital, 27 

Houghton. RevOA, 39; P94 
Howard, Dewitt, P46 
House of Rep, speakers, 18S 
Howe Veut Siovc Co, 1S9 
Howell, Rev Jasper, 6; P94 
Howes, SarahM, P75 
Hubbard, HB, 187 
Hubbard. Mary, pi45 
Hughes. MrsCB. P145 
Hvatt DrFO. 201 
Hyatt. EH. 63 
Hyde. Salem, p7 
Illuminating Gas, 79 
I O G T, 53 

Isaacs. KG, 219; V224 

Ishkoot Council,!) of P, 234 

Jarvis,MrsJG. pi6i 

Jayne.MrsC. pi45 

Johuson.IV. 81 

Johnsou.MrsEMH. P145 

Jolinsou,HC, p2io; r2i5 

Joues.Frank. P46 

Joy.HGjr. pjuu 

Joy.HG. P199 

Keator. Edward. 148; P96. 14S 

Kellogg, Jli. 172: ntr 173; clerksi74 

Kellogg, HM, 39; ntr 135 

Kellogg.or, p7 

Kelley, James. P1S3 

Kennedy. GeoH. P46 

Kennedy, JohnA, 1S4 

Kennedy. TE. pi7i: S172 

Kerby,RE. p47 

Kern'an, MrsD, 156 

King's Daughters. 26 

Kingsley.AB. P131 

Kirin-. Helen, P145 

Knapp.AnnaM. p97 

Knox.SS. pi5>^ 

Kremlin, Hotel 142 

Ladies' Literary Club, 32; pi45 

I, anient. r224 

Lauigan.FW. p75, 156 

Lanigan.JP. P156 

Lanigan.MrsFW. P156 

Ivanigaii, Margaret. pir)6 

Lawyers Practicing. 177 

Legislature. 13s 

Lester.GeoT. 046 

J,ester.ID, p46 

Lewis Lodge. I O O F 84 

I-ibrary Franklin Hatch, 24 

Lincoln ave. V36 

Lindernian,MrsLL. P7S 

Little York Lake, V59 

Littleton, Katharine, P156 

Littleton. Xora. P156 

Loope.LM, (correction P234I 131 

Lord.CR, pigy 

Losee.IMinnieA, p2oo 

L V R R Sta. V2.S 

Lyon, Patrick, P46 

"Maccabees. 65 

Mager.GJ. pi75.g6; sri74 

IVIaher.WF, P46 

"Main St, V2, 4. 5. 28. iii, S2, 8^, 62, 153 

ISIandeville.DoraC. p47 

Mantanye.WJ. 22; p23 

Manufacturers. 145 

Maple ave, V87 

MaricIe.FH, 136 

Maricle & Johnson. sv2io 

McCullough.LMay, P97 

McDowell. MrsFD, pi6i 

McEvov.Chas, P156 

McEvoy.TJ, pS, 47 

McGraw, 209-224 

McGraw.AP.CorsetCo, pr22i 

McGraw Post Office, 216; V2ig 

McGrawville, 215. 216 

McGraw&Osgood, 67 

McGraw, Martha. pi6i 

McGraw. MrsGW, pi6i 


McKinney&Doubleday, 54 

McLoghlin, RevUF. 154 

McLoghlin.RevJ J. iss: P94 

McNett.AW, 53 

Meade, \VG. 44 

Mead, Grace, pa?, 161 

M E ch, First. 37: V3S — Epworth league 41 
— Women's Home Mission 63 — Junior 
Epworth league 6g— Women's Foreign 
Mission loi— Sunday-school Mission 107 
— Ladies' and Pastor's Union 105 — Sun- 
day-school III 

Methodist chu. Free, 50 

M E ch, Homer ave. 22— S S Mission 30 — 
Ladies' and Pastor's Aid 3o— W F Mis- 
sions 42 — Junior league 62 — Epworth 
league 57 

Messenger House, 160; vi6i 

Messenger, MrsM.T. P145 

Milbiirn.RevUS, 3^; P94 

Militia, Old ng, 

Miller, RH. P46 

Milne. JM. 106 

Model Market, S8 

Monroe Heights, V34 

Moore, Emma, p2oo 

Moran. Agnes, P156 

Mora n, Frances, P156 

Morse. CM. p47 

Mountains.High, 134 

Mover, RevJCB, P94 

Mudge.MrsFP. P7S 

Mudge.MrsHR, pi45 

Murphy, John. P183 

Xash.MrsEA. pr45 

Nearv.DrPM. 11-^ 


Normal school. 8-^1 

"Normal schools, stale, 172 

North Main, V34 

North Church. V87 

Norton. MrsMvra. pyS 

O'Connell, Elizabeth, 156 

O'Day. Katharine, P75 

Ojjera House. iSi 

Ormsby.ErailyC, p8 

Osgood.MrsJG, pi6i 

Owegost. vS2 

Owens. Rev. 50; P94 

Palmer&Co, s b74; utr 76; clerks75 

Palmer.SL, P46 

Park St, vS? 

Parker.ED, pSo 

Parker.OlivcH, P97 

Parsons, L, 211 

Pavements, Village, 207 

Pavement. First. 78 

Peck Bros. 45 

Peck FJ, isS 

Peck.NJ. 66; p96,66 

PerLee.E, P1S3 

Perry, Clara A, pg7 

Petersen. Adolf-Dahm. 43 

Phelps. Robt, p2oo 

Photographers.Cortland, in 

Photography. Auld Lang Syne, 72 

Pierce. P"rank. P47 

Police Force, So 

Political F;quality Club, 7S 

Poor account, 162 

Population cities, 131 

Population counties, 198 

Population Cortland, no 

Population Towns iSio, 20S 

Population, Vicinity villages. 132 

Port Watson st. V32 

Postmasters.list, 93 

Postoffice staff, 46 

Pound, RevWH, 70; pg4 

Presbyterian ch,92; utr93— Mission Bands 
86-''Woman's Foreign Missions lol — Y 
Young People's Society loi — Ladies' 
Home Missions 94— Mission Library' 94 

Prospect St, vSo 

Prudential Life, 171 

Public buildings, 3 

Purvis, Robt, prT62; S163 

Purchas.F'A. p220 

Purchas,WG, p22o 

Place.CF, p2]6 

Place.MrsCF, p2i6 

Railroad st, v^s 

Railroad St Market. S8 

Randall, BH, r22o 

Rathbun,AmieA, pS 

Rebekahs, Ss 

Red Men, 86 

Reese,DrFD, p. ri63: S164 

Reese, MrsFC. P145 

Regiment, Hist 76tii. 145 

157th. 151 

" iSsth. 149 

Reynolds ave. V34 

Rickard st, vgs 

Rickard.MrsE, PM"^ 

Rigby.EB. P75 

Rindge.LM, p200 

Rittenhouse,LB, p2oo 

Rivers, Long, 125 

Robin.soii,EB, P47 

Roe,Miss, P145 

Roman Arch, V141 

Ross. BE. p200 

Royal Arcanum. 6.^^ 

Ruff.Mathew. P1S3 

Sager^Ljennings, 50; bsi 

sands, GS, 24; p23 

Sanders. CR. p47 

Santee.DrEM, .sS 

Sarson.Cf, pigg 

Sarvay.ME!. s ntr 120; pi2o, 1S3 

Sanders. FP, 177 

Saviugs Bank, 182 

Schermerhorn.Jamts, P156 

Schermerhorn,JR, rio6 

School Public. 96-101 

Schools, N Y' state, 137 

Science Club, 43 

Scientists. First ch, 53 

Seager,JohnC, 128 

Second Nat Bank, 174; bi75 

Senators, I' S, list, 150 

Settlers, First, 195 

Sewers, 230 

Sharp.AnnaM, P97 

Sheeley,Theo, p4tj 

Shepard.DE, s. p ntr 124; utr. 11125 

Sheriffs.list, 165 

Sheridan, Alice, p2uo 

Silcox.WH, p6o 

Skidmore. Miriam, 8 

Smith&Beaudry. bsiyo; ntr 191 

Smith, Dorr. 146 

Smith. MrsB, pi4S 

Smith. FD, P96 

Smith, FE, P97 

Smith, RF, 134; pi34,i83 

Smith. MrsHL,pi6i 


Smith, MR. 212; pr2.3 

Smith, HL, 175 

Smith, MB, p2oo 

Smith. Miss Sylvia, p2i6 

Soldiers' nion, V49 

Sornberger.DrJS. 69 

Sornberger,MrsKF. PI45 

Spalding, MrsDrJ, 1S6 

Sprague.AA. P79 

Squires, JS. p7 

Standard. Cortland, 196-200 

State Board of Equalization, 193 

State Bgs,Trustees, iSS 

State Canal Board, 192 

State Canvassers. 1S3 

State Commissioners, iSo 

Stale Coni's Canal Fund. 1S2 

State FIxcise Dpt. [27 

State Land Board, iSo 

State Officers. 179 

State officers' salary, 132 

State Regents, 16S 

State Senate. 194; State Senators, 208 

Stephens.F^ditha, P145 

Steveuson,RevEGT, sioo; P94 

Stevenson, Theo, i64 

Stone, RevJT, 93: P94 

Stone.LillieH, p8, 161 

Stowell&Co, 103 

Strowbridge,DrLydia. P78 

Structures, High, 132 

Suggett,JA. 7 

Sullivan. Josie. pisf> 

Tarbel Post.WH, G A R, 221 

Taylor,BF. 178 

Taylor.TP. 220: V222 

Temple. Eva. p6o 

The National Bank, bsi58; ntri59 

Thompson, CF, p-q 

Tiffl. Clarence. 167' 

Tioughnioga Club. 108; bi67 

Tioughnioga. Navigable, 73 

Tioughnioga River, V56 

Tompkins st, V72 

Townsend, Rosabella, 97 

Truxtou, On the Road, V205 

Turner.Elizabeth, pi6i, 97 

Turner, J H. p46 

Turner.Edith. pi6i 

Turner, MrsSDarby, 73 

Twiss.MrsJF, pi45 

Tyler&Smith, sbi34; ntr 135 

U A M. 52 

Union st, vg5; S2o8 

Universalist ch, S28; V29 — Ladies' Aid. 

VanBergen.Man'E, P97 

VauBrucklin.CE. 180 

VanGurdeu.MaryC. p97 

VanHoesen.ElIaM, pg7 

VanHoeseu.:MrsLG, PI45 

VanHoesen.DW, 7205 

Van Wormer.EF^, p2oo 

Vernooy.DrCD, 165 

Vesta Lodge I O O F. S3 

Wolcott.WC, P75 

Wanace,AdaJ. py7 

Wallace, AD, sbiyi; P183 

Wallace Block, 54 

Wallace, DF, rig.s 

Walrad,MrsGC, pi4S 

Walrad.CP. 182 

Walsh, James. P156 

Walsh, Kitty, pi5b 

Walsh. Wni. P156 

Walsh, Mrs, pi6i 

AValter.OW, 156 

Ward, FA. p47 

Warren. Tauner&Co, s ntr 166; bi67 

Warren, MissC. p2i6 

Water, size of large Bodies, 128 

Water Works, s ntr 179; bi-fg; V77 

Watkins.Rev Amos. S123; pg4 

Watrous,MrsMM, P145 

W C T U, 67 

AVeathervvax,MarionL. pig9 

Webb.BL. 182 

Weber. John, 184 

Weld.NinaL. 75 

White.AB. p75 

White. AsaJ, 47 

White, Coruelia, pi6i 

White, CH. pigg 

White, LT, p7g 

White. Mary, pi6i 

Whitney W'agon Co. s b pgo; ntr gi 

Wickwire Bros. 203 

Wickwire.TH, p7; r2o2 

Williams. MaryE. P97 

Wiug.P'W. P260 

Wood. ED, P79 

Wood.MrsM. P174 

Woodburv.MarvE. P97 

Wright, FZlizabethM, p8 

Wright. ER. 123 

Yager.GP. 185 

Yager&Craudall. 201 

Yale.MH, pg6 

Y M C A, 162 

Y M C A Auxiliary. 68 

Y M C A gymnasium, 162; vi6i 
Yoeman?^,WilliamF. p4h 




Leading Druggist. 


Carries a 

Full and 


Stock of 

Paints, Oils, 
Varnishes and 

Si im STREET, 





Cor. Main St. and Clinton Ave. A. B. FiLZiNOEB, Prop. 




New Testing- Appliances, 


And will keep all kinds of frames and lenses at moderate 
prices. Work and Goods Warranted. Testing free of 
charge. Watches, Diamonds, .Jewelry, Clocks, &c. Re- 
pairing of all kinds. PLEASE GIVE ME A CALL. 


He who has lost his sight best knows its value. Hun- 
dreds suffer loss of sight. Timely attentinn might have 
prevented it. Weak Eves, Headaches and Nervousness 
can be prevented bv having your eyes properly examined 
and fitted. Also children who are cross-eyed can have 
their eyes straightened under my care without cutting. 
Eyes examined free. M. Michelson, Optician, 

39 Lincoln Ave., Cortland, N. J . 


BottliQc^ U/orKs, 


37 and 39 Port Watson Street, 



Soda and Mineral Waters, 
High Grade Ginger Ale. 

iA£. H. inZOOLLHND, 

Manufaotuif r and Dealer in 


Repairing Neatly Done. 

New and Second-hand Wheels for Sale. 

122 Main Street, 

Cortland, N. Y. 


Successor to JAMES KEtLY & CO., 


Fine Havana and Domestic Gipars and ToDacco, 

14 Port Watson St., 




-We have adopted a Cash System, and are able to do Dental 
-Work at about One-Hai.f the Old Prices. 

Artificial Teeth on Rubber, $5.00. Gold Plates $5.00 Below Other's Prices. 

We have had more than twenty-five years' experience in preserving the Natural Teeth, 
and Our Work is Not an Experiment. 

SMITH'S DENTAL ROOMS, ^^^^kVii^S.^^i^^'^'-'^- xjst 




Bailed Hay and Straw, Ground Oyster Shell, Bone and Poultry Food. 
.\11 Orders Promptly Filled. 

C. O. SMITH, No. 9 Groton Avenue. 

DR. G. F. WADE. '' 

eterinary surgeon 

And Dentist. 

Member of the Royal College Veterinary Surgeons. 
England. Graduate of Edinburgh. Scotland. Licen- 
tiate of the University of the State of New York. Fel- 
low of the Edinburgh Veterinary Medical Association. 
Fifteen years of practical experience in Veterinary work. 
Firing done by Thermo-Cautery— quite painless and leav- 
ing no blemish. All Diseases of Horses and Cattle suc- 
cessfully treated. Consultation Free. 

Office 26 Church St., Cortland, N. Y, 

Telephone 12L Next to Court House. 

Hot Water, Gas and 
Steam Fitting, Etc. 

No. 8 Orchard Street, 

• coETL^A.asri3, 3sr. "sr. 


O Samson. Bu-ilca-xng, Co3rtXai3.<a., KT. "ST. 

SATaRDAYs DEverED ro "The gare qf ghildrens teeTh. 

C. E. & L. S. INGALLS, 

IQ"o. 1 ]Vra±ix S-breet;, XJi) StaiDrs, Oortlanci, 3Sr. "X". 
C. E. IISrC3-.A.LI..S. L. S. USTGr-A-LLS, ID. ID. 




ittt Homer Avenue. 



No. iWi Railroad St.. Cortland, N. Y. 
Room 2, Grand Central Building. 

Mrs. L. E. Gaylord. M. Alkie Haynes. 


Old Garments made to look like new. 

Calvert Block, ^iain Street. 

Stylish Dressmaker, III4 Port \Vat*on St- 


and take your soiled clothes to the 

G. M. Houghton. 






I and 2 Wickwire Building, Cortland, X. Y_ 



Cortland Steam GleaniiiQ and Due Works, 

Opposite Lincoln Avenue. 


over 'X> Main Street, 


Measurements retained. 
All work guaranteed. 



is always ahead. "The Only Orig- 
inal." We sell direct. Made of 
_ , best stock, with rustless bottom. 
.r«.-n._ ;--^ Send for circular and prices to H. 



W. GAZLAY, Mgr., 97 Grotoii Ave., Cortland, >'. Y. 

^ and 

Your carpets are thoroughly purified and sprayed free 
with Kilmite. for which I am sole agent of Cortland 
county, thus insuring them against carpet bugs and 
p. S.— Orders by mail will receive prompt attention. 
Wm. Colwei.l, Proprietor, 
68 Madison St., Cortland. X. Y. 


107 Main Street, Cortland, N. Y. 




yvVili^ (pooler 





EVERYTHING for the.... 

^ MILK DEALER. ^ ^ ^ ^ 

Special Agents for the DE LAVAL SEPARATOR. 

SJ^FJ^^u^s /T\ar}ufa(;turir}(^ Qo.. 

Coirti a-n <a ■ N". "2". 




Place for Kitchen Utensils and BaJdng Material. 
Size of Kitchen Table — Oak Finish— Zinc Top — 
Bas&y Cleaned. Flour Bin, Knife and Spoon, 
Sugar and Spice drawers— Meat and Bread Boards 
— Tinware Cupboard. 

Handiest ai>d most Useful 

Agents Wanted. Price $14.00. 

Wbtts Foa PARTicrxASis. 


Qigars and ^o^^^^o 

TTo. 95 Tu<rcv-i-r> Street, Ooirtla^idL, IST. 

TV[e ©andy l<^itcl]enJ7 '©-^^^-^-i"^ 

aliroad tS^- 




25 Cents. — Regular Meals. — 25 Cents. 



1* Orchmid St. Tetephoce 1» D. 

Cortland, K. Y. 

Often occasioos arise when 
the hocaekeeper wishes to 
wash some small article oth- 
er thaa oa the re^nlar wash 
dar. and iot this purpose the 
•• Home Lajmdry Racket " U 
jost the thing. It i3-iectsre!y 
made of KalTanizediro!! 
a sink wasL board firmi: ' 
ered In at the proper as£ie_ 
holds a) quarts. Price tlM- 

Heae Laaadrj Basket Co.. 
Cortlaad. >". T. 



Teas, CoSaas. Srnip and Mtdaaaes a specialty- 
Telephone 20 B . « Owego Strt 

rashiooahle Dnasmakerand Ladies* Tatkirins. 

■5 ^L«.^s Strsht. 

CooThAsso, y. Y. 




Home or br the Day. FIl 

^"T^-A M. 3TAXBRO. 

and Ladies' TaOocins at 

fi Groloa Are. 

Fashionab'.e md fust-cla^e, also 
- i »5 BeasoiLable Prices- 

Mrs. Chas. Erwar. 


UR5. r. E. B6«LESTO>C Fa^iiaBabte Drwwmakfng 
• and Ladies' TaHorine rT:ttia?and FitxiBS a Speci- 

•j. Prices Reaooaabi^ 

rTLiBOotn Ave. 

MIS5 K. GAitMALL. Hair DresBtae. XanJctring. aad 
FiCiil Maasage. Hair i>dod3. Todet Preparatwo, 

—3 SamsoB Block. 

Cortland, X. Y. 

•^UlHooierATe, Cortland. X. Y. 

Stassabs Pbesb, Cobti-akd, y. T.